ANR ASSET (MOPGA)
- Publication : 20 janvier 2020
AgrobiodiverSity for a food-Secure planET
Crop diversity as an insurance against climate risks to food production
ASSET (2018-2022) is a French Government funded project (2018-2022). Its main objective is to evaluate the role of crop diversity to reduce the vulnerability of food production and livelihoods to climatic instability and shocks.
Severe drought and extreme heat in recent years have caused yield losses across the world that, combined with socioeconomic, demographic, and policy conditions, have increased poverty and worsened access to nutritious food for many people, especially in developing nations. Climate projections show that these impacts and their human costs will worsen, making many of today's problems, including poverty, malnutrition and population movements, even more complex.
The breadth and urgency of the challenge posed to global food security by an increasingly warmer and unpredictable climate requires exploring any policies and actions that could promote more robust food systems. ASSET currently contributes to this effort.
Combining ecology, agronomy and ethnoecology, our team will provide new insights into where (field, landscape, regions) and what components (variety, species, functions) of crop diversity (i.e. agrobiodiversity) are critical for the resilience of food production under climate change. We are also strongly engaging with farmers in France, Morocco and Senegal to understand how they currently use agrobiodiversity to face increasing risks linked to climate variability and extremes. The ASSET project will yield novel insights for the design and implementation of adaptation strategies that are based on a deep understanding of the agroecological systems investigated, but which remain rooted in the practicalities of on-the-ground food production.
PI: Delphine Renard
Postdocs : Lucie Mahaut, Pierre-Antoine Precigout
Researchers from other departments: Cyrille Violle, Florent Mouillot (IRD)
Researchers from INRA: Corinne Robert