Séminaires SEEM

19 juin 2020, 11h30 (diffusion en visioconférence).

Evolution and dynamics of a natural gene drive sys-tem in house mice, the t haplotype.

Mathilde Dufay

Link to seminar: https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_RnUV6HwdQYm46AsYARALGQ

Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Montpellier, France
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Dioecy (the co-occurrence of female and male individuals within the same species) has evolved multiple times in flowering plants, although it remains a quite rare reproductive system. Because a transition from hermaphroditism to completely separate sexes involve more than one step, other reproductive systems that exist in nature, such as the co-occurrence of only one type of unisexual with hermaphrodites, are considered as possible evolutionary steps toward dioecy. In this seminar, I will present a synthesis of our research on the topic, by focusing on several steps along the evolutionary pathway from hermaphroditism toward dioecy and beyond. In particular, I will present our theoretical and empirical projects that attempted to answer some of the following questions:

About the possible evolutionary pathways from hermaphroditism to dioecy: How females can be maintained in competition with hermaphrodites? Why is the co-occurrence of males and hermaphrodites so rare? And when it happens, how does this work?

Once dioecy has evolved: Why sexual dimorphism often evolves in dioecious plant species? What are the consequences of such sexual dimorphism on pollinator behavior and pollination efficiency?