• Cyrille VIOLLE

    altDirecteur de recherche CNRS

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

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    A l’interface entre écologie fonctionnelle et écologie des communautés, je cherche à comprendre les causes de variation de la biodiversité, aussi bien à l’échelle locale que continentale, et l’effet de changements de la biodiversité sur la dynamique et le fonctionnement des écosystèmes.

  • Doyle McKEY

    Poste actuel
    Professeur à l’Université de Montpellier depuis 1995 (émérite depuis 2017) – Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive (UMR 5175 CEFE), Montpellier, Equipe Interactions et Adaptations Bioculturelles

    Mots Clés
    Pays : Bolivie/Colombie/Congo/Zambie/Thaïlande/Chine
    Mots clés : écologie évolutive, écologie tropicale, écologie historique, domestication, mutualismes, savanes inondables, construction culturelle de niche

    Current position
    Professor at the University of Montpellier since 1995 (emeritus since 2017) – Center for Functional and Evolutionary Ecology (CEFE, UMR 5175), Montpellier, Biocultural Interactions and Adaptation team

    Key words
    Countries : Bolivia/Colombia/Congo/Zambia/Thailand/China
    Key words : evolutionary ecology, tropical ecology, historical ecology, domestication, mutualisms, floodplain savannas, cultural niche construction

     

    Ma définition préférée de l’écologie est celle donnée par l’écologue américain renommé, G. Evelyn Hutchinson, au début de son cours séminaire en écologie à l’Université de Yale : « Aux fins de ce cours, nous pouvons considérer l'écologie comme l'étude de l'univers. » Formé d’abord à l’étude des interactions entre plantes et animaux dans les écosystèmes tropicaux, j’applique maintenant l’écologie évolutive à des systèmes couplés humains/nature. J’étudie comment l’évolution des plantes sous la domestication est façonnée par les pratiques agricoles en interaction avec la sélection naturelle, utilisant le manioc et d’autres plantes propagées par voie clonale comme systèmes modèles. J’étudie aussi les interactions entre humains et écosystèmes, particulièrement dans les savanes tropicales saisonnièrement inondées, comparant des systèmes de subsistance en Afrique (systèmes actuels) et en Amérique du Sud (vestiges de systèmes précolombiens) pour étudier des convergences dans la construction culturelle de la niche. Ces études comparatives enrichissent réciproquement l’archéologie et l’ethnoécologie.

    Mes intérêts variés et ma volonté de traverser les frontières disciplinaires pour trouver des réponses à des questions aux multiples facettes m'ont amené à collaborer avec des spécialistes dans de nombreux domaines différents, notamment la phytochimie, la génétique, la géographie, l'agronomie, les sciences du sol, l'ethnobiologie, l'archéologie et l’anthropologie. J'ai publié dans des revues de premier plan dans tous ces domaines. Mon travail a été reconnu par plusieurs prix, dont le Grand Prix Recherche (la plus haute distinction décernée par la Société Française d'Ecologie et d'Evolution), la reconnaissance en tant qu'Ethnobotaniste Distingué par le Royal Botanic Garden (Kew, Royaume-Uni) et un prix Cozzarelli décerné par l’Académie National des Sciences des États-Unis pour un article exceptionnel publié dans la revue PNAS.

    En plus de leur diversité thématique, mes recherches ont également privilégié la diversité géographique à la spécialisation régionale. J'ai mené des recherches dans 15 pays différents en Afrique tropicale, en Asie et en Amérique du Sud et j'ai donné des cours sur le terrain dans six pays supplémentaires. J'utilise cette expérience dans les études comparatives sur le terrain et les synthèses qui ont été parmi mes contributions de recherche les plus importantes.

    ***

    My favorite definition of ecology is that given by the distinguished American ecologist G. Evelyn Hutchinson at the beginning of his ecology seminar course at Yale : « For the purposes of this course, we may consider ecology to be the study of the universe. » Trained in the study of plant/animal interactions in tropical ecosystems, I now apply an evolutionary-ecological approach to coupled human and natural systems. I study how plant evolution under domestication is shaped by human agricultural practices and natural selection, using manioc and other clonally propagated crops as model systems. I also study interactions between humans and ecosystems, particularly in seasonal tropical wetlands, comparing subsistence systems in Africa (present-day) and South America (pre-Columbian vestiges) to study convergent patterns in cultural niche construction. These comparative studies cross-fertilize both archaeology and ethnoecology.

    My broad-ranging interests, and a willingness to cross disciplinary boundaries to seek answers to many-faceted questions, have led me to collaborate with specialists in many different fields, including phytochemistry, genetics, geography, agronomy, soil science, ethnobiology, archaeology and anthropology. I have published in top-tier journals in all these fields. My work has been recognized by several awards, including the Grand Prix Recherche (the highest honor conferred by the French Society for Ecology and Evolution), recognition as Distinguished Ethnobotanist by the Royal Botanic Garden (Kew, UK) and a Cozzarelli Prize awarded by the US National Academy of Sciences for an outstanding paper published in the journal PNAS.

    In addition to its thematic diversity, my research has also favored geographic diversity over regional specialization. I have conducted research in 15 different countries in tropical Africa, Asia and South America and have taught field courses in six additional countries. I use this experience in the comparative field studies and syntheses that have been among my most important research contributions.

    ORCID number : 0000-0002-7271-901X

    TEXTE DETAILLE SUR MES RECHERCHES

    Dans un nouveau projet, je reviens à des questions de recherche qui m'ont intriguée durant mon travail de doctorat et qui n'ont toujours pas trouvé de réponses : comment les défenses chimiques contre les herbivores et les pathogènes sont-elles réparties dans les graines des plantes tropicales, et comment les défenses changent-elles au cours de la transition de la graine à la plantule ? Une graine n'est pas une « partie d’une plante » mais une plante embryonnaire dont les différentes parties ont des exigences de défense différentes et des contraintes différentes dans le déploiement des défenses. Cependant, la distribution des défenses dans différentes parties des graines a rarement été étudiée. De plus, la théorie suggère que les défenses mobiles devraient jouer des rôles importants dans la défense des graines, mais celles-ci ont été négligées dans les études comparatives multi-espèces, par rapport aux défenses immobiles telles que les tanins et les défenses mécaniques (fibres, etc.), car leur diversité entre les espèces fait que ces études comparatives sont difficiles. Enfin, la façon dont les défenses chimiques changent au cours de l'ontogenèse végétale est une frontière active dans la recherche sur l'écologie évolutive de la défense des plantes, mais une transition ontogénétique cruciale, celle de la graine à la plantule, a été peu étudiée. Grâce à une bourse Talent de l'Académie des sciences de la Chine, j'étudierai ces questions en collaboration avec un chimiste (Gregory Genta-Jouve, Univ. Paris Descartes) et avec des collègues du Jardin botanique tropical de Xishuangbanna (Yunnan, Chine), où les installations (serre et laboratoire) permettront d'étudier un grand nombre d'espèces.

    Auparavant, j'ai étudié les interactions interspécifiques dans les écosystèmes tropicaux, à la fois antagonistes (défenses chimiques des plantes, interactions des plantes avec les herbivores mammifères et insectes, théorie de la défense optimale, écologie chimique) et mutualistes (la pollinisation et la dispersion et des graines par les animaux, mutualismes symbiotiques plantes / fourmis), utilisant mes systèmes d'étude pour étudier un large éventail de questions générales en écologie et évolution. Le travail de mon équipe sur les mutualismes symbiotiques entre plantes et fourmis a développé une perspective comparative sur l'écologie évolutive de ces mutualismes, et nos revues à ce sujet (Davidson & McKey, 1993, Journal of Hymenoptera Research; Heil & McKey 2003 ; Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics; Blatrix et al. 2014, New Phytologist) sont les articles de synthèse les plus cités dans le domaine. Bien qu'une grande partie de mon travail actuel se concentre sur les interactions entre les humains et les environnements qu'ils occupent, je continue d'être fermement ancré dans l'écologie évolutive fondamentale de pointe, une source importante de nouvelles idées à appliquer pour étudier les interactions entre les humains, d'autres organismes et les environnements qu'ils partagent.

    Mon travail sur la domestication des plantes, axé sur les plantes domestiquées à propagation clonale, a inclus l'écologie, la biologie évolutive (génétique, phylogéographie, phylogénie), l'anthropologie et l'agronomie. Le travail de mon équipe sur l'écologie évolutive de la domestication du manioc a transformé notre vision de l'évolution sous domestication dans les cultures à propagation clonale, montrant comment les pratiques agricoles des agriculteurs qui ont domestiqué ces cultures conduisent à des systèmes reproducteurs mixtes clonaux / sexués dont la dynamique est beaucoup plus complexe qu’a été pensé auparavant (McKey et al. 2010, New Phytologist).

    Dans nos travaux sur l'écologie culturelle des plaines inondables des savanes tropicales, dans le passé et le présent, je collabore avec des archéologues, des archéobotanistes, des géographes, des pédologues, des écologues et des spécialistes de la télédétection. Ces études ont montré comment les humains et les animaux ingénieurs du sol co-construisent des paysages (McKey et al. 2010, PNAS) et comment les comparaisons intercontinentales révèlent à la fois la convergence et la singularité dans la construction de niches culturelles (McKey et al.2016, PNAS ; Blatrix et al. 2018 , Scientific Reports). Ces travaux jettent un nouvel éclairage sur l'écologie historique de l'Amazonie, sur l'agriculture actuelle des zones humides en Afrique et sur l'écologie dans les environnements des plaines inondables tropicales. Nous étudions actuellement la diversité des systèmes agricoles des prairies dans les régions tropicales actuelles de l'Ancien Monde pour comprendre comment l'agriculture sur champs surélevés –et d'autres types possibles d'agriculture—dans les savanes néotropicales peut avoir fonctionné à l’époque précolombienne.

     

    DETAILED TEXT ON MY RESEARCH

    In a new project, I am returning to research questions that intrigued me during my PhD work and that still have not found answers: How are chemical defenses against herbivores and pathogens distributed in the seeds of tropical plants, and how do defenses change in the transition from seed to seedling? A seed is not a ‘plant part’ but an embryonic plant whose different parts have different defense requirements and different constraints in deploying defences. However, distribution of defences in different parts of seeds has rarely been studied. Furthermore, theory suggests that mobile defenses should play important roles in seed defense, but these have been neglected in multi-species comparative studies, compared to immobile defences such as tannins and mechanical defences (fiber,..), because their diversity among species makes such comparative studies difficult. Finally, how chemical defenses change over plant ontogeny is an active frontier in research on the evolutionary ecology of plant defense, but a crucial ontogenetic transition, that from seed to seedling, has been little studied. With a Talent grant from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, I will study these questions in collaboration with a chemist (Gregory Genta-Jouve, Univ. Paris Descartes) and with colleagues at Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (Yunnan, China), where greenhouse and laboratory facilities will allow study of a large number of species.

    Previously, I have studied interspecies interactions in tropical ecosystems, both antagonistic (plant chemical defenses, interactions of plants with mammalian and insect herbivores, optimal defense theory, chemical ecology) and mutualistic (seed dispersal and pollination by animals, symbiotic ant/plant mutualisms), using my study systems to investigate a wide range of general questions in ecology and evolution. The work of my team on symbiotic ant-plant mutualisms has developed a comparative perspective on the evolutionary ecology of these mutualisms, and our reviews of this subject (Davidson & McKey, 1993, Journal of Hymenoptera Research; Heil & McKey 2003, Annual Revew of Ecology, Evolution and Systematic ; Blatrix et al. 2014, New Phytologist) are the most widely cited review articles in the field. Although much of my current work is focused on interactions between humans and the environments they occupy, I continue to be firmly grounded in state-of-the-art fundamental evolutionary ecology, an important source of new insights to apply in studying the interactions among humans, other organisms and the environments they share.

    My work on plant domestication, focusing on clonally propagated domesticated plants, has included ecology, evolutionary biology (genetics, phylogeography, phylogeny), anthropology and agronomy. My team’s work on the evolutionary ecology of domestication of manioc has transformed our views of evolution under domestication in clonally propagated crops, showing how agricultural practices of the farmers who domesticated these crops leads to mixed clonal/sexual reproductive systems whose dynamics are much more complex than was previously thought (McKey et al. 2010, New Phytologist).

    In our work on the cultural ecology of tropical savanna floodplains, past and present, I collaborate with archaeologists, archaeobotanists, geographers, soil scientists, ecologists and specialists in remote sensing. These studies have shown how humans and soil engineer animals co-construct landscapes (McKey et al. 2010, PNAS) and how intercontinental comparisons reveal both convergence and singularity in cultural niche construction (McKey et al. 2016, PNAS ; Blatrix et al. 2018, Scientific Reports). This work is shedding new light on the historical ecology of Amazonia, on present-day wetland agriculture in Africa, and on ecology in floodplain savanna environments throughout the tropics. We are currently studying the diversity of grassland-farming systems in the present-day Old-World tropics to understand how raised-field agriculture in Neotropical floodplain savannas—and possible other kinds of agriculture in upland savannas of South America—may have functioned in pre-Columbian times.

     

    LISTE DES PUBLICATIONS

    1. Publications in international peer-reviewed journals

     

    1. MCKEY D. (1974). Adaptive patterns in alkaloid physiology. American Naturalist 108: 305-320.
    1. MCKEY D. (1974). Ant-plants: selective eating of an unoccupied Barteria by a Colobus Biotropica 6: 269-270.
    1. STRUHSAKER T. & D. MCKEY. (1975). Two cusimanse mongooses attack a black cobra. Journal of Mammalogy 56: 721-722.
    1. JANZEN D. H.& D. MCKEY. (1975).What the tropical trappers leave behind. Biotropica 7: 7.
    1. JANZEN D. H. & D. MCKEY. (1977). Musanga cecropioides is a Cecropia without its ants. Biotropica 9: 57.
    1. MCKEY D., P. G. WATERMAN, C. N. MBI, J. S. GARTLAN, & T. T. STRUHSAKER. (1978). Phenolic content of vegetation in two African rainforests: ecological implications. Science 202: 61-64.
    1. MCKEY D. (1980).The evolution of novel alkaloid types: a mechanism for the rapid phenotypic evolution of plant secondary compounds. American Naturalist 115: 754-759.
    1. GARTLAN J. S., D. B. MCKEY, P. G. WATERMAN, C. N. MBI, & T. T. STRUHSAKER. (1980) A comparative study of the phytochemistry of two African rainforests. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 8: 401-422.
    1. WATERMAN P. G., C. N. MBI, D. MCKEY, & J. S. GARTLAN. (1980). African rainforest vegetation and rumen microbes: phenolic compounds and nutrients as correlates of digestibility. Oecologia 47: 22-33.
    1. MCKEY D., J. S. GARTLAN, P. G. WATERMAN, & G. M. CHOO. (1981). Food selection by black colobus monkeys (Colobus satanas) in relation to plant chemistry. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 16: 115-146.

     

    1. CHOO G. M., P. G. WATERMAN, D. MCKEY, & J. S. GARTLAN. (1981). A simple enzyme assay for dry matter digestibility and its value in studying food selection by generalist herbivores. Oecologia 49: 170-178.
    1. MCKEY D. & P. G. WATERMAN. (1982). Ranging behaviour of a group of black colobus (Colobus satanas) in the Douala-Edea Reserve, Cameroon. Folia Primatologica 39: 264-304.
    1. DILLON P., S. LOWRIE, & D. MCKEY. (1983). Disarming the "mala mujer": prevention of latex flow by a sphingid larva. Biotropica 15: 112-116.
    1. MCKEY D. (1984). Interaction of the ant-plant Leonardoxa africana (Caesalpiniaceae) with its obligate inhabitants in rainforests in Cameroon. Biotropica 16: 81-99.
    1. WATERMAN, J. ROSS, & D. MCKEY. (1984). Factors affecting levels of some phenolic compounds, digestibility, and nitrogen content of the nature leaves of Barteria fistulosa Passifloraceae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 10: 387-401.
    1. NEWBERY D., J. S. GARTLAN, D. MCKEY, & P. G. WATERMAN. (1986). The influence of drainage and soil phosphorus on the vegetation of Douala-Edea Forest Reserve, Cameroon. Vegetatio 65: 149-162.
    1. MCKEY D. (1988). Cecropia peltata, an introduced neotropical pioneer tree, is replacing Musanga cecropioides in southwestern Cameroon, Biotropica 20: 262-264.
    1. MCKEY D. (1989). Population biology of figs: applications for conservation. Experientia 45: 661-673.

     

    1. BRONSTEIN J. & D. MCKEY. (1989). The fig/pollinator mutualism: A model system for comparative biology. Experientia 45: 601-604.

     

    1. BRONSTEIN J. & D. MCKEY (eds.). (1989). The comparative biology of figs. Multi-author review. Experientia 45(7): 601-680.
    1. FREY, T. LATSCHA & D. MCKEY. (1990). Genetic differentiation and speciation in leaf mining flies of the genus Phytomyza. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata 57: 191-200.
    1. BAHUCHET S., D. MCKEY, & I. DE GARINE. (1991). Wild yams revisited: Can hunter-gatherers subsist independently of agriculture in tropical rain forest? Human Ecology 19: 213-243.
    1. KAUFMANN S., D. MCKEY, M. HOSSAERT, & C. HORVITZ (1991). Fruits of Ficus microcarpa (Moraceae): Adaptations for a two-phase seed dispersal system involving vertebrates and ants in a hemiepiphytic fig. American Journal of Botany 78: 971-977.
    1. DAVIDSON D. & D. MCKEY. (1993). The evolutionary ecology of symbiotic ant-plant relationships. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 2: 13-83.
    1. DAVIDSON D. & D. MCKEY. (1993). Ant-plant symbioses: Stalking the Chuyachaqui. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8: 326-332.
    1. PATEL A., M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, & D. MCKEY. (1993). Ficus-pollinator research in India: Past, present and future. Current Science 65: 243-253.
    1. JARRY M., M. KHALADI, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, & D. MCKEY. (1995). Modelling the population dynamics of annual plants with seed bank and density dependent effects. Acta Biotheoretica 43: 53-65.
    1. CHENUIL, A., & D. MCKEY. (1996). Molecular phylogenetic study of a myrmecophyte symbiosis: did Leonardoxa / ant associations diversify via cospeciation? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 6: 270-286.
    1. ANSTETT, M.C., M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, & D. MCKEY. (1997). Modeling the persistence of small populations of strongly interdependent species: figs and fig wasps. Conservation Biology 11: 204-213.
    1. GAUME, L., M.C. ANSTETT, & D. MCKEY. (1997). Benefits conferred by "timid" ants: active anti-herbivore protection of the rainforest tree Leonardoxa africana by the minute ant Petalomyrmex phylax. Oecologia 112: 209-216.
    1. BROUAT, C., M. GIBERNAU, L. AMSELLEM, & D. MCKEY. (1998). Corner’s rules revisited : ontogenetic and interspecific patterns in leaf-stem allometry. New Phytologist 139: 459-470.
    1. CEBALLOS, L., M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, D. MCKEY, & C. ANDARY. (1998). Rapid deployment of allelochemicals in exudates of germinating seeds of Sesbania (Fabaceae) : roles of seed anatomy and histolocalization of polyphenolic compounds in anti-pathogen defense of seedlings. Chemoecology 8: 141-151.
    1. GAUME, L. & D. MCKEY. (1998). Protection against herbivores of the myrmecophyte Leonardoxa africana (Baill.) Aubrèv. T3 by its principal ant inhabitant Aphomomyrmex afer Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris, Sciences de la Vie / Life Sciences 321: 593-601.
    1. GAUME, L., D. MCKEY, & S. TERRIN. (1998). Ant-plant-homopteran mutualism: how the third partner affects the interaction between a plant-specialist ant and its myrmecophyte host. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 265: 569-575.
    1. PATEL, A., & D. MCKEY. (1998). Sexual specialisation in two tropical dioecious figs. Oecologia 115: 391-400.
    1. GAUME, L., & D. MCKEY. (1999). An ant-plant mutualism and its host-specific parasite: activity rhythms, young leaf patrolling, and effects on herbivores of two specialist plant-ants inhabiting the same myrmecophyte. Oikos 84:130-144.
    1. MEUNIER, L., A. DALECKY, C. BERTICAT, L. GAUME, & D. MCKEY. (1999). Worker size variation and the evolution of an ant-plant mutualism : comparative morphometrics of workers of two closely related plant-ants, Petalomyrmex phylax and Aphomomyrmex afer (Formicinae). Insectes Sociaux 46:171-178.
    1. MCKEY, D., L. GAUME, & A. DALECKY. (1999). Les symbioses entre plantes et fourmis arboricoles. Année Biologique 38: 169-194.
    1. GAUME, L., D. MATILE-FERRERO, & D. MCKEY. (2000). Colony foundation and acquisition of coccoid trophobionts by Aphomomyrmex afer (Formicinae) : co-dispersal of queens and phoretic mealybugs in an ant-plant-homopteran mutualism ? Insectes Sociaux 47: 84-91.
    1. PASCAL, L.M., E.F. MOTTE-FLORAC, & D. MCKEY. (2000). Secretory structures on the leaf rachis of Caesalpinieae and Mimosoideae (Leguminosae) : implications for the evolution of nectary glands. American Journal of Botany 87: 327-338.
    1. MCKEY, D. (2000). Leonardoxa africana (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae): a complex of mostly allopatric subspecies. Adansonia 22: 71-109.
    1. ELIAS, M., & D. MCKEY. (2000). The unmanaged reproductive ecology of domesticated plants in traditional agroecosystems: an example involving cassava and a call for data. Acta Oecologica 21: 223-230.
    1. DEJEAN, A., D. MCKEY, M. GIBERNAU, & M. BELIN. (2000). The arboreal ant mosaic in a Cameroonian rainforest. Sociobiology 35: 403-423.
    1. HEIL, M., C. STAEHELIN, & D. MCKEY. (2000). Low chitinase activity in Acacia myrmecophytes: a potential trade-off between biotic and chemical defences? Naturwissenschaften 87: 555-558.
    1. BROUAT, C., D. MCKEY, J.-M.BESSIERE, L. PASCAL, & M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY. (2000). Leaf volatile compounds and the distribution of ant patrolling in an ant-plant protection mutualism: preliminary results on Leonardoxa (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae) and Petalomyrmex (Formicidae: Formicinae). Acta Oecologica 21: 349-357.
    1. BROUAT, C., & D. MCKEY. (2000). Origin of caulinary ant-domatia and timing of their onset in plant ontogeny : evolution of a key trait in horizontally transmitted ant-plant symbioses. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 71: 801-819.
    1. ELIAS, M., L. RIVAL, & D. MCKEY. (2000). Perception and management of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) diversity among Makushi Amerindians of Guyana (South America). Journal of Ethnobiology 20: 239-265.
    1. BROUAT, C., L. GIELLY, & D. MCKEY. (2001). Phylogenetic relationships in the genus Leonardoxa (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) inferred from chloroplast trnLand trnL- trnF intergeneric spacer sequences. American Journal of Botany 88: 143-149.
    1. ELIAS, M., MCKEY, D., PANAUD, O., ANSTETT, M.C., ROBERT, T. (2001). Traditional management of cassava morphological and genetic diversity by the Makushi Amerindians (Guyana, South America) : perspectives for on-farm conservation of crop genetic resources. Euphytica 120: 143-157.
    1. BROUAT, C., & D. MCKEY. (2001). Leaf-stem allometry, hollow stems, and the evolution of caulinary domatia in myrmecophytes. New Phytologist 151: 391-406.
    1. ELIAS M., L. PENET, P. VINDRY, D. MCKEY, O. PANAUD, & T. ROBERT. (2001). Unmanaged sexual reproduction and the dynamics of genetic diversity of a vegetatively propagated crop plant, cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz), in a traditional farming system. Molecular Ecology 10: 1895-1907.
    1. BROUAT, C., N. GARCIA, C. ANDARY, & D. MCKEY. (2001). Plant lock and ant key: pairwise coevolution of an exclusion filter in an ant-plant mutualism. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 268: 2131-2141.
    1. MCKEY, D., L. EMPERAIRE, M. ELIAS, F. PINTON, T. ROBERT, S. DESMOULIERE, & L. RIVAL. (2001). Gestions locales et dynamiques régionales de la diversité variétale du manioc en Amazonie. Génétique, Sélection et Evolution 33 (supplement 1): S465-S490.
    1. DI GIUSTO, B., M.C. ANSTETT, E. DOUNIAS, & D. MCKEY. (2001). Variation in the effectiveness of biotic defense: the case of an opportunistic ant-plant protection mutualism. Oecologia 129: 367-375.
    1. GAUME, L., & D. MCKEY. (2002). How identity of the homopteran trophobiont affects sex allocation in a symbiotic plant-ant: the proximate role of food. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 51: 197-205.
    1. CARRIERE, S.M., M. ANDRE, P. LETOURMY, I. OLIVIER, & D. MCKEY. (2002). Seed rain beneath remnant trees in a slash-and-burn agricultural system in southern Cameroon. Journal of Tropical Ecology 18 : 353-374.
    1. CARRIERE, S.M., P. LETOURMY, & D. MCKEY. (2002). Effects of remnant trees in fallows on diversity and structure of forest regrowth in a slash-and-burn agricultural system in southern Cameroon. Journal of Tropical Ecology 18: 375-396.
    1. CEBALLOS, L., C. ANDARY, M. DELESCLUSE, M. GIBERNAU, D. MCKEY & M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY. (2002). Effects of sublethal attack by a sucking insect, Hyalymenus tarsatus, on Sesbania drummondii seeds: Impact on some seed traits related to fitness. Ecoscience 9: 28-36.
    1. HEIL, M., T. DELSINNE, A. HILPERT, S. SCHÜRKENS, C. ANDARY, K.E. LINSENMAIR, S.M. SOUSA, & D. MCKEY. (2002). Reduced chemical defence in ant-plants? A critical re-evaluation of a widely accepted hypothesis. Oikos 99 : 457-468.
    1. HEIL, M., B. BAUMANN, C. ANDARY, K.E. LINSENMAIR, & D. MCKEY. (2002). Extraction and quantification of "condensed tannins" as a measure of plant anti-herbivore defence? Revisiting an old problem. Naturwissenschaften 89 : 519-524.
    1. PUJOL, B., G. GIGOT, G. LAURENT, M. PINHEIRO-KLUPPEL, M. ELIAS, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, & D. MCKEY. (2002). Germination ecology of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz, Euphorbiaceae) in traditional agroecosystems : seed and seedling biology of a vegetatively propagated domesticated plant. Economic Botany 56: 366-379.
    1. DEBOUT, G., E. PROVOST, M. RENUCCI, A. TIRARD, B. SCHATZ, & D. MCKEY. (2003). Colony structure in a plant-ant: behavioural, chemical and genetic study of polydomy in Cataulacus mckeyi (Myrmicinae). Oecologia 137 : 195-204.
    1. HEIL, M., & D. MCKEY. (2003). Protective ant-plant interactions as model systems in ecological and evolutionary research. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 34: 425-453.
    1. BROUAT, C., D. MCKEY, & E. DOUZERY (2004). Differentiation and gene flow in a geographic mosaic of plants coevolving with ants: phylogeny of the Leonardoxa africana complex (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) using AFLP markers. Molecular Ecology 13: 1157-1171.
    1. ELIAS, M., G.S. MUHLEN, D. MCKEY, A.C. ROA, & J. TOHME. (2004). Genetic diversity of traditional South American landraces of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz): an analysis using microsatellites. Economic Botany 58: 242-256.
    1. DJIETO-LORDON, C., A. DEJEAN, M. GIBERNAU, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, & D. MCKEY. (2004). Symbiotic mutualism with a community of opportunistic ants: protection, competition, and ant occupancy of the myrmecophyte Barteria nigritana (Passifloraceae). Acta Oecologica 26: 109-116.
    1. ALVAREZ, N., E. GARINE, C. KHASAH, E. DOUNIAS, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, & D. MCKEY. (2005). Farmers’ practices, metapopulation dynamics, and conservation of agricultural biodiversity on-farm: a case study of sorghum among the Duupa in sub-sahelian Cameroon. Biological Conservation 121: 533-543.
    1. DJIETO-LORDON, C., A. DEJEAN, R.A. RING, J. LAUGA, A. NKONGMENECK, & D. MCKEY. (2005). Ecology of an improbable association: the pseudomyrmecine plant-ant Tetraponera tessmanni and the myrmecophytic vine Vitex thyrsiflora (Lamiaceae) in Cameroon. Biotropica 37: 421-430.
    1. PUJOL, B., P. DAVID, & D. MCKEY. (2005). Microevolution in agricultural environments: how a traditional Amerindian farming practice favours heterozygosity in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz, Euphorbiaceae). Ecology Letters 8: 138-147.
    1. PUJOL B., Mühlen, N. Garwood, Y. Horoszowski, E. DOUZERY, & D. McKey. (2005). Evolution under domestication: contrasting functional morphology of seedlings in domesticated cassava and its closest wild relatives. New Phytologist 166: 305-318.
    1. DEBOUT, G., A. SALTMARSH, D. MCKEY, & A.-M. RISTERUCCI. (2005). Characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci in the tropical ant-plant Leonardoxa africana (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae). Molecular Ecology Notes 5: 35-38.
    1. DALECKY, , L. Gaume, B. Schatz, D. McKey, & F. Kjellberg. (2005). Facultative polygyny in the plant–ant Petalomyrmex phylax: assessment of genetic and ecological determinants of queen number. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 86: 133-151.

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    1. GHIMIRE, S., D. MCKEY, & Y. AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS. (2004). Heterogeneity in ethnoecological knowledge and management of medicinal plants in Nepal Himalaya: implications for conservation. Ecology and Society 9(3): 6. [online] : http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss3/art6/.
    1. ALVAREZ, N., D. MCKEY, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, C. BORN, L. MERCIER, & B. BENREY. (2005). Ancient and recent evolutionary history of the bruchid beetle Acanthoscelides obtectus Say, a cosmopolitan pest of beans. Molecular Ecology 14: 1015-1024.

     

    1. ALVAREZ, N., HOSSAERT-MCKEY, J.-Y. RASPLUS, D. MCKEY, L. MERCIER, L. SOLDATI, A. AEBI, & B. BENREY. (2005). Sibling species of bean bruchids: morphological and phylogenetic studies among Acanthoscelides obtectusSay and A. obvelatusBridwell. J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res.43: 29-37.

     

    1. DEBOUT, G., B. SCHATZ, & D. MCKEY. (2005). Comparison of foraging behaviour in two plant-ants, the mutualist Petalomyrmex phylax and a parasite of a mutualism, Cataulacus mckeyi. Insectes Sociaux 52: 205-211.

     

    1. GHIMIRE, S.K., D. MCKEY, & Y. AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS. (2005). Conservation of Himalayan medicinal plants: harvesting patterns and ecology of two threatened species, Nardostachys grandiflora And Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora (Pennell) Hong. Biological Conservation 124: 463-475.
    1. PUJOL, B. & D. MCKEY. (2006). Size asymmetry in intraspecific competition and the density-dependence of inbreeding depression in a natural plant population: a case study in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz, Euphorbiaceae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19: 85-96.
    2. ELIAS, M., H. LENOIR, & D. MCKEY. (2007). Propagule quantity and quality in traditional Makushi farming of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz): a case study for understanding evolution under domestication in vegetatively propagated crops. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 54: 99-115.
    3. DEBOUT, G., B. SCHATZ, M. ELIAS & D. MCKEY. (2007). Polydomy in ants: what we know, what we think we know, and what remains to be done. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 90: 319-348.
    4. GHIMIRE, S.K., Y. A. THOMAS, & D. MCKEY. (2006). Himalayan medicinal plant diversity in an ecologically complex high altitude anthropogenic landscape, Dolpo, Nepal. Environmental Conservation 33: 128-140.
    1. ALVAREZ, N., B. BENREY, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, A. GRILL, D. MCKEY & N. GALTIER. (2006). Phylogeographic support for horizontal gene transfer involving sympatric bruchid species. Biology Direct1: 21. http://www.biology-direct.com/content/pdf/1745-6150-1-21.
    2. DALECKY, A.., G. DEBOUT, A. ESTOUP, D.B. MCKEY & F. KJELLBERG. (2007). Changes in mating system and social structure of the ant Petalomyrmex phylax are associated with range expansion in Cameroon. Evolution 61: 579-595.
    3. DORMONT, L., S. RAPIOR, D. MCKEY & J.-P. LUMARET. (2007). Influence of dung volatiles on the process of resource selection by coprophagous beetles. Chemoecology 17: 23-30.
    4. AMSELLEM, L. & D. MCKEY. (2006). Integrating phenological, chemical and biotic defences in ant-plant protection mutualisms: a case study of two myrmecophyte lineages. Chemoecology 16: 223-234.
    5. BARNAUD, A., M. DEU, E. GARINE, D. MCKEY &I. JOLY. (2007). Local genetic diversity of sorghum in a village in northern Cameroon: structure and dynamics of landraces. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 114: 237-248.
    6. PUJOL, B., F. RENOUX, M. ELIAS, L. RIVAL & D. MCKEY. (2007). The unappreciated ecology of landrace populations: conservation consequences of soil seed banks in cassava. Biological Conservation 136: 541-551.
    7. DUPUTIE, A., P. DAVID, C. DEBAIN & D. MCKEY. (2007). Natural hybridization between a clonally propagated crop, cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) and a wild relative in French Guiana. Molecular Ecology 16: 3025-3038.
    8. GHIMIRE, S.K., O. GIMENEZ, R. PRADEL, D. MCKEY & Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas. (2008). Demographic variation and population viability in a threatened Himalayan medicinal and aromatic herb (Nardostachys grandiflora): matrix modelling of harvesting effects in two contrasting habitats. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 41-51.
    9. PUJOL, B., J.-L. SALAGER, M. BELTRAN, S. BOUSQUET & D. MCKEY. (2008). Photosynthesis and leaf structure in domesticated cassava (Euphorbiaceae) and a close wild relative: have leaf photosynthetic parameters evolved under domestication? Biotropica 40: 305-312.
    10. DIALLO, B.O., H.I. JOLY, D. MCKEY, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY & M.-H. CHEVALLIER. (2007). Genetic diversity of Tamarindus indica populations: Any clues on the origin from its current distribution? African Journal of Biotechnology 6: 853-860.
    11. DIALLO, B.O., D. MCKEY, M.-H. CHEVALLIER, H.I. JOLY & M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY. (2008). Breeding system and pollination biology of the semi-domesticated fruit tree, Tamarindus indica (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae): Implications for fruit production, selective breeding, and conservation of genetic resources. African Journal of Biotechnology 7: 4068-4075.
    12. Léotard, G., A. Saltmarsh, F. Kjellberg & D. McKey. (2008). Mutualism, hybrid inviability and speciation in a tropical ant-plant. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21: 1133-1143.
    13. Léotard, G., E. Defossez, C. Debain, D. MCKEY, f. kjellberg & R. blatrix. (2008). Local genetic co-structuring of the ant Petalomyrmex phylax and its host plant Leonardoxa a. africana: no role for a sixty-meter wide river in separating social forms. Sociobiology 51: 363-371.
    14. BARNAUD, A., H.I. JOLY, D. MCKEY, M. DEU, C. KHASAH, S. MONNE & E. GARINE. (2008). Gestion in situ des ressources génétiques du sorgho (Sorghum bicolor bicolor) chez les Duupa du Nord Cameroun : sélection et échange de semences. Cahiers Agricultures 17: 178-182.
    15. MONDOLOT, L., A. MARLAS, D. BARBEAU, A. GARGADENNEC, B. PUJOL & D. MCKEY. (2008). Domestication and defence: foliar tannins and C/N ratios in cassava and a close wild relative. Acta Oecologica 34: 147-154.
    16. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, M., D. MCKEY & L. DORMONT. (2008). Fungal sex as a private matter: odour signals in a specialized pollination-like insect-fungus mutualism. New Phytologist 178: 225-227. (commentary)
    17. BARNAUD, A., G. TRIGUEROS, D. MCKEY & HI JOLY. (2008). High outcrossing rates in fields with mixed sorghum landraces : how are landraces maintained ? Heredity 101: 445-452.
    18. SARDOS J, D MCKEY, R. MALAPA, J.-L. NOYER & V. LEBOT. (2008). Evolution of cassava (Manihot esculentaCrantz) after recent introduction into a South Pacific island system: the contribution of sex to the diversification of a clonally propagated crop. Genome 51: 912-921.
    19. RIVAL L & D MCKEY (2008) Domestication and diversity in manioc (Manihot esculenta Crantz ssp. esculenta, Euphorbiaceae). Current Anthropology 49: 1119-1128.
    20. DEBOUT, G.D.G., A. DALECKY, A. NGOMI NGOMI & D.B. MCKEY. (2009). Dynamics of species coexistence: maintenance of a plant-ant competitive metacommunity. Oikos 118: 873-884.
    21. DEFOSSEZ, E., M.-A. SELOSSE, M.-P. DUBOIS, L. MONDOLOT, A. FACCIO, C. DJIETO-LORDON, D. MCKEY & R. BLATRIX. (2009). Ant-plants and fungi: a new threesome symbiosis. New Phytologist182: 942-949.
    22. MENARD, L., D. MCKEY, N. ROWE (2009). Developmental plasticity and biomechanics of treelets and lianas in Manihot quinquepartita (Euphorbiaceae): a branch-angle climber of French Guiana. Annals of Botany 103: 1249-1259.
    23. WEBBER, B. D. MCKEY (2009). Cyanogenic myrmecophytes, redundant defence mechanisms and complementary defence syndromes: revisiting the neotropical ant-acacias. New Phytologist 182: 792-794.
    24. SCHATZ, B., C. DJIETO-LORDON, L. DORMONT, J.-M. BESSIERE, D. MCKEY & R. BLATRIX (2009). A simple non-specific chemical signal mediates defense behaviour in a specialized ant-plant mutualism. Current Biology 19 (9): R361-R362.
    25. LEOTARD, G., G. DEBOUT, S. GUILLOT, L. GAUME, D. MCKEY, F. KJELLBERG & A. DALECKY. (2009) Range expansion drives dispersal evolution in an equatorial three-species symbiosis. PLoS ONE 4(4): e5377 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005377.
    26. BARNAUD, A., M. DEU, E. GARINE, J. CHANTEREAU, J. BOLTEU, E. OUIN-KOIDA, D. MCKEY & H.I. JOLY (2009). A weed-crop complex in sorghum: the fate of new genetic combinations in a traditional farming system. American Journal of Botany 96: 1869-1879.
    27. DUPUTIE, A., M. DELETRE, J.-J. DE GRANVILLE & D. MCKEY (2009). Population genetics of Manihot esculenta flabellifolia gives insight into past distribution of xeric vegetation in a postulated forest refugium area in northern Amazonia. Molecular Ecology 18 : 2897-2907.
    28. LEOTARD, G., A. DUPUTIE, F. KJELLBERG, E.J.P. DOUZERY, C. DEBAIN, J.-J. DE GRANVILLE & D. MCKEY (2009). Phylogeography and the origin of cassava: new insights from the northern rim of the Amazonian basin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 329-334.
    29. DUPUTIE, A., F MASSOL, P. DAVID, C. HAXAIRE & D. MCKEY. (2009) Traditional Amerindian cultivators combine directional and ideotypic selection for sustainable management of cassava genetic diversity. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22: 1317-1325.
    30. MCKEY, D., ROSTAIN, J. IRIARTE, B. GLASER, J.J. BIRK, I. HOLST & D. RENARD (2010) Pre-Columbian agricultural landscapes, ecosystem engineers and self-organized patchiness in Amazonia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107: 7823-7828. This article was selected by two different members of the “Faculty of 1000 Biology” as a “Must Read” paper in ecology.
    31. MCKEY, D., M. ELIAS, B. PUJOL & A. DUPUTIE (2010) The evolutionary ecology of clonally propagated domesticated plants. New Phytologist 186: 318-332. This paper was selected by a member of the “Faculty of 1000 Biology” as an “Exceptional” paper in ecology.
    32. MCKEY, D., T. CAVAGNARO, J. CLIFF & R. GLEADOW (2010) Chemical ecology in coupled human and natural systems: people, manioc, multitrophic interactions and global change. Chemoecology 20: 109-133. (DOI 10.1007/s00049-010-0047-1)
    33. RENARD, D., B. SCHATZ & D. MCKEY (2010) Ant nest architecture and seed burial depth: implications for seed fate and germination success in a myrmecochorous savanna shrub. Ecoscience 17: 194-202.
    34. DIALLO, B.O., H.I. JOLY, D. MCKEY, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY & M.H. CHEVALLIER (2010) Changes in biometric characters of seeds and seedlings of nine provenances of Tamarindus indica (Caesalpinioideae). Fruits 65: 153-167.
    35. IRIARTE, J., B. GLASER, J. WATLING, A. WAINWRIGHT, J.J. BIRK, D. RENARD, S. ROSTAIN & D. MCKEY (2010) Late Holocene Neotropical agricultural landscapes: phytolith and stable carbon isotope analysis of raised fields from French Guianan coastal savannahs. Journal of Archaeological Science 37: 2984-2994.
    36. BORN, C., N. ALVAREZ, D. MCKEY, S. OSSARI, E.J. WICKINGS, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY & M.-H. CHEVALLIER (2011) Insights into the biogeographical history of the Lower Guinea Forest Domain: evidence for the role of refugia in the intraspecific differentiation of Aucoumea klaineana. Molecular Ecology 20: 131-142.
    37. DEFOSSEZ, E., C. DJIETO-LORDON, D. MCKEY, M.-A. SELOSSE & R. BLATRIX (2011). Plant-ants feed their host plant, but above all a fungal symbiont to recycle nitrogen. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 278: 1419-1426.
    38. DUPUTIE, A., J. SALICK, D. MCKEY (2011). Evolutionary biogeography of Manihot, a rapidly radiating Neotropical genus restricted to dry environments. Journal of Biogeography 38: 1033-1043.
    39. RENARD, D., J. IRIARTE, J.J. BIRK, S. ROSTAIN, B. GLASER, D. MCKEY (2012). Ecological engineers ahead of their time: the functioning of pre-Columbian raised-field agriculture and its potential contributions to sustainability today. Ecological Engineering 45: 30-44. Doi: 10.1016/J.ecoleng.2011.03.007.
    40. VITTECOQ, M., C. DJIETO-LORDON, B. BUATOIS, L. DORMONT, D. MCKEY, R. BLATRIX (2011). The evolution of communication in two ant-plant mutualisms. Evolutionary Biology 38: 360-369. DOI 10.1007/S11692-011-9125-8.
    41. RASPLUS, J.-Y., J. LASALLE, G. DELVARE, D. MCKEY, B.L. WEBBER (2011). A new Afrotropical genus and species of Tetrastichinae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) inducing galls on Bikinia (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae) and a new species of Ormyrus (Hymenoptera: Ormyridae) associated with the gall. Zootaxa 2907: 51-59.  
    42. GONMADJE, C.F., C. DOUMENGE, D. McKEY, G.P.M. TCHOUTO, T.C.H. SUNDERLAND, M.P.B. BALINGA, B. SONKE (2011). Tree diversity and conservation value of Ngovayang’s lowland forest, Cameroon. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 2627-2648.
    43. ROULLIER, C., G. ROSSEL, D. TAY, D. MCKEY, V. LEBOT (2011). Combining chloroplast and nuclear microsatellites to investigate origin and dispersal of New World sweet potato landraces. Molecular Ecology 20: 3963-3977. Doi: 10.1111/j.1365é294X.2011.05229x.
    44. RENARD, D., J.J. BIRK, B. GLASER, J. IRIARTE, G. GRISARD, J. KARL, D. MCKEY (2012). Origin of mound-field landscapes: a multi-proxy approach combining contemporary vegetation, carbon stable isotopes and phytoliths. Plant and Soil 351: 337-353.
    45. VITTECOQ, M., C. DJIETO-LORDON, D. MCKEY, R. BLATRIX (2012). Range expansion induces variation in a behavioural trait in an ant-plant mutualism. Acta Oecologica 38: 84-88.
    46. DELETRE, M., D. MCKEY, T.R. HODKINSON (2011). Marriage exchanges, seed exchanges and the dynamics of manioc diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America108: 18249-18254.
    47. IRIARTE, J., M.J. POWER, S. ROSTAIN, F.E. MAYLE, H. JONES, J. WATLING, B.S. WHITNEY, D.B. MCKEY (2012). Fire-free land use in pre-1492 Amazonian savannas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America109: 6473-6478.
    48. Molecular Ecology Resources Primer Development Consortium, A'Hara S.W., Amouroux P., Argo E.E., Avand-Faghih A., Barat A., Barbieri L., Bert T.M., Blatrix R., Blin A., Bouktila D., Broome A., Burban C., Capdevielle-Dulac C., Casse N., Chandra S., Cho K.J., Cottrell J.E., Crawford C.R., Davis M.C., Delatte H., Desneux N., Djiéto-Lordon C., Dubois M.-P., El-Mergawy R.A.A.M., Gallardo-Escarate C., Garcia M., Gardiner M.M., Guillemaud T., Haye P.A., Hellemans B., Hinrichsen P., Jeon J.H., Kerdelhue C., Kharrat I., Kim K.H., Kim Y.Y., Kwan Y.S., Labbe E.M., Lahood E., Lee K.M., Lee W.O., Lee Y.H., Legoff I., Li H., Lin C.P., Liu S.S., Liu Y.G., Long D., Maes G.E., Magnoux E., Mahanta P.C., Makni H., Makni M., Malausa T., Matura R., McKey D., McMillen-Jackson A.L., Mendez M.A., Mezghani-Khemakhem M., Michel A.P., Paul M., Muriel-Cunha J., Nibouche S., Normand F., Palkovacs E.P., Pande V., Parmentier K., Peccoud J., Piatscheck F., Puchulutegui C., Ramos R., Ravest G., Richner H., Robbens J., Rochat D., Rousselet J., Saladin V., Sauve M., Schlei O., Schultz T.F., Scobie A.R., Segovia N.I., Seyoum S., Silvain J.F., Tabone E., Van Houdt J.K.J., Vandamme S.G., Volckaert F.A.M., Wenburg J., Willis T.V., Won Y.J., Ye N.H., Zhang W., Zhang Y.X. (2012). Permanent genetic resources added to molecular ecology resources database 1 August 2011-30 September 2011. Molecular Ecology Resources 12: 185-189.
    1. Molecular Ecology Resources Primer Development Consortium, Arias M.C., Arnoux E., Bell J.J., Bernadou A., Bino G., Blatrix R., Bourguet D., Carrea C., Clamens A.L., Cunha H.A., d'Alencon E., Ding Y., Djiéto-Lordon C., Dubois M.-P., Dumas P., Eraud C., Faivre B., Francisco F.O., Francoso E., Garcia M., Gardner J.P.A., Garnier S., Gimenez S., Gold J.R., Harris D.J., He G.C., Hellemans B., Hollenbeck C.M., Jing S.L., Kergoat G.J., Liu B.F., McDowell J.R., McKey D., Miller T.L., Newton E., Lohan K.M.P., Papetti C., Paterson I., Peccoud J., Peng X.X., Piatscheck F., Ponsard S., Reece K.S., Reisser C.M.O., Renshaw M.A., Ruzzante D.E., Sauve M., Shields J.D., Sole-Cava A., Souche E.L., Van Houdt J.K.J., Vasconcellos A., Volckaert F.A.M., Wang S.Z., Xiao J., Yu H.J., Zane L., Zannato B., Zemlak T.S., Zhang C.X., Zhao Y., Zhou X., Zhu L.L. (2012). Permanent Genetic Resources added to Molecular Ecology Resources Database 1 December 2011-31 January 2012. Molecular Ecology Resources 12: 570-572.
    1. Pautasso M., G. Aistara, A. Barnaud, S. Caillon, P. Clouvel, O.T. Coomes, M. Delêtre, E. Demeulenaere, P. De Santis, T. Döring, L. Eloy, L. Emperaire, E. Garine, I. Goldringer, D. Jarvis, H.I. Joly, C. Leclerc, S. Louafi, P. Martin, F. Massol, S. McGuire, D. McKey, C. Padoch, C. Soler, M. Thomas, S. Tramontini (2013). Seed exchange networks for agrobiodiversity conservation. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 33: 151-175.
    1. Meekijjaroenroj Kidyoo A., D. McKey (2012) Flowering phenology and mimicry of the rattan Calamus castaneus (Arecaceae) in southern Thailand. Botany 90: 856-865.
    1. Blatrix, R., D. Renard, C. Djiéto-Lordon, D. McKey (2012) The cost of myrmecophytism: insights from allometry of stem secondary growth. Annals of Botany 110: 943-951. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcs164.
    1. Blatrix, R., C. Djiéto-Lordon, L. Mondolot, P. La Fisca, H. Voglmayr, D. McKey (2012) Plant-ants use symbiotic fungi as a food source: new insight into the nutritional ecology of ant-plant interactions. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 279: 3940-3947.
    1. Peccoud, J., F. Piatscheck, R. Yockteng, M. Garcia, M. Sauve, C. Djiéto-Lordon, D. J. Harris, J.J. Wieringa, F. J. Breteler, C. Born, D. McKey, R. Blatrix (2013). Multi-locus phylogenies of the genus Barteria (Passifloraceae) portray complex patterns in the evolution of myrmecophytism. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 824-832.
    1. Roullier, C., L. Benoît, D. McKey, V. Lebot (2013). Historical collections reveal patterns of diffusion of sweet potato in Oceania obscured by modern plant movements and recombination. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110: 2205-2210. Winner of the 2013 Cozzarelli Prize in Class V.
    1. Roullier, C., R. Kambouo, J. Paofa, D. McKey, V. Lebot (2013). On the origin of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam) genetic diversity in New Guinea, a secondary centre of diversity. Heredity 110: 594-604.
    1. Bradbury, E. J., A. Duputié, M. Delêtre, C. Roullier, A. Narváez-Trujillo, J. A. Manu-Aduening, E. Emshwiller, D. McKey (2013). Geographic differences in patterns of genetic differentiation among bitter and sweet manioc (Manihot esculenta esculenta: Euphorbiaceae). American Journal of Botany 100: 857-866.
    1. Renard, D., J. J. Birk, A. Zangerlé, P. Lavelle, B. Glaser, R. Blatrix, D. McKey (2013). Ancient human agricultural practices can promote activities of contemporary non-human soil ecosystem engineers: a case study in coastal savannas of French Guiana. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 62: 46-56.
    1. Benoît, L., R. Blatrix, C. Djiéto-Lordon, C. Atteke, J. Mezui-M’Eko, M.-P. Dubois, D. McKey, C. Born (2013). Characterization of microsatellite loci for a fungal symbiont (Ascomycota, Chaetothyriales) in an ant-plant-fungus symbiosis. Molecular Ecology Resources 13: 760-762.
    1. Dormont, L., J.-M. Bessière, D. McKey, A. Cohuet (2013). New methods for field collection of human skin volatiles and perspectives for their application in the chemical ecology of human/pathogen/vector interactions. Journal of Experimental Biology 216: 2783-2788.
    1. Roullier, C., A. Duputié, P. Wennekes, L. Benoît, V. M. Fernández Bringas, G. Rossel, D. Tay, D. McKey, V. Lebot (2013). Disentangling the origins of cultivated sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.). PLOS ONE 8(5): e62707. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0062707.
    1. McKey, D., M. Elias, B. Pujol, A. Duputié, M. Delêtre, D. Renard (2012). Maintien du potentiel adaptatif chez les plantes domestiquées à propagation clonale. Revue d’ethnoécologie [En ligne], 1 | 2012, mis en ligne le 29 novembre 2012. URL : http://ethnoecologie.revues.org/741 ; DOI : 10.4000/ethnoecologie.741
    1. Blatrix, R., S. Debaud, A. Salas-Lopez, C. Born, L. Benoit, D. McKey, C. Attéké, C. Djiéto-Lordon (2013). Repeated evolution of fungal cultivar specificity in independently evolved ant-plant-fungus symbioses. PLOS ONE 8(7): e68101.
    1. Finsinger, W., T. Dos Santos, D. McKey (2013) Estimating variation in stomatal frequency at intra-individual, intra-site and inter-taxonomic levels in populations of the Leonardoxa africana complex (Fabaceae) over environmental gradients in Cameroon. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 345: 350-359.
    1. Ménard, L., D. McKey, G. S. Mühlen, B. Clair, N.P. Rowe (2013) The evolutionary fate of phenotypic plasticity and functional traits under domestication in manioc: changes in stem biomechanics and the appearance of stem brittleness. PLOS ONE 8(9): e74727. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074727
    1. Blatrix, R., D. McKey, C. Born (2013). Consequences of past climate change for species engaged in obligatory interactions. Comptes Rendus Géoscience 347: 306-315.
    1. Mayer, V., M. Frederickson, D. McKey, R. Blatrix (2014) Current issues in the evolutionary ecology of ant-plant symbioses. New Phytologist 202: 749-764.
    1. Diallo, B.O., Ouedraogo, M., Chevallier, M.-H., Joly, H.I., Hossaert-McKey, M., McKey, D. (2014) Potential pollinators of Tamarindus indica (Caesalpinioideae) in Sudanian region of Burkina Faso. African Journal of Plant Science 8: 528-536.
    1. Pfahler, V., B. Glaser, D. McKey, E. Klemt (2015) Soil redistribution in abandoned raised fields in French Guiana assessed by radionuclides. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 178: 468-476.
    1. Rostain, S., D. McKey (2015) Les paysages de champs surélevés de Guyane française: un patrimoine bioculturel menacé. Revue d’Ethnoécologie DOI : 10.4000/ethnoecologie.2193.
    1. Coomes O.T., S. J. McGuire, E. Garine, S. Caillon, D. McKey, E. Demeulenaere, D. Jarvis, G. Aistara, A. Barnaud, P. Clouvel, L. Emperaire, S. Louafi, P. Martin, F. Massol, M. Pautasso, C. Violon, J. Wencélius (2015) Farmer seed networks make a limited contribution to agriculture? Four common misconceptions. Food Policy 56 : 41-50. DOI : 10.1016/j.foodpol.2015.07.008
    1. Zangerlé A., C. Hissler, L. Van Schaik, D. McKey (2016) Identification of earthworm burrow origins by Near infrared Spectroscopy: Combining results from field sites and laboratory microcosms. Soil and Tillage Research 155 : 280-288. DOI: 10.1016/still.2015.08.017
    1. Zangerlé A., C. Hissler, D. McKey, P. Lavelle (2016) Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) to identify the contribution of earthworms to soil macroaggregation in field conditions. Applied Soil Ecology 104: 138-147. DOI: 10.1016/J.apsoil.2015.09.014
    1. Thomas, M., N. Verzelen, P. Barbillon, O.T. Coomes, S. Caillon, D. McKey, M. Elias, E. Garine, C. Raimond, E. Dounias, D. Jarvis, J. Wencélius, C. Leclerc, V. Labeyrie, H. Cuong Pham, T.N. Hue Nguyen, B. Sthapit, R.B. Rana, A. Barnaud, C. Violon, L.M. Arias Reyes, Luis L. Moreno, P. De Santis, F. Massol. (2015) A network-based method to detect patterns of local crop biodiversity: validation at the species and infra-species levels. Advances in Ecological Research 53 : 259-320. doi:10.1016/bs.aecr.2015.10.002
    1. Delêtre, M., T.R. Hodkinson, D. McKey (2016) Perceptual selection and the unconscious selection of ‘volunteer’seedlings in clonally propagated crops: an example with African cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) using ethnobotany and population genetics. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 64 : 665-680.1007/s10722-016-0390-3
    1. Zangerlé, A., D. Renard, J. Iriarte, L.E. Suarez Jimenez, K.L. Adame Montoya , J. Juilleret, D. McKey (2016) The surales, self-organized earth-mound landscapes made by earthworms in a seasonal tropical wetland. PLOS One 11(5): e0154269.

    doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0154269 This paper was selected by a member of the “Faculty of 1000 Biology” as a “Recommended” paper in ecology.

    1. Cunha, L., G.G. Brown, D.W.G. Stanton, E. Da Silva, F. Hansel, G Jorge, D. McKey, P. Vidal-Torrado, R. Macedo, E. Velasquez, S.W. James, P. Lavelle, P. Kille, and the Terra Preta de Indio Network (2016) Soil animals and pedogenesis: the role of earthworms in anthropogenic soils. Soil Science 181 (3/4) : 110-125. DOI: 10.1097/SS.0000000000000144
    1. Lavelle, P., Spain A., Blouin, M., Brown, G., Decaëns, T., Grimaldi, M., Jiménez, J.J., McKey, D., Mathieu, J., Velasquez, E., Zangerlé, A. (2016) Ecosystem engineers in a self-organized soil: A review of concepts and future research questions. Soil Science 181 (3/4) : 91-109. DOI: 10.1097/SS.0000000000000155
    1. López Mazz, J., S. Rostain, D. McKey (2016) Cerritos, tolas, tesos, camellones y otros montículos de las tierras bajas de Sudamérica. Revista de Arqueología 29(1): 86-113.

     

    1. Comptour, M., S. Caillon, D. McKey (2016) Pond fishing in the Congolese cuvette: a story of fishermen, animals and water spirits. Revue d’Ethnoécologie 10/2016. DOI: 10.4000/ethnoecoloige.2795
    1. McKey, D.B., M. Durécu, M. Pouilly, P. Béarez, A. Ovando, M. Kalebe, C.F. Huchzermeyer (2016) Present-day African analogue of a pre-European Amazonian floodplain fishery shows convergence in cultural-niche construction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113(52): 14938-14943. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1613169114
    1. Gonmadje, C., Picard, N., Gourlet-Fleury, S., Réjou-Méchain, M., Freycon, V., Sunderland, T., McKey, D., Doumenge, C. (2017) Altitudinal filtering of large-tree species explains above-ground biomass variation in an Atlantic central African rain forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 33 (2): 143-154.. doi: 10.1017/S0266467416000602.
    1. Vasse, M., Voglmayr, H., Mayer, V., Gueidan, C., Nepel, M., Moreno, L., de Hoog, S., Selosse, M.-A., McKey, D., Blatrix, R. (2017) A fungal phylogenetic perspective of the association between ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and black yeasts (Ascomycota: Chaetothyriales). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B284: 20162519. Doi : 10.1098/rspb.2016.2519
    1. Blatrix, R., Peccoud, J., Born, C., Piatscheck, F., Benoit, L., Sauve, M., Djiéto-Lordon, C., Atteke, C., Wieringa, J.J., Harris, D.J., McKey, D. (2017) Comparative analysis of spatial genetic structure in an ant-plant symbiosis reveals a tension zone and highlights speciation processes in tropical Africa. Journal of Biogeography 44 (8): 1856-1868. doi:10.1111/jbi.12972.
    1. DiGiusto, B., Dounias, E., McKey, D.B. (2017) Facing herbivory on the climb up: Lost opportunities as the main cost of herbivory in the wild yam Dioscorea praehensilis. Ecology and Evolution 7 (16): 6493-6506. Doi: 1002/ece3.3066
    1. Bouka Dipelet, U.G., Florence, J., Doumenge, C., Loumeto, J.J., McKey, D. (2017) Khayae (Meliaceae) specierum Nomenclator. Adansonia 39(1): 15-30. Doi: 5252/a2017n1a2
    1. Blatrix, R., Roux, B., Béarez, P., Prestes-Carneiro, G., Amaya, M., Aramayo, J.L., Rodrigues, L., Lombardo, U., Iriarte, J., de Souza, J.G., Robinson, M., Bernard, C., Pouilly, M., Durécu, M., Huchzermeyer, C.F., Kalebe, M., Ovando, A., McKey, D. (2018) The unique functioning of a pre-Columbian Amazonian floodplain fishery. Scientific Reports 8:5998 | DOI:10.1038/s415
    1. Gonmadje C., Doumenge, C., Sunderland, T., McKey, D. (2019) Environmental filtering determines patterns of tree species composition in small mountains of Atlantic central African forests. Acta Oecologica94 : 12-21. doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2018.04.001
    1. Auttama, P., McKey, D., Kidyoo, A. (2018) Flowering phenology and trap pollination of the rare endemic plant Ceropegia thaithongiae in montane forest of northern Thailand. Botany 96 (9) : 601-620. org/10.1139/cjb-2018-0045
    1. Ho Tong Minh, D., Ndikumana, E., Vieilledent, G., McKey, D., Baghdadi N. (2018) Potential value of combining ALOS PALSAR and Landsat-derived tree cover data for forest biomass retrieval in Madagascar. Remote Sensing of the Environment 213 : 206-214. org/10.1016/j.rse.2018.04.056
    1. Comptour, M., Caillon, S., Rodrigues, L., McKey, D. (2018) Wetland raised-field agriculture and its contribution to sustainability: ethnoecology of a present-day African system and questions about pre-Columbian systems in the American tropics. Sustainability 10(9) : 3120. doi.org/10.3390/su10093120
    1. Wang, M., Huang, S. Li, M, McKey, D., Zhang, L. (2019) Staminodes influence pollen removal and deposition rates in nectar-rewarding self-incompatible Phanera yunnanensis (Caesalpinioideae). Journal of Tropical Ecology 35 (1) : 34-42. Doi.org/1017/S0266467418000433
    1. McKey, D. (2019). Pre-Columbian human occupation of Amazonia and its influence on current landscapes and biodiversity. Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences 91, Suppl. 3.1-9. DOI: 10.1590/0001-3765201920190087
    1. Kokolo, B., Atteke, C., Eyi Mintsa, B.A., Ibrahim, B., McKey, D., Blatrix, R. (2019). Congeneric mutualist ant symbionts (Tetraponera, Pseudomyrmecinae) differ in level of protection of their myrmecophyte hosts (Barteria, Passifloraceae). Journal of Tropical Ecology 35 : 255-259. DOI : 10.1017/S026646741900021X
    1. Bouka U. G., Doumenge C., Loumeto J. J., Florence J., Gonmadje C., McKey, D. (2019) Les acajous d’afrique (Khaya, Meliaceae) : des ressources fortement exploitées et mal connues. Bois et Forêt des Tropiques 339 : 17-32.
    1. Comptour, M., Cosiaux, A., Coomes, O.T., Bader, J.-C., Malaterre,-O., Yoka, J., Caillon, S., McKey, D. (2019) Agricultural innovation and environmental change on the floodplains of the Congo River. The Geographical Journal (in press). DOI : 10.1111/geoj.12314.
    1. Pakull, B., Ekué, M. R., Dipelet, U. G. B., Doumenge, C., McKey, D. B., Loumeto, J. J., Opuni-Frimpong, E., Yorou, S. N., Nacoulma, B. M. Y., Guelly, K. A., Ramamonjisoa, L., Thomas, D., Guichoux, E., Loo, J., Degen, B. (2019) Genetic diversity and differentiation among the species of African mahogany (Khaya) based on a large SNP array. Conservation Genetics (in press). DO1 ; 10.1007/s10592-019-01191-3.

     

  • Elena KAZAKOU

    Maître de conférences Montpellier SupAgro, HDR12509183 10153915175929224 2075459128754908783 n

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

    tél :  +33 4 67 61 33 34
    fax :  +33 4 67 61 33 36
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  • Eric GARNIER

    altDirecteur de Recherche (CNRS)

     CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier Cedex 5

    tél : +33 4 67 61 32 42
    fax : +33 4 67 61 33 36

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    Thèmes de recherche

    Mes travaux portent sur la caractérisation de la diversité fonctionnelle des végétaux, abordée essentiellement par l’étude de leurs traits fonctionnels.

  • Gérard DUVALLET (Émérite)

    Gerard Duvallet trombiProfesseur émérite

     

    UMR5175, Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier, Route de mende, 34199 Montpellier Cedex 5

    Tél : +33 (0)6 38 95 24 35

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    https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Gerard_Duvallet

     

    Résumé :

    Étude de l’impact du changement des pratiques pastorales sur les populations de vecteurs et conséquences possibles : 1) évaluer en quoi l’activité d’élevage a un effet sur la biodiversité (entomofaune), 2) analyser et prévoir les conséquences pour les arthropodes hématophages (nuisances et transmission de pathogènes), 3) envisager toutes les possibilités de lutte non polluante (pièges chimiques attractifs, substances naturelles répulsives, lutte biologique).

    Travaux menés en France, en Thaïlande et en Afrique de l’Ouest principalement sur stomoxes et tabanides.

     

    Mots-clés :

    Arthropodes hématophages, Transmission vectorielle, Pratiques pastorales, Méthodes de lutte

     

     

     

     

     


  • Jean-Louis MARTIN

     

    Directeur de Recherche au CNRS / Senior Scientist at CNRS

     

    J’étudie les réponses des communautés animales et végétales aux changements d’origine humaine (espèces introduites, usage des sols), en milieu tempéré et méditerranéen.

     

    I study plant and animal community response to human induced change (introduced  species, land use) in temperate and méditerranean systems.

     

    Courriel: jean-louis.martin [at] cefe.cnrs.fr

     JLete2014 petit


     

     

  • Lise ROY

    Roy Lise small

    Maître de Conférences, Université Paul Valéry Montpellier III

    Je m’intéresse aux effets de l’activité humaine sur les populations et communautés d’arthropodes en agrosystème (agriculture, élevage), avec un focus sur les associations parasitaires lâches. J’explore actuellement les effets des pratiques d’élevage sur les interactions au sein des écosystèmes des zones hors-sol (dédiées au repos et à la ponte) d’élevages au sol de volailles. Plus précisément, je cherche à mieux comprendre les interactions dans ce contexte entre un microprédateur hématophage obligatoire (a besoin de sang, mais ne vit pas sur et l’hôte et se développe dans les microhabitats typiques de ce type de milieu) et deux types d’organismes : son hôte (l’oiseau, avec lequel il n’entre en contact que très ponctuellement) et les autres organismes qu’il côtoie dans les microhabitats (principalement arthropodes détritivores et prédateurs). Je m’intéresse aussi aux effets des échanges commerciaux à large échelle (rupture de barrière géographiques par les transports longue distance) et de l’usage d’insecticides (pression de sélection) sur la structure des populations d’arthropodes bioagresseurs et non cibles.

    Courriel : Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.

  • Quentin STRUELENS

    STRUELENS Quentin photo profil

    Email: quentin.struelens < at > ird.fr

    Supervisor: Dr Olivier DANGLES

    Institutions: National Museum of Natural History (MNHN) / French National Research Institue for Sustainable Development (IRD)

    Keywords: Ecology, Agroecology, Socio-ecosystem dynamics, Tropical Andes.


    Title:Pest Management Across Scales: Insight From Mountainous Tropical Agroscapes.

    Context: the tropical Andes is a world full of gradients that occur at several spatial scales. At the crop scale, a mosaic of spatial and temporal microclimates exists due to the high diversity of crop plants and the diel temperature changes. At the landscape scale, the diversities of land-management and land-use produce a gradient of landscape complexity. Finally, at the human-community scale, there is a wide diversity and combinations of human cultures related to historical contingency. This combination of abiotic-, biotic- and human-related gradients makes the tropical Andes an attractive playground for ecologists who are interested in understanding the effects and interactions of these drivers on agroecosystems.

    Goal: I aim at identifying the drivers of pest control across these three spatial scales in order to propose practical solutions for the local farmer communities. Each chapter focuses on a specific scale, with its particular set of drivers of pest control.

    Chapter 1: At the crop scale, temperatures vary tremendously both spatially and temporally, which impacts the development and emergence of pests. To cope with this highly fluctuating environment, we expect species to have developed a variety of developmental and phenological adaptations. We integrated, for the first time, slow-fast thermal strategies into a mechanistic predictive framework. The model calibrated with the observed individual thermal strategies showed a high accuracy in phenological predictions. This model can therefore be used to accurately predict the emergence of pests in the Andean context. Read more...

    Chapter 2: At the landscape scale, we aim at identifying potential trade-offs and synergies between landscape characteristics and agrochemical use on insect diversity and functions. We are especially interested in the potentially opposite effect of these two drivers on arthropod pests and pollinators, which both ultimately influence crop yield.

    Chapter 3: At the human-community scale, we aim at assessing whether agrochemical resellers are responsible for pesticide overuse in the Andes. Reseller knowledge on common pests and the quality of their recommendations will be evaluated.

    Chapter 4: At the human-community and landscape scale, we aim at understanding how the perception of ecosystem services and the landscape can be influenced by the traditional knowledge of indigenous and non-indigenous farmers.

    Altogether, these different chapters will provide new insights in several areas of natural and human sciences, along with practical solutions to be included into an integrated pest management program.


    Publications:

    Struelens, Q., Rebaudo, F., Quispe, R., & Dangles, O. (2018). Thermal pace-of-life strategies improve phenological predictions in ectotherms. Scientific Reports, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-34274-1

    Rebaudo, F., Struelens, Q., & Dangles, O. (2018). Modelling temperature-dependent development rate and phenology in arthropods: The devRate package for r. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 9(4), 1144‑1150.  https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.12935

    Mina, D., Struelens, Q., Carpio, C., Rivera, M., Rebai, N., Rebaudo, F., & Dangles, O. (2017). Lupin Pest Management in the Ecuadorian Andes: Current Knowledge and Perspectives. Outlooks on Pest Management, 28(6), 250‑256. https://doi.org/10.1564/v28_dec_05

    Struelens, Q., Gonzales Pomar, K., Loza Herrera, S., Nina Huanca, G., Dangles, O., & Rebaudo, F. (2017). Market access and community size influence pastoral management of native and exotic livestock species: A case study in communities of the Cordillera Real in Bolivia’s high Andean wetlands. PLOS ONE, 12(12), e0189409. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189409

    Rebaudo, F., Struelens, Q., Callizaya Condori, F., & Quispe, R. (2017). Relationship between temperature and development rate of Copitarsia incommoda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Bolivian Andes. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 52(2), 313‑320. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13355-017-0480-5


     

  • Sophie CAILLON

    Sophie Caillon

    Chargée de recherche au CNRS
    Ethnobiologiste / géographe

    Responsable de l'équipe Interactions bioculturelles
    Chercheure associée à l'UMR CREDO
    Porteur du projet PICS Bien-Etre
    Membre de l'ANR ASSET, du projet Crop-Diversity LICCI et du projet UE FALAH

     

    Mon domaine de recherche peut être défini par deux thèmes : les relations Hommes-milieux, et l’agrobiodiversité. J’analyse comment les deux composantes du concept de biodiversité, les diversités culturelle et biologique, interagissent, et comment elles peuvent constituer un potentiel d’adaptation pour des sociétés confrontées à des changements de plus en plus rapides et globaux.

     

     

  • VOLAIRE Florence

     Chargée de Recherche INRA - HDRalt

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

     tél :  +33 4 67 61 33 30
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    Intérêts personnels
    Mes travaux portent sur les réponses adaptatives des plantes herbacées pérennes aux sécheresses estivales sévères de type méditerranéen. Avec des approches écophysiologiques et agronomiques (menées à l’INRA), ce travail se positionne en collaboration étroite avec l’écologie fonctionnelle (Forecast - CNRS). L’objectif principal est d’analyser le fonctionnement des espèces et communautés herbacées sous contrainte hydrique forte dans le cadre du changement climatique. Un cadre conceptuel et terminologique unifié des stratégies adaptatives des plantes à la sécheresse a été proposé en 2018. Les études portent notamment sur la stratégie de dormance estivale et plus largement sur la généricité du compromis fonctionnel entre potentiel de croissance et survie au stress.

    Personal interests

    As an ecophysiologist, my research is focused on the adaptive responses of perennial herbaceous plants to severe summer droughts as occurring in Mediterranean and semi-arid areas. I have particularly analysed the adaptive strategies to cope with severe water deficit, such as summer dormancy. I am now developing collaborative research projects with geneticists and ecologists to understand plant traits and strategies associated with drought survival with application to plant breeding in forage species for better adaptation to increasing aridity under climate change.

  • WINKEL Thierry

    alt

    Logo ird new

    Chargé de recherche (CR1) IRD

    UMR 5175 CEFE
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier cedex 5 - France

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    http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Thierry_Winkel

    http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3701-6973

    http://www.researcherid.com/rid/E-2388-2011

    Chercheur en agroécologie, mes travaux portent sur les réponses des agrosystèmes face aux changement socio-environnementaux passés et présents.

    Mots-clés: agrodiversité; agroécologie; adaptation au climat; Andes; Chenopodium quinoa; durabilité agricole; panarchie; systèmes socio-écologiques; zones arides