• Manon VITOU

     

    Technicienne, Université de Montpellier

     

    Je cherche à mettre en évidence par des techniques analytiques et séparatives (CLHP, CCM, Chromatographie Flash) des molécules d’intérêts biologiques d’origine fongique et végétale. En parallèle, je participe à la constitution d’une extractothèque ( Basidiomycota / Ascomycota).

     

    Sur le terrain, je participe à la récolte de Macromycètes pour la recherche et pour l’enseignement de la mycologie aux étudiants de la faculté de pharmacie.

     

    courriel : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

  • MORIN Xavier

    Directeur de Recherche (DR2)

    CNRS Researcher 

    PhotoXM2022b.jpg

     

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier cedex 5

    Tél : +33 (0)4 67 61 32 89
    Fax : +33 (0)4 67 61 33 36

    xavier dot morin @ cefe dot cnrs dot fr

     

    HDR : Impact des changements globaux sur la biodiversité et le fonctionnement des écosystèmes forestiers - soutenue le 11/2/2021
    Lien : HDR Xavier Morin

     

    Thèmes de recherche

    (English follows)

    Mes travaux cherchent à parvenir à une meilleure compréhension du déterminisme de la diversité végétale aux différentes échelles spatiales et temporelles, sa réponse aux changements futurs, et son rôle dans le fonctionnement des écosystèmes forestiers. En particulier, je cherche donc à comprendre et prédire comment la biodiversité des écosystèmes forestiers s’organise selon différentes échelles spatiales, comment elle sera modifiée par les changements globaux, et quelles en seront les conséquences sur le fonctionnement de ces écosystèmes. Pour ce faire j’essaie de développer une approche intégratrice basée sur les processus. Mes travaux se focalisent principalement sur les espèces d'arbres et arbustes. Pour mener à bien ces objectifs, j’utilise aussi bien des résultats issus d’expérimentation, d’observations le long de gradients écologiques in situ, et de modélisation.

  • MOUILLOT Florent

    Chargé de recherche (CRCN IRD)

    86F73DF4 A6F1 4F8F ADD0 1E422F39C1E1 1 201 a

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

    tél :  +33 (0)4 67 61 33 53
    fax : 33 (0)4 67 61 33 36

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Thèmes de recherche

    Mes travaux portent principalement sur la modélisation de la dynamique et du fonctionnement des écosystèmes végétaux naturels terrestres à différentes échelles.

  • Philippe LA FISCA

    lafisca

     

    Adjoint Technique, Université de Montpellier

     

    Etude in situ des médiateurs chimiques des plantes (métabolites phénoliques surtout), intervenant lors de stress biotiques (modèle Leonardoxa/fourmis ; Coffea/Nématodes ; Oriza/Nématodes ; Vitis/Eutypa …) ou abiotiques (détection de l'activité herbicide sur des graminées nuisibles…), ainsi que lors de variations du milieu ou lors de variations physiologiques (cycle végétatif du caféier, exposition aux rayonnements UV de Caféiers et de Centella asiatica …)

     

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  • Pierre-Edouard GUERIN

    pierre edouard guerin photo webIngénieur d'étude, bioinformaticien (2017 - 2021)

    Diplômé du master professionnel double compétence informatique et biologie de l’Université Paris Diderot, j'apporte mes compétences en programmation pour de nombreux projets scientifiques en collaboration avec des équipes de recherche.

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

    • mail:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
    • website:https://guerinpe.com/

     

  • Pierre-Olivier CHEPTOU

    Directeur de Recherche au CNRS (DR2)

    CEFE/CNRSalt
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier cedex 5

    tél : +33 4 67 61 33 07
    fax: +33 4 67 41 21 38

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

     

    Thématique de recherche

     

    alt

     

    Je développe un travail d’écologie évolutive qui vise à analyser les traits d'histoire de vie chez les plantes (systèmes de reproduction, traits floraux, dispersion). L’accent est mis l'accent sur l'importance de la dynamique écologique (dynamique des métapopulations, démographie) comme un processus de sélection dans l'évolution contemporaine. Mon approche combine (1) Analyse des patrons d’adaptation et méthodes d’inférence des traits d’histoires de vie dans les métapopulations de plantes, en milieu naturel (2) élaboration de modèles formels en écologie évolutive (3) expérimentations et tests d’hypothèses en conditions contrôlées.

     

    Most-clés :Métapopulation-traits d'histoire de vie-Ecologie évolutive théorique-dispersion-systèmes de reproduction-plasticité-Epigénétique

     

  • Roger PRADEL

    alt

    Directeur de Recherche au CNRS / Senior Scientist at CNRS

    J'étudie la dynamique des populations sauvages et développe à cette fin des méthodes statistiques.

    I study the dynamics of wild populations and develop appropriate statistical methods.

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  • Rumsais BLATRIX

    Chargé de recherche au CNRS

     

    Mon activité de recherche porte sur les aspects écologiques et évolutifs des interactions entre espèces. Les deux thèmes principaux que j'étudie sont les interactions entre plantes et insectes (pollinisation, symbioses), et les interactions entre ingénieurs d'écosystèmes dans la structuration du paysage.

     

    My research activity is focused on the ecological and evolutionary aspects of inter-specific interactions. My two main study topics are plant-insect interactions (pollination, symbiosis), and the role of interactions among ecosystem engineers in landscape patterns.

     

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  • Sophie CAILLON

    Sophie Caillon

    Chargée de recherche au CNRS (HDR)
    Ethnobiologiste / géographe

    Responsable de l'équipe Interactions bioculturelles
    Chercheure associée à l'UMR CREDO
    Porteur du projet PICS Bien-Etre
    Membre de l'ANR ASSET, du projet Crop-Diversity LICCI et du projet UE FALAH

     

    A travers un engagement ethnographique avec les agriculteur·rices, je cherche à décrire et comprendre les relations des humains avec leurs plantes, leur rapport à l’espace ou au lieu, et plus largement le rôle des organisations sociales et des institutions dans l’élaboration et la transformation de ces relations. Mes objectifs sont de comprendre comment (i.e. savoirs, ontologies et pratiques) et pourquoi (i.e. valeurs instrumentales, intrinsèques et surtout relationnelles), les agriculteur·rices gèrent, maintiennent et expérimentent une diversité de variétés et d’espèces. Plus récemment, mon objectif est d’identifier les valeurs de bien-être bioculturel chez les agriculteur·rices d’Océanie et de France (vigneron·nes).

    Mes travaux se déclinent ainsi en quatre thèmes : (1) Savoirs hybrides et classification des plantes ; (2) Valeurs associées à l’agrobiodiversité ; (3) Circulation des semences et des savoirs ; (4) Bien-être des agriculteurs.

     

     

  • Stephan HATTENSCHWILER

    Photo de Stephan Hättenschwiler        Directeur de recherche CNRS
            
    Directeur du département "Ecologie Fonctionnelle"

            This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
            tél :+33 (0)4 67 61 33 49

     

     

     

    I am interested in how changes in biodiversity and environmental conditions (atmospheric carbon dioxide, temperature, precipitation) affect plant-soil interactions, with a particular focus on plant litter and decomposer organisms. The main research goal is a mechanistic understanding of the drivers of biogeochemical cycles using experimental approaches in the field (alpine, temperate, Mediterranean and tropical forest ecosystems) and the laboratory.

  • Sylvain COQ

    altMaître de conférence

     

    email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Mes travaux de recherche portent sur divers aspects de l'écologie fonctionnelle du système sol-plantes-herbivores, en particulier:
    - le processus de décomposition de la matière organique
    - les stratégies des plantes, et en particulier le rôle des composés secondaires produits par les plantes.
    - les impacts fonctionnels de l'herbivorie
    - les rôles de la faune du sol et deschampignons mycorhiziens
    Mes activités d'enseignements sont principalement centrées sur l'écologie et la biologie des organismes, notamment la botanique. Je suis particulièrement investi dans la formation des futurs enseignants.

    Pour me contacter:

    Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Adresse actuelle: Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive (CEFE - CNRS)

    1919, route de Mende, F - 34293 Montpellier Cedex 5, France.

    Tel: +33(0)4 61 67 32 41

    Enseignements

    J'effectue actuellement mes enseignements au sein de l'Université Montpellier, où j'interviens principalement dans les filières de préparation au concours de l'enseignement. Je suis en particulier co-responsable du parcours Agrégation du master 2 BEE. Je suis également responsable d'une UE d'Ecologie fonctionnelle (L2).
    J'enseigne principalement l'écologie et la biologie des organismes, végétaux ou animaux, avec un fort intérêt pour l'enseignement de terrain.

    Publications

    •  Coq S. et Bouffier A.Le sol : une interface vivante entre lithosphère et atmosphère.In Perrier C., Beaux J.F., Bouffier A., Coq S. , Darribère T. et al. Biologie-Géologie tout-en-un BCPST 2e année. Dunod

    • Bouffier A. et Coq S.Les enjeux de la gestion des solsIn Perrier C., Beaux J.F., Bouffier A., Coq S. , Darribère T. et al. Biologie-Géologie tout-en-un BCPST 2e année. Dunod

    • Coq S., Cárdenas R.E., Mousain D., Selosse M.A., Richard F., Hättenschwiler S.(2022)Ectomycorrhizae and nitrogen acquisition from tannin-protein complexes inPinus pinea.Pedobiologia 94https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedobi.2022.150817

    • Coq S., Ganault P., Le Mer G., Nahmani J., Capowiez Y., Dignac P.F., Rumpel C., Joly F.X.(2022)Faeces traits as unifying predictors of detritivore effects on organic matter turnoverGeoderma422: 115940. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2022.115940

    • Ganault P., Barantal S.,Coq S., Hättenschwiler S., Lucas S., Decaens T., Nahmani J. (2022)Leaf litter morphological traits, invertebrate body mass and phylogenetic affiliation explain the feeding and feces properties of saprophagous macroarthropods.European Journal of Soil Biology, 109.

    • Erktan A.,Coq S., Blanchart E., Chevallier T., Trap J., Bernard L., Nahmani J., Hartmann C., Hedde M., Ganault P., Barot S., Cortet J. (2022).Biodiversité et structure physique des sols : une vision spatialisée du fonctionnement des sols.Étude et Gestion des Sols, 29 :153 :167

    • Perrin W. , Fontana S. ,Coq S., Berlioz L., Jay-Robert P, Moretti M.(2021)Trait-based responses of dung beetle assemblages to grazing intensity in contrasting bioclimatic contexts.Environmental Entomology, 50 (6) : 1332–1343https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvab091

    • Joly F.X.,Coq S., Coulis M., David J.F, Hättenschwiler S., Mueller C.W., Prater I., Subke J. A. (2020) Litter conversion into detritivore faeces: the highway to decomposition. Communications Biology

    • Coq S, Nahmani J, Kazakou E, Fromin N, David JF (2020). Do litter feeding macroarthropods disrupt cascading effects of land use on microbial decomposer activity? Basic and Applied Ecology. 46: 24-34

    • Coq S. & Ibanez S. (2019)Soil fauna contribution to winter decomposition in subalpine grasslands. Soil organisms 91 (3): 107 - 112

    • Meinard Y., Coq S., Schmid B. (2019).The vagueness of "biodiversity" and its implications in practice. In : Casetta, E., Marques da Silva, J., Vecchi, D. From Assessing to Conserving Biodiversity. Conceptual and Practical Challenges. Springer.

    • Arnoldi JF.,Coq S., Kéfi S., Ibanez S (2019).Positive plant-soil feedbacks trigger tannin evolution by niche construction: a spatial stoichiometric model. Journal of Ecology.

    • Hättenschwiler S. , Sun T,Coq S (2019).The chitin connection of polyphenols and its ecosystem consequences. New Phytologist (2019) 223: 5–7

    • Hättenschwiler S, Barantal S, Ganault P, Gillespie L, Coq S.(2018) Quels enjeux sont associés à biodiversité des sols? Innovations Agronomiques , 69 , 1-14

    • Coq S, Nahmani J, Resmond R., Segrestin J., David JF, Schevin P., Kazakou E (2018). Intraspecific variation in litter palatability to macroarthropods in response to grazing and soil fertility. Functional Ecology, 32, 2615 - 2624.

    • Joly FX, Coq S., Coulis M., Nahmani J., Hättenschwiler S. Litter conversion into detritivore faeces reshuffles the quality control over C and N dynamics during decomposition.Functional Ecology, 32, 2605 - 2614.

    • Gripp A., Francisco de Assis E., Carneiro L., Dettogni Guariento R., Figueiredo-Barros M.P.,Coq S., Milcu A., Caliman A. (2018)Weak to no effects of litter standing stocks on the decomposition of litter mixtures in a tropical restinga ecosystem.Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology, 68, 20-23, doi: 10.1016/j.pedobi.2018.02.003

    • Bumb I., Garnier E., Coq S., Nahmani J., Del Rey Granado M., Kazakou E. (2018) Traits and the digestibility-decomposability relationships in species from Mediterranean rangelands. Annals of Botany, 121 (3), 459–469. doi 10.1093/aob/mcx175

    • Erktan A., Balmot J., Mérino-Martin L., Monnier Y., Pailler F.,Coq S., Abiven S., Stokes A., Le Bissonnais Y (2017).Immediate and long-term effect of tannins on the stabilization of Mediterranean soil aggregates.Soil Biology and Biochemistry,105, 197-205

    • Coulis, M., Hättenschwiler, S.,Coq, S. and David J.F., 2016.Leaf litter consumption by macroarthropods and burial of their faeces enhance decomposition in a mediterranean ecosystem.Ecosystems 19: 1104. doi:10.1007/s10021-016-9990

    • Meinard, Y.,Coq, S., Schmid, B. (2014)A constructivist approach towards a general definition of biodiversity.Ethics, policy and environment, 17 (1), pp 88-104

    • Ibanez, S., Bernard, L., Coq, S., Moretti, M., Lavorel, S., Gallet, C. (2013),Herbivory differentially alters litter dynamics of two functionally contrasted grasses.Functional Ecology, 27 (4). doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12094

    • Coq S, Weigel J, Bonal D, Hättenschwiler S, 2012.Litter mixture effects on tropical tree seedling growth - a greenhouse experiment.Plant BIology, 14, pp 630 - 640. DOI: 10.1111/j.1438-8677.2011.00534.x

    • Coq S, Weigel J, Butenschoen O, Bonal D, Hättenschwiler S, 2011.Litter composition rather than plant presence affects decomposition of tropical litter mixtures.Plant and soil, 343, pp 273–286 Doi: 10.1007/s11104‐011‐0717‐y

    • Hättenschwiler S.,Coq S, Barantal S., Handa T, 2010.Leaf traits and decomposition in tropical rainforests: revisiting some commonly held views and towards a new hypothesis.New phytologist, doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03483.x.

    • Tarascou I, Souquet JM, Mazauric JP, Carrillo S,Coq S, Canon F, Fulcrand H, Cheynier V, 2010.The hidden face of food phenolic compounds.Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics,501 (1)

    • Coq S, Souquet JM, Meudec E, Cheynier V, Hättenschwiler S, 2010.Leaf litter tannins drive decomposition and control animal consumption in a humid tropical forest in French Guiana.Ecology,91

    • Coulis M, Hättenschwiler S, Rapior S,Coq S. 2009.Litter consumption by soil macrofauna and the fate of condensed tannins.Soil Biology and Biochemistry,41, pp. 2573-2578.

    • Coq, S.; Barthes, B.; Oliver, R.; Rabary, B.; Blanchart, E, 2007.Earthworm activity affects soil aggregation and organic matter dynamics according to the quality and localization of crop residues-An experimental study (Madagascar).Soil Biology and Biochemistry,39 (8), pp. 2119-2128

     

  • Sylvie MOREL


    MOREL Sylvie

    Maître de Conférences, Université de Montpellier

     

     

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

     

  • Sylvie RAPIOR

    Sylvie Madere jardinBotanique avril2009

    Professeur des Universités émérite, Université de Montpellier

     

    Mes recherches portent sur les substances naturelles végétales et fongiques (composés phénoliques ou volatils) d’intérêt industriel présentant des applications en industrie agroalimentaire (arômes, compléments alimentaires) ou pharmaceutique (activités antioxydante, antiinflammatoire, anticancéreux, antimicrobienne), d’intérêt écologique (rhizosphère, écologie chimique) ou ayant un impact sur la santé humaine (toxines fongiques).

     

    My research focuses on plant and mushroom substances (i.e., phenolic compounds or volatiles) of industrial interest presenting applications in  food (flavours, alimentary complements) or pharmaceutical (antioxidants, antiinflammatory, anticancerous, antimicrobial) industries,  of ecological interest (rhizosphere, chemical ecology) or with an impact on human health (fungal toxins, pharmacological properties).

     

     Courriel : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

     

     

  • Thomas LENORMAND

    altDirecteur de Recherche CNRS

    CEFE
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5
    Tél : +33/0 4 67 61 32 91
    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
    @Th_Lenormand

    My principal area of research is Evolutionary genetics and evolutionary ecology. I have a broad expertise in evolutionary biology, genetics and ecology.

    I have been working on adaptation and mutation, local adaptation, evolution of genetic systems (sex, recombination, sex chromosomes), evolution of gene duplicates, speciation, genetic conflicts, dispersal, biotic interactions (parasites, microbiota), statistics and fitness measures. I have been working with many empirical systems (vertebrates, insects, crustaceans, fungi, plants, helminths, bacteria), in the lab and in the field.

    Currently, my scientific activity rests on three axes: first I do theoretical work (theoretical population genetics, statistics, and bioinformatics development). I am particularly interested currently on the evolution of gene expression (on sex chromosomes or in asexuals). Second, I work on small crustaceans Artemia and Daphnia. I’m particularly interested currently on sex-asex transitions, biotic interactions and adaptation to temperature. Third, I do experimental evolution on E. coli. I'm particularly interested on testing fitness landscape models, adaptation to different doses of antibiotics, and coevolution of species coexisting by frequency dependence.

    Research interests by keywords
    adaptation, local adaptation, migration, speciation, (sex) chromosomes, clines, sex, parthenogenesis, meiosis, recombination, epistasis, dominance, mutations, resistance, duplications, modifiers, mating systems, sexual conflicts, parasites, microbiota.

    XYmus alt popgen  alt
    coli daphnia  alt silene

    Brief CV

    Deputy director CEFE

    Research director CNRS (DR1)
    HDR (2007)
    Ph.D Evolutionary Biology (1998)

    ERC "advanced grant" (2023)
    Radcliffe Fellow, Harvard Univ. (2017-2018)
    ERC "starting grant" (2007)
    Theodosius Dobzhansky Prize (Society for the Study of Evolution), 2000
    Young Investigator Prize (American Society of Naturalists), 2000

    ResearchGate, GoogleScholarAcademicTree


     

    alt Editor2012 - 2015
    alt Associate editor2005 - 2008
    alt Associate editor2004 - 2011
    alt

    Associate editor2003 - 2007

    genetics Associate editor2023 -...

     


    Interested to join the lab?

    If you're interested in the research topics mentioned above, or related ones, do not hesitate to contact me to discuss possible internships, PhDs, or postdocs.


    Preprints

    Houtain A, A Derzelle, M Lliros, B Hespeels, E Nicolas, P Simion, J Virgo, A-C Heuskin, T Lenormand, B Hallet, K Van Doninck.Transgenerational chromosome repair in the asexual bdelloid rotifer Adineta vaga. bioRxiv

    Recent papers

    Lenormand T, Roze D. 2024 Can mechanistic constraints on recombination reestablishment explain the long-term maintenance of degenerate sex chromosomes? Peer Community Journal 4.

    Molinier C, Lenormand T, Haag C. 2023. No recombination suppression in asexually produced males of Daphnia pulex. Evolution, qpad114

    Boyer L, R Jabbour-Zahab, P Joncour, S Glémin, CR Haag, T Lenormand. 2023. Asexual male production by ZW recombination in Artemia parthenogenetica. Evolution 77: 1-12

    Laroche F, Lenormand T. 2023. The genetic architecture of local adaptation in a cline. Peer Community Journal 3.

    Doums C, P Chifflet-Belle, T Lenormand, R Boulay, I Villalta. 2023. A putatively new ant species from the Cataglyphis cursor group displays low levels of polyandry with standard sexual reproduction. Insectes Sociaux 70: 439-450.
     

    Lenormand T, Roze D. 2022. Y recombination arrest and degeneration in the absence of sexual dimorphism. Science, 375:663-666.

    Muyle A, Marais GAB, Bačovský V, Hobza R, Lenormand T. 2022. Dosage compensation evolution in plants: theories, controversies and mechanisms. Philosophical Transactions B 377: 20210222

    Pais-Costa AJ, Lievens EJ, Redón S, Sánchez MI, Jabbour-Zahab R, Joncour P, Van Hoa N, Van Stappen G, Lenormand T. 2022. Phenotypic but no genetic adaptation in zooplankton 24 years after an abrupt +10°C climate change. Evolution Letters 6:284-294.

    Rode NO, Jabbour-Zahab R, Boyer L, Flaven É, Hontoria F, Van Stappen G, Haag C, Lenormand T. 2022. The origin of asexual brine shrimps. Am. Nat. 200: E52-E76.

    Boyer L, R Zahab, M Mosna, C Haag, T Lenormand. 2021. Not so clonal asexuals: unraveling the secret sex life of Artemia parthenogenetica. Evolution Letters 5:164-174.

    Bestová H, Segrestin J, von Schwartzenberg K, Škaloud P, Lenormand T, Violle C. 2021. Biological scaling in green algae: the role of cell size and geometry. Scientific Reports 11: 1-9.

    Simion P, Narayan J, Houtain A, Derzelle A, Baudry L, Nicolas E,... and Van Doninck K. 2021. Chromosome-level genome assembly reveals homologous chromosomes and recombination in asexual rotifer Adineta vaga. Science advances 7: eabg4216.

    Lenormand, T., Fyon, F., Sun, E., & Roze, D. 2020. Sex chromosome degeneration by regulatory evolution. Current Biology 30: 3001-3006.

    Lievens EJP, Y Michalakis, T Lenormand. 2020. Trait-specific trade-offs prevent niche expansion in two parasites. Recommended by PCI Evol Biol. JEB 33:1704-1714.

    Harmand N, V Federico, T Hindre, T Lenormand. 2019. Non-linear frequency-dependent selection promotes long-term coexistence between bacteria species. Ecology Letters 22, 1192-1202

    Lievens EJP, Rode NO, Landes J, Segard A, Jabbour-Zahab R, Michalakis Y, Lenormand T. 2019. Long-term prevalence data reveals spillover dynamics in a multi-host (Artemia), multi-parasite (Microsporidia) community. International Journal for Parasitology, 49, 471-480.

     

    Selected publications by topics

    Adaptation and mutation effects


    Bourguet, D., T. Lenormand, T. Guillemaud, V. Marcel, D. Fournier, and M. Raymond. 1997. Variation of dominance of newly arisen adaptive genes. Genetics 147:1225-1234.

    Chevin L.-M., G. Martin, T. Lenormand. 2010. Fisher’s model and the genomics of adaptation: restricted pleiotropy, heterogeneous mutation and parallel evolution. Evolution 64: 3213-3231PDF

    Gallet R., Latour Y., Bradley H., and T. Lenormand. 2014. The dynamics of niche evolution upon abrupt environmental change. Evolution 68:1257-1269

    Gallet R, Violle C, Fromin N, Jabbour-Zahab R, Enquist B, Lenormand T. 2017. The evolution of bacterial cell size: the internal diffusion-constraint hypothesis. ISME J. 11:1559-156

    Harmand N, Gallet R, Jabbour-Zahab R, Martin G, Lenormand T. 2016. Fisher’s geometrical model and the mutational patterns of antibiotic resistance across dose gradients. Evolution 71:23-37.

    Harmand N, Gallet R, Martin G, Lenormand T. 2018. Evolution of bacteria specialization along an antibiotic dose gradient.Evol.Let. in press.

    Jasmin J.-N., Lenormand T. 2016. Accelerating mutational load is not due to synergistic epistasis or mutator alleles in mutation accumulation lines of yeast. Genetics DOI 115.182774

    Labbé, P., Sidos, N., Raymond, M., and Lenormand, T., 2009. Resistance Gene Replacement in the Mosquito Culex pipiens: Fitness Estimation from Long Term Cline Series. Genetics 182:303-312PDF

    Lenormand, T., D. Roze, F. Rousset. 2009. Stochasticity in evolution. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 24: 157-165.PDF

    Lenormand T, Chevin LMC, Bataillon T. 2016. Parallel evolution : what does it (not) tell us and why is it (still) interesting? [Book chapter, in Chance in Evolution Ramsey G & C Pence Eds, Univ. Chicago Press]. 

    Lenormand, Nougué O, Jabbour-Zahab R, Arnaud F, Dezileau L, Chevin L.-M and Sánchez M. 2017 Resurrection Ecology in Artemia. Evol Appl. 11:76-87

    Lenormand T, Harmand N, Gallet R. Cost of resistance: an unreasonably expensive concept. bioRxiv.

    Manna F., Martin G., and T. Lenormand. 2011. Fitness landscape: an alternative theory for the dominance of mutations. Genetics 189:923-937.PDF.

    Manna F., Gallet R., Martin G., and T. Lenormand. 2012. The high throughput yeast deletion fitness data and the theories of dominance. JEB, 25:892-903.PDF.

    Martin, G., and T. Lenormand. 2006. A general multivariate extension of Fisher's geometrical model and the distribution of mutation fitness effects across species. Evolution 60:893-907. AwardedFisher Prize 2007, Best PhD paper published in Evolution in 2006.PDF

    Martin, G., and T. Lenormand. 2006. The fitness effect of mutations in stressful environments: a survey in the light of fitness landscape models. Evolution 60:2413-2427.PDF

    Martin, G., S.F. Elena and T. Lenormand. 2007. Distributions of epistasis in microbes fit predictions from a fitness landscape model. Nature Genetics 39:555-560.PDF

    Martin, G., and T. Lenormand. 2008. The distribution of beneficial and fixed mutation fitness effects close to an optimum. Genetics. 179: 907-916.PDF

    Martin, G., and T. Lenormand. 2015. The fitness effect of mutations across environments: Fisher's geometric model with multiple optima.Evolution 69:1433-1447 

    Nougué O, Svendsen N, Zahab R, Lenormand T, Chevin LM. 2016. The ontogeny of tolerance curves : habitat quality versus acclimation in a stressful environment.J. Anim. Ecol. Doi 10.1111/1365-2656.12572.

    Pais-Costa AJ, Lievens EJ, Redón S, Sánchez MI, Jabbour-Zahab R, Joncour P, Van Hoa N, Van Stappen G, Lenormand T. 2022. Phenotypic but no genetic adaptation in zooplankton 24 years after an abrupt +10°C climate change. Evolution Letters 6:284-294.

    Local adaptation


    Alberto F., S. N. Aitken, R. Alía, S. C. González-Martínez, H. Hänninen, A. Kremer, F. Lefèvre, T. Lenormand, S. Yeaman, R. Whetten, O. Savolainen. 2013. Potential for evolutionary responses to climate change - evidence from tree populations. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.12181.

    Debarre F., Lenormand, T. and Gandon S. Evolutionary epidemiology of drug-resistance in space. 2009. PLoS Comp. Biol. 5:e1000337.PDF

    Debarre F.,and T. Lenormand. 2011.Distance-limited dispersal promotes coexistence at habitat boundaries: reconsidering the competitive exclusion principle. Ecology Letters, 14: 260-266PDF

    Epinat, G., and T. Lenormand. 2009. The evolution of assortative mating and selfing with in- and outbreeding depression. Evolution. 63: 2047-2060.PDF

    Gallet R, Latour Y, Hughes B S, Lenormand T. 2014. The dynamics of niche evolution upon abrupt environmental change. Evolution 68: 1257-1269

    Guillemaud, T., T. Lenormand, D. Bourguet, C. Chevillon, N. Pasteur, and M. Raymond. 1998. Evolution of resistance in Culex pipiens: Allele replacement and changing environment. Evolution 52:443-453.

    Labbe, P., T. Lenormand, and M. Raymond. 2005. On the worldwide spread of an insecticide resistance gene: a role for local selection. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18:1471-1484.PDF

    Laroche F, Lenormand T. 2023. The genetic architecture of local adaptation in a cline. Peer Community Journal 3.

    Lenormand, T. 2002. Gene flow and the limits to natural selection. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 17:183-189.PDF

    Lenormand, T., D. Bourguet, T. Guillemaud, and M. Raymond. 1999. Tracking the evolution of insecticide resistance in the mosquito Culex pipiens. Nature 400:861-864.PDF

    Lenormand, T., and M. Raymond. 1998. Resistance management: the stable zone strategy. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 265:1985-1990.PDF

    Lenormand, T., and M. Raymond. 2000. Analysis of clines with variable selection and variable migration. American Naturalist 155:70-82.PDF

    Milesi P, Lenormand T., Lagneau C, Weill M, Labbé P. 2016. Relating Fitness to Long-term Environmental Variations in natura.Molecular Ecoloy 25:5483-5499.

    Gene duplication evolution


    Labbe, P., A. Berthomieu, C. Berticat, H. Alout, M. Raymond, T. Lenormand, and M. Weill. 2007. Independent duplications of the acetylcholinesterase gene conferring insecticide resistance in the mosquito Culex pipiens. Molecular Biology and Evolution 24:1056-1067. PDF

    Lenormand, T., T. Guillemaud, D. Bourguet, and M. Raymond. 1998. Appearance and sweep of a gene duplication: Adaptive response and potential for new functions in the mosquito Culex pipiens. Evolution 52:1705-1712. PDF

    Labbé P., Milesi P., Yébakima A., Weill M., and T. Lenormand. 2014. Gene dosage effects on fitness in recent adaptive duplications : ace-1 in the mosquito Culex pipiens. Evolution 68: 2092-2101

    Labbe, P., C. Berticat, A. Berthomieu, S. Unal, C. Bernard, M. Weill and T. Lenormand. 2007. Forty years of erratic insecticide resistance evolution in the mosquito Culex pipiens. PLoS Genetics, 3:e205. PDF

    Milesi P, Weill M, Lenormand T., Labbé P. 2017. Heterogeneous gene duplications can be adaptive because they permanently associate overdominant alleles.Evolution Letters,1:169-180.

    Sex, recombination, sex chromosomes, life cycles


    Boyer L, R Jabbour-Zahab, P Joncour, S Glémin, CR Haag, T Lenormand. 2023. Asexual male production by ZW recombination in Artemia parthenogenetica. Evolution 77: 1-12

    Boyer L, R Zahab, M Mosna, C Haag, T Lenormand. 2021. Not so clonal asexuals: unraveling the secret sex life of Artemia parthenogenetica. Evolution Letters 5:164-174.

    Doums C, P Chifflet-Belle, T Lenormand, R Boulay, I Villalta. 2023. A putatively new ant species from the Cataglyphis cursor group displays low levels of polyandry with standard sexual reproduction. Insectes Sociaux 70: 439-450.

    Fyon F, Lenormand T. 2018. Cis-regulator runaway and divergence in asexuals. Evolution 10.1111/evo.13424

    Haag C, Theodosiou L, Zahab R, Lenormand T. 2017. Low recombination rates in sexual species and sex-asex transitions Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B. DOI: 10.1098/rstb. 2016-0461

    Lenormand T, Roze D. 2024 Can mechanistic constraints on recombination reestablishment explain the long-term maintenance of degenerate sex chromosomes? Peer Community Journal 4.

    Lenormand T, Roze D. 2022. Y recombination arrest and degeneration in the absence of sexual dimorphism. Science, 375:663-666.

    Lenormand T, Engelstädter J, Johnston SE, Wijnker E, Haag CR. 2016. Evolutionary mysteries in meiosis. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B, Doi 10.1098/rstb.2016.0001. alsohereon BiorXiv

    Lenormand, T. 2003. The evolution of sex dimorphism in recombination. Genetics 163:811-822.PDF

    Lenormand, T., and S. P. Otto. 2000. The evolution of recombination in a heterogeneous environment. Genetics 156:423-438.PDF

    Lenormand, T., and J. Dutheil. 2005. Recombination difference between sexes: A role for haploid selection.PLoS Biology 3:396-403. PDF 

    Lenormand T, Roze D, Cheptou P-O, Maurice S. 2010. L'évolution du sexe: un carrefour pour la biologie évolutive. in Biologie évolutive. M. Raymond, F. Thomas, T. Lefèvre, Eds. DeBoeck.
    Everything you ever wanted to know about sex, but in French

    Lievens EJP, Henriques GJB, Michalakis Y, Lenormand T. 2016. Maladaptive sex ratio adjustment in the invasive brine shrimp Artemia franciscana. Curr Biol. 26:1463–1467

    Martin, G., S. P. Otto, and T. Lenormand. 2006. Selection for recombination in structured populations. Genetics 172:593-609.PDF

    Molinier C, Lenormand T, Haag C. 2023. No recombination suppression in asexually produced males of Daphnia pulex. Evolution, qpad114

    Mollion M, Ehlers BK, Figuet E, Santoni S, Lenormand T, Maurice S, Galtier N, Bataillon T. 2017. Patterns of genome-wide nucleotide diversity in the gynodioecious plant Thymus vulgaris are compatible with recent sweeps of cytoplasmic genes. Genome biology and evolution 10:239-248

    Muyle A, Marais GAB, Bačovský V, Hobza R, Lenormand T. 2022. Dosage compensation evolution in plants: theories, controversies and mechanisms. Philosophical Transactions B 377: 20210222

    Nougué O, Flaven E, Jabbour-Zahab R, Rode N O, Dubois M-P, Lenormand T. 2015. Characterization of nine new polymorphic microsatellite markers in Artemia parthenogenetica. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 58, 59-63

    Nougué O, Rode NO, Jabbour Zahab R, Ségard A, Chevin LMC, Haag C, Lenormand T. 2015. Automixis in Artemia: solving a century old controversy. J. Evol. Biol. 28:2337-2348

    Otto, S. P., and T. Lenormand. 2002. Resolving the paradox of sex and recombination. Nature Reviews Genetics 3:252-261.PDF

    Rescan M, Lenormand T, Roze D. 2016. Interaction between genetic and ecological effects on the evolution of life cycles. American Naturalist 187: 19-34

    Rode NO, Jabbour-Zahab R, Boyer L, Flaven É, Hontoria F, Van Stappen G, Haag C, Lenormand T. 2022. The origin of asexual brine shrimps. Am. Nat. 200: E52-E76.

    Roze, D., and T. Lenormand. 2005. Self-fertilization and the evolution of recombination. Genetics 170:841-857.PDF

    Henry, P. Y., L. Vimond, T. Lenormand, and P. Jarne. 2006. Is delayed selfing adjusted to chemical cues of density in the freshwater snail Physa acuta? Oikos 112:448-455.PDF

    Svendsen N, Reisser CMO, Dukić M, Thuillier V, Ségard A, Liautard-Haag C, Fasel D, Hürlimann E, Lenormand T, Galimov Y and Haag CR. 2015. Uncovering Cryptic Asexuality in Daphnia magnaby RAD-Sequencing. Genetics 201:1143-1155

    Speciation


    Bierne, N., T. Lenormand, F. Bonhomme, and P. David. 2002. Deleterious mutations in a hybrid zone: can mutational load decrease the barrier to gene flow? Genetical Research 80:197-204.PDF

    Chevin, L.-M., Decorzent G., T. Lenormand. 2014. Niche dimensionality and the genetics of ecological speciation. Evolution 68:1244-1256

    Fel-Clair, F., J. Catalan, T. Lenormand, and J. Britton-Davidian. 1998. Centromeric incompatibilities in the hybrid zone between house mouse subspecies from Denmark: Evidence from patterns of NOR activity. Evolution 52:592-603.

    Fel-Clair, F., T. Lenormand, J. Catalan, J. Grobert, A. Orth, P. Boursot, M. C. Viroux, and J. BrittonDavidian. 1996. Genomic incompatibilities in the hybrid zone between house mice in Denmark: Evidence from steep and non-coincident chromosomal clines for Robertsonian fusions. Genetical Research 67:123-134.

    Ganem, G, C. Litel, and T. Lenormand. 2008. Variation in mate preference across a house mouse hybrid zone. Heredity. 6:594-601PDF

    Gay, L., P. Crochet, D. Bell, and T. Lenormand. 2008. Comparing genetic and phenotypic clines in hybrid zones: a window on tension zone models. Evolution 62: 2789-2806PDF

    Lenormand T. 2012. From local adaptation to speciation: specialization and reinforcement. International Journal of Ecology. Ecological speciation (special issue) article ID 508458.PDF

    Lenormand, T., F. FelClair, K. Manolakou, P. Alibert, and J. BrittonDavidian. 1997. Chromosomal transmission bias in laboratory hybrids between wild strains of the two European subspecies of house mice.Genetics 147:1279-1287. PDF

     

    Dispersal


    Billiard, S., and T. Lenormand. 2005. Evolution of migration under kin selection and local adaptation. Evolution 59:13-23. PDF

    Lenormand, T., T. Guillemaud, D. Bourguet, and M. Raymond. 1998. Evaluating gene flow using selected markers: A case study. Genetics 149:1383-1392. PDF

    Rieux A, Lenormand T., Carlier J., de Lapeyre de Bellaire L., Ravigne V. 2013 Using neutral cline decay to estimate contemporary dispersal: a generic tool and its application to a major crop pathogen.Ecology Letters 16 :721-730

    Genetic conflicts


    Autran D, Baroux C, Raissig MT, Lenormand T, Wittig M, Grob S, Steimer A, Barann M, Klostermeir UC, Leblanc O, Vielle-Calzada JP, Rosenstiel P, Grimanelli D, Grossniklaus U. 2011. Maternal epigenetic pathways control parental contributions to Arabidopsisearly embryogenesis. Cell 145: 707-719.PDF

    Cailleau A., P.-O. Cheptou, T. Lenormand. 2010. Ploidy and the evolution of endosperm of flowering plants. Genetics 184:439-453.PDF

    Cailleau A, Grimanelli D, Cheptou P-O, Lenormand T. 2018. Dividing a maternal pie among half-sibs: genetic conflicts and the control of resource allocation to seeds in maize. Am. Nat. 192: 577-592

    Fyon F., Cailleau A., Lenormand T. 2015. Enhancer runaway and the Evolution of diploid gene expression.PLoS Genet. DOI 10.1371/journal.pgen.1005665.

    Rode N., Charmantier A., Lenormand T. 2011. Male-female coevolution in the wild : evidence from a time series in Artemia franciscana. Evolution 65:2881-2892.PDF
    On the web See a great summary by Carl Zimmer
    here or in Wiredhere.

    Biotic interactions


    Ehlers B., David P., Damgaard C.F., Lenormand T. 2016. Competitor relatedness, indirect soil effects, and plant co-existence. Journal of Ecology 104: 1134-1135

    Gallet, R., T. Lenormand and I.-N. Wang, 2012 Phenotypic stochasticity prevents lytic bacteriophage population from extinction during bacterial stationary phase. Evolution 66: 3485-3494.PDF

    Lievens EJP, Rode NO, Landes J, Segard A, Jabbour-Zahab R, Michalakis Y, Lenormand T. 2018. Long-term prevalence data reveals spillover dynamics in a multi-host (Artemia), multi-parasite (Microsporidia) community. International Journal for Parasitology 49, 471-480.

    Lievens EJP, Perreau JMA, Agnew P, Michalakis Y, Lenormand T. 2018. Decomposing parasite fitness in a two-host, two-parasite system reveals the underpinnings of parasite specialization. bioRxiv 256974.

    Nougué O, Gallet R, Chevin LMC, Lenormand T. 2015. Niche Limits of Symbiotic Gut Microbiota Constrain the Salinity Tolerance of Brine Shrimp. American Naturalist 186:390-403
    Microbiota impact the niche and an extended definition of realized niches

    Rode N.O., Lievens EJP, Flaven E., Segard A., Jabbour-Zahab R., Sanchez M, Lenormand T. 2013. Why join groups? Lessons from parasite-manipulated Artemia. Ecology Letters 16:493-501.PDF
    On the web:
    Parasites Make Their Hosts Sociable So They Get Eaten. Ed Yong's National Geographic Blog

    Rode N.O., Landes J., Lievens E.J.P., Flaven E., Segard A., Jabbour-Zahab R., Michalakis Y., Agnew P., Vivares C., Lenormand T. 2013. Cytological, molecular and life cycle characterization of Anostracospora rigaudi n. g., n. sp. and Enterocytospora artemiae n. g., n. sp., two new microsporidian parasites infecting gut tissues of the brine shrimp Artemia.Parasitology 140:1168-1185 

    Sánchez M.I., N.O. Rode, E. Flaven, S. Redón, F. Amat, G.P. Vasileva, T. Lenormand. 2012. Differential susceptibility to parasites of invasive and native species of Artemia living in sympatry: consequences for the invasion of A. franciscana in the Mediterranean Region. Biological Invasion, 14:1819-1829.PDF

    Sanchez M., Pons I., Martinez-Haro M., Taggart M.A., Lenormand T., Green A. 2016. When parasites are good for health: cestode parasitism increases resistance to arsenic in brine shrimps. PLoS Pathogens DOIe1005459

    Vasileva G.P., Redon S., Amat F., Nikolov P.N., Sanchez M., Lenormand T., Georgiev B.B. 2009 Records of cysticercoids of Fimbriarioides tadornae (Maksimova, 1976) and Branchiopodataenia gvozdevi (Maksimova, 1988) (Cyclophyllidea, Hymenolepididae) from brine shrimps at the Mediterraneancoasts of Spain and France, with a key to cestodes from Artemia spp. from the Western Mediterranean.Acta Parasitologica 54: 143-150. PDF

    Fitness


    Gallet R., Cooper T., Elena S.F., T. Lenormand. 2012. Measuring selection coefficients below 10-3 : method, questions and prospects. Genetics, 190:175-186.PDF
    Over 150 millions phenotypes scored, one of the most precise measure of selection ever made and the questions it raises

    Gimenez O., R. Covas, C. Brown, M. Anderson, M. Bomberger Brown, and T. Lenormand. 2006. Nonparametric estimation of natural selection on a quantitative trait using capture-mark-recapture data. Evolution 60:460-466.PDF

    Gimenez O., Gregoire A., Lenormand T. 2009. Estimating and visualizing fitness surfaces using mark-recapture data.Evolution. 63: 3097-3105. 

    Lenormand T, Rode NO, Chevin LMC, Rousset F. 2016. Valeur sélective: définitions, enjeux et mesures. in Biologie évolutive 2nd edition. M. Raymond, F. Thomas, T. Lefèvre, Eds. DeBoeck.
    Everything you ever wanted to know about fitness, but in French

     


     

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  • VALLET Lilian

    LV

    Doctorant

    IRD - ADEME

    Équipe FORECAST

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier cedex 5

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

     

    ORCID

    Twitter

     

    Risque incendie et Durabilité des stocks de carbone des agro- écosystèmes

  • Véronique ARNAL

    V Arnal

    Ingénieur d’Etude (EPHE - PSL)

    CEFE/CNRS
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5

     tél :33 (0)4 67 61 32 54



    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
     

    Référente données (UMR5175)

    Expertise en biologie moléculaire 

    • phylogénie,  phylogéographie, dynamique des populations, épidémiologie
    • détection ADN rares
    • mise au point de marqueurs moléculaires (gènes et locus microsatellites) 
    • outils bio-informatiques
  • VOLAIRE Florence

     Chargée de Recherche HC - CE - INRAE - HDRPortrait

    Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier 5


    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    Personal interests

    As an ecophysiologist, my research is focused on the adaptive strategies of plants under drought (Volaire, 2018, Global Change Biology). I have particularly analysed the adaptive strategies to cope with severe water deficit, such as summer dormancy (Volaire & Norton, 2006, Annals of Botany). I also investigate the  dehydration tolerance and embolism resistance of perennial herbaceous plants under severe summer droughts as occurring in Mediterranean and semi-arid areas.  We proposed a critical view of the so called 'functional' traits that are increasingly challenged as unsuitable to fully understand plant and communities functioning (Volaire et al., 2021 Ecology and Evolution). As a consequence, I highlight the importance of seasonal phenological adaptations across species and types to survive dehydration stress (drought, frost), based on the important framework in ecology, the 'growth-stress survival' tradeoff' (Volaire et al., 2022 Annals of Botany). I am developing collaborative research projects with geneticists and ecologists to understand plant traits and strategies associated with drought survival with application to plant breeding in forage species for better adaptation to increasing aridity under climate change.

    Intérêts personnels
    Mes travaux portent sur les stratégies adaptatives des plantes à la sécheresse. Je travaille notamment sur les espèces herbacées pérennes sous sécheresses estivales sévères de type méditerranéen. Je couple des approches en écophysiologie, agronomie et écologie fonctionnelle. L’objectif principal est d’analyser le fonctionnement des espèces et communautés herbacées sous contrainte hydrique forte dans le cadre du changement climatique. Un cadre conceptuel et terminologique unifié des stratégies adaptatives des plantes à la sécheresse a été proposé en 2018. Les études portent notamment sur la stratégie de dormance estivale et plus largement sur la généricité du compromis fonctionnel entre potentiel de croissance et survie au stress. Une revue multi-espèces et multi-stress a été publiée en 2023 dans Annals of Botany qui propose de considérer mieux la phénologie des plantes au travers d'un 'Plant economics spectrum' saisonnier. 

  • WINKEL Thierry

    alt

    Logo ird new

    Chargé de recherche (CR1) IRD

    UMR 5175 CEFE
    Campus du CNRS
    1919, route de Mende
    34293 Montpellier cedex 5 - France

     +33 (0)4 67 61 33 28 - This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Thierry_Winkel

    http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3701-6973

    http://www.researcherid.com/rid/E-2388-2011

    Chercheur en agroécologie, mes travaux portent sur les réponses des agrosystèmes face aux changement socio-environnementaux passés et présents.

    Mots-clés: agrodiversité; agroécologie; adaptation au climat; Andes; Chenopodium quinoa; durabilité agricole; panarchie; systèmes socio-écologiques; zones arides