• Anne Charmantier

    2019 03 23.Arinelle 57 AnnebleueDirectrice de recherche (DR1)

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

    E-mail : anne.charmantier[at]cefe.cnrs.fr

    Thèmes de recherche: Evolution et génétique quantitative dans les populations naturelles; sénescence; sélection sexuelle.

  • Claire Doutrelant

     ClaireDoutrelantcd

    Tenure CNRS research scientist (DR)

    CEFE CNRS 1919 Rte de Mende, 34293 Montpellier

    Tél : +33/0 4 67 61 32 60 / This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

     

     

    My research is centered in the theoretical framework of evolutionary ecology, population biology and behavioural ecology. My projects aim at understanding life history variation in order to determine the adaptive and evolutionary processes that explain and maintain animal diversity. I´m particularly interested by three kinds of life history traits linked to behavior: cooperation, animal communication and maternal invesment. I'm mainly using birds as biological models. I'm mainly using empirical methods, including large-scale experiments and analyses of long-term data sets on different populations of passerine birds in the field.

    I'm currently working on four main projects. 1) Evolution of colour ormentation in birds(with a special focus on female coloration and blue tits) 2) the cause and life history traits consequences of cooperation in sociable weavers ; 3) Sexual and social evolution on islands, and 4) the evolution of weaver nests. I'm also part of  the art-science project Obô.

    1 - Evolution of ornementation in birds

     Image1

     Photos: Claire Doutrelant

    Team: Arnaud GREGOIRE(Lecturer, Univ Montpellier), Amélie FARGEVIEILLE (post Doc), David LóPEZ-IDIáQUEZ (Post doc), Lisa SANDMEYER (PhD Student)

    Collaborations: Anne CHARMANTIER(CEFE),  Denis REALE(UQUAM, Canada), Céline TEPLITSKY(CEFE), Doris GOMEZ(CEFE),   Julien RENOULT (CEFE),  RIta COVAS(CIBIO Portugal, FizPatrick Institute SA); Maria DEL REY (spectrophotometric measurements), Christophe de FRANCESCHI(field work and data base management), Samuel PERRET(Field work and Patch measurements), Annick LUCAS(Field work and Patch measurements), Pablo GIOVANNINI(Field work)

    * Evolution of female colour ornementation

    In this project we use a combination of empirical and comparative approaches to address three fundamental questions on sexual and social selection in both monomorphic species and dimorphic species in which females present conspicuous traits. Our questions are the following (i) Are female conspicuous traits under sexual /social selection ? (ii) Do female conspicuous traits reflect female quality and which mechanisms maintain signal honesty? (iii) What are the population consequences of female signalling and mutual sexual selection.

    Examples of publications (full list below)

    Fargevieille, A., Grégoire, A., Gomez, D. & Doutrelant, C. 2023Evolution of female color in birds: the role of paternal care and female reproductive costs.Journal of evolutionary ecology. 36(3), 579-588

    Doutrelant, C., Fargevieille, A., Grégoire, A.  2020.Evolution of female coloration: what have we learned from birds in general and blue tits in particular. Adv. Study in Behaviour PDF

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     Photo Claire Doutrelant

     * Evolution of plumage ornement in space and time

    Selection often varies in space and time and long-term research that spans broad spatial scales is needed to understand the factors driving phenotypic variation and to assess the links between traits and fitness.  To assess the importance of spatiotemporal variation  and its consequences on selection estimates, we collected data on two study systems: (i) the blue tit (yellow and UV-blue colorationsmeasured by spectrophotometry since 2005, 600 birds measured each year); (ii) the  size of the sociable weaver melanin patch  since 2010 (the bib patch is photographied each year on 400 individuals)

    Examples of publications (full list below)

     Lopez-Idiaquez, D.; Teplitsky, C.; Grégoire, A.; Fargevieille, F.; del Rey, M.; de Franceschi, C.; Charmantier, A.; Doutrelant, C. 2022. Long-term decrease in colouration: a consequence of climate change? American Naturalist https://doi.org/10.1086/719655   

    Fargevieille, A., Grégoire, A., Charmantier, A., Rey Granado, M., Doutrelant, C. 2017. Assortative mating by colored ornaments in blue tits: space and time matter Ecology Evolution.7 2069-2078  PDF

     Acker, P., Grégoire, A..,Rat, M., Spottiswoode C. N.,van Dijk, R. E., Paquet,M., Kaden, J.C., Pradel R. , Hatchwell,B. J. , Covas, R.*, Doutrelant,C.* 2015. Disruptive viability selection on a black plumage trait associated with dominance Jounal of Evolutionary Biology28: 2027-2041 PDF

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    Dominance interaction -  Photo Franck Théron

     

    2 -Evolution and consequences of cooperation

     *TEAM: Co Pi: Rita COVAS(http://www.fitzpatrick.uct.ac.za/fitz/staff/research/covas; CIBIO, Portugal), André FERREIRA (Univ. Zurich), Franck THERON (data base managmer and field), Liliana SILVA (video manager and machine Learning methods) Jorge Garcia Campa (Post doc),  Gabriel Munar(Postdoc), Babette FOURIE (PhD Student), Nicolas  SILVA(PhD Student), Marta MARMELO (PhD Student); , Fanny RYBAK(Univ Orsay, FR),

    *Collaboration:  Matthieu PAQUET(Swenden), Bruno FAIVRE(Univ. Dijon, FR), François CRISCUOLO& Sandrine ZAHN(Univ Strasbourg, FR),  Julien Renoult(CEFE, FR)

               Website: https://sociableweaverproject.com/

    The project aims at understanding the fitness bases of cooperation and the consequences of cooperation for population dynamics through its effects on reproductive output, survival and dispersal. Our study model is an endemic passerine bird from southern African passerine. This bird is a cooperative breeder. In cooperatively breeding species, mature individuals called ‘helpers’ assist the breeding pairs by bringing additional food to the nest. We work on the evolution of different cooperative behaviours – cooperative breeding, nest building and predator mobbing and on the relationship between cooperation, fitness, dispersal and long-term population dynamics.

    Currently our project has two main aims: (i) determining whether sexual or social selection play a role in the evolution of cooperation and thus the role of partner choice ; (ii) determining  how presence / absence of co-operators affects maternal effects and parental investments

    This project is suppported by the PercyFizpatric Institute of the University of Cape Town & the INEE - CNRS: Long-term Studies in Ecology and Evolution (SEE-Life)

    http://www.fitzpatrick.uct.ac.za/fitz/research/programmes/longterm/sociableweaver

    Examples of publications (full list below)

    D'Amelio, P.; Ferreira, A.; Fortuna, R.; Paquet, M.; Silva, L. ; Theron, F.; Doutrelant, C.; Covas, R. 2022. Disentangling climatic and nest predator impact on reproductive output reveals adverse high temperature effects regardless of helper number in an arid-region cooperative bird Ecology Letter25(1), 151-162

    Covas, R., Lardy, S.; Silva, L.; Rey, B.; Ferreira, A. C.; Théron, F.; Tognetti, A.; Faivre, B. Doutrelant, C. 2022.The oxidative cost of helping and its minimisation in a cooperative breeder Behavioural Ecology33(3), 504-517

    Fortuna, R. Paquet, M., Ferreira, A.C; Silva, L Theron, F & Doutrelant, C & Covas, R 2021 Maternal allocation in relation to weather, predation and social factors in a colonial cooperative bird Journal of Animal ecology 90, 1122-1133.

    Ferreira, A., Silva, L., Renna, F., Brandl, H. B., Renoult, J., Farine, D., Covas, R. & Doutelant, C.  2020 Deep learning based methods for individual recognition in small birds. Method in Ecol Evol PDF

    Covas, R. & Doutrelant, C.* 2019. Testing the sexual and social benefits of cooperation in animals. Trends Ecol Evol In press. *Both authors contributed equally to the manuscript PDF

    tisserins Photos: Claire Doutrelant


      3- Evolution on islands

    TEAM:  Rita Covas (CIBIO, Portugal), FitzPatrick Institute, Univ Cape Town), Martim Melo(CIBIO),  Claire Loiseau ( Univ Montpellier), Ana Leitao (Post doc ); Raquel Ponti (Post doc)

                 Website: https://islandbirdproject.com/

    Islands are unique ecosystems sharing a distinctive set of characteristics that make them particularly interesting to study adaptation by organisms. The isolation and reduced area of islands result in simplified ecological ecosystems and an impoverished fauna that are expected to lead to convergent patterns of adaptation (the ‘insularity syndrome’). Our aim is to establish, using comparative work , whether island birds worldwide display such convergent shift for ornamentation, songs, behaviour and morphology. Then we aim at determining which factors lead to those changes and are particularly interested by the role of parasitism and interspecific competition. We worked on data collected in natural history museum and in the field (Sao Tome, Madeira, Gabon, Cameroun).

    Examples of publications (full list below)

    Ponti, R., Doutrelant, C., & Covas, R. (2023). Strength of the ‘island rule’in birds is positively associated with absence of avian predators.Biology Letters, 19(3), 20220536

    Barthe, M., Doutrelant, C., Covas, R., Melo, M., Illera, J. C., Tilak, M. K.,... & Nabholz, B. (2022). Evolution of immune genes in island birds: reduction in population sizes can explain island syndrome. Peer Community Journal, 2.

    Robert, A., Melo, M., Lengagne, T.,. Julien, S..& Doutrelant, C. 2021Patterns of bird song evolution on islands support the character release hypothesis in tropical but not in temperate latitudes. Journal of Evolutionary Biology34(10), 1580-1591

    Bliard, L., Robert, A. Paquet, M, Renoult, J., Grégoire, A., Crochet, P.A. Covas, R & Doutrelant, C. 2020 Examining the link between relaxed predation and bird colouration on islands.  Biol Lett PDF

    Robert, A., Lengagne, T., Melo, M., Julien, S.., Gardette, V. Covas, R. & Doutrelant, C.2019. The Theory of Island Biogeography and Soundscapes: species diversity and the organization of acoustic communities. J. Biogeography PDF

    Doutrelant, C.,Paquet,Renoult, J. M. Grégoire, A., Crochet, P.A. Covas, R. 2016 Worldwide patterns of bird colouration on islands. Ecology Letter  19: 537–545 PDF

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     Photos: Claire Doutrelant & Martim Melo
     

     4 - Weaver nest as an extended phenotype

    Team : Rita Covas (CIBIO, Portugal), FitzPatrick Institute, Univ Cape Town), Julien Renoult (CEFE), Erwan Harscouet(phD CEFE),  Dieter Oschadleus(Univ. Cape Town) , Staffan Andersson(Univ.  Gothenburg), Fanny Rybak(Univ. Paris Sud), Doris Gomez(CEFE), Paul Dufour (Univ. Grenoble), Pietro d'Amelio (Post doc)

    Our aim is to work on one of the most spectacular and diverse radiations of extended phenotypes, the intricate and complex nest architectures of weaverbirds (family Ploceidae, 117 species in 16 genera), varying from the exquisite lace-like Malimbusnests to the rough thatch of the communally built sociable weaver nests . Our central aim is to investigate the role of sexual selection on the evolution and diversification of i) nest architecture (the extended phenotype) and ii) nest building behaviour (a potential associated display) and, for both traits, to determine how they relate to the classic ornaments in this group – striking colours, songs, and flight displays.

       

    5-Long term monitoring of blue tit (worked initiated by Jacques Blondel in 1976)

    Researchers: Jacques Blondel, Samuel Caro,Anne Charmantier, Claire Doutrelant,,Christophe de Francheschi,  Pablo Giovannini, Arnaud Grégoire, Marcel Lambrechts, Annick Lucas, Samuel Perret,  Philippe Perret,Denis Réale(Canada),Céline Téplltsky

    This program  is supported but the INEE - CNRS: Long-term Studies in Ecology and  Evolution (SEE-Life)

    https://data.oreme.org/tit/home   & https://oreme.org/observation/ecopop/mesanges/

     

    mesangePhotos Claire Doutrelant

     6 - Obô, an art science projet

    An art science project with Claire Loiseau, Martim Melo, Hélène Fromen & Maya Cylarem

    Project funded by Biopolis with the help of the CNRS, CEFE. A first sponsor: Ornithomedia

    AFFICHE MAYA v2

    Poster by Maya Cyclarem & Ayline Le Sourd

    7- Short CV

    • 2019 DR CNRS reasearcher & Team leader  with D. Gomez: E3co: Empirical Evolutionary Ecology, Communication and Cooperation
    • 2014-15: Invited researcher Cape Town University. Fitzpatrick Institute  (South Africa)
    • 2011 Autorisation à Expérimenter niv. 1
    • 2009 HDR
    • 2003 Invited researcher at Yale University (USA)
    • 2001-2004 CR CNRS researcher at Brunoy (CNRS, MNHN, UMR 5176)
    • 2000-2001 Post-doc : Univ. Cap Town (SA), Dir. Morné du Plessis
    • 1999-2000 Post-doc : Univ. Copenhagen (Danemark), Dir. Peter McGregor
    • 1995-1998 Ph D Univ Paris 6. Dir. Marcel Lambrechts

     

    8 - Publications

    update list: https://scholar.google.fr/citations?hl=fr&user=Fap-wf0AAAAJ

    Do not hesitate to ask for reprint !

    9 - Funding

    Investigatrice principale (PI)

    * 2020-2024        ANR Extended phenotype.The evolution of extended phenotypes and associated signals in animals: weaverbirds’ nests and sexual selection as a case study?  With R Covas (CIBIO, Univ Porto, F Rybak (Univ Paris Sud), Julien Renoult

    * 2018-2019        CEMEB Montpellier Explanatory Research Project Relaxed selection at immunity genes in insular populations ? A test using a population genomics approach With B Naboltz R Covas, M Melo, C. Loiseau

    * 2018- ..             OSU OREME Suivi de la phénologie de reproduction du Républicain Social.

    * 2015-2019       ANR défis de tous les savoir Can cooperation be under social or sexual selection?  With R Covas (CIBIO, Univ Porto, B Faivre (Univ Dijon), F Rybak (Univ Paris Sud)

    * 2016-2018                 PEPS CNRS INEE Paysage Rôle de la compétition interspécifique dans la structuration des paysages acoustiques .  With A Robert (Phd), M Melo (Univ Porto), T Lengagne (CNRS, Lyon).

    * 2012-2015         Bourse chercheur d'avenir Région Languedoc Roussillon Sélection sexuelle femelle chez les oiseaux : réalité, origine et conséquences populationnelles - With Arnaud Grégoire, Doris Gomez, Anne Charmantier

    *2009-2013         ANR JCJCSélection sexuelle, sociale et évolution des ornements femelles. WithArnaud Grégoire, Doris Gomez, Anne Charmantier, B. Doligez

    Co Pi

    * 2020-2025        ERC Consolidator COOPERATIVE PARTNER. Pi R Covas

    * 2016-2018         Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation (FCT)- Direct benefits of cooperation.PI Rita Covas

    *2013-2016         Programme Européen Marie Curie-IRSES Cooperation. Pi Rita Covas. coPI C. Doutrelant, B. Hatchwell,

    *2013-2015         FCT + National geographic:Parasite pressure, immunity and sexual ornaments in island and mainland birds.

    * 2010-2013         FCT Maternal effects and cooperation Pi Rita Covas,

    * 2010- ..             OSU OREME. Suivi de la phénologie de reproduction de la mésange bleue. co Pi A. Charmantier C. Doutrelant, A. Grégoire, M. Lambrechts, C. Téplitsky

    *2008 – …         Centre of Excellence FitzPatrick Institute (Af du Sud): Cooperative breeding in sociable weavers Co Pi Rita Covas C. Doutrelant

     

    10- SUPERVISIONS of POST DOC & STUDENTS
     
    • Post Doc

    2024-2026 Sophie Dupont. Telomere and survival under normal condition and after an extreme fire event. Biopolis Felllowship

    2024-2026 Jorge Garcia Campa. Mate choice and cooperation. Employed by ERC grant

    2024-2026 Gabriel Munar. Social network and fitness. Employed by ERC grant

    2020-2022: David López-Idiáquez  Multiple signalling in birds .  Basque Fellowship

    2018-2022: Pietro d'amelio.  Mate choice of a socially monogamous, dull colored, cooperatively breeding species, the Sociable Weaver: Assessing the role of social behavior, morphology, past reproductive success and black color patches  Co direction with R. Covas and Fanny Rybak. ANR (2018), Claude Leon Fellowship (2019-21), Marie Curie Fellowship (2021-2022)

    2017- 2018: Nora Carlson.  Effet de l'audience sur la coopération. Co direction avec R. Covas et F. Rybak

    2016- 2017: Marie Holveck.  Vision dans le noir et évolution de la coloration des oeufs. Co direction avec A Grégoire et D. Gomez

    2014-2017: Sophie Lardy. The physiological cost of cooperation. Co direction avec R. Covas

    2013-2015: Elisa Lotabo. The evolution of host-parasite interactions on islands and implications for sexual selection .Co direction avec R. Covas

    2011-2012. Doris Gomez. Conséquences de la sélection sexuelle femelle sur la dynamique des métapopulations. Financement ANR FEM SEX POP

    2009-2010. Marie Holveck. Sélection sexuelle et coloration des œufs. La mésange bleue comme cas d'étude. Financement Univ. Montpellier II, ASAB, ANR FEM SEX POP. Co encadrement avec A. Grégoire

     • PHD

    2023-2027. Marta Marmelo(Univ Porto & Montpellier) cooperative personalities. Co-supervision with R. Covas

    2023-2027. Babette Fourie (Univ Porto & Montpellier) Social network and benefits of coperation. Co-supervision with R. Covas & A Ferreira

    2022-2025. Lisa Sandmeyer(Univ Montpellier) Bird ornementation and social and environemental variation. Co-supervision with A. Grégoire é David Lopez-Idiaquez

    2020-2024. Nicolas Silva (Univ Montpellier) Sexual selection in a monogamous dull species. Co-supervision with R. Covas

    2020-2024. Erwan Harscouet (Univ Montpellier) Weaver nests as an extended phenotype. Co-supervision with R. Covas, J Renoult

    2017-2020. Rita Foruna. (Univ. Porto) Prenatal maternal effects and its consequences for offspring, parents and helpers fitness in a cooperatively breeding species. Co-supervision with R. Covas and Matthieu Paquet

    2017-2020. André Ferreria. (Univ. de Montpellier) Social, sexual selection and coopration. Co-supervision with R. Covas

    2015-2018. Alois Robert. (Univ Montpellier). Evolution des signaux colorés et acoustiques au sein des ommunautés d'oiseaux Co-supervision withD. Gomez

    2013-2016. Amélie Fargeveille. (Univ Montpellier). Choix de partenaire et évolution des signaux femelles Co-supervision withA. Grégoire

    2011-2014. Margaux Rat. (Univ. du Cap Af du Sud). Dominance, coopération et sélection sexuelle chez le Tisserin social. Co-supervision withR. Covas & Rene Van Dijk

    2010-2013. Matthieu Paquet. (Univ. Montpellier). Effets maternels et reproduction coopérative chez le Tisserin social. Co-supervision withR. Covas

    2007-2010 : Afiwa Midamegbe. (Univ. Montpellier). Les signaux femelles chez la Mésange bleue: des signaux sexuels secondaire ? Co-supervision withA. Grégoire


    9) PRESS

     Sociable weavers :

    • Jeanne Bourdier - Sciences et Avenir- 2020-Une intelligence artificielle capable de différencier les oiseaux au sein d’une même espèce PDF sciences et avenir

    https://www.sciencenews.org/article/extreme-bird-nests-bring-comforts-and-catastrophe

    http://www.birdlife.org.za/events/bird-of-the-year

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XUnadxTA8iE

    Passerault M. (2016) Le plus gros nid du monde abrite un oiseau colonial à reproduction coopérative, le Républicain social Philetairus socius. Le LIROU Revue du Groupe Ornithologique des Deux-Sèvres, n°34 : p48-52. PDF

    Pagnon, T. 2018 La cité des républicains Espèce Numero 30: 38-47 PDF

    Evolution on islands:

    http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/inkfish/2016/03/15/birds-give-up-colorful-feathers-for-carefree-island-lifestyle/#.WIDxezIzXKI

     

     

     IMG 2145

     

     I'm always looking for motivated students and post doc to build / work on project! Do not hesitate to contact me with a CV to share your interest!

     

  • Claudine MONTGELARD

    Maitre de Conférences (EPHE)

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

     tél : 33 (0)4 67 61 33 04
     fax: 33 (0)4 67 41 21 38

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     THEMES DE RECHERCHE

    Mes thèmes de recherche concernent la phylogénie, la phylogéographie et l'évolution moléculaire à partir de l'analyse des séquences de gènes mitochondriaux et nucléaires. L’objectif est de répondre, à l’aide de l’outil moléculaire, à des questions de biodiversité et systématique évolutive à l’échelle des vertébrés (mammifères, amphibiens et reptiles). Je m’intéresse aussi à l’échelle temporelle (datations moléculaires) des différents niveaux de diversifications ce qui permet de confronter les inférences moléculaires avec les données morphologiques, paléontologiques et biogéographiques.

  • Franck RICHARD

    F Richard

    Professeur des Universités, Université de Montpellier

     

    Courriel : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

     

  • Jean-Louis MARTIN

     

    Directeur de Recherche Emerite au CNRS / Emeritus Senior Scientist at CNRS

     

    J’étudie les réponses des communautés animales et végétales aux changements d’origine humaine (espèces introduites, usage des sols), en milieu tempéré et méditerranéen.

     

    I study plant and animal community response to human induced change (introduced  species, land use) in temperate and méditerranean systems.

     

    Courriel: jean-louis.martin [at] cefe.cnrs.fr

     JLete2014 petit


     

     

  • Jean-Michel BELLANGER

    JMB1

     

    Chargé de recherche à l’INSERM

    Ma principale activité de recherche porte sur l’évolution et la diversité taxinomique des macromycètes, que j’aborde via l’analyse phylogénétique d’échantillons issus d’un large réseau de mycologues européens partenaires. Je constitue aussi une extractothèque fongique destinée à mettre en évidence et valoriser le potentiel bioactif de ces organismes dans le domaine de la santé humaine.

    My research is mainly focused on the evolution and the taxonomic diversity of higher fungi. I am adressing this issue through the phylogenetic analysis of samples originating from a broad network of European partner mycologists. I am also assembling a fungal extract library, aiming at revealing and promoting the bioactivities of these organisms in the field of human health.

     

    Courriel : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

     

  • Marc CHEYLAN

    altMaitre de conférence (EPHE)

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

    tél : +33 4 67 61 32 61
    fax: +33 4 67 41 21 38

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    Mots clés : Conservation, Biogéographie, région méditerranéenne, Reptiles, Ecologie des populations, Phylogéographie.

  • Patrice DAVID

    Directeur de recherche ( DR1) CNRS

    tel : +33 (0)4 67 61 32 28

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    Chercheur en Ecologie Evolutive, j'étudie l'évolution des systèmes de reproduction (sélection sexuelle, hermaphrodisme, autofécondation), et  la dynamique des communautés (bio-invasions, coexistence d'espèces) par des approches expérimentales, moléculaires, de terrain, et théoriques. J'enseigne la Génétique Quantitative à l'Université.

     

     I am an evolutionary biologist. I study the evolution of mating systems (sexual selection, hermaphroditism, self-fertilization) as well as community eco-evolutionary dynamics (bio-invasions, species coexistence) through experimental, molecular, field, and theoretical approaches. I teach Quantitative Genetics.
     alt

     

  • Roger PRODON

    altDirecteur d'Etude Emerite (EPHE)

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

    tél : +33 4 67 61 33 43

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
     
    Thématiques : Incendies ou brûlages,  dynamique du paysage, et faune : écologie des perturbations et conservation.

     

  • Samuel CARO

    CNRS ResearcherWhatsApp Image 2022 06 09 at 17.51.51 copy

    Head of the Behavioural Ecology team

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier cedex 5

    Tél : +33/0 4 67 61 33 08
    Fax : +33/0 4 67 61 33 36
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    Cette adresse email est protégée contre les robots des spammeurs, vous devez activer Javascript pour la voir. 

    Bureau 208

  • Sophie CAILLON

    Sophie Caillon

    Chargée de recherche au CNRS (HDR)
    Ethnobiologiste / géographe

    Responsable de l'équipe Interactions bioculturelles
    Chercheure associée à l'UMR CREDO
    Porteur du projet PICS Bien-Etre
    Membre de l'ANR ASSET, du projet Crop-Diversity LICCI et du projet UE FALAH

     

    A travers un engagement ethnographique avec les agriculteur·rices, je cherche à décrire et comprendre les relations des humains avec leurs plantes, leur rapport à l’espace ou au lieu, et plus largement le rôle des organisations sociales et des institutions dans l’élaboration et la transformation de ces relations. Mes objectifs sont de comprendre comment (i.e. savoirs, ontologies et pratiques) et pourquoi (i.e. valeurs instrumentales, intrinsèques et surtout relationnelles), les agriculteur·rices gèrent, maintiennent et expérimentent une diversité de variétés et d’espèces. Plus récemment, mon objectif est d’identifier les valeurs de bien-être bioculturel chez les agriculteur·rices d’Océanie et de France (vigneron·nes).

    Mes travaux se déclinent ainsi en quatre thèmes : (1) Savoirs hybrides et classification des plantes ; (2) Valeurs associées à l’agrobiodiversité ; (3) Circulation des semences et des savoirs ; (4) Bien-être des agriculteurs.