Natural Substances and Chemical Interactions

Research group Natural Substances and Chemical Interactions

 

Welcome

 

Natural substances play major roles as molecule signals as well as molecules involved in defence mechanisms during intra- and interspecific interactions. Chemical interactions are of great interest in different fundamental and applied fields, i.e., biodiversity protection, plants and mushrooms as potential resources for human health and nutrition, potential impacts of plants and mushrooms on human health, chemical ecology, ecosystem processes… Our research involves in finding bioactive natural compounds from macrofungi/mushrooms and plants (extraction process, purification of extracts, identification of primary and secondary metabolites, assays; chemical and biological screening of plant and mushroom materials; histolocalisation in planta).

The members of the research group Natural Substances and Chemical Interactions are associated with various programmes based on:

  • Knowledge of plant and fungi kingdoms (morphological, microscopic and environmental characters; pharmacological properties using various assays; mushroom poisoning characterisation) and bacteria (biosynthetic pathways, bacterial communities associated with pollen);
  • Analytical tools (Thin Layer Chromatography, High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Gas Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry…) and structural elucidation (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) of natural substances (volatile organic compounds, polyphenols, bioactive molecules…) involved in chemical interactions and human heath;
  • Histochemical analyses, microscopy and microspectrofluorometry carried out on various natural substrates after biotic and abiotic stresses.

 

Know-how of Research team: Natural Substances and Chemical Interactions

Botany and Mycology (Françoise Fons, Sylvie Morel, Laurence Mondolot, Sylvie Rapior)

  • Identification of plants and higher fungi using morphological, microscopic and environmental characters.
  • Identification of edible and toxic morphological related mushroom species in order to prevent poisonings.

Phytochemistry (Françoise Fons, Sylvie Morel, Sylvie Rapior, Manon Vitou)

  • Extraction process, purification of extracts and identification of primary and secondary metabolites by Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC), Column Chromatography (CC), High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)
  • Chemical screening of plant and mushroom materials.

Histology, histochemistry and microspectrofluorometry (Philippe La Fisca, Laurence Mondolot)

  • Anatomical cross-sections from various plant materials (Histology).
  • Localisation and identification, in each plant tissue, of the major chemical classes for the bioproducted natural substances (Histochemistry).
  • UV spectra of the chemical mediators (Microspectrofluorometry).

 

Keywords :

Bioactive molecules - Chromatography - Higher fungi - Histochemistry - Microspectrofluorometry - Phytochemistry - Natural Substances - Phytochemistry - Plants and stress

 

Contacts

Laboratoire de Botanique, Phytochimie et Mycologie (Université de Montpellier)

Laboratory of Botany, Phytochemistry and Mycology (University of Montpellier)

Research Team: Natural Substances and Chemical Interactions (UMR 5175 CEFE)

Faculté de Pharmacie - Bâtiment I

Faculty of Pharmacy - Building I

15 av. Charles Flahault, BP 14491, F-34093 Montpellier cedex 5

 

- Sylvie RAPIOR Full Professor
Executive Director of the Laboratory
( : 00 33 (0)4 11 75 96 55
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- Françoise FONS Full Professor
( : 00 33 (0)4 11 75 96 60
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- Laurence MONDOLOT Associate Professor
( : 00 33 (0)4 11 75 96 58
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- Sylvie MOREL Associate Professor
( : 00 33 (0)4 11 75 96 57
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- Manon VITOU Technician Phytochemistry
( : 00 33 (0)4 11 75 96 61
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- Philippe LA FISCA Technical Assistant Histochemistry
( : 00 33 (0)4 11 75 96 62
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- Florence JEGO Academic secretary of the Laboratory
( : 00 33 (0)4 11 75 96 56
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