• Alexandru MILCU

     Chargée de recherche (CR) & Ecotron Director



    CNRS CEFE (Room 216A)
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5
    tel:+33 (0) 618.596.094

           Short Biography


    I am an ecosystem ecologist whose research interest focuses on the consequences of global changes such as biodiversity loss and climate change for the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems.

    • Since 2015 - Researcher CR, CNRS CEFE
    • Since 2018 - Ecotron Director
    • 2016-2018 - Adjunct Director, CNRS, Ecotron
    • 2012-2014 - Research Associate, CNRS Ecotron
    • 2007-2012 - Ecotron Project Leader, Imperial College London (Silwood Park)
    • 2005-2007 - Ecotron Research Officer, Imperial College London (Silwood Park)
    • 2002-2005 - PhD, Technical University of Darmstadt 

          View CV and complete publicaiton list 

          Acess publications at Researchgate 

          Publication metrics on Google Scholar                      


    AnneCharpentierMaître de conférences (Lecturer), Université de Montpellier

    HDR (Habilitée à diriger des recherches)

    I work at the interface between population dynamics and conservation biology.  My research encompasses the effects of anthropic factors on population dynamics and their implications for the conservation of biodiversity.  I have mainly worked in the Mediterranean region, focusing on environmental drivers such as climatic change, environmental variability and species introductions to explain ecological and evolutionary dynamics of plant populations.  Recently, I have developed a particular interest in historical ecology by studying ancient human impacts on whale populations. 

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  • Bertrand FOUKS

    Postdoctoral Research Associate

    Work Experiences

    November 2023 - present: Postdoctoral position part of PHENOVIGOUR project (ERC funding awarded to François Vasseur), investigating the impact of genome size variation on functional traits in  Arabidopsis thaliana populations, as well as the drivers of this genome size vairation.

    May 2021 - April 2023: MSCA fellow on the funded project: "How Transposable Elements drive the Emergence of Phenotypic Innovations (TEEPI)". Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, University of Münster

    August 2020 - April 2021: Postdoctoral position on how sociality has arisen in insects, comparative genomics of Blattodea insect order. Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, University of Münster

    May 2018 – May 2020: Visiting Researcher in the Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo

    October 2014 – October 2015: Postdoctoral position on genomic analyses in the genus Apis at Social Insect laboratory of Dr. Olav Rueppell, the University of North Carolina at Greensboro , USA. Project funded by NIH


    • 2010-2014: PhD entitled “Behavioural and social immunity in an eusocial insect, the bumblebee Bombus terrestris”, in the Institute for Biology, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany. Disputation date: 15/05/2014
    • 2008-2009: MSc (2nd year) in Insect Sciences (University Francois Rabelais Tours, France)
    • 2006-2007: MSc (1st year) in Ethology (University of Paris 13, France)
    • 2002-2006: BSc in Evolutionary Biology (University of Poitiers, France)

    Research Interests

    • Genome Evolution
    • Transposable Elements
    • Evolution of Sociality
    • Evolution of Recombination
    • Evolutionary Ecology of Plant-Pollinator interactions
    • Behavioural Immunity


    • Berger
    • Ariza, M., Fouks, B., Mauvisseau, Q., Halvorsen, R., Greve Alsos, I., &de Boer, H.J. (2022). Plant biodiversity assessment through soil eDNA reflects temporal and local diversity. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.13865.
    • Fouks, B., Brand, P., Nguyen, H. N., Herman, J., Camara, F., Ence, D.,... & Rueppell, O. (2021). The genomic basis of evolutionary differentiation among honey bees. Genome Research, gr-272310.
    • Fouks B, Wagoner KM (2019). Pollinator Parasites and the Evolution of Floral Traits. Ecology & Evolution, 9(11), 6722-6737.
    • Yousefi B, Fouks B (2019). The presence of a larval honey bee parasite, Ascosphaera apis, on flowers reduces pollinator visitation to several plant species. Acta Oecologica, 96: 49-55.
    • Fouks B, Robb EG, Lattorff HMG (2019). Role of Conspecifics on behavioural Avoidance of Contaminated Flowers by Bumblebees. Current Zoology, 65(4), 447-455.
    • Rueppell O, Kuster R, Miller K, Fouks B, Collazo J, Rubio Correa S, Phaincharoen M, Tingek S, Koeniger N (2016). A New Metazoan Recombination Rate Record and Consistently High Recombination Rates in the Honey Bee Genus Apis Accompanied by Frequent Inversions but Not Translocations. Genome Biology and Evolution, 8(12): 3653-3660.
    • Fouks B, Lattorff HMG (2016). Contrasting evolutionary rates between social and parasitic bumblebees for three social effect genes. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 4:64.
    • Sadd BM, Barribeau SM, Bloch G, … , Fouks B, … , Worley KC (2015). The genomes of two key bumblebee species with primitive eusocial organization. Genome Biology, 16: 76.
    • Larsen J, Fouks B, Bos N, d’Ettorre P, Nehring V (2014). Variation in nestmate recognition ability among polymorphic leaf-cutting ant workers. Journal of Insect Physiology, 70: 59-66.
    • Fouks B, Lattorff HMG (2014). Comparison of two molecular diagnostic tools for the quantification of Crithidia bombi, a parasite of bumblebees. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 150:191-197.
    • Fouks B, Lattorff HMG (2013). Social scent marks do not improve avoidance of parasites in foraging bumblebees. Journal of Experimental Biology, 216: 285-291.
    • Fouks B, Lattorff HMG (2011). Recognition and Avoidance of Contaminated Flowers by Foraging Bumblebees (Bombus terrestris). PLoS ONE, 6: e26328.
    • Fouks B, d'Ettorre P, Nehring V (2011). Brood adoption in the leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex echinatior: adaptation or recognition noise? Insectes Sociaux, 58: 479-485.


  • Bertrand SCHATZ


    B Schatz

    Directeur de recherche au CNRS, CID 52


    Je m’intéresse à l’écologie de la pollinisation, à l’évolution des interactions plantes-insectes et à la conservation de ces communautés. Mes travaux concernent surtout les figuiers en milieu tropical et les orchidées en milieu méditerranéen et ils portent sur la compréhension fondamentale de ces interactions et l’opérationnalité de leur conservation.


    I am interested in pollination ecology, in the evolution of plant-insect interactions and in the conservation of these communities. My studies concern tropical figs and Mediterranean orchids and they are focused on the fundamental understanding of these interactions and using fundamental insights for operational conservation.  


    Courriel : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



  • CHUINE Isabelle

    Research Director at CNRScrédit photo: Gonzague Nanda

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    CEFE, 1919 route de Mende
    F-34293 Montpellier cedex 05

    Phone: +33 (0)4 67 61 32 79
    Fax: +33 (0)4 67 61 33 36



    My research focuses on the developmental cycle and the ecological niche of extra-tropical forest trees, both of which are currently challenged by climate change. Identifying the key traits that allow a particular species adapting to its environment and the identifying the constraints on their genetic evolution are the key motivating forces behind my research, which lies at the interface between functional ecology and evolutionary ecology.

    I have initiated pioneering work on process-based species distribution models for plants, which I use to study the evolvability of the ecological niche of tree species. My work is deeply concerned by climate change and the models I develop are also used to provide accurate forecast of trees’ distribution for the upcoming centuries.

    I am using a combination of modelling (PMP, PHENOFIT), experimental work in both field and controlled conditions, as well as long term monitoring of natural populations to feed my research. I have also founded a national research group on phenology whose main achievements are an open database, a national observatory and the Citizen Science program Observatoire Des Saisons.

    Research interests

    Adaptation – Citizen Science – Climate change – Process-based modeling – Phenology – Species distribution

  • Cyrille VIOLLE

    altDirecteur de recherche CNRS

    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

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    A l’interface entre écologie fonctionnelle et écologie des communautés, je cherche à comprendre les causes de variation de la biodiversité, aussi bien à l’échelle locale que continentale, et l’effet de changements de la biodiversité sur la dynamique et le fonctionnement des écosystèmes.

  • Doyle McKEY

    Poste actuel
    Professeur à l’Université de Montpellier depuis 1995 (émérite depuis 2017) – Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive (UMR 5175 CEFE), Montpellier, Equipe Interactions et Adaptations Bioculturelles

    Mots Clés
    Pays : Bolivie/Colombie/Congo/Zambie/Thaïlande/Chine
    Mots clés : écologie évolutive, écologie tropicale, écologie historique, domestication, mutualismes, savanes inondables, construction culturelle de niche

    Current position
    Professor at the University of Montpellier since 1995 (emeritus since 2017) – Center for Functional and Evolutionary Ecology (CEFE, UMR 5175), Montpellier, Biocultural Interactions and Adaptation team

    Key words
    Countries : Bolivia/Colombia/Congo/Zambia/Thailand/China
    Key words : evolutionary ecology, tropical ecology, historical ecology, domestication, mutualisms, floodplain savannas, cultural niche construction


    Ma définition préférée de l’écologie est celle donnée par l’écologue américain renommé, G. Evelyn Hutchinson, au début de son cours séminaire en écologie à l’Université de Yale : « Aux fins de ce cours, nous pouvons considérer l'écologie comme l'étude de l'univers. » Formé d’abord à l’étude des interactions entre plantes et animaux dans les écosystèmes tropicaux, j’applique maintenant l’écologie évolutive à des systèmes couplés humains/nature. J’étudie comment l’évolution des plantes sous la domestication est façonnée par les pratiques agricoles en interaction avec la sélection naturelle, utilisant le manioc et d’autres plantes propagées par voie clonale comme systèmes modèles. J’étudie aussi les interactions entre humains et écosystèmes, particulièrement dans les savanes tropicales saisonnièrement inondées, comparant des systèmes de subsistance en Afrique (systèmes actuels) et en Amérique du Sud (vestiges de systèmes précolombiens) pour étudier des convergences dans la construction culturelle de la niche. Ces études comparatives enrichissent réciproquement l’archéologie et l’ethnoécologie.

    Mes intérêts variés et ma volonté de traverser les frontières disciplinaires pour trouver des réponses à des questions aux multiples facettes m'ont amené à collaborer avec des spécialistes dans de nombreux domaines différents, notamment la phytochimie, la génétique, la géographie, l'agronomie, les sciences du sol, l'ethnobiologie, l'archéologie et l’anthropologie. J'ai publié dans des revues de premier plan dans tous ces domaines. Mon travail a été reconnu par plusieurs prix, dont le Grand Prix Recherche (la plus haute distinction décernée par la Société Française d'Ecologie et d'Evolution), la reconnaissance en tant qu'Ethnobotaniste Distingué par le Royal Botanic Garden (Kew, Royaume-Uni) et un prix Cozzarelli décerné par l’Académie National des Sciences des États-Unis pour un article exceptionnel publié dans la revue PNAS.

    En plus de leur diversité thématique, mes recherches ont également privilégié la diversité géographique à la spécialisation régionale. J'ai mené des recherches dans 15 pays différents en Afrique tropicale, en Asie et en Amérique du Sud et j'ai donné des cours sur le terrain dans six pays supplémentaires. J'utilise cette expérience dans les études comparatives sur le terrain et les synthèses qui ont été parmi mes contributions de recherche les plus importantes.


    My favorite definition of ecology is that given by the distinguished American ecologist G. Evelyn Hutchinson at the beginning of his ecology seminar course at Yale : « For the purposes of this course, we may consider ecology to be the study of the universe. » Trained in the study of plant/animal interactions in tropical ecosystems, I now apply an evolutionary-ecological approach to coupled human and natural systems. I study how plant evolution under domestication is shaped by human agricultural practices and natural selection, using manioc and other clonally propagated crops as model systems. I also study interactions between humans and ecosystems, particularly in seasonal tropical wetlands, comparing subsistence systems in Africa (present-day) and South America (pre-Columbian vestiges) to study convergent patterns in cultural niche construction. These comparative studies cross-fertilize both archaeology and ethnoecology.

    My broad-ranging interests, and a willingness to cross disciplinary boundaries to seek answers to many-faceted questions, have led me to collaborate with specialists in many different fields, including phytochemistry, genetics, geography, agronomy, soil science, ethnobiology, archaeology and anthropology. I have published in top-tier journals in all these fields. My work has been recognized by several awards, including the Grand Prix Recherche (the highest honor conferred by the French Society for Ecology and Evolution), recognition as Distinguished Ethnobotanist by the Royal Botanic Garden (Kew, UK) and a Cozzarelli Prize awarded by the US National Academy of Sciences for an outstanding paper published in the journal PNAS.

    In addition to its thematic diversity, my research has also favored geographic diversity over regional specialization. I have conducted research in 15 different countries in tropical Africa, Asia and South America and have taught field courses in six additional countries. I use this experience in the comparative field studies and syntheses that have been among my most important research contributions.

    ORCID number : 0000-0002-7271-901X


    Dans un nouveau projet, je reviens à des questions de recherche qui m'ont intriguée durant mon travail de doctorat et qui n'ont toujours pas trouvé de réponses : comment les défenses chimiques contre les herbivores et les pathogènes sont-elles réparties dans les graines des plantes tropicales, et comment les défenses changent-elles au cours de la transition de la graine à la plantule ? Une graine n'est pas une « partie d’une plante » mais une plante embryonnaire dont les différentes parties ont des exigences de défense différentes et des contraintes différentes dans le déploiement des défenses. Cependant, la distribution des défenses dans différentes parties des graines a rarement été étudiée. De plus, la théorie suggère que les défenses mobiles devraient jouer des rôles importants dans la défense des graines, mais celles-ci ont été négligées dans les études comparatives multi-espèces, par rapport aux défenses immobiles telles que les tanins et les défenses mécaniques (fibres, etc.), car leur diversité entre les espèces fait que ces études comparatives sont difficiles. Enfin, la façon dont les défenses chimiques changent au cours de l'ontogenèse végétale est une frontière active dans la recherche sur l'écologie évolutive de la défense des plantes, mais une transition ontogénétique cruciale, celle de la graine à la plantule, a été peu étudiée. Grâce à une bourse Talent de l'Académie des sciences de la Chine, j'étudierai ces questions en collaboration avec un chimiste (Gregory Genta-Jouve, Univ. Paris Descartes) et avec des collègues du Jardin botanique tropical de Xishuangbanna (Yunnan, Chine), où les installations (serre et laboratoire) permettront d'étudier un grand nombre d'espèces.

    Auparavant, j'ai étudié les interactions interspécifiques dans les écosystèmes tropicaux, à la fois antagonistes (défenses chimiques des plantes, interactions des plantes avec les herbivores mammifères et insectes, théorie de la défense optimale, écologie chimique) et mutualistes (la pollinisation et la dispersion et des graines par les animaux, mutualismes symbiotiques plantes / fourmis), utilisant mes systèmes d'étude pour étudier un large éventail de questions générales en écologie et évolution. Le travail de mon équipe sur les mutualismes symbiotiques entre plantes et fourmis a développé une perspective comparative sur l'écologie évolutive de ces mutualismes, et nos revues à ce sujet (Davidson & McKey, 1993, Journal of Hymenoptera Research; Heil & McKey 2003 ; Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics; Blatrix et al. 2014, New Phytologist) sont les articles de synthèse les plus cités dans le domaine. Bien qu'une grande partie de mon travail actuel se concentre sur les interactions entre les humains et les environnements qu'ils occupent, je continue d'être fermement ancré dans l'écologie évolutive fondamentale de pointe, une source importante de nouvelles idées à appliquer pour étudier les interactions entre les humains, d'autres organismes et les environnements qu'ils partagent.

    Mon travail sur la domestication des plantes, axé sur les plantes domestiquées à propagation clonale, a inclus l'écologie, la biologie évolutive (génétique, phylogéographie, phylogénie), l'anthropologie et l'agronomie. Le travail de mon équipe sur l'écologie évolutive de la domestication du manioc a transformé notre vision de l'évolution sous domestication dans les cultures à propagation clonale, montrant comment les pratiques agricoles des agriculteurs qui ont domestiqué ces cultures conduisent à des systèmes reproducteurs mixtes clonaux / sexués dont la dynamique est beaucoup plus complexe qu’a été pensé auparavant (McKey et al. 2010, New Phytologist).

    Dans nos travaux sur l'écologie culturelle des plaines inondables des savanes tropicales, dans le passé et le présent, je collabore avec des archéologues, des archéobotanistes, des géographes, des pédologues, des écologues et des spécialistes de la télédétection. Ces études ont montré comment les humains et les animaux ingénieurs du sol co-construisent des paysages (McKey et al. 2010, PNAS) et comment les comparaisons intercontinentales révèlent à la fois la convergence et la singularité dans la construction de niches culturelles (McKey et al.2016, PNAS ; Blatrix et al. 2018 , Scientific Reports). Ces travaux jettent un nouvel éclairage sur l'écologie historique de l'Amazonie, sur l'agriculture actuelle des zones humides en Afrique et sur l'écologie dans les environnements des plaines inondables tropicales. Nous étudions actuellement la diversité des systèmes agricoles des prairies dans les régions tropicales actuelles de l'Ancien Monde pour comprendre comment l'agriculture sur champs surélevés –et d'autres types possibles d'agriculture—dans les savanes néotropicales peut avoir fonctionné à l’époque précolombienne.



    In a new project, I am returning to research questions that intrigued me during my PhD work and that still have not found answers: How are chemical defenses against herbivores and pathogens distributed in the seeds of tropical plants, and how do defenses change in the transition from seed to seedling? A seed is not a ‘plant part’ but an embryonic plant whose different parts have different defense requirements and different constraints in deploying defences. However, distribution of defences in different parts of seeds has rarely been studied. Furthermore, theory suggests that mobile defenses should play important roles in seed defense, but these have been neglected in multi-species comparative studies, compared to immobile defences such as tannins and mechanical defences (fiber,..), because their diversity among species makes such comparative studies difficult. Finally, how chemical defenses change over plant ontogeny is an active frontier in research on the evolutionary ecology of plant defense, but a crucial ontogenetic transition, that from seed to seedling, has been little studied. With a Talent grant from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, I will study these questions in collaboration with a chemist (Gregory Genta-Jouve, Univ. Paris Descartes) and with colleagues at Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (Yunnan, China), where greenhouse and laboratory facilities will allow study of a large number of species.

    Previously, I have studied interspecies interactions in tropical ecosystems, both antagonistic (plant chemical defenses, interactions of plants with mammalian and insect herbivores, optimal defense theory, chemical ecology) and mutualistic (seed dispersal and pollination by animals, symbiotic ant/plant mutualisms), using my study systems to investigate a wide range of general questions in ecology and evolution. The work of my team on symbiotic ant-plant mutualisms has developed a comparative perspective on the evolutionary ecology of these mutualisms, and our reviews of this subject (Davidson & McKey, 1993, Journal of Hymenoptera Research; Heil & McKey 2003, Annual Revew of Ecology, Evolution and Systematic ; Blatrix et al. 2014, New Phytologist) are the most widely cited review articles in the field. Although much of my current work is focused on interactions between humans and the environments they occupy, I continue to be firmly grounded in state-of-the-art fundamental evolutionary ecology, an important source of new insights to apply in studying the interactions among humans, other organisms and the environments they share.

    My work on plant domestication, focusing on clonally propagated domesticated plants, has included ecology, evolutionary biology (genetics, phylogeography, phylogeny), anthropology and agronomy. My team’s work on the evolutionary ecology of domestication of manioc has transformed our views of evolution under domestication in clonally propagated crops, showing how agricultural practices of the farmers who domesticated these crops leads to mixed clonal/sexual reproductive systems whose dynamics are much more complex than was previously thought (McKey et al. 2010, New Phytologist).

    In our work on the cultural ecology of tropical savanna floodplains, past and present, I collaborate with archaeologists, archaeobotanists, geographers, soil scientists, ecologists and specialists in remote sensing. These studies have shown how humans and soil engineer animals co-construct landscapes (McKey et al. 2010, PNAS) and how intercontinental comparisons reveal both convergence and singularity in cultural niche construction (McKey et al. 2016, PNAS ; Blatrix et al. 2018, Scientific Reports). This work is shedding new light on the historical ecology of Amazonia, on present-day wetland agriculture in Africa, and on ecology in floodplain savanna environments throughout the tropics. We are currently studying the diversity of grassland-farming systems in the present-day Old-World tropics to understand how raised-field agriculture in Neotropical floodplain savannas—and possible other kinds of agriculture in upland savannas of South America—may have functioned in pre-Columbian times.



    1. Publications in international peer-reviewed journals


    1. MCKEY D. (1974). Adaptive patterns in alkaloid physiology. American Naturalist 108: 305-320.
    1. MCKEY D. (1974). Ant-plants: selective eating of an unoccupied Barteria by a Colobus Biotropica 6: 269-270.
    1. STRUHSAKER T. & D. MCKEY. (1975). Two cusimanse mongooses attack a black cobra. Journal of Mammalogy 56: 721-722.
    1. JANZEN D. H.& D. MCKEY. (1975).What the tropical trappers leave behind. Biotropica 7: 7.
    1. JANZEN D. H. & D. MCKEY. (1977). Musanga cecropioides is a Cecropia without its ants. Biotropica 9: 57.
    1. MCKEY D., P. G. WATERMAN, C. N. MBI, J. S. GARTLAN, & T. T. STRUHSAKER. (1978). Phenolic content of vegetation in two African rainforests: ecological implications. Science 202: 61-64.
    1. MCKEY D. (1980).The evolution of novel alkaloid types: a mechanism for the rapid phenotypic evolution of plant secondary compounds. American Naturalist 115: 754-759.
    1. GARTLAN J. S., D. B. MCKEY, P. G. WATERMAN, C. N. MBI, & T. T. STRUHSAKER. (1980) A comparative study of the phytochemistry of two African rainforests. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 8: 401-422.
    1. WATERMAN P. G., C. N. MBI, D. MCKEY, & J. S. GARTLAN. (1980). African rainforest vegetation and rumen microbes: phenolic compounds and nutrients as correlates of digestibility. Oecologia 47: 22-33.
    1. MCKEY D., J. S. GARTLAN, P. G. WATERMAN, & G. M. CHOO. (1981). Food selection by black colobus monkeys (Colobus satanas) in relation to plant chemistry. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 16: 115-146.


    1. CHOO G. M., P. G. WATERMAN, D. MCKEY, & J. S. GARTLAN. (1981). A simple enzyme assay for dry matter digestibility and its value in studying food selection by generalist herbivores. Oecologia 49: 170-178.
    1. MCKEY D. & P. G. WATERMAN. (1982). Ranging behaviour of a group of black colobus (Colobus satanas) in the Douala-Edea Reserve, Cameroon. Folia Primatologica 39: 264-304.
    1. DILLON P., S. LOWRIE, & D. MCKEY. (1983). Disarming the "mala mujer": prevention of latex flow by a sphingid larva. Biotropica 15: 112-116.
    1. MCKEY D. (1984). Interaction of the ant-plant Leonardoxa africana (Caesalpiniaceae) with its obligate inhabitants in rainforests in Cameroon. Biotropica 16: 81-99.
    1. WATERMAN, J. ROSS, & D. MCKEY. (1984). Factors affecting levels of some phenolic compounds, digestibility, and nitrogen content of the nature leaves of Barteria fistulosa Passifloraceae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 10: 387-401.
    1. NEWBERY D., J. S. GARTLAN, D. MCKEY, & P. G. WATERMAN. (1986). The influence of drainage and soil phosphorus on the vegetation of Douala-Edea Forest Reserve, Cameroon. Vegetatio 65: 149-162.
    1. MCKEY D. (1988). Cecropia peltata, an introduced neotropical pioneer tree, is replacing Musanga cecropioides in southwestern Cameroon, Biotropica 20: 262-264.
    1. MCKEY D. (1989). Population biology of figs: applications for conservation. Experientia 45: 661-673.


    1. BRONSTEIN J. & D. MCKEY. (1989). The fig/pollinator mutualism: A model system for comparative biology. Experientia 45: 601-604.


    1. BRONSTEIN J. & D. MCKEY (eds.). (1989). The comparative biology of figs. Multi-author review. Experientia 45(7): 601-680.
    1. FREY, T. LATSCHA & D. MCKEY. (1990). Genetic differentiation and speciation in leaf mining flies of the genus Phytomyza. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata 57: 191-200.
    1. BAHUCHET S., D. MCKEY, & I. DE GARINE. (1991). Wild yams revisited: Can hunter-gatherers subsist independently of agriculture in tropical rain forest? Human Ecology 19: 213-243.
    1. KAUFMANN S., D. MCKEY, M. HOSSAERT, & C. HORVITZ (1991). Fruits of Ficus microcarpa (Moraceae): Adaptations for a two-phase seed dispersal system involving vertebrates and ants in a hemiepiphytic fig. American Journal of Botany 78: 971-977.
    1. DAVIDSON D. & D. MCKEY. (1993). The evolutionary ecology of symbiotic ant-plant relationships. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 2: 13-83.
    1. DAVIDSON D. & D. MCKEY. (1993). Ant-plant symbioses: Stalking the Chuyachaqui. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8: 326-332.
    1. PATEL A., M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, & D. MCKEY. (1993). Ficus-pollinator research in India: Past, present and future. Current Science 65: 243-253.
    1. JARRY M., M. KHALADI, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, & D. MCKEY. (1995). Modelling the population dynamics of annual plants with seed bank and density dependent effects. Acta Biotheoretica 43: 53-65.
    1. CHENUIL, A., & D. MCKEY. (1996). Molecular phylogenetic study of a myrmecophyte symbiosis: did Leonardoxa / ant associations diversify via cospeciation? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 6: 270-286.
    1. ANSTETT, M.C., M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, & D. MCKEY. (1997). Modeling the persistence of small populations of strongly interdependent species: figs and fig wasps. Conservation Biology 11: 204-213.
    1. GAUME, L., M.C. ANSTETT, & D. MCKEY. (1997). Benefits conferred by "timid" ants: active anti-herbivore protection of the rainforest tree Leonardoxa africana by the minute ant Petalomyrmex phylax. Oecologia 112: 209-216.
    1. BROUAT, C., M. GIBERNAU, L. AMSELLEM, & D. MCKEY. (1998). Corner’s rules revisited : ontogenetic and interspecific patterns in leaf-stem allometry. New Phytologist 139: 459-470.
    1. CEBALLOS, L., M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, D. MCKEY, & C. ANDARY. (1998). Rapid deployment of allelochemicals in exudates of germinating seeds of Sesbania (Fabaceae) : roles of seed anatomy and histolocalization of polyphenolic compounds in anti-pathogen defense of seedlings. Chemoecology 8: 141-151.
    1. GAUME, L. & D. MCKEY. (1998). Protection against herbivores of the myrmecophyte Leonardoxa africana (Baill.) Aubrèv. T3 by its principal ant inhabitant Aphomomyrmex afer Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris, Sciences de la Vie / Life Sciences 321: 593-601.
    1. GAUME, L., D. MCKEY, & S. TERRIN. (1998). Ant-plant-homopteran mutualism: how the third partner affects the interaction between a plant-specialist ant and its myrmecophyte host. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 265: 569-575.
    1. PATEL, A., & D. MCKEY. (1998). Sexual specialisation in two tropical dioecious figs. Oecologia 115: 391-400.
    1. GAUME, L., & D. MCKEY. (1999). An ant-plant mutualism and its host-specific parasite: activity rhythms, young leaf patrolling, and effects on herbivores of two specialist plant-ants inhabiting the same myrmecophyte. Oikos 84:130-144.
    1. MEUNIER, L., A. DALECKY, C. BERTICAT, L. GAUME, & D. MCKEY. (1999). Worker size variation and the evolution of an ant-plant mutualism : comparative morphometrics of workers of two closely related plant-ants, Petalomyrmex phylax and Aphomomyrmex afer (Formicinae). Insectes Sociaux 46:171-178.
    1. MCKEY, D., L. GAUME, & A. DALECKY. (1999). Les symbioses entre plantes et fourmis arboricoles. Année Biologique 38: 169-194.
    1. GAUME, L., D. MATILE-FERRERO, & D. MCKEY. (2000). Colony foundation and acquisition of coccoid trophobionts by Aphomomyrmex afer (Formicinae) : co-dispersal of queens and phoretic mealybugs in an ant-plant-homopteran mutualism ? Insectes Sociaux 47: 84-91.
    1. PASCAL, L.M., E.F. MOTTE-FLORAC, & D. MCKEY. (2000). Secretory structures on the leaf rachis of Caesalpinieae and Mimosoideae (Leguminosae) : implications for the evolution of nectary glands. American Journal of Botany 87: 327-338.
    1. MCKEY, D. (2000). Leonardoxa africana (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae): a complex of mostly allopatric subspecies. Adansonia 22: 71-109.
    1. ELIAS, M., & D. MCKEY. (2000). The unmanaged reproductive ecology of domesticated plants in traditional agroecosystems: an example involving cassava and a call for data. Acta Oecologica 21: 223-230.
    1. DEJEAN, A., D. MCKEY, M. GIBERNAU, & M. BELIN. (2000). The arboreal ant mosaic in a Cameroonian rainforest. Sociobiology 35: 403-423.
    1. HEIL, M., C. STAEHELIN, & D. MCKEY. (2000). Low chitinase activity in Acacia myrmecophytes: a potential trade-off between biotic and chemical defences? Naturwissenschaften 87: 555-558.
    1. BROUAT, C., D. MCKEY, J.-M.BESSIERE, L. PASCAL, & M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY. (2000). Leaf volatile compounds and the distribution of ant patrolling in an ant-plant protection mutualism: preliminary results on Leonardoxa (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae) and Petalomyrmex (Formicidae: Formicinae). Acta Oecologica 21: 349-357.
    1. BROUAT, C., & D. MCKEY. (2000). Origin of caulinary ant-domatia and timing of their onset in plant ontogeny : evolution of a key trait in horizontally transmitted ant-plant symbioses. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 71: 801-819.
    1. ELIAS, M., L. RIVAL, & D. MCKEY. (2000). Perception and management of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) diversity among Makushi Amerindians of Guyana (South America). Journal of Ethnobiology 20: 239-265.
    1. BROUAT, C., L. GIELLY, & D. MCKEY. (2001). Phylogenetic relationships in the genus Leonardoxa (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) inferred from chloroplast trnLand trnL- trnF intergeneric spacer sequences. American Journal of Botany 88: 143-149.
    1. ELIAS, M., MCKEY, D., PANAUD, O., ANSTETT, M.C., ROBERT, T. (2001). Traditional management of cassava morphological and genetic diversity by the Makushi Amerindians (Guyana, South America) : perspectives for on-farm conservation of crop genetic resources. Euphytica 120: 143-157.
    1. BROUAT, C., & D. MCKEY. (2001). Leaf-stem allometry, hollow stems, and the evolution of caulinary domatia in myrmecophytes. New Phytologist 151: 391-406.
    1. ELIAS M., L. PENET, P. VINDRY, D. MCKEY, O. PANAUD, & T. ROBERT. (2001). Unmanaged sexual reproduction and the dynamics of genetic diversity of a vegetatively propagated crop plant, cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz), in a traditional farming system. Molecular Ecology 10: 1895-1907.
    1. BROUAT, C., N. GARCIA, C. ANDARY, & D. MCKEY. (2001). Plant lock and ant key: pairwise coevolution of an exclusion filter in an ant-plant mutualism. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 268: 2131-2141.
    1. MCKEY, D., L. EMPERAIRE, M. ELIAS, F. PINTON, T. ROBERT, S. DESMOULIERE, & L. RIVAL. (2001). Gestions locales et dynamiques régionales de la diversité variétale du manioc en Amazonie. Génétique, Sélection et Evolution 33 (supplement 1): S465-S490.
    1. DI GIUSTO, B., M.C. ANSTETT, E. DOUNIAS, & D. MCKEY. (2001). Variation in the effectiveness of biotic defense: the case of an opportunistic ant-plant protection mutualism. Oecologia 129: 367-375.
    1. GAUME, L., & D. MCKEY. (2002). How identity of the homopteran trophobiont affects sex allocation in a symbiotic plant-ant: the proximate role of food. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 51: 197-205.
    1. CARRIERE, S.M., M. ANDRE, P. LETOURMY, I. OLIVIER, & D. MCKEY. (2002). Seed rain beneath remnant trees in a slash-and-burn agricultural system in southern Cameroon. Journal of Tropical Ecology 18 : 353-374.
    1. CARRIERE, S.M., P. LETOURMY, & D. MCKEY. (2002). Effects of remnant trees in fallows on diversity and structure of forest regrowth in a slash-and-burn agricultural system in southern Cameroon. Journal of Tropical Ecology 18: 375-396.
    1. CEBALLOS, L., C. ANDARY, M. DELESCLUSE, M. GIBERNAU, D. MCKEY & M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY. (2002). Effects of sublethal attack by a sucking insect, Hyalymenus tarsatus, on Sesbania drummondii seeds: Impact on some seed traits related to fitness. Ecoscience 9: 28-36.
    1. HEIL, M., T. DELSINNE, A. HILPERT, S. SCHÜRKENS, C. ANDARY, K.E. LINSENMAIR, S.M. SOUSA, & D. MCKEY. (2002). Reduced chemical defence in ant-plants? A critical re-evaluation of a widely accepted hypothesis. Oikos 99 : 457-468.
    1. HEIL, M., B. BAUMANN, C. ANDARY, K.E. LINSENMAIR, & D. MCKEY. (2002). Extraction and quantification of "condensed tannins" as a measure of plant anti-herbivore defence? Revisiting an old problem. Naturwissenschaften 89 : 519-524.
    1. PUJOL, B., G. GIGOT, G. LAURENT, M. PINHEIRO-KLUPPEL, M. ELIAS, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, & D. MCKEY. (2002). Germination ecology of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz, Euphorbiaceae) in traditional agroecosystems : seed and seedling biology of a vegetatively propagated domesticated plant. Economic Botany 56: 366-379.
    1. DEBOUT, G., E. PROVOST, M. RENUCCI, A. TIRARD, B. SCHATZ, & D. MCKEY. (2003). Colony structure in a plant-ant: behavioural, chemical and genetic study of polydomy in Cataulacus mckeyi (Myrmicinae). Oecologia 137 : 195-204.
    1. HEIL, M., & D. MCKEY. (2003). Protective ant-plant interactions as model systems in ecological and evolutionary research. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 34: 425-453.
    1. BROUAT, C., D. MCKEY, & E. DOUZERY (2004). Differentiation and gene flow in a geographic mosaic of plants coevolving with ants: phylogeny of the Leonardoxa africana complex (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) using AFLP markers. Molecular Ecology 13: 1157-1171.
    1. ELIAS, M., G.S. MUHLEN, D. MCKEY, A.C. ROA, & J. TOHME. (2004). Genetic diversity of traditional South American landraces of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz): an analysis using microsatellites. Economic Botany 58: 242-256.
    1. DJIETO-LORDON, C., A. DEJEAN, M. GIBERNAU, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, & D. MCKEY. (2004). Symbiotic mutualism with a community of opportunistic ants: protection, competition, and ant occupancy of the myrmecophyte Barteria nigritana (Passifloraceae). Acta Oecologica 26: 109-116.
    1. ALVAREZ, N., E. GARINE, C. KHASAH, E. DOUNIAS, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, & D. MCKEY. (2005). Farmers’ practices, metapopulation dynamics, and conservation of agricultural biodiversity on-farm: a case study of sorghum among the Duupa in sub-sahelian Cameroon. Biological Conservation 121: 533-543.
    1. DJIETO-LORDON, C., A. DEJEAN, R.A. RING, J. LAUGA, A. NKONGMENECK, & D. MCKEY. (2005). Ecology of an improbable association: the pseudomyrmecine plant-ant Tetraponera tessmanni and the myrmecophytic vine Vitex thyrsiflora (Lamiaceae) in Cameroon. Biotropica 37: 421-430.
    1. PUJOL, B., P. DAVID, & D. MCKEY. (2005). Microevolution in agricultural environments: how a traditional Amerindian farming practice favours heterozygosity in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz, Euphorbiaceae). Ecology Letters 8: 138-147.
    1. PUJOL B., Mühlen, N. Garwood, Y. Horoszowski, E. DOUZERY, & D. McKey. (2005). Evolution under domestication: contrasting functional morphology of seedlings in domesticated cassava and its closest wild relatives. New Phytologist 166: 305-318.
    1. DEBOUT, G., A. SALTMARSH, D. MCKEY, & A.-M. RISTERUCCI. (2005). Characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci in the tropical ant-plant Leonardoxa africana (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae). Molecular Ecology Notes 5: 35-38.
    1. DALECKY, , L. Gaume, B. Schatz, D. McKey, & F. Kjellberg. (2005). Facultative polygyny in the plant–ant Petalomyrmex phylax: assessment of genetic and ecological determinants of queen number. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 86: 133-151.


    1. GHIMIRE, S., D. MCKEY, & Y. AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS. (2004). Heterogeneity in ethnoecological knowledge and management of medicinal plants in Nepal Himalaya: implications for conservation. Ecology and Society 9(3): 6. [online] : http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss3/art6/.
    1. ALVAREZ, N., D. MCKEY, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, C. BORN, L. MERCIER, & B. BENREY. (2005). Ancient and recent evolutionary history of the bruchid beetle Acanthoscelides obtectus Say, a cosmopolitan pest of beans. Molecular Ecology 14: 1015-1024.


    1. ALVAREZ, N., HOSSAERT-MCKEY, J.-Y. RASPLUS, D. MCKEY, L. MERCIER, L. SOLDATI, A. AEBI, & B. BENREY. (2005). Sibling species of bean bruchids: morphological and phylogenetic studies among Acanthoscelides obtectusSay and A. obvelatusBridwell. J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res.43: 29-37.


    1. DEBOUT, G., B. SCHATZ, & D. MCKEY. (2005). Comparison of foraging behaviour in two plant-ants, the mutualist Petalomyrmex phylax and a parasite of a mutualism, Cataulacus mckeyi. Insectes Sociaux 52: 205-211.


    1. GHIMIRE, S.K., D. MCKEY, & Y. AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS. (2005). Conservation of Himalayan medicinal plants: harvesting patterns and ecology of two threatened species, Nardostachys grandiflora And Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora (Pennell) Hong. Biological Conservation 124: 463-475.
    1. PUJOL, B. & D. MCKEY. (2006). Size asymmetry in intraspecific competition and the density-dependence of inbreeding depression in a natural plant population: a case study in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz, Euphorbiaceae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19: 85-96.
    2. ELIAS, M., H. LENOIR, & D. MCKEY. (2007). Propagule quantity and quality in traditional Makushi farming of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz): a case study for understanding evolution under domestication in vegetatively propagated crops. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 54: 99-115.
    3. DEBOUT, G., B. SCHATZ, M. ELIAS & D. MCKEY. (2007). Polydomy in ants: what we know, what we think we know, and what remains to be done. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 90: 319-348.
    4. GHIMIRE, S.K., Y. A. THOMAS, & D. MCKEY. (2006). Himalayan medicinal plant diversity in an ecologically complex high altitude anthropogenic landscape, Dolpo, Nepal. Environmental Conservation 33: 128-140.
    1. ALVAREZ, N., B. BENREY, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, A. GRILL, D. MCKEY & N. GALTIER. (2006). Phylogeographic support for horizontal gene transfer involving sympatric bruchid species. Biology Direct1: 21. http://www.biology-direct.com/content/pdf/1745-6150-1-21.
    2. DALECKY, A.., G. DEBOUT, A. ESTOUP, D.B. MCKEY & F. KJELLBERG. (2007). Changes in mating system and social structure of the ant Petalomyrmex phylax are associated with range expansion in Cameroon. Evolution 61: 579-595.
    3. DORMONT, L., S. RAPIOR, D. MCKEY & J.-P. LUMARET. (2007). Influence of dung volatiles on the process of resource selection by coprophagous beetles. Chemoecology 17: 23-30.
    4. AMSELLEM, L. & D. MCKEY. (2006). Integrating phenological, chemical and biotic defences in ant-plant protection mutualisms: a case study of two myrmecophyte lineages. Chemoecology 16: 223-234.
    5. BARNAUD, A., M. DEU, E. GARINE, D. MCKEY &I. JOLY. (2007). Local genetic diversity of sorghum in a village in northern Cameroon: structure and dynamics of landraces. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 114: 237-248.
    6. PUJOL, B., F. RENOUX, M. ELIAS, L. RIVAL & D. MCKEY. (2007). The unappreciated ecology of landrace populations: conservation consequences of soil seed banks in cassava. Biological Conservation 136: 541-551.
    7. DUPUTIE, A., P. DAVID, C. DEBAIN & D. MCKEY. (2007). Natural hybridization between a clonally propagated crop, cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) and a wild relative in French Guiana. Molecular Ecology 16: 3025-3038.
    8. GHIMIRE, S.K., O. GIMENEZ, R. PRADEL, D. MCKEY & Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas. (2008). Demographic variation and population viability in a threatened Himalayan medicinal and aromatic herb (Nardostachys grandiflora): matrix modelling of harvesting effects in two contrasting habitats. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 41-51.
    9. PUJOL, B., J.-L. SALAGER, M. BELTRAN, S. BOUSQUET & D. MCKEY. (2008). Photosynthesis and leaf structure in domesticated cassava (Euphorbiaceae) and a close wild relative: have leaf photosynthetic parameters evolved under domestication? Biotropica 40: 305-312.
    10. DIALLO, B.O., H.I. JOLY, D. MCKEY, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY & M.-H. CHEVALLIER. (2007). Genetic diversity of Tamarindus indica populations: Any clues on the origin from its current distribution? African Journal of Biotechnology 6: 853-860.
    11. DIALLO, B.O., D. MCKEY, M.-H. CHEVALLIER, H.I. JOLY & M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY. (2008). Breeding system and pollination biology of the semi-domesticated fruit tree, Tamarindus indica (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae): Implications for fruit production, selective breeding, and conservation of genetic resources. African Journal of Biotechnology 7: 4068-4075.
    12. Léotard, G., A. Saltmarsh, F. Kjellberg & D. McKey. (2008). Mutualism, hybrid inviability and speciation in a tropical ant-plant. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21: 1133-1143.
    13. Léotard, G., E. Defossez, C. Debain, D. MCKEY, f. kjellberg & R. blatrix. (2008). Local genetic co-structuring of the ant Petalomyrmex phylax and its host plant Leonardoxa a. africana: no role for a sixty-meter wide river in separating social forms. Sociobiology 51: 363-371.
    14. BARNAUD, A., H.I. JOLY, D. MCKEY, M. DEU, C. KHASAH, S. MONNE & E. GARINE. (2008). Gestion in situ des ressources génétiques du sorgho (Sorghum bicolor bicolor) chez les Duupa du Nord Cameroun : sélection et échange de semences. Cahiers Agricultures 17: 178-182.
    15. MONDOLOT, L., A. MARLAS, D. BARBEAU, A. GARGADENNEC, B. PUJOL & D. MCKEY. (2008). Domestication and defence: foliar tannins and C/N ratios in cassava and a close wild relative. Acta Oecologica 34: 147-154.
    16. HOSSAERT-MCKEY, M., D. MCKEY & L. DORMONT. (2008). Fungal sex as a private matter: odour signals in a specialized pollination-like insect-fungus mutualism. New Phytologist 178: 225-227. (commentary)
    17. BARNAUD, A., G. TRIGUEROS, D. MCKEY & HI JOLY. (2008). High outcrossing rates in fields with mixed sorghum landraces : how are landraces maintained ? Heredity 101: 445-452.
    18. SARDOS J, D MCKEY, R. MALAPA, J.-L. NOYER & V. LEBOT. (2008). Evolution of cassava (Manihot esculentaCrantz) after recent introduction into a South Pacific island system: the contribution of sex to the diversification of a clonally propagated crop. Genome 51: 912-921.
    19. RIVAL L & D MCKEY (2008) Domestication and diversity in manioc (Manihot esculenta Crantz ssp. esculenta, Euphorbiaceae). Current Anthropology 49: 1119-1128.
    20. DEBOUT, G.D.G., A. DALECKY, A. NGOMI NGOMI & D.B. MCKEY. (2009). Dynamics of species coexistence: maintenance of a plant-ant competitive metacommunity. Oikos 118: 873-884.
    21. DEFOSSEZ, E., M.-A. SELOSSE, M.-P. DUBOIS, L. MONDOLOT, A. FACCIO, C. DJIETO-LORDON, D. MCKEY & R. BLATRIX. (2009). Ant-plants and fungi: a new threesome symbiosis. New Phytologist182: 942-949.
    22. MENARD, L., D. MCKEY, N. ROWE (2009). Developmental plasticity and biomechanics of treelets and lianas in Manihot quinquepartita (Euphorbiaceae): a branch-angle climber of French Guiana. Annals of Botany 103: 1249-1259.
    23. WEBBER, B. D. MCKEY (2009). Cyanogenic myrmecophytes, redundant defence mechanisms and complementary defence syndromes: revisiting the neotropical ant-acacias. New Phytologist 182: 792-794.
    24. SCHATZ, B., C. DJIETO-LORDON, L. DORMONT, J.-M. BESSIERE, D. MCKEY & R. BLATRIX (2009). A simple non-specific chemical signal mediates defense behaviour in a specialized ant-plant mutualism. Current Biology 19 (9): R361-R362.
    25. LEOTARD, G., G. DEBOUT, S. GUILLOT, L. GAUME, D. MCKEY, F. KJELLBERG & A. DALECKY. (2009) Range expansion drives dispersal evolution in an equatorial three-species symbiosis. PLoS ONE 4(4): e5377 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005377.
    26. BARNAUD, A., M. DEU, E. GARINE, J. CHANTEREAU, J. BOLTEU, E. OUIN-KOIDA, D. MCKEY & H.I. JOLY (2009). A weed-crop complex in sorghum: the fate of new genetic combinations in a traditional farming system. American Journal of Botany 96: 1869-1879.
    27. DUPUTIE, A., M. DELETRE, J.-J. DE GRANVILLE & D. MCKEY (2009). Population genetics of Manihot esculenta flabellifolia gives insight into past distribution of xeric vegetation in a postulated forest refugium area in northern Amazonia. Molecular Ecology 18 : 2897-2907.
    28. LEOTARD, G., A. DUPUTIE, F. KJELLBERG, E.J.P. DOUZERY, C. DEBAIN, J.-J. DE GRANVILLE & D. MCKEY (2009). Phylogeography and the origin of cassava: new insights from the northern rim of the Amazonian basin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53: 329-334.
    29. DUPUTIE, A., F MASSOL, P. DAVID, C. HAXAIRE & D. MCKEY. (2009) Traditional Amerindian cultivators combine directional and ideotypic selection for sustainable management of cassava genetic diversity. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22: 1317-1325.
    30. MCKEY, D., ROSTAIN, J. IRIARTE, B. GLASER, J.J. BIRK, I. HOLST & D. RENARD (2010) Pre-Columbian agricultural landscapes, ecosystem engineers and self-organized patchiness in Amazonia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107: 7823-7828. This article was selected by two different members of the “Faculty of 1000 Biology” as a “Must Read” paper in ecology.
    31. MCKEY, D., M. ELIAS, B. PUJOL & A. DUPUTIE (2010) The evolutionary ecology of clonally propagated domesticated plants. New Phytologist 186: 318-332. This paper was selected by a member of the “Faculty of 1000 Biology” as an “Exceptional” paper in ecology.
    32. MCKEY, D., T. CAVAGNARO, J. CLIFF & R. GLEADOW (2010) Chemical ecology in coupled human and natural systems: people, manioc, multitrophic interactions and global change. Chemoecology 20: 109-133. (DOI 10.1007/s00049-010-0047-1)
    33. RENARD, D., B. SCHATZ & D. MCKEY (2010) Ant nest architecture and seed burial depth: implications for seed fate and germination success in a myrmecochorous savanna shrub. Ecoscience 17: 194-202.
    34. DIALLO, B.O., H.I. JOLY, D. MCKEY, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY & M.H. CHEVALLIER (2010) Changes in biometric characters of seeds and seedlings of nine provenances of Tamarindus indica (Caesalpinioideae). Fruits 65: 153-167.
    35. IRIARTE, J., B. GLASER, J. WATLING, A. WAINWRIGHT, J.J. BIRK, D. RENARD, S. ROSTAIN & D. MCKEY (2010) Late Holocene Neotropical agricultural landscapes: phytolith and stable carbon isotope analysis of raised fields from French Guianan coastal savannahs. Journal of Archaeological Science 37: 2984-2994.
    36. BORN, C., N. ALVAREZ, D. MCKEY, S. OSSARI, E.J. WICKINGS, M. HOSSAERT-MCKEY & M.-H. CHEVALLIER (2011) Insights into the biogeographical history of the Lower Guinea Forest Domain: evidence for the role of refugia in the intraspecific differentiation of Aucoumea klaineana. Molecular Ecology 20: 131-142.
    37. DEFOSSEZ, E., C. DJIETO-LORDON, D. MCKEY, M.-A. SELOSSE & R. BLATRIX (2011). Plant-ants feed their host plant, but above all a fungal symbiont to recycle nitrogen. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 278: 1419-1426.
    38. DUPUTIE, A., J. SALICK, D. MCKEY (2011). Evolutionary biogeography of Manihot, a rapidly radiating Neotropical genus restricted to dry environments. Journal of Biogeography 38: 1033-1043.
    39. RENARD, D., J. IRIARTE, J.J. BIRK, S. ROSTAIN, B. GLASER, D. MCKEY (2012). Ecological engineers ahead of their time: the functioning of pre-Columbian raised-field agriculture and its potential contributions to sustainability today. Ecological Engineering 45: 30-44. Doi: 10.1016/J.ecoleng.2011.03.007.
    40. VITTECOQ, M., C. DJIETO-LORDON, B. BUATOIS, L. DORMONT, D. MCKEY, R. BLATRIX (2011). The evolution of communication in two ant-plant mutualisms. Evolutionary Biology 38: 360-369. DOI 10.1007/S11692-011-9125-8.
    41. RASPLUS, J.-Y., J. LASALLE, G. DELVARE, D. MCKEY, B.L. WEBBER (2011). A new Afrotropical genus and species of Tetrastichinae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) inducing galls on Bikinia (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae) and a new species of Ormyrus (Hymenoptera: Ormyridae) associated with the gall. Zootaxa 2907: 51-59.  
    42. GONMADJE, C.F., C. DOUMENGE, D. McKEY, G.P.M. TCHOUTO, T.C.H. SUNDERLAND, M.P.B. BALINGA, B. SONKE (2011). Tree diversity and conservation value of Ngovayang’s lowland forest, Cameroon. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 2627-2648.
    43. ROULLIER, C., G. ROSSEL, D. TAY, D. MCKEY, V. LEBOT (2011). Combining chloroplast and nuclear microsatellites to investigate origin and dispersal of New World sweet potato landraces. Molecular Ecology 20: 3963-3977. Doi: 10.1111/j.1365é294X.2011.05229x.
    44. RENARD, D., J.J. BIRK, B. GLASER, J. IRIARTE, G. GRISARD, J. KARL, D. MCKEY (2012). Origin of mound-field landscapes: a multi-proxy approach combining contemporary vegetation, carbon stable isotopes and phytoliths. Plant and Soil 351: 337-353.
    45. VITTECOQ, M., C. DJIETO-LORDON, D. MCKEY, R. BLATRIX (2012). Range expansion induces variation in a behavioural trait in an ant-plant mutualism. Acta Oecologica 38: 84-88.
    46. DELETRE, M., D. MCKEY, T.R. HODKINSON (2011). Marriage exchanges, seed exchanges and the dynamics of manioc diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America108: 18249-18254.
    47. IRIARTE, J., M.J. POWER, S. ROSTAIN, F.E. MAYLE, H. JONES, J. WATLING, B.S. WHITNEY, D.B. MCKEY (2012). Fire-free land use in pre-1492 Amazonian savannas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America109: 6473-6478.
    48. Molecular Ecology Resources Primer Development Consortium, A'Hara S.W., Amouroux P., Argo E.E., Avand-Faghih A., Barat A., Barbieri L., Bert T.M., Blatrix R., Blin A., Bouktila D., Broome A., Burban C., Capdevielle-Dulac C., Casse N., Chandra S., Cho K.J., Cottrell J.E., Crawford C.R., Davis M.C., Delatte H., Desneux N., Djiéto-Lordon C., Dubois M.-P., El-Mergawy R.A.A.M., Gallardo-Escarate C., Garcia M., Gardiner M.M., Guillemaud T., Haye P.A., Hellemans B., Hinrichsen P., Jeon J.H., Kerdelhue C., Kharrat I., Kim K.H., Kim Y.Y., Kwan Y.S., Labbe E.M., Lahood E., Lee K.M., Lee W.O., Lee Y.H., Legoff I., Li H., Lin C.P., Liu S.S., Liu Y.G., Long D., Maes G.E., Magnoux E., Mahanta P.C., Makni H., Makni M., Malausa T., Matura R., McKey D., McMillen-Jackson A.L., Mendez M.A., Mezghani-Khemakhem M., Michel A.P., Paul M., Muriel-Cunha J., Nibouche S., Normand F., Palkovacs E.P., Pande V., Parmentier K., Peccoud J., Piatscheck F., Puchulutegui C., Ramos R., Ravest G., Richner H., Robbens J., Rochat D., Rousselet J., Saladin V., Sauve M., Schlei O., Schultz T.F., Scobie A.R., Segovia N.I., Seyoum S., Silvain J.F., Tabone E., Van Houdt J.K.J., Vandamme S.G., Volckaert F.A.M., Wenburg J., Willis T.V., Won Y.J., Ye N.H., Zhang W., Zhang Y.X. (2012). Permanent genetic resources added to molecular ecology resources database 1 August 2011-30 September 2011. Molecular Ecology Resources 12: 185-189.
    1. Molecular Ecology Resources Primer Development Consortium, Arias M.C., Arnoux E., Bell J.J., Bernadou A., Bino G., Blatrix R., Bourguet D., Carrea C., Clamens A.L., Cunha H.A., d'Alencon E., Ding Y., Djiéto-Lordon C., Dubois M.-P., Dumas P., Eraud C., Faivre B., Francisco F.O., Francoso E., Garcia M., Gardner J.P.A., Garnier S., Gimenez S., Gold J.R., Harris D.J., He G.C., Hellemans B., Hollenbeck C.M., Jing S.L., Kergoat G.J., Liu B.F., McDowell J.R., McKey D., Miller T.L., Newton E., Lohan K.M.P., Papetti C., Paterson I., Peccoud J., Peng X.X., Piatscheck F., Ponsard S., Reece K.S., Reisser C.M.O., Renshaw M.A., Ruzzante D.E., Sauve M., Shields J.D., Sole-Cava A., Souche E.L., Van Houdt J.K.J., Vasconcellos A., Volckaert F.A.M., Wang S.Z., Xiao J., Yu H.J., Zane L., Zannato B., Zemlak T.S., Zhang C.X., Zhao Y., Zhou X., Zhu L.L. (2012). Permanent Genetic Resources added to Molecular Ecology Resources Database 1 December 2011-31 January 2012. Molecular Ecology Resources 12: 570-572.
    1. Pautasso M., G. Aistara, A. Barnaud, S. Caillon, P. Clouvel, O.T. Coomes, M. Delêtre, E. Demeulenaere, P. De Santis, T. Döring, L. Eloy, L. Emperaire, E. Garine, I. Goldringer, D. Jarvis, H.I. Joly, C. Leclerc, S. Louafi, P. Martin, F. Massol, S. McGuire, D. McKey, C. Padoch, C. Soler, M. Thomas, S. Tramontini (2013). Seed exchange networks for agrobiodiversity conservation. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 33: 151-175.
    1. Meekijjaroenroj Kidyoo A., D. McKey (2012) Flowering phenology and mimicry of the rattan Calamus castaneus (Arecaceae) in southern Thailand. Botany 90: 856-865.
    1. Blatrix, R., D. Renard, C. Djiéto-Lordon, D. McKey (2012) The cost of myrmecophytism: insights from allometry of stem secondary growth. Annals of Botany 110: 943-951. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcs164.
    1. Blatrix, R., C. Djiéto-Lordon, L. Mondolot, P. La Fisca, H. Voglmayr, D. McKey (2012) Plant-ants use symbiotic fungi as a food source: new insight into the nutritional ecology of ant-plant interactions. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 279: 3940-3947.
    1. Peccoud, J., F. Piatscheck, R. Yockteng, M. Garcia, M. Sauve, C. Djiéto-Lordon, D. J. Harris, J.J. Wieringa, F. J. Breteler, C. Born, D. McKey, R. Blatrix (2013). Multi-locus phylogenies of the genus Barteria (Passifloraceae) portray complex patterns in the evolution of myrmecophytism. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 824-832.
    1. Roullier, C., L. Benoît, D. McKey, V. Lebot (2013). Historical collections reveal patterns of diffusion of sweet potato in Oceania obscured by modern plant movements and recombination. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110: 2205-2210. Winner of the 2013 Cozzarelli Prize in Class V.
    1. Roullier, C., R. Kambouo, J. Paofa, D. McKey, V. Lebot (2013). On the origin of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam) genetic diversity in New Guinea, a secondary centre of diversity. Heredity 110: 594-604.
    1. Bradbury, E. J., A. Duputié, M. Delêtre, C. Roullier, A. Narváez-Trujillo, J. A. Manu-Aduening, E. Emshwiller, D. McKey (2013). Geographic differences in patterns of genetic differentiation among bitter and sweet manioc (Manihot esculenta esculenta: Euphorbiaceae). American Journal of Botany 100: 857-866.
    1. Renard, D., J. J. Birk, A. Zangerlé, P. Lavelle, B. Glaser, R. Blatrix, D. McKey (2013). Ancient human agricultural practices can promote activities of contemporary non-human soil ecosystem engineers: a case study in coastal savannas of French Guiana. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 62: 46-56.
    1. Benoît, L., R. Blatrix, C. Djiéto-Lordon, C. Atteke, J. Mezui-M’Eko, M.-P. Dubois, D. McKey, C. Born (2013). Characterization of microsatellite loci for a fungal symbiont (Ascomycota, Chaetothyriales) in an ant-plant-fungus symbiosis. Molecular Ecology Resources 13: 760-762.
    1. Dormont, L., J.-M. Bessière, D. McKey, A. Cohuet (2013). New methods for field collection of human skin volatiles and perspectives for their application in the chemical ecology of human/pathogen/vector interactions. Journal of Experimental Biology 216: 2783-2788.
    1. Roullier, C., A. Duputié, P. Wennekes, L. Benoît, V. M. Fernández Bringas, G. Rossel, D. Tay, D. McKey, V. Lebot (2013). Disentangling the origins of cultivated sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.). PLOS ONE 8(5): e62707. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0062707.
    1. McKey, D., M. Elias, B. Pujol, A. Duputié, M. Delêtre, D. Renard (2012). Maintien du potentiel adaptatif chez les plantes domestiquées à propagation clonale. Revue d’ethnoécologie [En ligne], 1 | 2012, mis en ligne le 29 novembre 2012. URL : http://ethnoecologie.revues.org/741 ; DOI : 10.4000/ethnoecologie.741
    1. Blatrix, R., S. Debaud, A. Salas-Lopez, C. Born, L. Benoit, D. McKey, C. Attéké, C. Djiéto-Lordon (2013). Repeated evolution of fungal cultivar specificity in independently evolved ant-plant-fungus symbioses. PLOS ONE 8(7): e68101.
    1. Finsinger, W., T. Dos Santos, D. McKey (2013) Estimating variation in stomatal frequency at intra-individual, intra-site and inter-taxonomic levels in populations of the Leonardoxa africana complex (Fabaceae) over environmental gradients in Cameroon. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 345: 350-359.
    1. Ménard, L., D. McKey, G. S. Mühlen, B. Clair, N.P. Rowe (2013) The evolutionary fate of phenotypic plasticity and functional traits under domestication in manioc: changes in stem biomechanics and the appearance of stem brittleness. PLOS ONE 8(9): e74727. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074727
    1. Blatrix, R., D. McKey, C. Born (2013). Consequences of past climate change for species engaged in obligatory interactions. Comptes Rendus Géoscience 347: 306-315.
    1. Mayer, V., M. Frederickson, D. McKey, R. Blatrix (2014) Current issues in the evolutionary ecology of ant-plant symbioses. New Phytologist 202: 749-764.
    1. Diallo, B.O., Ouedraogo, M., Chevallier, M.-H., Joly, H.I., Hossaert-McKey, M., McKey, D. (2014) Potential pollinators of Tamarindus indica (Caesalpinioideae) in Sudanian region of Burkina Faso. African Journal of Plant Science 8: 528-536.
    1. Pfahler, V., B. Glaser, D. McKey, E. Klemt (2015) Soil redistribution in abandoned raised fields in French Guiana assessed by radionuclides. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 178: 468-476.
    1. Rostain, S., D. McKey (2015) Les paysages de champs surélevés de Guyane française: un patrimoine bioculturel menacé. Revue d’Ethnoécologie DOI : 10.4000/ethnoecologie.2193.
    1. Coomes O.T., S. J. McGuire, E. Garine, S. Caillon, D. McKey, E. Demeulenaere, D. Jarvis, G. Aistara, A. Barnaud, P. Clouvel, L. Emperaire, S. Louafi, P. Martin, F. Massol, M. Pautasso, C. Violon, J. Wencélius (2015) Farmer seed networks make a limited contribution to agriculture? Four common misconceptions. Food Policy 56 : 41-50. DOI : 10.1016/j.foodpol.2015.07.008
    1. Zangerlé A., C. Hissler, L. Van Schaik, D. McKey (2016) Identification of earthworm burrow origins by Near infrared Spectroscopy: Combining results from field sites and laboratory microcosms. Soil and Tillage Research 155 : 280-288. DOI: 10.1016/still.2015.08.017
    1. Zangerlé A., C. Hissler, D. McKey, P. Lavelle (2016) Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) to identify the contribution of earthworms to soil macroaggregation in field conditions. Applied Soil Ecology 104: 138-147. DOI: 10.1016/J.apsoil.2015.09.014
    1. Thomas, M., N. Verzelen, P. Barbillon, O.T. Coomes, S. Caillon, D. McKey, M. Elias, E. Garine, C. Raimond, E. Dounias, D. Jarvis, J. Wencélius, C. Leclerc, V. Labeyrie, H. Cuong Pham, T.N. Hue Nguyen, B. Sthapit, R.B. Rana, A. Barnaud, C. Violon, L.M. Arias Reyes, Luis L. Moreno, P. De Santis, F. Massol. (2015) A network-based method to detect patterns of local crop biodiversity: validation at the species and infra-species levels. Advances in Ecological Research 53 : 259-320. doi:10.1016/bs.aecr.2015.10.002
    1. Delêtre, M., T.R. Hodkinson, D. McKey (2016) Perceptual selection and the unconscious selection of ‘volunteer’seedlings in clonally propagated crops: an example with African cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) using ethnobotany and population genetics. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 64 : 665-680.1007/s10722-016-0390-3
    1. Zangerlé, A., D. Renard, J. Iriarte, L.E. Suarez Jimenez, K.L. Adame Montoya , J. Juilleret, D. McKey (2016) The surales, self-organized earth-mound landscapes made by earthworms in a seasonal tropical wetland. PLOS One 11(5): e0154269.

    doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0154269 This paper was selected by a member of the “Faculty of 1000 Biology” as a “Recommended” paper in ecology.

    1. Cunha, L., G.G. Brown, D.W.G. Stanton, E. Da Silva, F. Hansel, G Jorge, D. McKey, P. Vidal-Torrado, R. Macedo, E. Velasquez, S.W. James, P. Lavelle, P. Kille, and the Terra Preta de Indio Network (2016) Soil animals and pedogenesis: the role of earthworms in anthropogenic soils. Soil Science 181 (3/4) : 110-125. DOI: 10.1097/SS.0000000000000144
    1. Lavelle, P., Spain A., Blouin, M., Brown, G., Decaëns, T., Grimaldi, M., Jiménez, J.J., McKey, D., Mathieu, J., Velasquez, E., Zangerlé, A. (2016) Ecosystem engineers in a self-organized soil: A review of concepts and future research questions. Soil Science 181 (3/4) : 91-109. DOI: 10.1097/SS.0000000000000155
    1. López Mazz, J., S. Rostain, D. McKey (2016) Cerritos, tolas, tesos, camellones y otros montículos de las tierras bajas de Sudamérica. Revista de Arqueología 29(1): 86-113.


    1. Comptour, M., S. Caillon, D. McKey (2016) Pond fishing in the Congolese cuvette: a story of fishermen, animals and water spirits. Revue d’Ethnoécologie 10/2016. DOI: 10.4000/ethnoecoloige.2795
    1. McKey, D.B., M. Durécu, M. Pouilly, P. Béarez, A. Ovando, M. Kalebe, C.F. Huchzermeyer (2016) Present-day African analogue of a pre-European Amazonian floodplain fishery shows convergence in cultural-niche construction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113(52): 14938-14943. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1613169114
    1. Gonmadje, C., Picard, N., Gourlet-Fleury, S., Réjou-Méchain, M., Freycon, V., Sunderland, T., McKey, D., Doumenge, C. (2017) Altitudinal filtering of large-tree species explains above-ground biomass variation in an Atlantic central African rain forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 33 (2): 143-154.. doi: 10.1017/S0266467416000602.
    1. Vasse, M., Voglmayr, H., Mayer, V., Gueidan, C., Nepel, M., Moreno, L., de Hoog, S., Selosse, M.-A., McKey, D., Blatrix, R. (2017) A fungal phylogenetic perspective of the association between ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and black yeasts (Ascomycota: Chaetothyriales). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B284: 20162519. Doi : 10.1098/rspb.2016.2519
    1. Blatrix, R., Peccoud, J., Born, C., Piatscheck, F., Benoit, L., Sauve, M., Djiéto-Lordon, C., Atteke, C., Wieringa, J.J., Harris, D.J., McKey, D. (2017) Comparative analysis of spatial genetic structure in an ant-plant symbiosis reveals a tension zone and highlights speciation processes in tropical Africa. Journal of Biogeography 44 (8): 1856-1868. doi:10.1111/jbi.12972.
    1. DiGiusto, B., Dounias, E., McKey, D.B. (2017) Facing herbivory on the climb up: Lost opportunities as the main cost of herbivory in the wild yam Dioscorea praehensilis. Ecology and Evolution 7 (16): 6493-6506. Doi: 1002/ece3.3066
    1. Bouka Dipelet, U.G., Florence, J., Doumenge, C., Loumeto, J.J., McKey, D. (2017) Khayae (Meliaceae) specierum Nomenclator. Adansonia 39(1): 15-30. Doi: 5252/a2017n1a2
    1. Blatrix, R., Roux, B., Béarez, P., Prestes-Carneiro, G., Amaya, M., Aramayo, J.L., Rodrigues, L., Lombardo, U., Iriarte, J., de Souza, J.G., Robinson, M., Bernard, C., Pouilly, M., Durécu, M., Huchzermeyer, C.F., Kalebe, M., Ovando, A., McKey, D. (2018) The unique functioning of a pre-Columbian Amazonian floodplain fishery. Scientific Reports 8:5998 | DOI:10.1038/s415
    1. Gonmadje C., Doumenge, C., Sunderland, T., McKey, D. (2019) Environmental filtering determines patterns of tree species composition in small mountains of Atlantic central African forests. Acta Oecologica94 : 12-21. doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2018.04.001
    1. Auttama, P., McKey, D., Kidyoo, A. (2018) Flowering phenology and trap pollination of the rare endemic plant Ceropegia thaithongiae in montane forest of northern Thailand. Botany 96 (9) : 601-620. org/10.1139/cjb-2018-0045
    1. Ho Tong Minh, D., Ndikumana, E., Vieilledent, G., McKey, D., Baghdadi N. (2018) Potential value of combining ALOS PALSAR and Landsat-derived tree cover data for forest biomass retrieval in Madagascar. Remote Sensing of the Environment 213 : 206-214. org/10.1016/j.rse.2018.04.056
    1. Comptour, M., Caillon, S., Rodrigues, L., McKey, D. (2018) Wetland raised-field agriculture and its contribution to sustainability: ethnoecology of a present-day African system and questions about pre-Columbian systems in the American tropics. Sustainability 10(9) : 3120. doi.org/10.3390/su10093120
    1. Wang, M., Huang, S. Li, M, McKey, D., Zhang, L. (2019) Staminodes influence pollen removal and deposition rates in nectar-rewarding self-incompatible Phanera yunnanensis (Caesalpinioideae). Journal of Tropical Ecology 35 (1) : 34-42. Doi.org/1017/S0266467418000433
    1. McKey, D. (2019). Pre-Columbian human occupation of Amazonia and its influence on current landscapes and biodiversity. Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences 91, Suppl. 3.1-9. DOI: 10.1590/0001-3765201920190087
    1. Kokolo, B., Atteke, C., Eyi Mintsa, B.A., Ibrahim, B., McKey, D., Blatrix, R. (2019). Congeneric mutualist ant symbionts (Tetraponera, Pseudomyrmecinae) differ in level of protection of their myrmecophyte hosts (Barteria, Passifloraceae). Journal of Tropical Ecology 35 : 255-259. DOI : 10.1017/S026646741900021X
    1. Bouka U. G., Doumenge C., Loumeto J. J., Florence J., Gonmadje C., McKey, D. (2019) Les acajous d’afrique (Khaya, Meliaceae) : des ressources fortement exploitées et mal connues. Bois et Forêt des Tropiques 339 : 17-32.
    1. Comptour, M., Cosiaux, A., Coomes, O.T., Bader, J.-C., Malaterre,-O., Yoka, J., Caillon, S., McKey, D. (2019) Agricultural innovation and environmental change on the floodplains of the Congo River. The Geographical Journal (in press). DOI : 10.1111/geoj.12314.
    1. Pakull, B., Ekué, M. R., Dipelet, U. G. B., Doumenge, C., McKey, D. B., Loumeto, J. J., Opuni-Frimpong, E., Yorou, S. N., Nacoulma, B. M. Y., Guelly, K. A., Ramamonjisoa, L., Thomas, D., Guichoux, E., Loo, J., Degen, B. (2019) Genetic diversity and differentiation among the species of African mahogany (Khaya) based on a large SNP array. Conservation Genetics (in press). DO1 ; 10.1007/s10592-019-01191-3.


  • Eric GARNIER

    altDirecteur de Recherche (CNRS)

    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier Cedex 5

    tél : +33 4 67 61 32 42
    fax : +33 4 67 61 33 36

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Thèmes de recherche

    Mes travaux portent sur la caractérisation de la diversité fonctionnelle des végétaux, abordée essentiellement par l’étude de leurs traits fonctionnels.

  • Félix DE TOMBEUR

    Felix de Tombeur photoPostdoc researcher (Marie Skłodowska-Curie fellow)

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.





    leaf surface Sue

    Research interests

    Soil scientist fascinated by plant ecophysiology, my research focusses on soil-plant interactions in both natural and controlled conditions. I am particularly interested in silicon (Si), a major component of the Earth’s crust and soils, that is increasingly considered as a key element in plant ecology and agriculture through the fantastic process of biosilicification (mineral deposits in plant organs as seen on the left).



    Research thematic

    I combine expertise in soil science and plant ecophysiology to work on three different research axes:

    • The influence of soil properties, and in particular their evolution over time through the use of long-term chronosequences, on silicon cycling (e.g., soil Si pools and fluxes, Si availability for plants, Si uptake by plants and silicification, biological versus lithological control on Si cycling)
    • The control of overlooked biotic factors on soil-plant Si mobility (e.g., soil microorganisms, large herbivores, root exudates), and how they could be leveraged to increase crop Si status through specific agricultural practices.
    • Developing functional trait-based approaches to better understand the role and functions of Si and silicification in plant ecophysiology, and how it aligns with major ecological theories (plant growth/defense tradeoff, plant economics spectrum, resource availability hypothesis, etc.).


    C. Gilles, P. Finnegan, P. Hayes, K. Ranathunge, T. Burgess, F. de Tombeur, D. Migliorini, P. Dallongeville, G. Glauser, H. Lambers (2024). Facilitative and competitive interactions between mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal plants in an extremely phosphorus-impoverished environment: role of ectomycorrhizal fungi and native oomycete pathogens in shaping species coexistence. New Phytologist. In press.

    L. Barão, F. de Tombeur, J. Schoelynck (2023). Editorial: Silicon cycling in agricultural soils under current anthropogenic influences. Frontiers in Environmental Science. 11:1333256.

    Mahaut L, Violle C, Shihan A, Pélissier R, Morel J-B, de Tombeur F, Rahajaharilaza K, Fabre D, Luquet D, Hartley S, Thorne S, Ballini E, Fort, F (2023), Beyond trait distances: Functional distinctiveness captures the outcome of plant competition. Functional Ecology. 37, 2399-2412

    de Tombeur F, Pélissier R, Shihan A, Rahajaharilaza K, Fort F, Mahaut L, Lemoine T, Thorne S, Hartley S, Luquet D, Fabre D, Lambers H, Morel J-B, Ballini E, Violle C (2023), Growth–defence trade-off in rice: fast-growing and acquisitive genotypes have lower expression of genes involved in immunity. Journal of Experimental Botany. 74, 3094-3101

    de Tombeur F, Raven J, Toussaint A, Lambers H, Cooke J, Hartley S, Johnson S, Coq S, Katz O, Schaller J, Violle C (2023), Why do plants silicify? Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 38, 275-288

    Cornelis JT, de Tombeur F (2022), Soil controls on carboxylate-driven processes and opportunities. Plant and Soil. 476, 239-250

    de Tombeur F, Lemoine T, Violle C, Fréville H, Thorne S, Hartley S, Lambers H, Fort F (2022), Nitrogen availability and plant-plant interactions drive leaf silicon concentration in wheat genotypes. Functional Ecology. 36, 2833-2844

    de Tombeur F, Roux, P, Cornelis JT (2021), Silicon dynamics through the lens of soil-plant feedback interactions: perspectives for agricultural practices. Plant and Soil. 467, 1-28.

    de Tombeur F, Laliberté E, Lambers H, Faucon MP, Zemunik G, Turner BL, Cornelis JT, Mahy G (2021) A shift from phenol to silica-based leaf defenses during long-term soil and ecosystem development. Ecology Letters.24, 984-995.

    de Tombeur F, Cornelis JT, Lambers H (2021), Silicon mobilization by root-released carboxylates. Trends in Plant Science.26, 1116-1125.

    de Tombeur F, Cornelis JT, Laliberté E, Lambers H, Mahy G, Faucon MP, Turner BL (2021) Impact of ecosystem water balance and soil parent material on the terrestrial silicon cycle: insights from three long-term chronosequences. Biogeochemistry. In press.

    de Tombeur F, Cooke J, Collard L, Cisse D, Saba F, Burgeon V, Hassan N, Cornelis JT (2021), Rice-husk biochar affects silicification patterns and physical traits of rice leaves cultivated in desilicated soils (Ferric Lixisol). Plant and Soil.460, 375-390.

    Vander Linden C, Li Z, Iserentant A, Van Ranst E, de Tombeur F, Delvaux B (2021), Rainfall is the major driver of plant Si availability in perudic gibbsitic Andosols. Geoderma. 404, 115295.

    Falster, D, et al.(2021) AusTraits – a curated plant trait database for the Australian flora. Scientific Data.8, 254.

    de Tombeur F, Turner BL, Laliberté E, Lambers H, Cornelis JT (2020) Silicon dynamics during 2 million years of soil development in a coastal dune chronosequence under a Mediterranean climate. Ecosystems. 23, 1614-1630.

    de Tombeur F, Turner BL, Laliberté E, Lambers H, Mahy G, Faucon MP, Zemunik G, Cornelis JT (2020) Plants sustain the terrestrial silicon cycle during ecosystem retrogression. Science. 369, 1245-1248.

    de Tombeur F, Vander Linden C, Cornelis JT, Godin B, Compere P, Delvaux B (2020), Soil and climate affect foliar silicification patterns and silica-cellulose balance in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum). Plant and Soil. 452, 529-546.

    de Tombeur F, Cornu S, Bourlès D, Duvivier A, Pupier J, ASTER Team, Brossard M, Evrard O (2020) Retention of 10Be, 137Cs and 210Pbxs in soils: Impact of physico-chemical characteristics. Geoderma. 367, 114242.

    Li Z, de Tombeur F, Vander Linden C, Cornelis JT, Delvaux B (2020) Soil microaggregates store phytoliths in a sandy loam. Geoderma. 360, 114037.

    Nakamura R, Cornelis JT, de Tombeur F, Yoshinaga A, Nakagawa M, Kitajima K (2020) Diversity of silicon release rates among tropical tree species during leaf-litter decomposition. Geoderma. 368, 114288.

    Nakamura R, Cornelis JT, de Tombeur F, Nakagawa M, Kitajima K (2020) Comparative analysis of borate fusion versus sodium carbonate extraction for quantification of silicon contents in plants. Journal of Plant Research. 133, 271–277.

    Leroy N, de Tombeur F, Walgraffe Y, Cornelis JT, Verheggen F (2019) Silicon and plant natural defenses against insect pests: impact on plant volatile organic compounds and cascade effects on multitrophic interactions. Plants. 8, 444.

    de Tombeur F, Sohy V, Chenu C, Colinet G, Cornelis JT (2018) Effects of permaculture practices on soil physicochemical properties and organic matter distribution in aggregates: a case study of the Bec-Hellouin Farm (France). Frontiers in Environmental Science. 6, 116.


    FINN Fujen Province3

    Directeur de recherche au CNRS


    Je m'intéresse à l'écologie et à l'évolution des interactions inter-spécifiques. Mes études portent plus particulièrement sur les processus de coévolution et de diversification dans le système Ficus-insectes des figues.


    I am interested in the ecology and evolution of inter-specific interactions. My studies are largely focused on coevolutionary processes and diversification in the fig-fig wasp system.


    Courriel : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

  • Florian FORT

    IMG 0675Maître de conférences Montpellier SupAgro

    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

    tél :  +33 4 67 61 33 35
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    Thèmes de recherche

    Mes travaux de recherche portent sur la caractérisation de la diversité fonctionnelle des systèmes racinaires de plantes herbacées, et plus particulièrement sur les liens existant entre les syndromes de traits fonctionnels des espèces et leur capacité à faire face à des contraintes abiotique (déficit en P et N, sécheresse) et des contraintes biotiques (interaction plante-plante). Ils visent à améliorer notre connaissance du fonctionnement des couverts plurispécifiques ou plurivariétaux qu’ils soient naturels ou cultivés.

    Cette thématique générale de recherche s'organise autour de trois axes principaux :

    • L’étude des relations entre syndromes de traits racinaires et stratégie d’acquisition des ressources hydriques et minérales au niveau de l’espèce.
    • L’étude des interactions entre plantes herbacées annuelles ou pérennes en fonction de leurs valeurs de traits et de l’impact des conditions de croissances sur le type et la force de ces interactions.
    • La mise en évidence d’une diversité fonctionnelle au sein d’espèces ayant un intérêt agronomique, et de l’intérêt de l’approche fonctionnelle apmliquée à la sélection et au développement de règles d’assemblage des couverts.



    Montazeaud G., Violle C., Roumet P., Rocher A., Ecarnot M., Compan F., Maillet G., Fort F., Fréville H. (2020) Multifaceted functional diversity for multifaceted crop yield: towards ecological assembly rules for varietal mixtures. Journal of Applied Ecology

    Spor A., Roucou A., Mounier A., Bru D., Breuil M-C., Fort F., Vile D., Roumet P., Philippot L., Violle C. (2020) Domestication-driven changes in plant traits associated with changes in the assembly of the rhizosphere microbiota in tetraploid wheat. Scientific report

    Montazeaud G., Rousset F., Fort F., Violle C., Fréville H., Gandon S. (2020) Farming plant cooperation in crops. Proceeding B

    Fort F., Freschet G.T. (2020) Plant ecological indicator values as predictors of fine-root trait variations. Journal of Ecology

    Rossi L. M. W., Mao Z., Merino-Martín L., Roumet C., Fort F., Taugourdeau O., Boukcim H., Stéphane Fourtier S., Del Rey-Granado M., Chevallier T., Cardinael R., Fromin N., Stokes A. (2020) Pathways to persistence: plant root traits alter carbon accumulation in different soil carbon pools. Plant and Soil

    Houde S., Thivierge M.-N., Fort F., Bélanger G., Chantigny M.H., Angers D. A., Vanasse A. (2020) Root growth and turnover in perennial forages as affected by management systems and soil depth. Plant and Soil

    Foxx A., Fort F. (2019) Root and shoot competition lead to contrasting competitive outcomes under water stress: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PloS One

    Mahaut L., Fort F., Violle C. & Freschet G. (2019)  Multiple facets of diversity effects on plant productivity: species richness, functional diversity, species identity and intraspecific competition. Functional Ecology

    Vasseur F., Sartori K., Baron E., Fort F., Kazakou E., Segrestin J., Garnier E., Vile D., Violle C. (2018)Climate as a driver of adaptive variations in ecological strategies in Arabidopsis thaliana.Annals of Botany

    Freschet G.T., Violle C., Bourget M.Y., Scherer-Lorenzen M., Fort F (2018) Allocation, morphology, physiology, architecture: the multiple facets of plant above and belowground responses to resource stress. New phytologist 

    Roucou A., Violle C., Fort F., Roumet P., Ecarnot M., Vile D (2018) Shifts in functional strategies over the course of durum wheat domestication. Journal of Applied Ecology

    Montazeaud G., Violle C., Luquet D., Ahmadi N., Fréville H., Fort F (2018) Does niche complementarity exist for below-ground resources?A case study with rice genotypic pairs mixture among two levels of P availability. Plant and Soil

    Freschet G.T., Valverde-Barrantes O.J., Tucker C.M, Craine J.M., McCormack M.L., Violle C., Fort F., Blackwood C.B, Urban-Mead K.R., Iversen C.M., Bonis A., Comas L.H., Cornelissen J.H.C., Dong M., Guo D., Hobbie S.E., Holdaway R.J., Kembel S.W., Makita N., Onipchenko V.G., Picon-Cochard C., Reich P.B., de la Riva E.G., Smith S.W., Soudzilovskaia N.A., Tjoelker M.G., Wardle D.A., Roumet C (2017) Climate, soil and plant functional types as drivers of global fine-root trait variation. Journal of Ecology

    Fort F., Volaire F., Guilioni L., Barkaoui K., Navas M-L., Roumet C (2017) Root traits are related to plant water-use among rangeland Mediterranean species. Functional Ecology

    Fort F., Cruz P., Lecloux E., Bittencourt de Oliveira L., Stroia C., Theau JP., Jouany C (2016) Grassland root functional parameters vary according to a community-level resource acquisition-conservation trade-off. Journal of Vegetation Science.

    Fort F., Jouany C., Cruz P (2015) Hierarchical traits distances explain grassland Fabaceae species’ ecological niches distances. Frontiers in Plant Science

    Triboullois H., Fort F., Cruz P., Charles R., Flores O., Garnier E., Justes E (2015) A function characterisation of wide range of cover crop species: growth and nitrogen acquisition rates, leaf traits and ecological strategies. PloS One.

    Fort F., Jouany C., Cruz P (2014) Early-stage competition for water and phosphorus among functionally contrasting roots grasses: support for the competition-trait hierarchy hypothesis. Functional Ecology

    Fort F., Cruz P., Catrice O., Stroia C., Delbrut A., Luzarreta M., Jouany C (2014) Root functional strategies explain water and phosphorus stress resistance among 13 grasslands’ Fabaceae. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 110: 62-72, DOI: 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2014.09.007      

    Fort F (2013) Intraspecific functional trait variations and Populus varieties performances. (commentaire) Frontiers in Plant Science

    Fort F., Jouany C., Cruz P (2013) Root and leaf functional trait relations in Poaceae species implications of differing resource-acquisition strategies. Journal of Plant Ecology


  • Franck RICHARD

    F Richard

    Professeur des Universités, Université de Montpellier


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  • Françoise FONS



    Professeur des universités, Université de Montpellier


    Mes travaux de recherche concernent la biodiversité végétale et fongique source de substances naturelles (composés phénoliques, saponines, composés organiques volatils, peptides, exsudats racinaires) permettant les interactions de la plante ou du champignon avec son environnement (micro-organismes, microfaune, homme) et dont certaines présentent des activités biologiques valorisables par l’homme (dépollution, agro-alimentaire, pharmaceutique, industriel…) ou un impact négatif sur la santé humaine (toxines fongiques) .


    My research focuses on vegetal and fungal biodiversity source of natural substances (phenolic compounds, saponins, volatile organic compounds, peptides, root exudates) allowing interactions of the plant or the mushroom with its environment (microorganisms, microfauna, human) with biological activities valorizable by human (mycoremediation, agro-alimentary, pharmaceutical, industrial) or with a negative impact on human health (fungal toxin).


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  • Jean-Louis MARTIN


    Directeur de Recherche Emerite au CNRS / Emeritus Senior Scientist at CNRS


    J’étudie les réponses des communautés animales et végétales aux changements d’origine humaine (espèces introduites, usage des sols), en milieu tempéré et méditerranéen.


    I study plant and animal community response to human induced change (introduced  species, land use) in temperate and méditerranean systems.


    Courriel: jean-louis.martin [at] cefe.cnrs.fr

     JLete2014 petit



  • JOFFRE Richard

    Directeur de Recherche ( DR1)/Directeur du CEFE

    Mes travaux portent sur la compréhension de la régulation du fonctionnement des écosystèmes terrestres en terme de flux de matière (eau, carbone, nutriments…). Initialement centrées sur les écosystèmes méditerranéens, mes activités ont été élargies à d’autres écosystèmes subissant de très fortes contraintes (les hauts plateaux andins). 

    My research focuses on the understanding of terrestrial ecosystems functioning in terms of fluxes (water, carbon, nutrients...). Initially centered on Mediterranean ecosystems, my research activities have been extended to the Andean highlands).

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Mots-clés:Ecologie fonctionnelle-  Changements planetaires -   Méditerranée - Andes - Quercus -  Chenopodium quinoa - Spectroscopie proche infrarouge

    Key-words:Functional Ecology - Global Change - Mediterranean Basin - Andes -Quercus - Chenopodium quinoa - NIRS


  • Johanne NAHMANI

    Chargée de recherche (CR1) 


    Responsable de l’équipe BIOFLUX

    Campus du CNRS

    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5
    tel:+33 (0)4 67 61 32 43
    fax:+33 (0)4 67 41 33 36

    e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



    Mots clés : 

    Macroinvertébrés du sol, Diversité, Rôle fonctionnel (Structuration des sols, Décomposition des litières), Perturbations anthropiques et changements globaux, Traits biologiques, écologiques et fonctionnels

  • John D. THOMPSON

    johnmini 2

    John D. Thompson

    Directeur de recherches, première classe

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Programme de recherche

    Depuis le début ma carrière de scientifique à Montpellier en 1989 mes recherches se placent toujours dans le cadre historique, bio-géographique et paysager particulièrement fascinant de la région Méditerranéenne et se focalisent sur l’écologie, l’évolution et la conservation de la flore.

    Dans cette région les changements historiques et contemporains pourraient avoir des conséquences profondes aussi bien pour la dynamique et la viabilité des populations et des communautés, que pour la capacité de réponse évolutive rapide des espèces, aspect scientifique trop souvent négligé. n élément clé dans mes recherches concerne mon investissement dans une recherche qui s'articule autour de collaborations interdisciplinaires très étroites (sciences humaines) et l'animation d'une interface fonctionnelle entre problématique scientifique et enjeux de conservation.

    Ces recherches s’articulent autour des thèmes suivants :

    • L’application de notre connaissance sur l’évolution de la flore à la conservation conservation du potentiel évolutif.
    • L’ évaluation de l’état de conservation des populations d’espèces rares, endémique où en limite d’aire.
    • La connaissance de la niche fine des espèces en tant que connaissance fondamentale pour la gestion de la flore.
    • L’analyse des interfaces entre connaissances écologique, perceptions culturelles et savoirs-faire locaux (notamment pour la cueillette) dans la conservation de la flore.

    Actuellement je mène des recherches dans le cadre du programme « Transitions écologiques et flore protégée : la gestion conservatoire à l’échelle de la niche (TRANECOL) financé par l’OFB et le CEMEB. Ce programme a pour but d’analyser la variabilité de la niche des espèces végétales protégées en situations de transitions écologiques où le fonctionnement des milieux est particulièrement contrasté en région méditerranéenne: en l’occurence la mosaïque de milieux côtiers où la micro-topographie et la salinité varie de manière très forte sur des espaces très restraints, les gradients d’altitude en arrière pays et sur les écotones entre grands types de substrat. L’objectif ici est d’informer les stratégies et actions des gestionnaires sur l’importance d’identifier la niche écologique des espèces à l’échelle très fine du fonctionnement des individus en milieu hétérogène.

    Notre travail se fait en étroite collaboration avec les gestionnaires dans trois contextes :

    • le territoire du Parc National du Mercantour,
    • la Réserve Naturelle Régionale de Sainte Lucie et d’autres sites sur le territoire du Parc Naturel Régional de la Narbonnaise en Méditerranée,
    • le site Natura 2000 de la Grande Maïre à Portiragnes dont la gestion est attribuée à la Communauté d’Agglomération Hérault Méditerranée et d’autres espaces de près salés sur le pourtour Méditerranéen.

    Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean

    My first book - Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean - was published in 2005. It provided the first synthetic account of the majors processes of evolution in the Mediterranean flora in relation to the history and ecology of the region. It analyzed patterns of species’ distributions and traits in the evolution of the remarkable diversity and degree of endemism that characterize the Mediterranean flora.

    CoverfrontminiEver since 2005 here has been an immense amount of new and fascinating work on the history, ecology, and evolution of the Mediterranean flora. During this time, human impacts have continued to increase dramatically, significantly influencing both the ecology and evolution of the region’s biota.

    My second book, Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean - Insights for conservation, published in 2020 represents a comprehensive update on these issues.

    This is not a traditional book on plant evolution, but rather a novel integration of a diverse and scattered literature to produce a synthetic account of Mediterranean plant evolutionary ecology that maintains the accessible style of the previous version but in a new structural framework. History, ecology, biogeography, and evolution are all set in the context of a dramatically increasing footprint. I argue how an understanding of the evolutionary ecology of the region’s flora can be used to provide insights into its conservation and management.


    Conseils scientifiques

    Sur le thème de la protection de la nature en région Méditerranéenne et ces montagnes, j’ai établi les liens très forts avec les gestionnaires de sites et d’aires protégées. Cet engagement se concrétise par mon rôle en tant que président de deux conseils scientifiques et membre de deux autres.

    • Président

    Conseil scientifique du Parc National du Mercantour

    Conseil scientifique du Parc Naturel Régional de la Narbonnaise en Méditerranée

    • Membre

    Conseil scientifique du Conservatoire Botanique National Méditerranéen

    Conseil scientifique du Parc National des Calanques



    A lire

    Raevel, V., Munoz, F., Pons, V., Renaux, A., Martin, A. & Thompson, J.D. 2013. Changing assembly processes during a primary succession of plant communities on Mediterranean roadcuts. Journal of Plant Ecology, 6, 19-28.

    Thompson, J. D., Charpentier, A., Bouguet, G., Charmasson, F., Roset, S., Buatois, B., Vernet, P. & Gouyon, P.-H. 2013. Evolution of a genetic polymorphism with climate change in a Mediterranean landscape. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (USA), 110, 2893-2897.

    Gauthier, P., Foulon, Y., Jupille, O. & Thompson, J.D. 2013. Quantifying vulnerability to assess priorities for conservation management. Biological Conservation,158, 321-325.

    Berjano R., Gauthier P., Fisogni A., Doblas, D., Pons V. & Thompson J.D. 2013. Mate limitation in populations of the endangered Convolvulus lineatus L.: a case for genetic rescue ? Journal for Nature Conservation, 21, 334-341.

    Schatz, B. Gauthier, P. Debussche, M. & Thompson, J.D. 2014. A decision tool for listing species for protection on different geographic scales and administrative levels. Journal for Nature Conservation, 22, 75-83

    Borie, M., Mathevet, R., Letourneau, A., Ring, I., Thompson,J.D. & Marty, P. 2014. Exploring the contribution of fiscal transfers to protected area policy. Ecology and Society, 19(1): 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05716-190109

    Mathevet, R., Thompson, J.D., Folke, C. & Chapin III, F.S. 2016 Protected areas and their surrounding territory: socio-ecological systems in the context of ecological solidarity. Ecological Applications, 26, 5-16.

    Pironon, S. Papuga, G., Villellas, J., Angert, A.L., García, M.B. & Thompson, J.D. 2017. Geographic variation in genetic and demographic performance: new insights from the analysis of an old biogeographical paradigm. Biological Reviews, 92, 1877-1909.

    Bigard, C., Pioch, S. & Thompson, J.D. 2017. The inclusion of biodiversity in impact assessment for urban development projects: policy-related progress limited by gaps and blurred by semantic confusion. Journal of Environmental Management, 200, 35-45.

    Vimal, R., Fonderflick, J., Thompson, J.D., Pluvinet, P., Debussche, M., Cheylan, M., Géniez, P., Mathevet, R., Acquarone, A., & Lepart, J. 2018. Integrating habitat diversity into species conservation in the Mediterranean mosaic landscape. Basic and Applied Ecology, 22, 36–43. 

    Thompson, J.D., Gauthier, P., Papuga, G., Pons, V., Debussche, M. & Farris, E. 2018. The conservation significance of natural hybridisation in Mediterranean plants: from a case study on Cyclamen (Primulaceae) to a general perspective. Plant Biology, 20 (Suppl. 1), 128-138.

    Papuga, G. Gauthier, P., Pons, V., Farris, E. & Thompson, J.D. 2018. Eological niche differentiation in peripheral populations: a comparative analysis of eleven Mediterranean plant species, Ecography, 41, 1-15.

    Thompson, J.D., Amiot, J., Borron, C., Linhart, Y.B., Keefover-Ring, K. & Gauthier, P. 2019. Spatial heterogeneity of gall formation in relation to chemotype distribution in Thymus vulgaris.Plant

    Gauthier, P., Bernard, C. & Thompson, J.D. 2019. Assessing landscape vulnerability for populations of listed Mediterranean plants. Journal for Nature Conservation,51, Article 125736.

    Gauthier, P., Pons, V., Fisogni, A., Murru, V., Berjano, R., Dessena, S. Maccioni, A., Chelo, C., Doncieux., A., Papuga, G. & Thompson, J.D. 2019. Monitoring population dynamics in rare and endangered Mediterranean plants. Journal for Nature Conservation,52, Article 125758.

    Bigard, C., Thiriet, P., Pioch, S. & Thompson, J.D. 2020. Strategic landscape-scale planning to improve mitigation hierarchy implementation: an empirical case study in Mediterranean France. Land-Use Policy, 90, Article 104286.

    Thompson, J.D. & Mathevet, R. 2017. Solidarité écologique. Espaces Naturels, 58, 13.

    A regarder

    Fleurs sauvages de la Méditerranée, « Sous le soleil ». ARTE 2019 https://www.arte.tv/fr/videos/069769-001-A/les-secrets-des-fleurs-sauvages-sous-le-soleil/


  • Lauren GILLESPIE



    CNRS CEFE (Room 212A)Soil logo v3 change

    1919, route de Mende

    34293 Montpellier



    Sujet de thèse :L’impact du changement climatique sur le fonctionnement microbien du sol le long des gradients de diversité des arbres dans des forêts Européennes.

    Thesis subject:Soil microbial functioning under climate change across tree diversity gradients in European forests.

    Encadrants/Supervisors : Stephan HÄTTENSCHWILER, Nathalie FROMIN & Alexandru MILCU


    Objectif (français) : 

    Ma thèse fait partie du projet collaboratif « SoilForEUROPE » avec la participation de plusieurs partenaires en France, en Allemagne, en Belgique, en Suède et en Pays-Bas. SoilForEUROPE vise à comprendre la relation entre la diversité des espèces d’arbres et la diversité des organismes du sol, et leurs conséquences pour le fonctionnement des écosystèmes forestiers sous changement climatique à l’échelle Européenne.IMG 20170819 WA0007

    L’objectif de ma thèse est de comprendre les mécanismes sous-jacents de la résistance et la résilience du fonctionnement microbien (l’activité microbien et les flux de gaz) face à des évènements de sècheresse extrême sous conditions contrôlées (sur le terrain et à l’Ecotron Européen à Montpellier). Je vais également interagir étroitement avec l’ensemble des membres du consortium sur différents aspects liés aux activités microbiennes (la diversité microbienne, la diversité de la faune de sol, le fonctionnement des racines, etc.).   

    Objective (english) :

    My PhD is part of the SoilForEUROPE project including several partners from France, Germany, Belgium, Sweden, and the Netherlands. SoilForEUROPE aims to understand the relationships between tree species diversity and soil diversity, and their consequences for ecosystem functioning across major European forest types under climate change.

    The objective of my PhD is to understand the driving mechanisms of ecosystem resistance and resilience of microbial functioning (microbial activity and trace gas fluxes) to extreme drought events under controlled conditions (in the field and at the European Ecotron in Montpellier). I will also closely interact with all members of the consortium on related aspects (microbial diversity, soil fauna diversity, root functioning, etc.).


    Publications :

    Hättenschwiler S., Barantal S., Ganault P., Gillespie L., Coq S., (2018). Quels enjeux sont associés à la biodiversité des sols ? Innovations Agronomiques, 69, 1-14.

    Bristiel, P., Gillespie, L., Østrem, L., Balachowski, J., Violle, C., & Volaire, F. (2018). Experimental evaluation of the robustness of the growth–stress tolerance trade‐off within the perennial grass Dactylis glomerata. Functional Ecology, 32(8),1944-1958.
    Gillespie, L. M., & Volaire, F. A. (2017). Are winter and summer dormancy symmetrical seasonal adaptive strategies? The case of temperate herbaceous perennials. Annals of botany, 119(3), 311-323.
    Yap, T. A., Gillespie, L., Ellison, S., Flechas, S. V., Koo, M. S., Martinez, A. E., & Vredenburg, V. T. (2016). Invasion of the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis on California islands. EcoHealth, 13(1), 145.
    Études/Education :                                
    Master 2 (Second year of Master's program) (2015) : La relation entre croissance et survie au stress constitue-t-elle un compromis évolutif ou une relation dynamique: le cas de Dactylis glomerata L.(Is the relationship between growth and stress survival an evolutionary trade-off or a dynamic linkage: the case of Dactylis glomerata L.).  Encadré par : Florence VOLAIRE (Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive – CNRS – 34293 Montpellier – France). Formation : Master 2 Biodiversité, Ecologie et Environnement à l’Université Grenoble Alpes.
    Master 1 (First year of Master's program) (2014) : Effets du dérangement humain sur les oiseaux forestiers (Effects of anthropogenic disturbance on forest birds). Encadré par : Yves Bötsch (La Station Ornithologique Suisse – 6204 – Sempach – Suisse). Formation : Master 1 Biodiversité, Ecologie et Environnement – Université Grenoble Alpes – Grenoble – France.
    Bachelor (2008 – 2012) : Formation : Biology concentration in Ecology – San Francisco State University – California – USA
  • Laurence MONDOLOT



    Maître de Conférences, Université de Montpellier


    Etude in situ des médiateurs chimiques des plantes (métabolites phénoliques surtout), intervenant lors de stress biotiques (modèle Helianthus/Sclerotinia ; Vitis/Plasmopara Vitis/Eutypa ; Leonardoxa/fourmis ; Coffea/Nématodes ; Oriza/Nématodes) ou abiotiques (détection de l'activité herbicide sur des graminées nuisibles…), ainsi que lors de variations du milieu (cas de la domestication chez le Manioc…), ou lors de variations physiologiques (cycle végétatif du caféier, exposition aux rayonnements UV de caféiers et de Centella asiatica …)


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  • Laurent DORMONT



    Maître de conférences, Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier III


    Mon objectif est de comprendre le rôle et l’importance des odeurs et des médiateurs chimiques dans le fonctionnement et l’évolution des relations plantes-insectes. Je m’intéresse particulièrement aux aspects suivants : quelles sont les caractéristiques des odeurs et des signaux chimiques disponibles pour les insectes ? Quelle est l’activité biologique de ces molécules (réponse comportementale des insectes) ? Dans quelle mesure et à quel(s) niveau(x) ces interactions chimiques jouent un rôle dans le fonctionnement et l’évolution des systèmes plantes-insectes ?

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