Interactions Bioculturelles

Sophie CAILLON

CAILLON CEFE

Chargée de recherche au CNRS
Ethnobiologiste / géographe


Mon domaine de recherche peut être défini par deux thèmes : les relations Hommes-milieux, et l’agrobiodiversité. J’analyse comment les deux composantes du concept de biodiversité, les diversités culturelle et biologique, interagissent, et comment elles peuvent constituer un potentiel d’adaptation pour des sociétés confrontées à des changements de plus en plus rapides et globaux.

 

My field of research can be defined by two themes: the relationships between humans and habitats, and agrobiodiversity. I analyse how the two components of the biodiversity concept, cultural and biological interact and how they constitute an adaptive potential for societies exposed to faster and faster global changes.

 

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CEFE UMR5175
Campus du CNRS
1919, route de Mende
F-34293 Montpellier 5
France
Tél. : +33 (0) 4 67 61 32 34
Fax : +33 (0) 4 67 61 33 36

bureau 2-C-204

Mots-clefs
Disciplines :
Géographie culturelle / Ethnobiologie
Pays :
Vanuatu / Amazonie (Brésil, Pérou et Equateur) / Tanzanie / Cameroun
Thématique :
Relations entre humains et non-humains
Autres :
agrodiversité, analyse des réseaux sociaux, interactions bioculturelles, diversité culturelle, conservation in situ, droits fonciers, indicateurs de bien-être/résilience, migration, système semencier, végéculture

 


reino unidoPublications

 

 

1. Agrobiodiversité, savoirs locaux et innovation : Je questionne les interactions entre les deux composantes du concept de biodiversité, les diversités culturelle et biologique, en m’intéressant aux savoirs et pratiques agricoles en milieu isolé. Je tente de décrire et de comprendre la complexité de l’agrobiodiversité, en répondant aux questions : Comment les agriculteurs élaborent-ils leurs savoirs ? Comment le complexe savoirs-pratiques influence-t-il la diversité des espèces cultivées ? Mais aussi, inversement, comment l’information (nomenclature, classification, usages, origine) recueillie sur les plantes peut-elle renseigner la société, ses prises de décision, son organisation et sa reproduction ? J’appréhende ainsi les liens (savoirs, pratiques et représentations) entre la personne, le lieu et la plante.

2. Adaptation aux changements environnementaux : La résilience ou l’adaptation des êtres humains aux changements environnementaux est un thème transversal à un ensemble de projets sur lesquels je suis investie. Les êtres humains s'adaptent à leur environnement autant qu'ils l'adaptent à leurs besoins en construisant leur niche sociale et écologique. Je tente de répondre aux questions : comment les interactions entre diversité biologique et diversité culturelle peuvent-elles constituer un potentiel d’adaptation pour des sociétés confrontées à des changements de plus en plus rapides et globaux ? Comment les sociétés en forte interaction avec leur environnement adaptent-elles leurs pratiques dans un contexte de changement social et environnemental ? Les paysages fragmentés me paraissent particulièrement intéressants en créant des espaces complémentaires où cultiver, récolter des produits forestiers non ligneux et où pêcher et récolter des ressources marines.

3. Analyse des réseaux sociaux et systèmes semenciers : L’analyse des réseaux d’échange de semences peut révéler de nouvelles relations entre sociétés et biodiversité. Ma question générale est : quelles sont les barrières sociales et géographiques qui contraignent la structure des relations interindividuelles ? Mais aussi, comment la structure des réseaux de circulation de semences agit-elle sur l’agrobiodiversité en incluant la diversité génétique ? Je travaille sur l'influence du statut des humains et des plantes (en termes de leur signification bioculturelle) sur la structure et le fonctionnement des réseaux de circulation des semences. La circulation des semences est ici abordée par l’analyse statistique des réseaux sociaux et la modélisation théorique grâce à des collaborations avec des mathématiciens et des modélisateurs. Je réfléchis ainsi à mieux intégrer approches quantitative et qualitative pour répondre à des questions en sciences humaines et sociales.

4. Indicateurs de résilience : Le développement d'indicateurs de résilience est un moyen d'explorer les implications et les conséquences de la dichotomie nature-culture dans les pratiques de conservation. Avec mes collègues de l'AMNH (New York), nous pensons que le processus de construction d'indicateurs selon une approche bioculturelle peut créer des ponts entre les échelles locales et mondiales, et faciliter le dialogue entre les populations locales et les décideurs, et entre des personnes issues de divers horizons scientifiques et d'expertise en sciences naturelles et sciences humaines et sociales.

 

Professor of research in Geography/Ethnobiology at CNRS

Actual position

Researcher at CNRS since 2007 - Center for Functional and Evolutionary Ecology

(UMR 5175 CEFE), Biocultural Interactions group - Montpellier

Associate Research Fellow at the Center for Research and Documentation on Oceania (UMR 7308) - Marseille

 

Key words

Countries: Vanuatu / Amazonia (Brazil, Peru and Ecuador) / Colombia

Methods: Participant observation, survey & questionnaire, social network analysis

Key-words: agrobiodiversity, biocultural interactions, cultural diversity, informal seed system, in situ conservation, land tenure, resilience, social network analysis, seed circulation, vegeculture, wellbeing/resilience indicators

 

Education and awards

2001-05  Doctorate in Geography. Towards the dynamic conservation of agrobiodiversity: local management of varietal diversity of a « white man’s » tree (coconut) and a plant « of the ancestors » (taro) in Vanuatu. Université d’Orléans. Under the direction of Dr. J.-P. Lescure (Ethnobotanist, IRD)

2004      First Prize in the Young Researchers competition organized by the French Institute of Biodiversity (IFB)

1999-00  Masters (year2) Environment, Time, Space, Societies. Option in Environment and Society. Université d’Orléans and IRD d’Orléans

1997-99 Agronomy Engineer. Option in Management, Economy, and Communication. Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Toulouse (ENSAT)

1996-97  Masters (year1) Biology of Populations and Ecosystems. Option in Conservation Biology. McGill University (Canada) in an exchange program with the Université Paris XI

 

Boards, committees, and reviewer activities

2014-

Member of the European Society for Oceanists (ESfO)

2012-

Member of the editorial committee of the Journal of Ethnoecology and Ethnomedicine

2009-

Member (« fellow » status) of the Australian Anthropological Society (AAS)

2009-

Member of the White Book in Human and Social Sciences network (LBSHS)-Pacific

2007-

Member of the Société des Océanistes

 

Research themes

1. Adaptation to socio-environmental changes: Resilience, or the adaptation of humans to socio-environmental changes, is a transversal theme of all my projects. Humans are adapting to their environment as much as they adapt it to their needs by building-up their social and ecological niche. I attempt to answer questions such as the following: How can the interactions between cultural and biological diversities contribute to the capacity for adaptation of societies confronted by increasingly rapid and globalized changes? How do societies in close relation with their environment use, transform, invent and transmit their knowledge in relation to extreme climatic events or social changes? I am questioning the importance of fragmented landscape, which provides complementary spaces where to cultivate crops, harvest non-timber products or fish and harvest marine resources.

2. Social network analyses and seed systems: The analysis of seed exchange networks can reveal new relations between societies and biodiversity. How does the structure of seed circulation networks impact agrobiodiversity, including intraspecific genetic diversity of crop plants? But also, what are the social and geographical barriers which constrain the structure of inter-individual relations? I am working on the influence of the status of humans and of plants (in terms of their biocultural significance) on the structure and functioning of seed circulation networks. In collaboration with mathematicians and modelers, I analyze seed circulation statistically using social network metrics and theoretical models. My goal is to better integrate qualitative and quantitative approaches in answering questions in social and human sciences.

3. Biocultural diversity, conservation and local knowledge: I investigate the interactions between the two components of the concept of biodiversity—cultural and biological diversities—in order to describe local knowledge and practices of small-scale agricultural societies. I try to describe and understand the complexity of agrobiodiversity by answering questions such as the following: How do farmers create and exchange knowledge and how can they adapt their practices to a changing world? How does the complex of farmers’ knowledge and practices impact the diversity of crops? And reciprocally, what can the information (nomenclature, classification, uses, and origin) collected on plants teach us about the society, its organization and its reproduction? My work emphasizes the fundamental links between the person, the place and the plant.

4. Indicators of resilience: Development of indicators of resilience could be a means to explore the implications of the nature-culture dichotomy in conservation practices, particularly in parts of the world where local people and conservationists do not share a common framework and worldview. With my colleagues from the AMNH, I argue that the process of building indicators according to a biocultural approach could help to overcome the perceived schism between local people and conservationists, and create bridges between local and global scales. The development of indicators in this way can ease the dialogue between local people and decision-makers, and between people from a diversity of backgrounds bringing together a mix of expertise from natural and social sciences.

 

Fellowships and grants

15 projects funded; 6 as PI or co-PI.

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
MAN
TANZ
PLANTADIV
MIGRAVAN
USART
GDR MOSAIQUE 1 GDR MOSAIQUE 2
NetSeed
GESTRAD
ECOPAS
MIRES 1 MIRES 2
MADRES
PAIX
NSF-CNIC
NCEAS-SNAPP

Table: Calendar of my research projects.

2016-2018 Assessing Biocultural Indicators of Community Resilience (NCEAS-SNAPP)

Lead researchers: Tamara Ticktin (Ethnobiologist, University of Hawaii), Stacy D. Jupiter (Marine biologist, Wildlife Conservation Society), Manuel Mejia (Marine biologist, The Nature Conservancy), and Eleanor Sterling (Ecologist, American Museum of Natural History, NYC).

Funding: U.S.-based National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) - Science for Nature and People Partnership (SNAPP)

Biocultural feedbacks are widely believed to play a critical role in fostering resilience of both human and ecological communities, but they are poorly understood. Through synthesis of the literature and comparative data analyses from on-going projects across a wide range of Pacific Island communities, we will identify (i) What makes a good biocultural indicator and how can it be measured?; (ii) How can we scale local to global indicators and which have relevance across Pacific Island sites?; and (iii) What is the relationship between pressures, 'biocultural state’, benefits and management responses in Pacific Island communities?

 

2015-2017 US-Pacific Islands planning visits: Conceiving biocultural resilience with Pacific island communities: bridging disciplines, language, and culture (NSF-CNIC).

Lead researchers: Eleanor Sterling, Christopher Filardi (Ecologist, American Museum of Natural History, NYC) and Jennifer Newell (Anthropologist, American Museum of Natural History, NYC).

Funding: U.S.-based National Science Foundation (NSF) - Catalyzing New International Collaborations (CNIC)

This project aims to unite disparate research groups and local communities to better understand and manage Pacific Island system resilience in the face of pending large-scale disturbances such as climate change and increasing market pressures. This collaborative project is designed to bring together individuals and communities across three existing gaps: those between cultural and geographic boundaries in the Pacific, between biological and social scientists, and between scientists and local communities. This project plans to develop "biocultural resilience indicators" that are academically rigorous while also feasible to implement for decision making by communities faced with imminent social, economic, and ecological disturbances.

 

2015-2017 PAthogen-Informed sustainable resistance of cassava against Xanthomonas (PAIX).

Lead researcher: Boris Szurek (Geneticist, IRD).

Funding: Agropolis Fondation

Worldwide, bacteria of the genus Xanthomonas, causal agent of cassava bacterial blight, are devastating cassava cultures. In the work package I lead, the objective is to identify farming practices (intra- and inter-species diversities, species organizations in time and space, socio-economical contexts) that limit the propagation of the disease in Colombia. We investigate the impacts of seed circulation networks on diffusion of the disease (epidemiology and genetic diversity, in collaboration with Christian Vernière, CIRAD) and on the varietal diversity of cassava (named and genetic diversity (in collaboration with Anne Duputié, University of Lille).

 

2015-2016 Modeling and analyzing dynamics within seed exchange networks (MADRES)

Lead researcher: Samuel Martin (Computer scientist, University of Lorraine)

Funding: Project PEPS MoMIS (CNRS)

Biodiversity is largely impacted by seed exchange networks. MADRES aims to better understand both the formation of seed exchange networks and their impact on the development of agrobiodiversity. This interdisciplinary consortium of researchers (social sciences, statistics and modelers of networks in dynamic systems) worked in two complementary areas: (i) formulation of generative graphical models to represent seed flows; (ii) development of networked dynamical systems to model seed selection by farmers. Numerical simulations and theoretical analysis enabled a predictive understanding of models.

 

2012-2019 Interdisciplinary Methods for Networks of Seed Exchanges (MIRES).

Lead researchers: François Massol (Modeler, CNRS), Sophie Caillon and Pierre Barbillon (Statistician, AgroParisTech)

Funding: Department of Applied Mathematics and Informatics (INRA), RNSC (National Network of Complex Systems).

MIRES focuses on the flow of seeds between farmers, a process that represents the principal source of genetic diversity in agro-ecosystems. This project seeks to develop multi-level models and methods of analysis in order to better understand the social dynamics inherent in the flow of seeds and their impacts on agrobiodiversity.

 

2011-2014 Agrobiodiversity and social networks. An interdisciplinary method to analyze how local systems of seed banks affect the diversity of domestic plants (NetSeed)

Lead researchers: Doyle McKey (Ecologist, University of Montpellier) in collaboration with Sophie Caillon and François Massol (Modeler, CNRS).

Funding: Center of Synthesis and Analysis on Biodiversity (CESAB) of the Foundation for Research on Biodiversity (FRB).

The flow of seeds can weaken local adaptation by introducing inappropriate species or varieties, or strengthen systems of culture by making them more adaptable to change. Through a meta-analysis of data, we studied the networks of seed exchange (SEENs) between farmers to determine how this structure – the direction and intensity of flows, and the distribution of genealogical, sociocultural, or geographic distances between implicated individuals or social entities – influences agrobiodiversity. We also examined how this structure interacts with socio-economic factors.

 

2012-2015 European Consortium for Pacific Studies (ECOPAS).

Lead researchers: Professor Edvard Hviding (Anthropologist, University of Bergen) and Laurent Dousset (Anthropologist, EHESS)

Funding: European project _ Coordination and support action _ FP7-SSH-2012-2.

The objective of this project was to create an easily accessible online platform bringing together information about resources (publications, media, etc.), researchers and their expertise, and associations and other groups. This platform was designed not only for researchers but also for all other local actors interested in and working on the causes and consequences of climate change in the South Pacific.

 

2010-2017 Research Group « Agroecosystems, Agrobiodiversities and Environment, Domestication and Innovations » (MOSAÏQUE, GDR 3353 CNRS)

Lead researcher: Yildiz Aumeeruddy-Thomas (Ethnobiologist, CNRS).

Funding: Institute for Ecology and Environment (INEE) of the CNRS

The objective of this research group is to explore the social, historical, biological, and political processes that have contributed to shaping agroecosystems and their agrobiodiversity. Using a diachronic perspective that allows a unique understanding of the durability, resilience, and innovations underlying the relations between societies and agrobiodiversity, the research group contributes to a better understanding of social – environmental relations.

 

2011-2014 Sustainable management of marine resources: towards a better engagement of traditional populations in Vanuatu (GESTRAD)

Lead researcher: Sophie Caillon in collaboration with Marc Leopold (Ichthyologist, IRD).

Funding: Fonds Pacifique and Ambassade de France of Vanuatu.

The objective of this project was to contribute to the definition of a national fisheries policy, and to improve the participation of village communities in defining these regulations. A regional workshop promoted exchange of information between Vanuatu (Cultural Center, Departments of Fisheries and Environment) and neighboring countries.

 

2010-2014 From the ancient to the Modern? Transmission of practice, knowledge, and representations of territory in the Brazilian Amazonia (USART)

Lead researcher: François-Michel Le Tourneau (Geographer, CNRS).

Funding: Agence nationale de la recherche (ANR) « Young Researchers »

Before the advance of deforestation and its negative consequences (local and global climate change or biodiversity loss, etc.), it is necessary to encourage the maintenance of “traditional populations” of Amazonia in the spaces where they live. What are the essential properties and functions of plants and knowledge associated with the territory and what practices / performances reflect a break in the modes of articulation in space? The aim of our project was to study how local knowledge is transmitted and transformed.

 

2008-2012 Evolution of the diversity of domesticated resources in the Lake Chad Basin (Plantadiv)

Lead researcher: Eric Garine (Anthropologist, Université Paris IX).

Funding: Agence nationale de la recherche (ANR) programme « Biodiversité ».

When facing disturbances, how are agropastoral systems in Sudano-Sahelian region reorganizing knowing that they are based on complementarity between inter- and intra-specific diversities? The objectives of this project were (i) to characterize agricultural biodiversity maintained in agro-ecosystems of the Lake Chad basin, (ii) to understand its evolution under the impact of social and environmental changes in the twentieth century. Within this project, I was particularly interested in the evolution of biennial rotations that Mafa and Xide farmers have developed for centuries in the Mandara Mountains (North Cameroon).

 

2009-2010 Environmental and social impact of migrants on a South Pacific island (MIGRAVAN)

Lead researcher: Sophie Caillon in collaboration with Patrick Heuret (Botanist, INRA) and Hervé Bohbot (Geographer, CNRS).

Funding: Conseil scientifique de l’Université Montpellier 2.

By investing a "virgin" territory, migrants disrupt an ecosystem, and introduce immaterial or material, natural or manufactured objects. These objects are involved in the transformation of cultural and biological diversities. What are the environmental and social impacts of inter-island human migration in Vanuatu? To answer this question, we 1. identified the nature of transported plants (agricultural or forest resources) during migration, and 2. analyzed the treatment (use, perception, representation) of the invested space.

 

2007 Local management of cassava in Vanuatu (Tanna island) (MAN)

Lead researcher: Doyle McKey (Ecologist, University of Montpellier) in collaboration with Sophie Caillon.

Funding: Prix d’Ethnobotanique Yves Rocher-Institut de France (2006).

The objective of this project was to compare the evolutionary dynamics of the diversity of cassava in its original area (case study in French Guiana and Guyana) and in areas where it was introduced (Gabon and Vanuatu). We examined links between farmers’ practices and diversity in each of these areas.

 

2005-2009 Migration and agrobiodiversity in the Rufiji valley in Tanzania (TANZ)

Lead researcher: Stéphanie Duvail (Geographer, IRD).

Funding: Program « young-researchers » from the Institut Français de la Biodiversité (IFB).

In a context of short-term (marked by seasonal floods and rains, population displacements) and long-term (disruption of seasonality) changes, the team of young researchers composed of geographers, ethnobiologists, economists and lawyers examined ‘the migration experiences of the Rufiji populations. Specifically, I was interested in farmers’ coping strategies in relation to their choice of which plants and which ecosystems to cultivate and when to plant.

 

2001-2005 Towards a dynamic conservation of agrobiodiversity: Locally managing the varietal diversity of a tree “from the Whites” (coconut, Cocos nucifera L.) and of a plant “from the ancestors” (taro, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott) in Vanuatu (TACO)

Directeur de thèse : Dr. J.-P. Lescure (Ethnoecologist, IRD).

Funding: bourse de la région Centre, IRD and CIRAD.

The varietal diversity of coconut and taro in an isolated village from Vanuatu were identified using tools from agronomy, anthropology, genetics and geography. The results of this interdisciplinary work suggested that its validation, both from the local as well as scientific points of view, depends not only upon the social relationships with the plants, which have been shaped by their biology and their history, but also upon the purposes for which they are intended, namely, to preserve a cultural diversity, a phenotypic variability, an evolutionary potential and the place’s memory through ancestral links. The contrasting examples of the taro (a socially valued object, cultivated on land inherited “from the ancestors”, and linked to an important cultural diversity and a narrow genetic-base) and the coconut (a socially valued object, planted in a crop space at the prompting of “the Whites” and genetically diverse despite few named categories) demonstrated that the same farmers made up a society that, through its management of taro, affirms traditional ecological knowledge, while at the same time participates in a market economy by intensifying its crop of coconuts. This thesis showed that the integration of cultural and biological diversity into the biodiversity concept can lead to contradictions if this knowledge, reduced to simple formulae, is abstracted from its cognitive and socio-cultural settings. In questioning the feasibility of in situ conservation and participatory plant breeding politics, it underlined the fact that an interdisciplinary approach is necessary to optimize the effectiveness and conciliation of conservation and development programs for subsequent populations that are confronted with processes of globalization.

 

Training and teaching

Training (PhD and Post-doctorate)

I have trained several Master students in Ecology, Geography and Anthropology, particularly on topics such as human-environment relations in the South Pacific.

 

Marco Pautasso and Mathieu Thomas

Marco Pautasso (1,5 years; 2012-2014) and Mathieu Thomas (6 months; 2014) at CEFE

Post doctorate fellows.

Present position: Mathieu Thomas is now a permanent researcher at CIRAD. Marco Pautasso is a researcher at the European Food Safety Authority, Parma, Italy.

Title: Agrobiodiversity and social networks. An interdisciplinary method to analyze how local seed systems affect the diversity of domestic plants.

Funding: Center for Synthesis and Analysis of Biodiversity (CESAB) of the Foundation for Research on Biodiversity (FRB).

Project leaders: Doyle McKey in collaboration with Sophie Caillon and François Massol.

Supervision: With Doyle McKey and Francois Massol, we worked daily with Mathieu Thomas to help him choose the most relevant data sets for conducting social network analyzes. Marco Pautasso concentrated his work on doing literature reviews of the subject.

Content of the work: Mathieu Thomas worked on my dataset collected in Vanuatu and on those of two PhD students (Jean Wencelius and Chloé Violon) working in northern Cameroon. He also had the opportunity to publish a methodological synthesis article taking advantage of the data sets of researchers involved in NetSeed. Thanks to his fine statistical analyses, we were able to push our hypotheses further. In the case of my data from Vanuatu, we have quantitatively revealed the vestiges of a ‘Big Man system and the impact of the biocultural status of the objects exchanged on the structure of the exchange network.

 

Marion Comptour

2013-2017 : Congo

PhD student in Geography

Present position: Marion Comptour will orally defend her thesis in June, 27th 2017.

Title: Ethnoecology of raised-field agriculture in the Republic of Congo

Thesis supervisors: Doyle McKey (Ecologist, University of Montpellier, CEFE) and Sophie Caillon.

Funding: SIBAGHE doctoral school scholarship and the Institut Universitaire de France (IUF).

Supervision: This thesis is at the interface of ethnoecology, geography and ecology. I have particularly supervised Marion on situating her work and research questions within the conceptual framework in SHS, and on the methods developed in her fieldwork (qualitative and quantitative approaches). With our supervision, she is currently writing the manuscript (format of a thesis in geography, not a thesis consisting of a compilation of articles). She has already published one article and is expected to publish three others at the end of her thesis.

Content of the work: Floodplains are environments characterized by periodic flooding. Naturally fertilized by alluvial deposits, these ecosystems are recognized as among the most productive on the planet and support the livelihoods of millions of people around the world. The methods of exploitation developed by the populations living in the floodplains are varied but in the majority of cases, the populations combine agricultural practices with activities of fishing, breeding, hunting, and extraction of forest products. Although the complementarity of production activities is recognized in most studies as an adaptation to exploit the diversity of natural resources and to adapt to the variability of water level, this pluriactivity is rarely examined in detail. The majority of work in this domain focuses on one particular aspect of the subsistence system by overshadowing other activities or looking at activities independently. The general research objective of Marion’s thesis project is to study the organization and evolution of the pluriactive livelihood mode in the floodplains of the Congo River.

 

Teaching

Since 2011 (25 hours per year): Co-head of the first-year Master course “Ethnobotanique” with Yildiz Aumeeruddy-Thomas (Ethnobiologist, CNRS) at the University of Montpellier within the Master in Biodiversity Ecology Evolution.

This course treats the history, concepts, methods and applications of ethnobotany. Emphasis is placed on the valorization of qualitative-quantitative hybrid methods and on respect for work from other disciplines.

I am teaching each year in the Master in Social Anthropology of the University of Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense and in a course in Agroecology and Biodiversity at SupAgro-Montpellier.


LISTE DES PUBLICATIONS


Peer-reviewed journals

20. Caillon S., Cullman G., Verschuuren B. & Sterling E. (2017). Biocultural approaches to designing indicators: moving beyond the dichotomy between humans and non-humans. Ecology and Society 22(4): art. 27.

19. Sterling E. J., Filardi C., Newell J., Albert S., Alvira D., Bergamini N., Betley E., Blair M., Boseto D., Burrows K., Bynum N., Caillon S., Caselle J.E., Claudet J., Cullman G., Dacks R., Eyzaguirre P. B., Gazit N., Gray S., Herrera J., Kenilorea P., Kinney K., Kurashima N., Macey S., Mauli S., McCarter J., McMillen H., Pascua P., Pikacha P., Porzecanski A.L., de Robert P., Salpeteur M., Sigouin A., Sirikolo M., Stege M.H., Stege K., Ticktin T., Toomey A., Vave R., Wali A., West P., Winter K.B. & Jupiter S. (2017). Biocultural approaches to well-being and sustainability indicators across scales. Nature: Ecology and Evolution, October 23rd. http://doi:10.1038/s41559-017-0349-6.

18. Sterling, E., Ticktin T., Morgan K., Cullman G., Alvira D., Andrade P., Bergamini N., Betley E., Burrows K., Caillon S., Claudet J., Dacks R., Eyzaguirre P., Filardi C., Gazit N., Giardina C., Jupiter S., Kinney K., McCarter J., Mejia M., Morishige K., Newell J., Noori L., Parks J., Pascua P., Ravikumar A., Tanguay J., Sigouin A., Stege T., Stege M., Wali A. (accepted). Culturally grounded indicators of resilience in social-ecological systems. Environment and Society: Advances in Research 8: 63–95.

17. Comptour M., Caillon S. & McKey D. (2016). Pond fishing in the Congolese cuvette: a story of fishermen, animals and water spirits. Revue d’ethnoécologie 10.

16. Thomas M. & Caillon S. (2016). Effects of social status of farmers and biocultural value of plants on seed circulation networks in Vanuatu. Ecology and Society 21: art13

15. Thomas M., Verzelen N., Barbillon P., Coomes O.T., Caillon S., McKey D., Elias M., Garine E., Raimond C., Dounias E., Jarvis D., Wencélius J., Leclerc C., Labeyrie V., Cuong P.H., Hue N.T.N., Sthapit B., Rana R.B., Barnaud A., Violon C., Reyes L.M.A., Moreno L.L., De Santis P., Massol F. (2015). Chapter Six - A network-based method to detect patterns of local crop biodiversity: validation at the species and infra-species levels. In: Guy, W., David, A.B. (Eds.), Advances in Ecological Research. Academic Press, 53: 259-320.

14. Coomes O., McGuire S., Garine E., Caillon S., McKey D., Demeulenaere E., Jarvis D., Aistara G., Barnaud A., Clouvel P., Emperaire L., Louafi S., Martin P., Massol F., Pautasso M.,  Violon C. & Wencélius J. (2015). Farmer seed networks make a limited contribution to agriculture? Four common misconceptions. Food policy 56: 41-50.

13. Leopold M., Beckensteiner J., Kalatavara & Caillon S. (2013). Community-based management of coastal fisheries in Vanuatu: what works? Marine Policy 42: 167-176.

12. Pautasso M., Aistara G., Barnaud A., Caillon S., Clouvel P., Coomes, Delêtre M., Demeulenaere E., De Santis P., Döring, Eloy L., Emperaire L., Garine E., Goldringer I., Jarvis D., Joly H.I., Leclerc C., Louafi S., Martin P., Massol F., McGuire S., McKey D., Padoch C., Soler C., Thomas M., Tramontini S. (2013). Seed exchange networks for agrobiodiversity conservation. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 33(1): 151-175.

11. Caillon S. & Coomes O.T. (2012). Agriculture traditionnelle et fleurs coupées: un mariage réussi en Amazonie. Journal des anthropologues, 128-129: 85-114.

10. Caillon S. (2011). Ethnobotanique du cocotier (Cocos nucifera L.) sur l’île de Vanua Lava (Vanuatu), Journal de la Société des Océanistes 133: 333-352.

9. Le Tourneau F.-M., Caillon S., Eloy L., Greissing A., Kohlers F., Marchand G. & Nasuti S. (2008). "Géographie et anthropologie. Deux regards complémentaires pour l’étude des territoires des populations traditionnelles d’Amazonie brésilienne" EchoGéo 7 (Sur le Métier – Hommage à Claude Lévi-Strauss).

8. Caillon S. & Degeorges P. J. (2007). Biodiversity: negotiating the border between nature and culture. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16(10): 2919-2931.

7. Caillon S. (2007). Arbre d'antan, arbre « des Blancs ». Evolution de la valeur sociale des cocotiers et de leur espace à Vanua Lava (Vanuatu). Géographie et Culture « Médiance et Géographicité », 63: 87-104.

6. Caillon S., Quero-García J., Lescure J.-P. & Lebot V. (2006). Nature of taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott) genetic diversity prevalent in a Pacific Ocean island, Vanua Lava, Vanuatu. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 53(6): 1273-1289.

5. Caillon S. & Lanouguère-Bruneau V. (2005). Gestion de l'agrobiodiversité dans un village de Vanua Lava (Vanuatu): stratégies de sélection et enjeux sociaux. Journal de la Société des Océanistes, 120-121(1): 129-148.

4. Caillon S. & Degeorges P. (2005). Biodiversités, quand les frontières entre culture et nature s’effacent…. Ecologie & Politique, 30: 85-95.

3. Caillon S. (2005). Les taros du Vanuatu: Que conserver et comment? Nature Sciences et Sociétés, 13(3): 306-310.

2. Caillon S., Quero-García J. & Guarino L. (2004). Taros in Vanuatu: toward a dynamic conservation strategy. Low External Input and Sustainable Agriculture, 20(1): 18-20.

1. Labouisse J.-P. & Caillon S. (2001). Une approche de la conservation in situ par l'étude d'un système semencier informel : cas du cocotier au Vanuatu (Pacifique Sud). Oléagineux Corps gras Lipides, 8(5): 534-539.


Book chapters

9. Caillon S., Eloy L. & Le Tourneau F-M. (2017). Chapitre IV. Elevage et espace agricole. In Le Tourneau F-M. (ed.), Amazonie brésilienne. Usages et représentations du territoire. Editions de l’IHEAL, coll. « Travaux et mémoires », Paris : 133-160.

8. Caillon S. & Muller S. (2015). Géographie et savoirs locaux : pour une conservation dynamique de l’agrobiodiversité au Vanuatu, in Mathevet R. & Godet L. (eds.) Pour une géographie de la conservation. Réflexions stratégiques et prospectives. L’Harmattan, Paris. 400p : 209-227.

7. Caillon, S. 2015. Exemple 5.2 Diversité bioculturelle des systèmes horticoles au Vanuatu. In In Ronce O. & Pelegrin F., Réponses et adaptations aux changements globaux : quels enjeux pour la recherche sur la biodiversité ? Prospective de recherche. Série FRB, Réflexions stratégiques et prospectives, Paris : 38-39.

6. Caillon S. & Claudet J. (2014). Quand la nature nous rend service in Forget P.M., Hossaert-McKey M. & Poncy O. (eds.) L'Ecologie Tropicale, CNRS - Cherche-Midi: 144-163.

5. Eloy L., Le Tourneau F.-M., Nasuti S., Caillon S., Kohler F., Marchand G., & Greissing A. (2013). Collectif ou individuel ? Territoire & patrimoine chez les quilombolas d’Amazonie orientale. In D. Juhé-Beaulaton, M.-C. Cormier-Salem, P. de Robert. & B. Roussel (éds.), Effervescence patrimoniale au Sud. Entre nature & société. Editions de l’IRD, coll. Latitudes 23, Marseille: 199-225.

4. Garine E., Luxereau A., Wencelius J., Violon C., Robert T.,  Barnaud A., Caillon S., & Raimond C. (2013). De qui les variétés traditionnelles de plantes cultivées pourraient-elles être le patrimoine ? Réflexions depuis le Bassin du Lac Tchad. In D. Juhé-Beaulaton, M.-C. Cormier-Salem, P. de Robert. & B. Roussel (éds.), Effervescence patrimoniale au Sud. Entre nature et société. Editions de l’IRD, coll. Latitudes 23, Marseille: 379-410.

3. Caillon S. (2012). Produce to exchange. The taro water-gardens on Vanua Lava (Vanuatu), a social and sustainable place, in Matthew Spriggs, David Addisson & Peter J. Matthews (eds.) Irrigated taro (Colocasia esculenta) in the Indo-Pacific. Biological, social and historical perspectives. Senri Ethnological Series 78, National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka, Japon.: 189-208.

2. Caillon S. Participation (2 photos and their legend) to the book Hommes et natures, People and natures (2012), edited by Motte-Florac E., Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y., Dounias E., Seres humanos y naturalezas. IRD, Marseille, 175 p.

1. Kohler F., Eloy L., Le Tourneau F.-M., Couly C., Nasuti S., Serges D., Caillon S., Marchand & G. Greissing A. (2011). Globalization in the Amazon Region: conflicting answers from « Quilombo » communities. In P. Pachura (ed.) New Knowledge in a New Era of Globalization, Rijeka, Croatia, Intech Open Access, chap. 14, pp. 269-284.


Booklets

3. Caillon S. (2004). Kokonas mo taros blong Vanuatu: nem mo storian. IRD, Orléans, 70p.

2. Caillon S. & Malau E.F. (2002). Coconuts and taro from the West Coast of Vanua Lava (Vanuatu): an ethno-agronomic inventory. IRD, Orléans, 30p.

1. Caillon S. & Malau E.F. (2002). Kokonas mo taros blong weskos Vanua Lava : wan katalog. IRD, Orléans, 49p.

 

Posters

3. Caillon S. (2010). Biennial rotations: Why do Mafa farmers abandon such an efficient agricultural system? (Mandara Mountains, North Cameroon). The 12th International Congress of the Society of Ethnobiology, Tofino, British Columbia, Canada, 9-14 May (poster).

2. Caillon S., Lebrun P., Berger A., Baudouin L., Labouisse J.-P., Bonnot F., Rouzière A. & Lescure J.-P. (2006). Mesures croisées de la diversité variétale. Cas des cocotiers du Vanuatu. Bureau des Ressources Génétiques. La Rochelle, 2-4 October (poster).

1. Caillon S., Quero-García J. and Lebot V.(2003) Taro (Colocasia esculenta) diversity in a village of Vanuatu: a multidisciplinary approach.Third Taro Symposium. Nadi, Fidji, 22-24 mai (poster)


Dissertations

3. Caillon, S. (2005). Pour une conservation dynamique de l’agrobiodiversité: gestion locale de la diversité variétale d’un arbre « des Blancs » (cocotier, Cocos nucifera L.) et d’une plante « des ancêtres » (taro, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott) au Vanuatu. PhD of Geography–Management–Environment. Orléans, Université d'Orléans, Orléans: 419p. (+272p. annex).

2. Caillon S. (2000). Stratégies d'échange et diversité variétale du manioc: leurs interactions chez trois ethnies équatoriennes. DEA Environment, Time, Space and Societies, Université d'Orléans, Orléans: 119p.

1. Caillon S. (1999). Agriculture traditionnelle et fleurs ornementales un mariage réussi en Amazonie. Engineer school in Agronomy, ENSAT, Toulouse: 56p.