Ecologie Fonctionnelle

CHUINE Isabelle

Director of Research CNRScrédit photo: Gonzague Nanda

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CEFE, 1919 route de Mende
F-34293 Montpellier cedex 05

Phone: +33 (0)4 67 61 32 79
Fax: +33 (0)4 67 61 33 36


Research Interest

My research lies at the interface between functional ecology and evolutionary ecology, and focuses on a functional view of the ecological niche of plant species in which phenology is a key stone. I am studying mainly forest tree species, and I am using a combination of modelling (PMP, PHENOFIT), experimental work in field or controlled conditions, as well as long term monitoring of natural populations. My work is deeply concerned by climate change and the models I develop are intended to provide accurate forecast of species distribution and phenology for the upcoming centuries. I created a national research group on phenology whose main achievements are an online database, a national observatory and the Science Citizen program Observatoire Des Saisons.

Adaptation – Citizen Science – Climate change – Process-based modeling – Phenology – Species distribution


PMP - Phenology Modelling Platform

PMP is a software allowing to build and parametrize process-based phenological models. Download PMP here.



2011     Habilitation in Evolutionary Biology and Ecology. Univ. Montpellier, France.
1998     PhD in Evolutionary Biology and Ecology. Univ. Montpellier, France .
1995     Master in Evolution and Ecology, Agro M. & Univ. Montpellier.

Selected publications

  • Saltré F, Duputié A, Gaucherel C, Chuine I (2015) How climate, migration ability and habitat fragmentation affect the projected future distribution of European beech. Global Change Biology, 21 (2), 897-910. PDF
  • A Duputié, A Rutschmann, O Ronce, I Chuine. (2015) Phenological plasticity will not help all species adapt to climate change. Global change biology 21 (8), 3062-3073. PDF
  • Saltré F., Saint-Amant R., Gritti E.S., Brewer S., Gaucherel C., Davis B.A.S. & Chuine I. (2013). Climate or migration: what limited European beech postglacial colonization? Global Ecol. Biogeogr., 22(11):1217-1227. PDF
  • Chuine I., Atauri I.G.d.C., Kramer K. & Hänninen H. (2013). Plant Development Models. In: Phenology: An Integrative Environmental Science (ed. Schwarz MD). Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 275-293. PDF
  • Cheaib A., Badeau V., Boe J., Chuine I., Delire C., Dufrêne E., François C., Gritti E.S., Legay M., Pagé C., Thuiller W., Viovy N. & Leadley P. (2012). Climate change impacts on tree ranges: model intercomparison facilitates understanding and quantification of uncertainty. Ecol. Lett., 15, 533–544. PDF
  • Caffarra A., Donnelly A. & Chuine I. (2011). Modelling the timing of Betula pubescens budburst. II. Integrating complex effects of photoperiod into process-based models. , 46, 159-170. PDF
  • Chuine I., Morin X. et H. Bugmann (2010) Warming, photoperiods and tree phenology. Science 277-278. PDF
  • Morin X., J. Roy, L. Sonié, et (2010) Changes in phenology of three European oak species in response to experimental climate change. New Phytologist 186(4) :900-910. PDF
  • Chuine I. (2010) Why does phenology drive species distribution? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society – Biology 365:3149-3160. Doi 10.1098/rstb.2010.0142. PDF
  • Morin X, Lechowicz MJ, Augspurger C, O Keefe J, Viner D, et Chuine (2009) Leaf phenology in 22 North American tree species during the 21st century. Global Change Biology, 15: 961-975. PDF
  • Morin X., D. Viner et .
  • Cleland E. E., , A. Menzel, H. A. Mooney et M. D. Schwartz. (2007) Changing plant phenology in response to climate change. TREE, 22(7): 357-365. PDF
  • Morin X., C. Augspurger, et Chuine (2007) Process-based modeling of tree species’ distributions. What limits temperate tree species’ range boundaries? Ecology, 88(9) : 2280-2291. PDF
  • Morin X., T. Améglio, R. Ahas, C. Kurz-Besson, V. Lanta, F. Lebourgeois, F. Miglietta, et Chuine (2007)Spatio-temporal variation of cold hardiness of three European tree species. Tree Physiology, 27:817-825. PDF
  • Morin X. et(2006) Niche breadth, competitive strength and range size of tree species: a trade-off based framework to understand species range size. Ecology Letters, 9: 185-195. PDF
  • Morin X. et (2005)Sensitivity analysis of the tree distribution model PHENOFIT to climatic input characteristics: implications for climate impact assessment. Global Change Biology. 11(9):1493-1503. PDF
  • Chuine I., P. Yiou, N. Viovy, B. Seguin, V. Daux, et E. Le Roy Ladurie (2004) Grape ripening as an indicator of past climate. Nature 432:289-290. PDF
  • Chuine E. Beaubien (2001) Phenology is a major determinant of temperate tree distributions. Ecology Letters, 4: 500-510. PDF
  • Chuine I. A unified model for tree phenology (2000) Journal of Theoretical Biology, 707: 337-347. PDF