• Olivier DURIEZ

    olivier duriez 2017Maitre de conférences à Université de Montpellier

    J’étudie les mécanismes comportementaux liés au mouvement, gouvernant l'utilisation de l’habitat et leurs conséquences sur la dynamique des populations chez les oiseaux. J’utilise une approche intégrative de la biologie de la conservation, à l’interface avec l’écologie comportementale, physiologie et écologie des populations.

    I study behavioural mechanisms related to movement, driving habitat use and their consequences on population dynamics in birds. I am using an integrative approach of conservation biology, at the interface with behavioural ecology, physiology and population ecology

    tél : 33 (0)4 67 61 33 02
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  • Patrice DAVID

    Directeur de recherche ( DR1) CNRS

    tel : +33 (0)4 67 61 32 28

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    Chercheur en Ecologie Evolutive, j'étudie l'évolution des systèmes de reproduction (sélection sexuelle, hermaphrodisme, autofécondation), et  la dynamique des communautés (bio-invasions, coexistence d'espèces) par des approches expérimentales, moléculaires, de terrain, et théoriques. J'enseigne la Génétique Quantitative à l'Université.

     

     I am an evolutionary biologist. I study the evolution of mating systems (sexual selection, hermaphroditism, self-fertilization) as well as community eco-evolutionary dynamics (bio-invasions, species coexistence) through experimental, molecular, field, and theoretical approaches. I teach Quantitative Genetics.
     alt

     

  • Roger PRADEL

    alt

    Directeur de Recherche au CNRS / Senior Scientist at CNRS

    J'étudie la dynamique des populations sauvages et développe à cette fin des méthodes statistiques.

    I study the dynamics of wild populations and develop appropriate statistical methods.

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  • Roger PRODON

    altDirecteur d'Etude Emerite (EPHE)

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

    tél : +33 4 67 61 33 43

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    Thématiques : Incendies ou brûlages,  dynamique du paysage, et faune : écologie des perturbations et conservation.

     

  • Rumsais BLATRIX

    Chargé de recherche au CNRS

     

    Mon activité de recherche porte sur les aspects écologiques et évolutifs des interactions entre espèces. Les deux thèmes principaux que j'étudie sont les interactions entre plantes et insectes (pollinisation, symbioses), et les interactions entre ingénieurs d'écosystèmes dans la structuration du paysage.

     

    My research activity is focused on the ecological and evolutionary aspects of inter-specific interactions. My two main study topics are plant-insect interactions (pollination, symbiosis), and the role of interactions among ecosystem engineers in landscape patterns.

     

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  • Samuel CARO

    CNRS ResearcherCaro ID fieldwork2 sm rotated

    Head of the Behavioural Ecology team

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier cedex 5

    Tél : +33/0 4 67 61 33 08
    Fax : +33/0 4 67 61 33 36
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    Bureau 208

  • Simon CHAMAILLE-JAMMES

    CNRS Researcher, Team Leader 'Landscape Dynamics and Biodiversity'alt

    Current Research

    I work to reveal how animals perceive and adjust to their environment, and why this matters for populations and ecosystems. My model of choice: large herbivores. Because you can (relatively) easily monitor their behaviour in natura, and they have important ecosystem effects. Some have high societal and economical values, so my research sometimes matter beyond basic science. We (as humans) are making the world's climate different. How this affects organisms in the hottest applied ecological question. I do my share to bring an answer to it

    Contact:
    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

    tél : +33 (0) 467 61 33 02
    fax: +33 (0) 467 61 33 36

    simon.chamaille -[at]- cefe.cnrs.fr

     

  • Sylvia CAMPAGNA

    Sylvia CAMPAGNA3

    Maître de Conférences (CNU 64-65), Université de Nîmes
    CEFE, 2ème étage, Aile B, Bureau 209


    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier cedex 5

    Tél : +33/0 4 67 61 33 17

    sylvia.campagna(at)cefe.cnrs.fr

     

    Keywords : Marine Mammals - Chemical Ecology  - Sensory Perception - Electrophysiology

  • Théo DOKHELAR

    Ingénieur d’études – CEFE CNRS

     

    Théo Dokhelar

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    Situé à l’interface recherche-conservation, mes missions consistent à analyser et valoriser des données de suivi ornithologiques afin d’appuyer le travail des gestionnaires d’espaces naturels.

    A côté de cela, je travaille aussi en freelance sur des projets de valorisation de suivis en herpétologie en partenariat avec diverses associations et laboratoires de recherche.

     

  • Thibaud DECAËNS


     

    Professeur des Universités

     

    Mes travaux portent sur l'écologie fonctionnelle et l'écologie des communautés d'invertébrés terrestres.

     

    In my studies I focuss on functional and community ecology of terrestrial invertebrates.

     

    Courriel: Thibaud.Decaens [at] cefe.cnrs.fr

    bureau 2-C-211

    tel : 04 67 61 33 29

    10253777 10152393494727147 8279684171122004306 n

  • Thierry CHAMBERT

    Chercheur contractuel – Research fellow -  CNRS

     

    ThierryChambert HAIR

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    https://www.thierrychambert.com/

    ORCID : 0000-0002-9450-9080

    Je suis écologue, spécialisé en écologie des populations et en statistiques appliquées à l’écologie (mark-recapture, occupancy, etc.). Mes travaux actuels se concentrent principalement sur l’étude des impacts de l’éolien sur les populations d’oiseaux.

    I am a quantitative ecologist. I specialize in population ecology and ecological statistics (mark-recapture, occupancy, etc.). My current work mostly focusses on studying the impacts of wind energy development on bird populations.


     

    Project involved and collaborators/supervisors

    BIRD DYNAMIC – collaborators : Aurélien Besnard (CEFE / EPHE), Christophe Barbraud (CEBC / CNRS), Emmanuelle Cam (LEMAR, Université de Bretagne Occidentale)

    MAPE – collaborators : Aurélien Besnard (CEFE / EPHE), Olivier Duriez (CEFE / Université de Montpellier)

     

    About me

    Français

    Je travaille à l’interface entre recherche fondamentale et conservation de la biodiversité. Ma principale motivation est de comprendre et d’atténuer l’impact des activités humaines sur la biodiversité. Mon domaine de prédilection étant l’écologie des populations, je m’intéresse surtout aux impacts à l’échelle des populations animales, mais pas uniquement. Les méthodes que j’utilise s’appuient beaucoup sur la modélisation (projections démographiques, notamment) et sur l’analyse statistique de données de suvis de la faune (comptages, capture-recapture, occupancy). Je travaille de près avec de nombreux acteurs de la biodiversité, sur des projets touchant à de nombreux taxons de vertébrés : oiseaux marins, oiseaux terrestres, mammifères terrestres, phoques, amphibiens.

    Actuellement, mes travaux de recherche se concentrent sur l’étude des impacts de la transition énergétique, notamment du développement de l’éolien, sur les oiseaux. Dans le cadre du projet MAPE, j’ai notamment développé une application Shiny (EolPop) qui permet de quantifier l’impact démographiques des collisions d’oiseaux avec les éoliennes. J’ai ensuite développé l’application EolPower, qui permet de dimensionner les suivis réalisés sur les parcs éoliens pour estimer la mortalité aviaire. Depuis 2022, je travaille sur le projet BIRD DYNAMIC qui a pour objectif d’estimer l’impact cumulé des parcs éoliens en mer sur les populations d’oiseaux marins de la façade Atlantique française.

    English

    My work is at the crossroad between fundamental research and conservation. My biggest motivation is to understand and mitigate the impact of human activities on biodiversity. My main area of interest is population ecology. Therefore, my research mostly focusses on impacts at the population scale, but not exclusively. The methods I use rely heavily on modeling (demographic projections, in particular) and statistical analysis of wildlife monitoring data (counts, capture-recapture, occupancy). I work closely with many biodiversity stakeholders, on projects involving a wide range of vertebrate taxa: seabirds, land birds, terrestrial mammals, seals and amphibians.

    Currently, my research is focused on studying the impact of the energy transition, particularly the development of wind power, on birds. As part of the MAPE project, I developed a Shiny application (EolPop) to quantify the demographic impact of bird collisions with wind turbines. I then developed the EolPower application, which helps defining the study design of carcass search surveys that are carried out on wind farms to estimate avian mortality. Since 2022, I have been working on the BIRD DYNAMIC project, which aims to estimate the cumulative impact of offshore wind farms on seabird populations along the French Atlantic coast.

     

    Background and employment

    Français

    • Depuis 2022 : Chercheur contracuel (CEFE-CNRS, France).
      BIRD DYNAMIC : Impacts cumulés des parcs éoliens offshore sur les oiseaux marins
    • 2021-2022: Chercheur contracuel (CEFE-CNRS, France).
      Projet MAPE : Impact des parcs éoliens terrestres sur les populations d’oiseaux
    • 2019-2020 : Ecologue statisticien indépendant (basé à Montpellier, France)
    • 2017-2019 : Chercheur post-doctorant (Université de Montpellier, France)
      Monitoring adaptatif et démographie de l’Aigle royal dans les Parcs Nationaux Français
    • 2014-2017 : Chercheur post-doctorant (Pennsylvania State University, USA)
      Développement méthodologique pour l’étude et la gestion des communautés d’amphibiens
    • 2010-2013 : Doctorat en écologie (Montana State University, USA)
      Stochasticité environnementale et hétérogénéité individuelle chez le phoque de Weddell
    • 2009-2010 : Master 2, Biologie Ecologie and Evolution (Université de Montpellier, France)
      Statut immunologique et survie annuelle des hôtes dans un système hôte-parasite spatialisé

    English

    • 2022-now: Research fellow (CEFE-CNRS, France).
      BIRD DYNAMIC: Cumulative impacts of offshore wind farms on seabird populations
    • 2021-2022: Research fellow (CEFE-CNRS, France).
      MAPE project: Impacts of wind farms on bird populations
    • 2019-2020: Freelance environmental statistician (based in Montpellier, France)
    • 2017-2019: Postdoctoral Researcher (University of Montpellier, France)
      Adaptive Monitoring and demography of Golden Eagles in French National Parks
    • 2014-2017: Postdoctoral Researcher (Pennsylvania State University, USA)
      Methodological development and management of amphibians in North America
    • 2010-2013: Ph.D. in Ecology (Montana State University, USA)
      Environmental drivers and individual variance in a Weddell seal population
    • 2009-2010: M.Sc., Ecology and Evolution (University of Montpellier, France)
      Immunology and survival effects of a bacterial pathogen on seabirds

     

    (Co) Supervision of students

    Français

    2018 : Théo Châteaugiron – Dynamique spatiale d’occupation des aires de reproduction chez l’Aigle royal (Aquila chrysaetos).

    2021 : Mathilde Deleaux – Délimitation spatiale des populations d’oiseaux dans le cadre d’analyses d’impact de l’éolien.

    2021 : Marie Bocage – Appui au développement de l’application EolPop : quantification des impacts démographiques de l’éolien sur les oiseaux.

    2023 : Lise Layotte – Définir des seuils d’impact démographique dans le cadre des mortalités de la faune volante dues aux collisions avec les éoliennes.

    English

    2018: Théo Châteaugiron - Spatial dynamics of nesting area occupancy in Golden Eagles (Aquila chrysaetos).

    2021: Mathilde Deleaux - Spatial delimitation of bird populations for wind energy impact analyses.

    2021: Marie Bocage - Support for the development of the EolPop application: quantifying the demographic impacts of wind power on birds.

    2023 : Lise Layotte - Defining demographic impact thresholds in the context of avian collisions with wind turbines.

     

    Publications

    • Chambert, Duriez O., Deleaux M. & Besnard A. (2023). EolPop, a R-shiny tool for quantifying the demographic impact of species exposed to fatalities: Application to bird collisions with wind turbines. Journal of Environmental Management, 345, 118923.
    • Lyet A., Waller S., Chambert, Acevedo P., Howe E., Kühl H.S., Naidoo R., O’Brien T., Palencia P., Soutyrina S.V., Vicente J., Wearn O.R. & Gray T.N.E. (2023). Estimating animal density using the Space-to-Event model and bootstrap resampling with motion-triggered camera-trap data. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation.
    • Hossack B.R., Hall D., Crawford C.L., Goldberg C.S., Muths E., Sigafus B.H. & Chambert (2023). Successful eradication of invasive American bullfrogs leads to co-extirpation of emerging pathogens. Conservation Letters, 00, e12970.
    • Couturier, T., Bauduin, S., Astruc, G., Blanck, A., Canonne, C., Chambert, T., Chiffard, J., Cosquer, A., Cubaynes, S., Curtet, L., Dortel, E., Drouet-Hoguet, N., Duchamp, C., Francesiaz, C., Grente, O., Jailloux, A., Kervellec, M., Lauret, V., Lebreton, J.-D. … Gimenez, O. (2023). Building spaces of interactions between researchers and managers: Case studies with wildlife monitoring and conservation in France. Ecological Solutions and Evidence, 4, e12245.
    • Chambert, T., Backlin, A.R., Gallegos, E., Baskerville-Bridges, B., & Fisher, R.N. (2022). Defining relevant conservation targets for the endangered Southern California distinct population segment of the mountain yellow-legged frog (Rana muscosa). Conservation Science and Practice. 4(5), e12666.
    • Hossack, B. R., Lemos-Espinal, J. A., Sigafus, B. H., Muths, E., Carreón Arroyo, G., Toyos Martinez, D., Hurtado Félix, D., Padilla, G. M., Goldberg, C. S., Jones, T. R., Sredl, M. J., Chambert, T., & Rorabaugh, J. C. (2021). Distribution of tiger salamanders in northern Sonora, Mexico: comparison of sampling methods and possible implications for an endangered subspecies, Amphibia-Reptilia, 43(1), 13-23.
    • Gamble A., Garnier R., Chambert, Gimenez O. & Boulinier T. (2020). Next‐generation Serology: Integrating Cross‐sectional and Capture–recapture Approaches to Infer Disease Dynamics. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Am. 101(2):e01670.
    • Chambert, Imberdis L., Couloumy C., Bonet R. & Besnard A. (2020) Density dependence in Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos fecundity better explained by individual adjustment than territory heterogeneity, In press.
    • Gamble A., Garnier R., Chambert, Gimenez O. & Boulinier T. (2020). Next Generation Serology: integrating cross-sectional and capture-recapture approaches to infer disease dynamics. Ecology. 101(2), e02923.
    • Louvrier J., Molinari‐Jobin A., Kéry M., Chambert, Miller D., Zimmermann F., Marboutin E., Molinari P., Müeller O., Černe R. & Gimenez O. (2019) Use of ambiguous detections to improve estimates from species distribution models. Conservation Biology, 33(1), 185–195.
    • Balint M., Nowak C., Márton O., Pauls S., Wittwer C., Aramayo J., Schulze A., Chambert, Cocchiararo B. & Jansen M. (2018) Accuracy, limitations and cost-efficiency of eDNA-based community survey in tropical frogs. Molecular Ecology Resources, 18(6), 1415-1426
    • Chambert, Grant E.H.C., Miller D.A.W., Nichols J.D., Mulder K.P. & Brand A.B. (2018) Two-species occupancy modeling accounting for species misidentification and nondetection. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 9, 1468–1477
    • Louvrier J., Chambert, Marboutin E. & Gimenez O. (2018) Accounting for misidentification and heterogeneity in occupancy studies using hidden Markov models. Ecological Modelling, 387, 61-69
    • Chambert, Pilliod, D.S. Goldberg C.S., Doi H. & Takahara T. (2018) An analytical framework for estimating aquatic species density from environmental DNA. Ecology and Evolution, 8(6), 3468–3477
    • Adams M.J., Pearl C.A., Chambert, McCreary B., Galvan S.K. & Rowe J. (2018) Effect of cattle exclosures on Columbia Spotted Frog abundance. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 26, 627-634
    • Chambert, Waddle J.H., Miller D.A.W., Walls S.C. & Nichols J.D. (2018). A new framework for analyzing automated acoustic species-detection data: occupancy estimation and optimization of recordings post-processing. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 9(3), 560-570
    • Muths E., Chambert, Schmidt B., Miller D.A.W, Hossack B.R., et al. (2017) Heterogeneous responses of temperate-zone amphibian populations to climate change complicates conservation planning. Scientific Reports, 7(1): 17102
    • Hossack B.R, Honeycutt R.K., Sigafus B.H., Muths E, Crawford C.L., Jones T.R., Sorensen J.A., Rorabaugh J.C. & Chambert (2017) Informing recovery in a human-transformed landscape: Drought-mediated coexistence alters population trends of an imperiled salamander and invasive predators. Biological Conservation, 209, 377-394
    • Chambert, Hossack B.R., Fishback L. & Davenport J.M. (2016) Estimating abundance in the presence of species uncertainty. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 1041-1049
    • Chapple T.K., Chambert, Kanive P.E., Jorgensen S.J., Rotella J.J., Anderson S.D., Carlisle A.B. & Block B.A. (2016) A novel application of multi-event modeling to estimate class segregation in a highly migratory oceanic vertebrate. Ecology, 97, 3494–3502
    • Boulinier T., Kada S., Ponchon A., Dupraz M., Dietrich M., Gamble A., Bourret V., Duriez O., Bazire R., Tornos J., Tveraa T., Chambert, Garnier R., McCoy K.D. (2016) Migration, Prospecting, Dispersal? What Host Movement Matters for Infectious Agent Circulation? Integrative and Comparative Biology, icw015
    • Grant E.H.C., Miller D.A.W., Schmidt B.R., Adams M.J., Amburgey S.M., Chambert, Cruickshank S.S., Fisher R.N., Green D.M., Hossack B.R., Johnson P.T.J., Joseph M.B., et al. (2016) Quantitative evidence for the effects of multiple drivers on continental-scale amphibian declines. Scientific Reports, 6, 25625
    • Hossack B.R., Muths E., Rorabaugh J.C., Espinal J.A.L., Sigafus B.H., Chambert, Arroyo G.C., Felix D.H., Martinez D.T. & Jones T.R. (2016) Notes on the Distribution of Tiger Salamanders (presumed A. mavortium stebbinsi) in Sonora, Mexico. Herpetological Review, 47, 177-180
    • Ponchon, A., Chambert, T., Lobato, E., Tveraa, T., Grémillet, D. & Boulinier T. (2015) Breeding failure induces large scale prospecting movements in the black-legged kittiwake. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 473, 138-145
    • Chambert, Kendall W.L., Hines J.E., Nichols J.D., Pedrini P., Waddle J.H., Walls S.C., Tavecchia G. & Tenan S. (2015) Testing hypotheses on distribution shifts and changes in phenology of imperfectly detectable species. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 6, 638-647
    • Chambert, Miller D.A.W. & Nichols J.D. (2015) Modeling false positive detections in species occurrence data under different study designs. Ecology, 96, 332-339
    • Chambert, Rotella J.J. & Garrott, R.A. (2015) Female Weddell seals show flexible strategies of colony attendance related to varying environmental conditions. Ecology, 96, 479-488
    • Chambert, Rotella J.J. & Garrott R.A. (2014) An evolutionary perspective on reproductive individual heterogeneity in a marine vertebrate. Journal of Animal Ecology, 83(5), 1158-1168
    • Chambert, Rotella J.J., Higgs M.D. & Garrott R.A. (2014) Use of posterior predictive checks as an inferential tool for investigating individual heterogeneity in animal population vital rates. Ecology and Evolution, 4, 1389-1397
    • Chambert, Rotella J.J., Higgs M.D. & Garrott R.A. (2013) Individual heterogeneity in reproductive rates and cost of reproduction in a long-lived vertebrate. Ecology and Evolution, 3, 2047-2060
    • Choquet R., Carrié C., Chambert & Boulinier T. (2013) Estimating transitions between classified states using non-discrete measures with imperfect detection. Ecology, 94(10), 2160-2165
    • Ponchon A., Grémillet D., Doligez B., Chambert, Tveraa T., Gonzalez-Solis J. & Boulinier T. (2013) Tracking prospecting movements involved in breeding habitat selection: insights, pitfalls and perspectives. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 4, 143-150
    • Chambert, Rotella J.J. & Garrott R.A. (2012) Environmental extremes versus ecological extremes: Impact of a massive iceberg on the population dynamics of a high-level Antarctic marine predator. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 279, 4532-4541
    • Chambert, Staszewski V., Lobato E., Choquet R., Carrie C., McCoy K., Tveraa T. & Boulinier T. (2012) Exposure of Black-legged kittiwakes to Lyme disease spirochetes: dynamics of the immune status of adult hosts and effect on their survival. Journal of Animal Ecology, 81, 986-995
    • Rotella J.J., Link W.A., Chambert, Stauffer G.E. & Garrott R.A. (2012) Evaluating the demographic buffering hypothesis with vital rates estimated for Weddell seals from 30 years of mark-recapture data. Journal of Animal Ecology, 81, 162-173
    • Chambert, Pardo D., Choquet R., Staszewski V., McCoy K.D., Tveraa T. & Boulinier T. (2012) Heterogeneity in detection probability along the breeding season in Black-legged kittiwakes, implications for sampling design. Journal of Ornithology, 152, S371-S380

     

     

  • Thomas LENORMAND

    altDirecteur de Recherche CNRS

    CEFE
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5
    Tél : +33/0 4 67 61 32 91
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    @Th_Lenormand

    My principal area of research is Evolutionary genetics and evolutionary ecology. I have a broad expertise in evolutionary biology, genetics and ecology.

    I have been working on adaptation and mutation, local adaptation, evolution of genetic systems (sex, recombination, sex chromosomes), evolution of gene duplicates, speciation, genetic conflicts, dispersal, biotic interactions (parasites, microbiota), statistics and fitness measures. I have been working with many empirical systems (vertebrates, insects, crustaceans, fungi, plants, helminths, bacteria), in the lab and in the field.

    Currently, my scientific activity rests on three axes: first I do theoretical work (theoretical population genetics, statistics, and bioinformatics development). I am particularly interested currently on the evolution of gene expression (on sex chromosomes or in asexuals). Second, I work on small crustaceans Artemia and Daphnia. I’m particularly interested currently on sex-asex transitions, biotic interactions and adaptation to temperature. Third, I do experimental evolution on E. coli. I'm particularly interested on testing fitness landscape models, adaptation to different doses of antibiotics, and coevolution of species coexisting by frequency dependence.

    Research interests by keywords
    adaptation, local adaptation, migration, speciation, (sex) chromosomes, clines, sex, parthenogenesis, meiosis, recombination, epistasis, dominance, mutations, resistance, duplications, modifiers, mating systems, sexual conflicts, parasites, microbiota.

    XYmus alt popgen  alt
    coli daphnia  alt silene

    Brief CV

    Deputy director CEFE

    Research director CNRS (DR1)
    HDR (2007)
    Ph.D Evolutionary Biology (1998)

    ERC "advanced grant" (2023)
    Radcliffe Fellow, Harvard Univ. (2017-2018)
    ERC "starting grant" (2007)
    Theodosius Dobzhansky Prize (Society for the Study of Evolution), 2000
    Young Investigator Prize (American Society of Naturalists), 2000

    ResearchGate, GoogleScholarAcademicTree


     

    alt Editor2012 - 2015
    alt Associate editor2005 - 2008
    alt Associate editor2004 - 2011
    alt

    Associate editor2003 - 2007

    genetics Associate editor2023 -...

     


    Interested to join the lab?

    If you're interested in the research topics mentioned above, or related ones, do not hesitate to contact me to discuss possible internships, PhDs, or postdocs.


    Preprints

    Lenormand T, Roze D. 202X. Revisiting the sheltering theory: can deleterious mutations alone explain the evolution of sex chromosomes? bioRxiv

    Recent papers

    Laroche F, Lenormand T. 2023. The genetic architecture of local adaptation in a cline. Peer Community Journal 3.

    Lenormand T, Roze D. 2022. Y recombination arrest and degeneration in the absence of sexual dimorphism. Science,375:663-666. https://www.science.org/stoken/author-tokens/ST-327/full

    Muyle A, Marais GAB, Bačovský V, Hobza R, Lenormand T. 2022. Dosage compensation evolution in plants: theories, controversies and mechanisms. Philosophical TransactionsB 377: 20210222

    Pais-Costa AJ, Lievens EJ, Redón S, Sánchez MI, Jabbour-Zahab R, Joncour P, Van Hoa N, Van Stappen G, Lenormand T. 2022. Strong transgenerational effects but no genetic adaptation in zooplankton 24 years after an abrupt+ 10° C climate change. Evolution Letters6:284-294.

    Rode NO, Jabbour-Zahab R, Boyer L, Flaven É, Hontoria F, Van Stappen G, Haag C, Lenormand T. 2022. The origin of asexual brine shrimps. Am. Nat.200: E52-E76.

    Boyer L, R Zahab, M Mosna, C Haag, T Lenormand. 2021. Not so clonal asexuals: unraveling the secret sex life of Artemia parthenogenetica. Evolution Letters5:164-174.

    Bestová H, Segrestin J, von Schwartzenberg K, Škaloud P, Lenormand T, Violle C. 2021. Biological scaling in green algae: the role of cell size and geometry. Scientific Reports 11: 1-9.

    Simion P, Narayan J, Houtain A, Derzelle A, Baudry L, Nicolas E,... and Van Doninck K. 2021. Chromosome-level genome assembly reveals homologous chromosomes and recombination in asexual rotifer Adineta vaga. Science advances 7: eabg4216.

    Lenormand, T., Fyon, F., Sun, E., & Roze, D. 2020. Sex chromosome degeneration by regulatory evolution. Current Biology 30: 3001-3006.

    Lievens EJP, Y Michalakis, T Lenormand. 2020. Trait-specific trade-offs prevent niche expansion in two parasites. Recommended by PCI Evol Biol. JEB 33:1704-1714.

    Harmand N, V Federico, T Hindre, T Lenormand. 2019. Non-linear frequency-dependent selection promotes long-term coexistence between bacteria species. Ecology Letters 22, 1192-1202

    Lievens EJP, Rode NO, Landes J, Segard A, Jabbour-Zahab R, Michalakis Y, Lenormand T. 2019. Long-term prevalence data reveals spillover dynamics in a multi-host (Artemia), multi-parasite (Microsporidia) community. International Journal for Parasitology, 49, 471-480.

     

    Selected publications by topics

    Adaptation and mutation effects


    Bourguet, D., T. Lenormand, T. Guillemaud, V. Marcel, D. Fournier, and M. Raymond. 1997. Variation of dominance of newly arisen adaptive genes. Genetics 147:1225-1234.

    Chevin L.-M., G. Martin, T. Lenormand. 2010. Fisher’s model and the genomics of adaptation: restricted pleiotropy, heterogeneous mutation and parallel evolution. Evolution 64: 3213-3231PDF

    Gallet R., Latour Y., Bradley H., and T. Lenormand. 2014. The dynamics of niche evolution upon abrupt environmental change. Evolution 68:1257-1269

    Gallet R, Violle C, Fromin N, Jabbour-Zahab R, Enquist B, Lenormand T. 2017. The evolution of bacterial cell size: the internal diffusion-constraint hypothesis. ISME J. 11:1559-156

    Harmand N, Gallet R, Jabbour-Zahab R, Martin G, Lenormand T. 2016. Fisher’s geometrical model and the mutational patterns of antibiotic resistance across dose gradients. Evolution 71:23-37.

    Harmand N, Gallet R, Martin G, Lenormand T. 2018. Evolution of bacteria specialization along an antibiotic dose gradient.Evol.Let. in press.

    Jasmin J.-N., Lenormand T. 2016.Accelerating mutational load is not due to synergistic epistasis or mutator alleles in mutation accumulation lines of yeast. Genetics DOI115.182774

    Labbé, P., Sidos, N., Raymond, M., and Lenormand, T., 2009. Resistance Gene Replacement in the Mosquito Culex Pipiens: Fitness Estimation from Long Term Cline Series. Genetics 182:303-312PDF

    Lenormand, T., D. Roze, F. Rousset. 2009. Stochasticity in evolution. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 24: 157-165.PDF

    Lenormand T, Chevin LMC, Bataillon T. 2016. Parallel evolution : what does it (not) tell us and why is it (still) interesting? [Book chapter, in Chance in EvolutionRamsey G & C Pence Eds, Univ. Chicago Press]. 

    Lenormand, Nougué O, Jabbour-Zahab R, Arnaud F, Dezileau L, Chevin L.-M and Sánchez M. 2017 Resurrection Ecology in Artemia. Evol Appl. 11:76-87

    Lenormand T, Harmand N, Gallet R. Cost of resistance: an unreasonably expensive concept. bioRxiv.

    Manna F., Martin G., and T. Lenormand. 2011. Fitness landscape: an alternative theory for the dominance of mutations. Genetics 189:923-937.PDF.

    Manna F., Gallet R., Martin G., and T. Lenormand. 2012. The high throughput yeast deletion fitness data and the theories of dominance. JEB, 25:892-903.PDF.

    Martin, G., and T. Lenormand. 2006. A general multivariate extension of Fisher's geometrical model and the distribution of mutation fitness effects across species. Evolution 60:893-907. AwardedFisher Prize 2007, Best PhD paper published in Evolution in 2006.PDF

    Martin, G., and T. Lenormand. 2006. The fitness effect of mutations in stressful environments: a survey in the light of fitness landscape models. Evolution 60:2413-2427.PDF

    Martin, G., S.F. Elena and T. Lenormand. 2007. Distributions of epistasis in microbes fit predictions from a fitness landscape model. Nature Genetics 39:555-560.PDF

    Martin, G., and T. Lenormand. 2008. The distribution of beneficial and fixed mutation fitness effects close to an optimum. Genetics. 179: 907-916.PDF

    Martin, G., and T. Lenormand. 2015. The fitness effect of mutations across environments: Fisher's geometric model with multiple optima.Evolution 69:1433-1447

    Nougué O, Svendsen N, Zahab R, Lenormand T, Chevin LM. 2016.The ontogeny of tolerance curves : habitat quality versus acclimation in a stressful environment.J. Anim. Ecol. Doi 10.1111/1365-2656.12572.

    Local adaptation


    Alberto F., S. N. Aitken, R. Alía, S. C. González-Martínez, H. Hänninen, A. Kremer, F. Lefèvre, T. Lenormand, S. Yeaman, R. Whetten, O. Savolainen. 2013. Potential for evolutionary responses to climate change - evidence from tree populations. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.12181.

    Debarre F., Lenormand, T. and Gandon S. Evolutionary epidemiology of drug-resistance in space. 2009. PLoS Comp. Biol. 5:e1000337.PDF

    Debarre F.,and T. Lenormand. 2011.Distance-limited dispersal promotes coexistence at habitat boundaries: reconsidering the competitive exclusion principle. Ecology Letters, 14: 260-266PDF

    Epinat, G., and T. Lenormand. 2009. The evolution of assortative mating and selfing with in- and outbreeding depression. Evolution. 63: 2047-2060.PDF

    Gallet R, Latour Y, Hughes B S, Lenormand T. 2014. The dynamics of niche evolution upon abrupt environmental change. Evolution 68: 1257-1269

    Guillemaud, T., T. Lenormand, D. Bourguet, C. Chevillon, N. Pasteur, and M. Raymond. 1998. Evolution of resistance in Culex pipiens: Allele replacement and changing environment. Evolution 52:443-453.

    Labbe, P., T. Lenormand, and M. Raymond. 2005. On the worldwide spread of an insecticide resistance gene: a role for local selection. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18:1471-1484.PDF

    Lenormand, T. 2002. Gene flow and the limits to natural selection. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 17:183-189.PDF

    Lenormand, T., D. Bourguet, T. Guillemaud, and M. Raymond. 1999. Tracking the evolution of insecticide resistance in the mosquito Culex pipiens. Nature 400:861-864.PDF

    Lenormand, T., and M. Raymond. 1998. Resistance management: the stable zone strategy. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 265:1985-1990.PDF

    Lenormand, T., and M. Raymond. 2000. Analysis of clines with variable selection and variable migration. American Naturalist 155:70-82.PDF

    Milesi P, Lenormand T., Lagneau C, Weill M, Labbé P. 2016. Relating Fitness to Long-term Environmental Variations in natura.Molecular Ecoloy 25:5483-5499.

    Gene duplication evolution


    Labbe, P., A. Berthomieu, C. Berticat, H. Alout, M. Raymond, T. Lenormand, and M. Weill. 2007. Independent duplications of the acetylcholinesterase gene conferring insecticide resistance in the mosquito Culex pipiens. Molecular Biology and Evolution 24:1056-1067. PDF

    Lenormand, T., T. Guillemaud, D. Bourguet, and M. Raymond. 1998. Appearance and sweep of a gene duplication: Adaptive response and potential for new functions in the mosquito Culex pipiens. Evolution 52:1705-1712. PDF

    Labbé P., Milesi P., Yébakima A., Weill M., and T. Lenormand. 2014. Gene dosage effects on fitness in recent adaptive duplications : ace-1 in the mosquito Culex pipiens. Evolution 68: 2092-2101

    Labbe, P., C. Berticat, A. Berthomieu, S. Unal, C. Bernard, M. Weill and T. Lenormand. 2007. Forty years of erratic insecticide resistance evolution in the mosquito Culex pipiens. PLoS Genetics, 3:e205. PDF

    Milesi P, Weill M, Lenormand T., Labbé P. 2017. Heterogeneous gene duplications can be adaptive because they permanently associate overdominant alleles.Evolution Letters, in press

    Sex, recombination, life cycles


    Fyon F, Lenormand T. 2018. Cis-regulator runaway and divergence in asexuals. Evolution 10.1111/evo.13424

    Haag C, Theodosiou L, Zahab R, Lenormand T. 2017. Low recombination rates in sexual species and sex-asex transitions Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B. DOI: 10.1098/rstb. 2016-0461

    Lenormand T, Engelstädter J, Johnston SE, Wijnker E, Haag CR. 2016. Evolutionary mysteries in meiosis. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B, Doi 10.1098/rstb.2016.0001. alsohereon BiorXiv

    Lenormand, T. 2003. The evolution of sex dimorphism in recombination. Genetics 163:811-822.PDF

    Lenormand, T., and S. P. Otto. 2000. The evolution of recombination in a heterogeneous environment. Genetics 156:423-438.PDF

    Lenormand, T., and J. Dutheil. 2005. Recombination difference between sexes: A role for haploid selection.PLoS Biology 3:396-403. PDF

    Lenormand T, Roze D, Cheptou P-O, Maurice S. 2010. L'évolution du sexe: un carrefour pour la biologie évolutive. in Biologie évolutive.M. Raymond, F. Thomas, T. Lefèvre, Eds. DeBoeck.
    Everything you ever wanted to know about sex, but in French

    Lievens EJP, Henriques GJB, Michalakis Y, Lenormand T. 2016.Maladaptive sex ratio adjustment in the invasive brine shrimp Artemia franciscana. Curr Biol. 26:1463–1467

    Martin, G., S. P. Otto, and T. Lenormand. 2006. Selection for recombination in structured populations. Genetics 172:593-609.PDF

    Mollion M, Ehlers BK, Figuet E, Santoni S, Lenormand T, Maurice S, Galtier N, Bataillon T. 2017.Patterns of genome-wide nucleotide diversity in the gynodioecious plant Thymus vulgaris are compatible with recent sweeps of cytoplasmic genes. Genome biology and evolution 10:239-248

    Nougué O, Flaven E, Jabbour-Zahab R, Rode N O, Dubois M-P, Lenormand T. 2015. Characterization of nine new polymorphic microsatellite markers in Artemia parthenogenetica. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 58, 59-63

    Nougué O, Rode NO, Jabbour Zahab R, Ségard A, Chevin LMC, Haag C, Lenormand T. 2015. Automixis in Artemia: solving a century old controversy. J. Evol. Biol. 28:2337-2348

    Otto, S. P., and T. Lenormand. 2002. Resolving the paradox of sex and recombination. Nature Reviews Genetics 3:252-261.PDF

    Rescan M, Lenormand T, Roze D. 2016. Interaction between genetic and ecological effects on the evolution of life cycles. American Naturalist 187: 19-34

    Roze, D., and T. Lenormand. 2005. Self-fertilization and the evolution of recombination. Genetics 170:841-857.PDF

    Henry, P. Y., L. Vimond, T. Lenormand, and P. Jarne. 2006. Is delayed selfing adjusted to chemical cues of density in the freshwater snail Physa acuta? Oikos 112:448-455.PDF

    Svendsen N, Reisser CMO, Dukić M, Thuillier V, Ségard A, Liautard-Haag C, Fasel D, Hürlimann E, Lenormand T, Galimov Y and Haag CR. 2015. Uncovering Cryptic Asexuality in Daphnia magna by RAD-Sequencing. Genetics 201:1143-1155

    Speciation


    Bierne, N., T. Lenormand, F. Bonhomme, and P. David. 2002. Deleterious mutations in a hybrid zone: can mutational load decrease the barrier to gene flow? Genetical Research 80:197-204.PDF

    Chevin, L.-M., Decorzent G., T. Lenormand. 2014. Niche dimensionality and the genetics of ecological speciation. Evolution 68:1244-1256

    Fel-Clair, F., J. Catalan, T. Lenormand, and J. Britton-Davidian. 1998. Centromeric incompatibilities in the hybrid zone between house mouse subspecies from Denmark: Evidence from patterns of NOR activity. Evolution 52:592-603.

    Fel-Clair, F., T. Lenormand, J. Catalan, J. Grobert, A. Orth, P. Boursot, M. C. Viroux, and J. BrittonDavidian. 1996. Genomic incompatibilities in the hybrid zone between house mice in Denmark: Evidence from steep and non-coincident chromosomal clines for Robertsonian fusions. Genetical Research 67:123-134.

    Ganem, G, C. Litel, and T. Lenormand. 2008. Variation in mate preference across a house mouse hybrid zone. Heredity. 6:594-601PDF

    Gay, L., P. Crochet, D. Bell, and T. Lenormand. 2008. Comparing genetic and phenotypic clines in hybrid zones: a window on tension zone models. Evolution 62: 2789-2806PDF

    Lenormand T. 2012. From local adaptation to speciation: specialization and reinforcement. International Journal of Ecology. Ecological speciation (special issue) article ID 508458.PDF

    Lenormand, T., F. FelClair, K. Manolakou, P. Alibert, and J. BrittonDavidian. 1997. Chromosomal transmission bias in laboratory hybrids between wild strains of the two European subspecies of house mice.Genetics 147:1279-1287. PDF

    Dispersal


    Billiard, S., and T. Lenormand. 2005. Evolution of migration under kin selection and local adaptation. Evolution 59:13-23. PDF

    Lenormand, T., T. Guillemaud, D. Bourguet, and M. Raymond. 1998. Evaluating gene flow using selected markers: A case study. Genetics 149:1383-1392. PDF

    Rieux A, Lenormand T., Carlier J., de Lapeyre de Bellaire L., Ravigne V. 2013 Using neutral cline decay to estimate contemporary dispersal: a generic tool and its application to a major crop pathogen.Ecology Letters 16 :721-730

    Genetic conflicts


    Autran D, Baroux C, Raissig MT, Lenormand T, Wittig M, Grob S, Steimer A, Barann M, Klostermeir UC, Leblanc O, Vielle-Calzada JP, Rosenstiel P, Grimanelli D, Grossniklaus U. 2011.Maternal epigenetic pathways control parental contributions to Arabidopsisearly embryogenesis. Cell 145: 707-719.PDF

    Cailleau A., P.-O. Cheptou, T. Lenormand. 2010. Ploidy and the evolution of endosperm of flowering plants. Genetics 184:439-453.PDF

    Cailleau A, Grimanelli D, Cheptou P-O, Lenormand T. 2018. Dividing a maternal pie among half-sibs: genetic conflicts and the control of resource allocation to seeds in maize. Am. Nat. in press.

    Fyon F., Cailleau A., Lenormand T. 2015. Enhancer runaway and the Evolution of diploid gene expression.PLoS Genet. DOI 10.1371/journal.pgen.1005665.

    Rode N., Charmantier A., Lenormand T. 2011.Male-female coevolution in the wild : evidence from a time series inArtemia franciscana. Evolution 65:2881-2892.PDF
    On the web See a great summary by Carl Zimmer
    here or in Wiredhere.

    Biotic interactions


    Ehlers B., David P., Damgaard C.F., Lenormand T. 2016. Competitor relatedness, indirect soil effects, and plant co-existence. Journal of Ecology 104: 1134-1135

    Gallet, R., T. Lenormand and I.-N. Wang, 2012 Phenotypic stochasticity prevents lytic bacteriophage population from extinction during bacterial stationary phase. Evolution 66: 3485-3494.PDF

    Lievens EJP, Rode NO, Landes J, Segard A, Jabbour-Zahab R, Michalakis Y, Lenormand T. 2018. Long-term prevalence data reveals spillover dynamics in a multi-host (Artemia), multi-parasite (Microsporidia) community. bioRxiv 248542.

    Lievens EJP, Perreau JMA, Agnew P, Michalakis Y, Lenormand T. 2018. Decomposing parasite fitness in a two-host, two-parasite system reveals the underpinnings of parasite specialization. bioRxiv 256974.

    Nougué O, Gallet R, Chevin LMC, Lenormand T. 2015.Niche Limits of Symbiotic Gut Microbiota Constrain the Salinity Tolerance of Brine Shrimp. American Naturalist 186:390-403
    Microbiota impact the niche and an extended definition of realized niches

    Rode N.O., Lievens EJP, Flaven E., Segard A., Jabbour-Zahab R., Sanchez M, Lenormand T. 2013. Why join groups? Lessons from parasite-manipulated Artemia. Ecology Letters 16:493-501.PDF
    On the web:
    Parasites Make Their Hosts Sociable So They Get Eaten. Ed Yong's National Geographic Blog

    Rode N.O., Landes J., Lievens E.J.P., Flaven E., Segard A., Jabbour-Zahab R., Michalakis Y., Agnew P., Vivares C., Lenormand T. 2013. Cytological, molecular and life cycle characterization of Anostracospora rigaudi n. g., n. sp. and Enterocytospora artemiae n. g., n. sp., two new microsporidian parasites infecting gut tissues of the brine shrimp Artemia.Parasitology 140:1168-1185

    Sánchez M.I., N.O. Rode, E. Flaven, S. Redón, F. Amat, G.P. Vasileva, T. Lenormand.2012. Differential susceptibility to parasites of invasive and native species of Artemia living in sympatry: consequences for the invasion ofA. franciscana in the Mediterranean Region. Biological Invasion, 14:1819-1829.PDF

    Sanchez M., Pons I., Martinez-Haro M., Taggart M.A., Lenormand T., Green A. 2016. When parasites are good for health: cestode parasitism increases resistance to arsenic in brine shrimps. PLoS PathogensDOIe1005459

    Vasileva G.P., Redon S., Amat F., Nikolov P.N., Sanchez M., Lenormand T., Georgiev B.B. 2009 Records of cysticercoids of Fimbriarioides tadornae (Maksimova, 1976) and Branchiopodataenia gvozdevi (Maksimova, 1988) (Cyclophyllidea, Hymenolepididae) from brine shrimps at the Mediterraneancoasts of Spain and France, with a key to cestodes from Artemia spp. from the Western Mediterranean.Acta Parasitologica 54: 143-150. PDF

    Fitness


    Gallet R., Cooper T., Elena S.F., T. Lenormand. 2012. Measuring selection coefficients below 10-3 : method, questions and prospects. Genetics, 190:175-186.PDF
    Over 150 millions phenotypes scored, one of the most precise measure of selection ever made and the questions it raises

    Gimenez O., R. Covas, C. Brown, M. Anderson, M. Bomberger Brown, and T. Lenormand. 2006. Nonparametric estimation of natural selection on a quantitative trait using capture-mark-recapture data. Evolution 60:460-466.PDF

    Gimenez O., Gregoire A., Lenormand T. 2009. Estimating and visualizing fitness surfaces using mark-recapture data.Evolution. 63: 3097-3105.

    Lenormand T, Rode NO, Chevin LMC, Rousset F. 2016. Valeur sélective: définitions, enjeux et mesures. in Biologie évolutive 2nd edition.M. Raymond, F. Thomas, T. Lefèvre, Eds. DeBoeck.
    Everything you ever wanted to know about fitness, but in French

     


     

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    Download CFit : a stand-alone package to fit clines

     

     

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  • Vittoria MILANO

    Cotutelle PhD studentVittoria Milano trombi

     

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    UMR 5175 CEFE
    Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier III
    route de Mende
    34199 Montpellier cedex 5
    tel (+33)(0)4 67 14 23 15

     

     

    Research goals

    I revisited the environmental filtering metaphor in urban ecology context, in particular zooming on urban parks in Mediterranean Region (Naples and Montpellier cities).Even though urban parks are considered as biodiversity hot-spots within the cities, they are usually still far from reaching this status. Indeed, spatial and temporal landscape discontinuities, as well as the management disturbances may be exacerbated, causing decays of soil biodiversity.

    The main goals of the thesis are to understand whether the collembolan species and trait communities are shaped by: 1- factors which are indicators of management practices of urban parks; 2- the landscape and the temporal heterogeneity of the studied sites.