Mouvement, Abondance, Distribution



1919, route de Mende
34293 Montpellier cedex 5
Tél : +33/0 4 67 61 xx xx

Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.



PhD Project (2014-2017)

Stratégies de prospection alimentaire des vautours fauves (Gyps fulvus) et conséquences sur la gestion anthropiques des ressources alimentaires.

Foraging strategies of Griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) and consequences on food resources management.

Director: Simon Benhamou (CEFE, CNRS Montpellier)
Co-supervisor: Olivier Duriez (Univesrité Montpellier, EPHE, CEFE Montpellier)


As a conservation tool, supplementary feeding programs are widely applied on a large range of species, from songbirds to raptors – even large predators such as the Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus).  Directed to populations whose productivity or survival is thought to be limited by food scarcity, supplementary feeding is likely to bring positive benefits but also negative ones (e.g. spread of diseases, changes in territorial behavior, reduced reproductive success). Thus, carcass provisioning to support scavengers can be a controversial practice, with potential impacts at the individual and population levels.

While scavengers have supposedly evolved to search for unpredictable resources, centralized feeding stations are likely to promote non-natural behaviors. Making food resources artificially, supplementary feeding may represent an ecological trap to birds. Understanding space use of free-living scavengers depending – or not - on anthropogenic management is essential to guide future conservation planning.

The aim of my PhD is to better understand and to compare the foraging strategies of griffon vultures from two contrated regions. While in the Grands Causses, supplementary feeding stations were established to sustain the reintroduced population in the 1980s, the native French Pyrenean population mainly depends on extensive pastoralism. To understand how predictability of food resources may affect foraging behaviors of vultures, my plans are: 1) to compare home ranges and space use of individuals in both regions; 2) to quantifiy the level of routine in the movement behaviours of vultures from the Grands Causses where food is predictable in space even time.


Behavioural ecology, Spatial ecology, Conservation biology, Foraging strategy, Home range, Routine, Supplementary feeding, Birds, Vultures, Gyps fulvus


Fluhr, J., Benhamou, S., Riotte-Lambert, L., Duriez, O. Assessing the risk for an obligate scavenger to be dependent on predictable feeding sources. Submitted to Biological Conservation

Péron, G., Fleming, C.H., Duriez, O., Fluhr, J., Itty, C., Lambertucci, S., Safi, K., Shepard, E.L.C., Calabrese, J.M., 2017. The energy landscape predicts flight height and wind turbine collision hazard in three species of large soaring raptor. J. Appl. Ecol. n/a-n/a. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12909

Fluhr, J., Strøm, H., Pradel, R., Duriez, O., Beaugrand, G., Descamps, S., 2017. Weakening of the subpolar gyre as a key driver of North Atlantic seabird demography: a case study with Brünnich’s guillemots in Svalbard. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 563, 1–11. doi:10.3354/meps11982

Harel, R., Duriez, O., Spiegel, O., Fluhr, J., Horvitz, N., Getz, W.M., Bouten, W., Sarrazin, F., Hatzofe, O., Nathan, R., 2016. Decision-making by a soaring bird: time, energy and risk considerations at different spatio-temporal scales. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. B Biol. Sci. 371. doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0397

Oral communications

Fluhr, J., Riotte-Lambert, L. , Benhamou, S., Duriez, O., & Chamaillé-Jammes, S. (2015). Patrons de récursion chez les Vautours fauves : quelle périodicité pour quelle ressource? Journée thématique « Déplacement animal », Septembre 2015, CEFE/CNRS, Montpellier.
Fluhr, J., Duriez, O., Benhamou, S., & Riotte-Lambert, L. (2015). Supplementary feeding stations to sustain Griffon vulture populations: do vultures’ visits match the frequency of food deposition? 27 th  International Congress of Conservation Biology (ICCB) & 4 th  European Congress for Conservation Biology (ECCB), Août 2015, Montpellier, France
Duriez, O., Gallais, R., Neouze, R., & Fluhr, J. (2015). Vulture attacks? The importance of considering public awareness and collaboration for a better understanding of vulture-livestock interactions. 27 th  International Congress of Conservation Biology (ICCB) & 4 th  European Congress for Conservation Biology (ECCB), Août 2015, Montpellier, France
Grosjean, V., Mouze-Amady, M.,  Fluhr, J., Remy, O., & Titon, I. (2012). Integrative approach to Burnout: how to combine physiological, subjective and cognitive clues? A field experiment based on Somatic Marker Hypothesis. 10th Conference of the European Academic of Occupational Health Psychology (EA-OHP). Avril 2012, Zurich, Suisse.
Fluhr, J., Remy, O., & Grosjean, V. (2010). Approche intégrative de l'épuisement professionnel du personnel soignant. Vulnérabilité, stratégie de coping et pistes de prévention. 45ème congrès de la SELF : Fiabilité, adaptation et résilience. Septembre 2010, Liège, Belgique.
Fluhr, J., Grosjean, V., Remy, O.,  & Mouze-Amady, M. (2009). Approche psycho-physiologique de l'épuisement professionnel. Rôle de l'ergonomie. 13ème Journée d'Etude du GERRA "Les émotions au travail". Décembre 2009, Lyon, France.