Welcome to the CEFE

The CEFE is currently the largest French research center in Ecology and Evolutionary Ecology. Our Mission: perform independent, fundamental scientific research on the dynamics of biodiversity, planetary environmental change, and sustainable development. The links between society and ecology is a theme of increasing importance in oour research.

If you are interested in who does what on a specific theme or topic at CEFE, please go to the WHO DOES WHAT tab and use the proposed tags. You will have direct access to the pages of the persons listed for a given tag.

If you are interested in what the different research Departments at cefe do and the focus of their respective teams, please go to the RESEARCH tab and navigate the Departments and their teams.

Seminars of ecology and evolution of Montpellier

  • Hanna Kokko

    2 juillet 2021, 11h30 (diffusion en visioconférence). Good reasons to live shorter lives

  • Rachel Germain

    25 juin 2021, 16h00 (diffusion en visioconférence). Matters of scale in the ecology and evolution of biodiversity

Delphine RENARD

 

 20191206 125936 copie

Researcher at CNRS
Ecologist

 

My research addresses the roles of biodiversity, wild and domesticated (i.e. agrobiodiversity), in the functioning and resilience of agroecosystems. My research is interdisciplinary, bridging different domains of ecology (landscape, soil, functional ecology) with social sciences (ethnobiology, archaeology, economy). Thanks to these collaborations and the use of a wide range of approaches (fieldwork, modeling, GIS, remote sensing), my research spans multiple temporal (from decades to millennium) and spatial (local, regional and national) scales.

 

Background & current project in a nutshell

During my Ph.D. (2010, University of Montpellier), I assessed the long-term ecological effects of past agricultural practices on plants, soil macroinvertebrates and soil functioning. After a year of teaching, I completed six years of post-doctoral studies in North America (McGill, Canada and University of California in Santa Barbara, USA). My work provided multiple insights into the roles of habitat, functional and species diversities to support sustainable ways of farming.

I am currently the PI of the AgrobiodiverSity for a food-Secure planet-ASSET project (publicly funded by the French program Make Our Planet Great Again). Combining ecology and ethnoecology, ASSET is assessing the potential contributions of crop plants and local knowledge diversities to strengthen societies’ capacities to face increasing climatic variability. 

email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

CEFE UMR5175
Campus du CNRS
1919, route de Mende
F-34293 Montpellier 5
France
Tél. : +33 (0) 4 67 61 32 34
Fax : +33 (0) 4 67 61 33 36

bureau 2-C-204

 Keywords

Themes: Agrobiodiversity, biodiversity-ecosystem functioning, resilience, climate change, Human-nature interaction, ecosystem services, ecosystem engineers, mound-field landscapes

Disciplines: Ecology / Sustainability science
Countries
: French Guiana / Colombia / Bolivia / Morocco / Senegal / France / Canada

Methods: Statistical modelling with R, biodiversity surveys, GIS, remote sensing

 

Research themes

Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in agroecosystems: I investigate how theoretical and empirical work in the ecological field of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning can help design more sustainable and resilient agroecosystems. Although most studies investigated the benefits of increasing crop diversity at the genetic, specific or functional levels within plots (through intercropping or rotation) on yield, soil fertility and pest/disease regulation, how agrobiodiversity can stabilize agroecosystem functioning through time remain largely unknown. In this area, I attempt to answer questions such as the following: Does increasing crop diversity lead to greater stability of yield through time ? What are the mechanisms behind the agrobiodiversity-stability relationship? More specifically, can crop diversity stabilize yield in the face of increased climate variability ? How do agrobiodiversity and agricultural management practices (e.g. irrigation, fertilization, etc.) interact to stabilize or destabilize yield? I tackle these questions across spatial scales, from plots to landscapes up to national and regional scales, combining historical data sets and empirical data collection.

Agrobiodiversity and traditional ecological knowledge: I am working closely with ethnoecologist and anthropologists to deepen the understanding of local knowledge linked to climate change and its local impacts on agriculture and how farmer use their knowledge on plants, climate and their land to make management decisions. In this theme, I work specifically with Yildiz Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Sophie Caillon and Victoria Reyes-Garcia and her LICCI project.

Ecosystem engineering in tropical wetlands: I am passionate about landscapes featuring regularly spaced earth mounds that can be seen from the air or space. I started to study these landscapes during my Ph.D in French Guiana where mounds were pre-Columbian raised fields, built by farmers to protect their crops from seasonal flooding. Humans are not the only ecosystem engineers to build earth mounds: termites, ants and earthworms are also known as mound builders. All these organisms use the same strategy: building mounds to promote their persistence in flood-prone or very dry environments. This convergence led to landscapes that are very resembling. One of the question I ask is methodological: How can we differentiate earth mounds of human and natural origin? My most recent research on earth mounds focus on surales, one of the most spectacular examples of regular patterns in natural ecosystems, located in the Orinoco Llanos of Colombia and Venezuela. Our team’s previous work showed that an earthworm species create individual mounds. But the question we ask now is how the ecosystem-level pattern emerges? And how the spatial pattern is modulated by environmental variables (e.g. topography and water depth)?

Education and research experiences

2019-2021 Postdoctoral fellow (PI) at Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive UMR 5175 Montpellier, France. Project funded by the Investissement d’Avenir program Make Our Planet Great Again (MOPGA)

2016-2018 Postdoctoral fellow at Bren School of Environmental Science & Management,   

University of California, Santa Barbara, United States

Project: Link between biodiversity and functioning of agroecosystems

Main collaborator: David Tilman

2012-2015 Postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Natural Resource Sciences, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.  

Project: Dynamics of ecosystems services through time and space

Main collaborators: Elena Bennett, Jeanine Rhemtulla

2012    Assistant professor, AgroParisTech, Paris, France

Main collaborators: Nathalie Frascaria-Lacoste

2011    Research assistant, CEFE, Montpellier, France

Project : Contributions of past agricultural practices to agroecology

Main collaborator: Doyle McKey

2010    Ph.D in population biology and ecology, University of Montpellier II, France

Thesis: History and ecology of raised field landscapes in coastal savannas of French Guiana

2007    Master’s Degree in evolutionary biology and ecology, University of Montpellier II, France   

2005    Associate's Degree in Psychology, University of Besançon and University of Paris XIII, France

Publications

Peer-reviewed journals

Mahaut L., Violle C., & Renard D. (2021). Complementary mechanisms stabilize national food production. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-84272-z

Labeyrie V, Renard D et al. (2021). The role of crop diversity in climate change adaptation: insights from local observations to inform decision making in agriculture. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 51, 15-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2021.01.006

Renard D, Tilman D. (2020) MA: Reply to Egli and collaborators. Nature 588, E13. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2965-6

Renard D, Tilman D (2019) National food production stabilized by crop diversity. Nature 571, 257-260. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1316-y

Lamy T, Wang S, Renard D, Lafferty KD, Reed DC, Miller RJ (2019). Species insurance trumps spatial insurance in stabilizing biomass of a marine macroalgal metacommunity. Ecology, e02719.

Frei B, Renard D, Mitchell MGE, Seufert V, Chaplin-Kramer R, Rhemtulla J, Bennett E (2018) Bright spots in agricultural landscapes: Identifying areas exceeding expectations for multifunctionality and biodiversity. Journal of Applied Ecology 55, 2741-2753.

Renard D, Rhemtulla J, Bennett E (2016) Agro-biodiversity has increased over a 95-year period at sub-regional and regional scales in southern Quebec, Canada. Environmental Research Letters 11, 124024.

Tomscha S, Sutherland I, Renard D, Gergel S, Rhemtulla J, Bennett E, Lori D, Eddy I, Clark E (2016) A guide to historical datasets for reconstructing ecosystem services over time. BioScience 66, 747-762.

Zangerlé A, Renard D, Iriarte J, Jimenez LES, Montoya KLA, Juilleret J, McKey D (2016) The Surales, self-organized earth-mound landscapes made by earthworm in a seasonal tropical wetlands. PloS One 11, e0154269. Recommended by the Faculty of 1000.

Renard D, Rhemtulla J, Bennett E (2015). Historical dynamics in ecosystem service bundles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 112, 13411-13416. Recommended by the Faculty of 1000.

Mitchell M, Bennett EM, Gonzalez A, Lechowicz MJ, Rhemtulla JM, Cardille JA, Vanderheyden K, Poirier-Ghys G, Renard D, Delmotte S, Albert CH, Rayfield B, Dumitru M, Huang HH, Kipp R, Larouche M, Liss K, Maguire DY, Martins K, Terrado M, Ziter C, Taliana L, Dancose K (2015). The Montérégie connection project: Linking landscapes, biodiversity, ecosystem services, and stakeholders at multiple scales for decision-making. Ecology and Society 20, 15.

McKey D, Renard D, Zangerlé A, Iriarte J, Montoya KLA, Jimenez LES, Solibiéda A, Durécu M, Comptour M, Rostain S, Riamond C (2014). New approaches to pre-Columbian raised-field agriculture: ecology of seasonnally flooded savannas, and living raised fields in Africa, as windows on the past and the future. In: Amazonía. Memorias de las Conferencias Magistrales del 3er Encuentro Internacional de Arquelogía Amazónica. Quito, Ecuador.

Renard D, Birk JJ, Zangerle A, Lavelle P, Glaser B, Blatrix R, McKey D (2013). Ancient human agricultural practices can promote activities of contemporary non-human soil ecosystem engineers: A case study in coastal savannas of French Guiana. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 62, 46-56.

Blatrix R, Renard D, Djieto-Lordon C, McKey D (2012). The cost of myrmecophytism: insights from allometry of stem secondary growth. Annals of Botany 110, 1-9.

McKey D, Elias M, Pujol B, Duputié A, Delêtre M, Renard D (2012). Maintien du potentiel adaptatif chez les plantes domestiquées à propagation clonale. Leçons de gestion par les cultivateurs de manioc amérindiens. Revue d’Ethnoécologie 1, 99-120.

Renard D, Iriarte J, Birk JJ, Rostain S, Glaser B, McKey D (2011). Ecological engineers ahead of their time: The functioning of pre-Columbian raised-field agriculture and its potential contributions to sustainability today. Invited paper, Ecological Engineering 45, 30-44.

Renard D, Birk JJ, Glaser B, Iriarte J, Grisard G, Karl J, McKey D (2011). Origin of mound-field landscapes: a multi-proxy approach combining contemporary vegetation, carbon stable isotopes and phytoliths. Plant and Soil 351, 337-353.

Renard D, Schatz B, McKey D (2010). Ant nest architecture and seed burial depth: implications for seed fate and germination success in a myrmecochorous savanna shrub. Ecoscience 17, 194-202.

McKey D, Rostain S, Iriarte J, Glaser B, Birk JJ, Holst I, Renard D (2010). Pre-Columbian agricultural landscapes, ecosystem engineers, and self-organized patchiness in Amazonia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107, 7823-7828.

Iriarte J, Glaser B, Watling J, Wainwright A, Birk JJ, Renard D, Rostain S, McKey D (2010). Late Holocene Neotropical agricultural landscapes: phytolith and stable isotope analysis of raised-fields from French Guianan coastal savannahs. Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 2984-2994

Book chapters

Renard D (2016). Contributing author : Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas. A. Orgiazzi et al. (eds.), European Commission, Brussels, 175 pp

McKey D, Renard D, Zangerlé A, Iriarte J, Montoya KLA, Jimenez LES, Solibiéda A, Durécu M, Comptour M, Rostain S, Riamond C (2014). Ecologie historique des champs surélevés anciens et modernes d’Amérique et d’Afrique. In G. de Saulieu, M. Elouga and B. Sonké (eds.), Pour une Ecologie Historique en Afrique Centrale. Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie, IRD and PALOC, Yaoundé, Cameroon, 212 pp (2014)

McKey D, Renard D, Zangerlé A, Iriarte J, Montoya KLA, Jimenez LES, Solibiéda A, Durécu M, Comptour M, Rostain S, Riamond C. New approaches to pre-Columbian raised-field agriculture: ecology of seasonnally flooded savannas, and living raised fields in Africa, as windows on the past and the future. In: Amazonía. Memorias de las Conferencias Magistrales del 3er Encuentro Internacional de Arquelogía Amazónica. Quito, Ecuador ? pp 91-136 (2014). http://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.4539.0808

Rostain S, McKey D, Iriarte J, Glaser B, Renard D, Birk JJ, Roux B (2010). Les savanes anthropisées du littoral de Guyane. In: Guyane Océan (eds, D. Guiral & R. Le Guen). Editions Roger Le Guen, Garies, France.

 

Conferences

Renard D, Tilman D (février 2020) Crop diversity stabilizes national food production. World Biodiversity Forum, Davos, Suisse. Conférence invitée.

Renard D, Tilman D (mars 2020) Crop diversity stabilizes national food production. US-UK Science Forum on Sustainable Agriculture, Washington, Etats-Unis. Conférence invitée.

Renard D, Rhemtulla J, Bennett E (2015) Bundling food with other ecosystem services: A historical perspective on multifunctionality in Southern Quebec. International Landscape Ecology conference, Portland, Etats-Unis. Conférence invitee.

Renard D, Zangerle A, McKey D (2015) Ecological legacy of pre-Columbian agricultural activities. International Landscape Ecology conference, Portland, Etats-Unis. Conférence invitée.

Renard D, Zangerle A, McKey D (2015) Ecological legacy of pre-Columbian agricultural activities. Conférence annuelle de la Society of American Archaeologists, San Francisco, Etats-Unis. Conférence invitée.

Renard D, Rhemtulla J, Bennett E (2014) Emergence and spatial dynamics of ecosystem service interactions in southeastern Quebec from 1960 to 2006. Ecological Society of America, Sacramento, Etats-Unis.

Renard D, Rhemtulla J, Bennett E (2014) Dynamics of ecosystem services in space and time. Genomes to Biomes, Montréal, Canada.

Renard D, Rhemtulla J, Bennett E (2013) Ecosystem services in space and time. Conférence du Centre des Sciences de la Biodiversité du Québec, Montréal, Canada.

Renard D, Birk JJ, Glaser B, Iriarte J, Rostain S, McKey D (2010) Interactions between human and natural ecosystem engineers in ancient raised fields: implications in ecological engineering. Ecologie 2010, Montpellier, France.

Renard D, Birk JJ, Glaser B, McKey D (2009) Interactions of humans and natural ecosystem engineers: pre-Columbian raised-field complexes in Guianan coastal savannas. Symposium “Ecological engineering: From concepts to applications”, Paris, France.

McKey D, Rostain D, Glaser B, Iriarte J, Birk JJ, Renard D (2009) Landscapes co-constructed by man and nature: an interdisciplinary approach to pre-Columbian agricultural systems in Amazonia. Archéométrie Montpellier 2009, Ressources, Sociétés, Biodiversité, Montpellier, France. Conférence invitée.

Iriarte J, Renard D, Roux B, McKey D (2009) Agricultural productivity of pre-Hispanic raised-fields: an example from French Guiana. Archéométrie Montpellier 2009, Resources, Sociétés, Biodiversité, Montpellier, France.

Renard D, McKey D, Rostain, S (2008) Ecologie et archéologie des savanes côtières de la Guyane: paysages co-construits par l’Homme et la nature. Campus Agronomique, Kourou, Guyane française. Conférence invitee.

Renard D, McKey D (2008) Can spectral analysis of digitized images help us distinguish spatially periodic landscapes of natural and human origin? A case study of complexes of mounds in coastal savannas of French Guiana. World Archaeological Congress 6, Dublin, Irelande.

Renard D, Schatz B, McKey D (2008) The importance of secondary transport within ant nests for mymecochorous seed: a case study in Manihot. International Union for the Study of Social Insects (IUSSI), La Roche-en-Ardenne, Belgique.

McKey D, Renard D, Rostain S (2007) L’écologie contemporaine des complexes de champs surélevés dans les savanes côtières de la Guyane française. Les Hommes, d’autres ingénieurs d’écosystème, et des paysages qui s’auto-organisent. Symposium « Conservation of nature: what role for the social sciences? » Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.

McKey D, Renard D, Rostain S (2007) Le fonctionnement contemporain d’un héritage des activités agricoles précolombiennes : les champs surélevés dans les savanes du littoral guyanais. 5èmes journées de l’Institut Français pour la Biodiversité, Tours, France.

Renard D, McKey D (2007) Ancient human landscape modifications affect contemporary ecosystem functioning: the ecology of an ant-plant seed dispersal mutualism in pre-Columbian raised-field complexes in seasonally flooded savannas of French Guiana. Annual meeting ATBC (Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation), Morelia, Mexique.

Poster

Renard D, Birk JJ, Rostain S, Iriarte J, Glaser B, McKey D (2010) Self-organizing fallows that maintain resource concentration and ecosystem services in pre-Columbian raised fields of Guianan savannas. Annual meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation (ATBC), Bali, Indonesia.

Outreach

2017    Contribution to the book ‘Real of Fake? 3’, National Geographic Kids             

2016    Documentary for the program Discovery Science ‘What on Earth’ WAG TV      

2015    Writter for the blog «Montreal’s Ecosystems at Your Service » (http://www.esmontreal.ca/), educational articles about nature’s contributions to people in urban areas    

2010   Renard D. Des fourmis et des Hommes. Une saison en Guyane magazine n°5   

2009   Renard D, McKey D, Schatz B. Dispersion des graines : le cas du manioc sauvage en Guyane française. Le courrier de la Nature magazine n° 250

2009    Documentary « Humus: die vergessene Klima-Chance » (http://humus-derfilm.at/)

Yildiz AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS

DSC 0806 edited 

Directeur de Recherche au CNRS

Mes travaux portent sur les savoirs locaux et les interactions bioculturelles, entre les sociétés agraires et la nature. J'utilise des approches interdisciplinaires ethnoécologiques mêlant écologie et anthropologie. Ayant travaillé dans divers grand biomes de la planète, les forêts tropicales humides, puis le haut Himalaya et la Méditerranée au cours de ces 35 dernières années, j'interroge la diversité des relations entre les sociétés humaines et leurs natures, leurs pratiques et représentations de la nature. Ceci me permet d'explorer  les traits communs des savoirs et pratiques et des ontologies des relations entre les humains et la nature. Soucieuse des grandes questions environnementales actuelles, je suis engagée dans le dialogue entre sciences et politiques, notamment à l'IPBES. Je co-dirige actuellement le programme BioDivMeX du CNRS  sur la biodiversité en région méditerranéenne, où mes travaux portent sur les agroécosystèmes et l'agrobiodiversité méditerranéenne.

Director of Research at CNRS

My studies on local knowledge and biocultural Interactions explore human-nature interactions. I use interdisciplinary ethnoecological approaches that link ecology and anthropology. I worked in diverse world's biomes (tropical forests, the high Himalayas and the Mediterranea region over the past 35 years) and analyse the diversity of relationships that link human societies to nature.  I am currently interested in the common traits in knowledge, practices and human-nature ontologies across cultures. Being highly concerned by current environmental issues, I am involved in the dialogue between science and policy, especially at IPBES.  I  currently co-direct the BioDivMeX programme of the CNRS Mistrals Metaprogramme on Mediterranean biodiversity, in which my work relates to agrecosystems and agrobiodiversity of the Mediterranean region.

Courriel: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

 

Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2690-0571

Biocultural Interactions and Adaptations (IAB) Team, CEFE

Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, UMR 5175 

1919, route de Mende F-34293 Montpellier Cedex 5* 

Tél. : +33/0 4 67 61 32 34 Fax : +33/0 4 67 41 33 36 

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Mots Clés/ Key Words

Interactions Hommes-Nature, Savoirs locaux et autochtones, Domestication, Agroécosystèmes, Agrobiodiversité, Paysages, dialogue science et politique

Peoples-Nature Interactions, Indigenous and local knowledge, Domestication, Agroecosystems, Agrobiodiversity, Landscapes, Science and Policy Dialogue

Disciplines 

Ethnoécologie, Ethnobotanique, Anthropologie de la Nature

Ethnoecology, Ethnobotany, Nature Antrhopology

Countries

Indonésie, Himalaya (Népal, Pakistan), Méditerranée (Maroc, Italie_Sicile, France, Liban), Madagascar

Indonesia, Himalaya (Népal, Pakistan), Mediterranean region (Morocco, Italy_Sicily, France, Lebanon), Madagascar

 

 

Research Coordination and Direction 

Director of the Site for the Study of Global Ecology (Site d'Etude en Ecologie Globale), PANTELLERIA, Sicily, Institut Ecologie et Environnement, CNRS

Co-Responsible with E. Bertoncello of the Syndicat National des Producteurs de Châtaigne of the ROC-CHA project (Réseau d'Observation et de Conservation des variétés de CHâtaignes et des savoirs locaux et scientifiques co-conscruits associés), ADEME, Fondation de France

Co-Director BioDivMex Program (Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Experiment), Mistrals, CNRS

Scientific Committee: "Réseau Observatoires Hommes Milieux" DRIHM, INEE, CNRS

Head of Biocultural Interactions Team, CEFE (2012 - 2019)

Director of the GDR Mosaïque (2009-2017).

Member of research projects or major Internatonal expert Groups

Member of IPBES, Intergovernmental Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Assessment, IPBES Global Assessment (2015_2019), Member of IPBES Indigenous and Local Knowledge Task Force, Lead Author chapter 1 and 2 of IPBES Global Assessment (2019).

Member of the ANR ASSET, Agrobiodiversity for a food secure planet, MOPGA

Member of Crops Diversity, LICCI-ASSET project

Member of Working Group 2, Insularities, fragmentation and connectivities in the Mediterranean region

 

Publications- a selection

Scientific papers

Reyes-Garcia V. ; Á. Fernández-Llamazares, Aumeeruddy-Thomas, et al. (accepted) (2021) "Recognizing Indigenous Peoples’ and local communities’ rights and agency in the post-2020 Biodiversity Agenda" Ambio

Brauman K.A., L.A. Garibaldi, S. Polasky, Y Aumeeruddy-Thomas,Pedro H. S. Brancalion5, Fabrice DeClerck, Ute Jacob, Matias Enrique Mastrangelo, NsalambiV. Nkongolo, Hannes Palang, Néstor Pérez-Méndez, Lynne J Shannon, Uttam Babu Shrestha, Evelyn Strombom, Madhu Verma (2020)  Global trends in nature’s contributions to people, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA

McElwee P, Á. Fernández-Llamazares, Aumeeruddy-Thomas, D. Babai, Bates, et al. (2020) Working with Indigenous and local knowledge (ILK) in large-scale ecological assessments: Reviewing the experience of the IPBES Global Assessment. J Appl Ecol, 2020, 00, pp.1 - 11. ⟨10.1111/1365-2664.13705⟩. HAL https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02922332

Hill R, Ç Adem, W.V Alangui, Z. Molnár, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, P. Bridgewater, M. Tengö, R. Thaman, C. Y Adou Yao, F. Berkes1, J.Carino, M. Carneiro da Cunha, M.C Diaw, S.Diaz, V. E Figueroa, J.Fisher, P. Hardison, K. Ichikawa, P. Kariuki, M. Karki, P. OB Lyver, P. Malmer, O. Masardule, A. A Oteng Yeboah, D. Pacheco, T. Pataridze, Edgar Perez, M.-M. Roué, H. Roba, J. Rubis, O. Saito and D. Xue (2020) Working with indigenous, local and scientific knowledge in assessments of nature and nature's linkages with people, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, COSUST-D-19-0002. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2019.12.006

This review comes from a themed issue on Indigenous conceptualizations of ‘sustainability’ Edited by Pirjo K Virtanen, Laura Siragusa and Hanna Guttorm

Rafidison M.V, B. Rakouth B, S. M. Carrère, F. Kjellberg, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2020) Local knowledge, practices and uses relating to isolated Ficus trees in Betsileo rural landscapes in Madagascar. Implications for biodiversity conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-019-01924-3

A. Taschen, M. Sauve, B. Vincent, J. Parladé, D. van Tuinen, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, B. Assenat, M.-A. Selosse, F. Richard (2019) Insight into the truffle brûlé: tripartite interactions between the black truffle (Tuber melanosporum), holm oak (Quercus ilex) and arbuscular mycorrhizal plants. PLSO-D-19-00851

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y, Rafidison V, Kjellberg F and Hossaert-McKey M (2018) Sacred hills of Imerina and the voyage of Ficus lutea Vahl (Amontana) in Madagascar, Acta Oecologica https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2018.04.005

J. Díaz, U. Pascual, M. Stenseke, B. Martín-López, R. T. Watson, Z. Molnár, R. Hill, K. M. A. Chan, I. A. Baste, K. A. Brauman, S.Polasky, A. Church, M. Lonsdale, A. Larigauderie, P. W. Leadley, A. P. E. van Oudenhoven, F. van der Plaat, M. Schröter, S. Lavorel, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, E. Bukvareva, K. Davies, S. Demissew, G. Erpul, P. Failler, C. A. Guerra, C. L. Hewitt, H. Keune, S. Lindley, Y. Shirayama (2018), Assessing nature’s contributions to people. Recognizing culture, and diverse sources of knowledge, can improve assessments, Science (359), 6373 : 270-272 DOI: 10.1126/science.aap8826

https://www.ipbes.net/news/natures-contributions-people-ncp-article-ipbes-experts-science

Dounias E., Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. (eds), 2017. Children's ethnobiological knowledge. AnthropoChildren 2017(7)

Dounias E., Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. (eds), 2017. Children's ethnobiological knowledge: An introduction. AnthropoChildren 2017(8).

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y, Caubet D, Hmimsa Y et Vicente A (2017) Les sociétés jbala et la nature. Parlers et relations à autrui dans le Rif, nord du Maroc, Revue d’ethnoécologie [En ligne], Supplément 1 | 2017 URL : http://ethnoecologie.revues.org/3234

Dominique Caubet et Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y (2017) Céréales, pains, levains et fours dans la région d'El Hoceima Techniques alimentaires et notes sur des parlers arabes à la frontière de la berbérophonie. Revue d’ethnoécologie [En ligne], Supplément 1 | 2017, URL : http://ethnoecologie.revues.org/3070 ; DOI : 10.4000/ ethnoecologie.3070

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y, Caubet D (2017) Savoirs paysans autour des huiles d’olive, (zaytun, Olea europaea var. europaea) et d’oléastre, (əl-bərri, Olea europaea var. sylvestris) Rif, nord du Maroc. De la reproduction des arbres aux pratiques alimentaires. Revue d’ethnoécologie [En ligne], Supplément 1 | 2017, mis en ligne le 17 octobre 2017. URL : http://ethnoecologie.revues.org/3198 ; DOI : 10.4000/ethnoecologie.3198

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y., M. Moukhli, H. Haouane, B. Khadari (2017) Ongoing domestication and diversification in grafted olive-oleaster agroecosystems in Northern Morocco. Regional Environmental Change 17:1315-1328 DOI 10.1007/s10113-017-1143-3

Main chapters in scientific, peer-reviewed books

Rasplus J.Y., Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, A Cruaud, F Kjellberg, V M. Rafidison, D McKey, and M Hossaert-McKey (accepted) Figs of Madagascar, their wasps, their frugivores, their importance for humans in Goodman S. The Natural History of Madagascar, XXX

Brauman K.A., Garibaldi L.A. Polasky S., Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y., Brancalion P., DeClerck F., Mastrangelo M., Nkongolo N., Palang H., Shannon L., Verma M. and  Zayas C. (2019), Chapter 2. Status and Trends in Nature’s Contributions to People (NCP). In: IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Edited by IPBES, Díaz S, Settele J, Brondízio ES, Ngo HT, Guèze M, 443 J. A, Arneth A, Balvanera P, Brauman KA, et al.: IPBES, 2019: 71 – 150

Brondízio ES, Díaz S, Settele J, Ngo HT, Guèze M, Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y, Bai X, Geschke A, Molnár Z, Niamir A, et al. (2019): Chapter 1. Assessing a planet in transformation: Rationale and approach of the IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. In IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Eds IPBES, Díaz S, Settele J, Brondízio ES, Ngo HT, Guèze M, 443 J. A, Arneth A, Balvanera P, Brauman KA, et al.: IPBES, Unedited.; 2019:3-70.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y, Michon G (2018) Agroforestry. In: (ed) Callan H The International. Encyclopedia of Anthropology. John Wiley & Son. DOI: 10.1002/978111892439

Thiébault S. et Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. (2016) Local knowledge, scientific knowledge and food security. Introduction. In Thiébault S. et J-P. Moatti, (eds) The Mediterranean Region Under Climate Change. A Scientific Update. IRD Editions, Marseille, p 519-522. 

Research Themes

(1) Synergies between local and scientific knowledge for a deeper understanding of social-ecological systems

My thesis in Sumatra under the Direction of Francis Hallé (Tropical Botanist) and the guidance of Claudine Friedberg (Antropologist, specialised in Indonesian societies) gave me the opportunity to study the relationships between the Kerinci people and their highly complex agroforestry systems, comprising hundreds of trees, domesticated and wild, with multiple material and symbolic values that integrate tubers, spicy species, medicinals and magic species, all of which are intricately linked to the Kerinci people's life. The Kerinci people, would not have been very happy to speak with somebody that could not perceive the difference between a durian, a mangosteen, or the 22 varieties of bananas that they grew or even the 13 species of wild bambous that they encouraged to grow in the agroforests.  Fortunately I was trained in tropical botany and in ecology in Montpellier. However to understand such systems I also required to develop approaches in anthropology, and was highly encouraged by Claudine Friedberg and other anthropologists with whom I eagerly developed many exchanges. Adjoining the agroforestry systems, the ricefields were not less diverse, although seemingly very homogenous. Precisely, all the different varieties of traditional rice harmoniously matured at about the same time, thus preventing people from having to watch only withina short period, the birds that attack the ripe rice. Yet newly introduced varieties grew in different small and fragmented plots that ripened at different periods; they represented an easy prey for the birds, making the life of Kerinci people extremely difficult. They spent a huge amount of time protecting their precious staple food with a variety of strange sounds and mecanical systems to keep away the birds. My thesis was therefore a school in situ about the importance of agrobiodiversity, rythms of labor in an agrarian society and the necessity to look carefully in situ at the complexity of local social organizations as well as ecology. Multiple evidence approaches, giving a full attention to local knowledge through ethnographic studies while also using approaches to observe ecological phenomena is a prerequisite to develop our understanding of such social-ecological systems.

(2) Classifications and local ontologies: how to establish a dialogue between different actors in order to seek sustainable approaches

Since 1990, I have  studied ways different sociéties, the Kerinci people in Indonesia, the Dolpo people in Nepal, the Cevenols in France, the Jbala in Morocco and lately the Pantescans in Pantelleria, Sicily, classify living elements of nature, and also soils, winds, as well as non-tangible. These studies  are based on ethnographic data and fine and long periods of  field-based investigations, represent the means of understanding the basis of local knowledge systems and how local collective human groups classify and share knowledge about nature. Such approaches have led to a major result that is the overlapping of different classification systems within each of these societies, showing different relational  systems, that may vary according to professions, differentiations between symbolic and naturalist classifications. Classifications, as well as recording of myths and local stories, investigating memory and attachment, as well as ways a given society engage materially through practices with plants or other elements of nature, are the set of elements required to decipherhuman-nature  ontologies, i.e. principles that regulate the relationships between people and other elements of nature.

(3) Domestications past and on-going, dynamics of agroecosystems, agrobiodiversity and associated local knowledge and practices at landscape level ; associated multiple values

My work has focused since 2006 in the Mediterranean basin, on 'traditional' agroecosystems in northern Morocco and France and lately in Sicily. My focus on trees, especially in Morocco on olive (Olea europeae), almonds (Prunus dulcis) and figs (Ficus carica), as well as argan (Argania spinosa) has enabled to foster our understanding of ways people interact with a tree populations forming a continuum ranging  from wild parents, feral or escapees from agriculture, to domesticated landraces within local territories

(4) Dialogue between science and policy for the inclusion of local and indigenous knowledge and promotion of transformative changes within the context of global changes.

 

Education

1993: Thèse  en Ecologie Terrestre, Specialité: Ethnobiologie/ Thesis in Terrestrial Ecology, Speciality: Ethnobiology

Titre: Agroforêts et aires de forêts protégées. Représentations et pratiques agroforestières paysannes en périphérie du Parc National Kerinci Seblat, Sumatra, Indonésie.

Ecole Doctorale : Biologie des Systèmes Intégrés, Agronomie et Environnement, mention très honorable avec les félicitations du jury composée de Francis Hallé, Jacques Weber, Pierre Grenand, Emmanuel Torquebiau. Rapporteurs: Claudine Berthe-Friedberg et Yves Laumonnier.

(voir) Résumé de thèse publié

2010: Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches. Mémoire d'HDR: Savoirs locaux et environnement global. Ecole Doctorale GAIA

Jury composé de Doyle McKey (Ecologue, Prof UMII, CEFE), Georges Augustins (Ethnologue, Prof Paris X Nanterre), Eric de Garine Ethnologue, (MCF, Paris X Nanterre, Prof. François Bretagnolle (Ecologue, Univ de Dijon) et Prof. Miguel Alexiades (Ethnologue, Univ Kent Canterbury).

 Distinctions/ Distinctions

2007: Médaille de Bronze du CNRS, Département Environnement et Développement Durable http://www.cnrs.fr/fr/recherche/prix/docs/Aumeeruddy-ThomasY.pdf

2012: Insigne de Chevalier de l'Ordre National du Mérite remise par Mme Françoise Gaill, Directeur de l'Institut Ecologie et Environnement (INEE), CNRS, le 3 Janvier 2012, Paris.

Liste des publications/ List of puplications

ARTICLES SCIENTIFIQUES REFERENCEES

Papers in peer-reviewed journals

(accessible par WEB of Science, AERES avec notes A et B, Revues.org, BIBLIOSHS: JSTOR, CAIRN PERSEE ou HAL archives ouvertes).

Hill R, Ç Adem, W.V Alangui, Z. Molnár, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, P. Bridgewater, M. Tengö, R. Thaman, C. Y Adou Yao, F. Berkes1, J.Carino, M. Carneiro da Cunha, M.C Diaw, S.Diaz, V. E Figueroa, J.Fisher, P. Hardison, K. Ichikawa, P. Kariuki, M. Karki, P. OB Lyver, P. Malmer, O. Masardule, A. A Oteng Yeboah, D. Pacheco, T. Pataridze, Edgar Perez, M.-M. Roué, H. Roba, J. Rubis, O. Saito and D. Xue (2020) Working with indigenous, local and scientific knowledge in assessments of nature and nature's linkages with people, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, COSUST-D-19-0002

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2019.12.006

This review comes from a themed issue on Indigenous conceptualizations of ‘sustainability’ Edited by Pirjo K Virtanen, Laura Siragusa and Hanna Guttorm

Rafidison M.V, B. Rakouth B, S. M. Carrère, F. Kjellberg, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2020) Local knowledge, practices and uses relating to isolated Ficus trees in Betsileo rural landscapes in Madagascar. Implications for biodiversity conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-019-01924-3

A. Taschen, M. Sauve, B. Vincent, J. Parladé, D. van Tuinen, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, B. Assenat, M.-A. Selosse, F. Richard (accepted) Insight into the truffle brûlé: tripartite interactions between the black truffle (Tuber melanosporum), holm oak (Quercus ilex) and arbuscular mycorrhizal plants. PLSO-D-19-00851

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y, Rafidison V, Kjellberg F and Hossaert-McKey M (2018) Sacred hills of Imerina and the voyage of Ficus lutea Vahl (Amontana) in Madagascar, Acta Oecologica https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2018.04.005

J. Díaz, U. Pascual, M. Stenseke, B. Martín-López, R. T. Watson, Z. Molnár, R. Hill, K. M. A. Chan, I. A. Baste, K. A. Brauman, S.Polasky, A. Church, M. Lonsdale, A. Larigauderie, P. W. Leadley, A. P. E. van Oudenhoven, F. van der Plaat, M. Schröter, S. Lavorel, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, E. Bukvareva, K. Davies, S. Demissew, G. Erpul, P. Failler, C. A. Guerra, C. L. Hewitt, H. Keune, S. Lindley, Y. Shirayama (2018), Assessing nature’s contributions to people. Recognizing culture, and diverse sources of knowledge, can improve assessments, Science (359), 6373 : 270-272 DOI: 10.1126/science.aap8826

https://www.ipbes.net/news/natures-contributions-people-ncp-article-ipbes-experts-science

Dounias E., Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. (eds), 2017. Children's ethnobiological knowledge. AnthropoChildren 2017(7)

Dounias E., Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. (eds), 2017. Children's ethnobiological knowledge: An introduction. AnthropoChildren 2017(8).

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y, Caubet D, Hmimsa Y et Vicente A (2017) Les sociétés jbala et la nature. Parlers et relations à autrui dans le Rif, nord du Maroc, Revue d’ethnoécologie [En ligne], Supplément 1 | 2017 URL : http://ethnoecologie.revues.org/3234

Dominique Caubet et Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y (2017) Céréales, pains, levains et fours dans la région d'El Hoceima Techniques alimentaires et notes sur des parlers arabes à la frontière de la berbérophonie. Revue d’ethnoécologie [En ligne], Supplément 1 | 2017, URL : http://ethnoecologie.revues.org/3070 ; DOI : 10.4000/ ethnoecologie.3070

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y, Caubet D (2017) Savoirs paysans autour des huiles d’olive, (zaytun, Olea europaea var. europaea) et d’oléastre, (əl-bərri, Olea europaea var. sylvestris) Rif, nord du Maroc. De la reproduction des arbres aux pratiques alimentaires. Revue d’ethnoécologie [En ligne], Supplément 1 | 2017, mis en ligne le 17 octobre 2017. URL : http://ethnoecologie.revues.org/3198 ; DOI : 10.4000/ethnoecologie.3198

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y., M. Moukhli, H. Haouane, B. Khadari (2017) Ongoing domestication and diversification in grafted olive-oleaster agroecosystems in Northern Morocco. Regional Environmental Change 17:1315-1328 DOI 10.1007/s10113-017-1143-3

Romain S., A. Antonin, A. Crousilles, L. Hamzil, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2015) La domestication de l'abeille par le territoire. Un exemple d'apiculture holiste dans le sud Marocain, Techniques et Cultures, 2015/1 63 : 258-279

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. (2015) Agroforesteries des rives sud et nord de la méditerranée. Le cas de l'olivier et son alter ego, l'oléastre. Forêt – Entreprise. La Revue Technique des Forestiers. Dossier/ Les systèmes agroforestiers, diversité des pratiques, intérêts économiques et environnementaux. 225 : 38-43

Genin, D., Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, G. Balent, and R. Nasi. (2013). The multiple dimensions of rural forests: lessons from a comparative analysis. Ecology and Society 18(1): 27. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05429-180127

Hamilton, A., & Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y. (2013). Maintaining Resources for Traditional Medicine : A Global Overview and a Case Study from Buganda (Uganda). Plant Diversity and Resources, 35(4), 407–423.

Hmimsa, Y., Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, M. Ater (2012) Vernacular Taxonomy, Classification and Varietal Diversity of fig (Ficus carica L.) Among Jbala cultivators in Northern Morocco. Human Ecology 40: 301-313. DOI 10.1007/s10745-012-9471-x

Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y., C. Therville, C. Lemarchand, A. Lauriac, and F. Richard. (2012). Resilience of sweet chestnut and truffle holm-oak rural forests in Languedoc-Roussillon, France: roles of social ecological legacies, domestication, and innovations. Ecology and Society 17(2): 12.http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-04750-170212

Rafidison V.M., Rabevohitra R., Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y., Hossaert-McKey M., Rasplus J.-Y., et Kjellberg F. (2011). Notes taxonomiques et identification des Ficus malgaches. Acta Botanica Gallica 158: 453-472. https://doi-org.inee.bib.cnrs.fr/10.1080/12538078.2011.10516287

Simenel R., Michon G., Auclair L., Romagny B, Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. (2009) L’argan : l’huile qui cache la forêt domestique. De la valorisation du produit à la dé-domestication de l’écosystème, Autrepart, IRD, Numéro Spécial : Les produits de terroir au service de la biodiversité culturelle, n°50, 51:73.

Ghimire S.K., O. Gimenez., R Pradel, D. McKey et Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, (2008) Demographic variation and population viability in a threatened medicinal and aromatic herb (Nardostachys grandiflora): matrix modelling of harvesting effects in two contrasting habitats, Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 41−51.

Ghimire, S.K., D. McKey, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2006) Himalayan medicinal plant diversity in an ecologically complex high altitude anthropogenic landscape, Dolpo, Nepal, Environmental Conservation 33 (2): 1-19.

Ghimire, S.K., D. McKey, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2004). Heterogeneity in ethnoecological knowledge and management of medicinal plants in the Himalayas of Nepal: implications for conservation. Ecology and Society 9(3): 6. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss3/art6.

Michon G., B. Moizo, F. Verdeaux, H. Deforesta, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, A. Gely et G. Smektala (2003). La déforestation, figure rhétorique, réalité historique ou discours idéologique. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, numéro spécial Forêts Détruites ou Reconstruites, Montpellier, no 278 :3-11.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y. (2003). Conflits de pouvoir et de représentations à l'interface des sociétés et des aires protégées: le cas du Parc National Kerinci Seblat en Indonésie. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques 4e trimestre, numéro spécial Forêts Détruites ou Reconstruite, no 278 : 77-91.

Aumeeruddy, Y. (1995). Conservation of the environment seen through the prism of local representations. Wallaceana, a Bulletin for Tropical Ecology. Vol 74: 21-27.

Aumeeruddy, Y. & J. BAKELS (1994). Management of a sacred forest in the Kerinci valley, Central Sumatra: an example of conservation of biological diversity and its cultural basis. In: JATBA Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée, Nouvelle série 1994, 31 (2) : 39-65.

Aumeeruddy, Y. et B. Sansonnens (1994). Shifting from simple to complex agroforestry systems: an example for buffer zone management from Kerinci (Sumatra, Indonesia). Agroforestry Systems 28: 113- 141.

CHAPITRE D’OUVRAGES à comité de lecture

Peer Reviewed Chapters

Brauman K.A., Garibaldi L.A. Polasky S., Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y., Brancalion P., DeClerck F., Mastrangelo M., Nkongolo N., Palang H., Shannon L., Verma M. and Zayas C. (2019, Chapter 2. Status and Trends in Nature’s Contributions to People (NCP). In: IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Edited by IPBES, Díaz S, Settele J, Brondízio ES, Ngo HT, Guèze M, 443 J. A, Arneth A, Balvanera P, Brauman KA, et al.: IPBES, 2019: 71 - 150

Brondízio ES, Díaz S, Settele J, Ngo HT, Guèze M, Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y, Bai X, Geschke A,

Molnár Z, Niamir A, et al.: Chapter 1. Assessing a planet in transformation: Rationale and approach of the IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. In IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Edited by IPBES, Díaz S, Settele J, Brondízio ES, Ngo HT, Guèze M, 443 J. A, Arneth A, Balvanera P, Brauman KA, et al.: IPBES, Unedited.; 2019:3-70.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y, Michon G (2018) Agroforestry. In: (ed) Callan H The International

Encyclopedia of Anthropology. John Wiley & Son. DOI: 10.1002/978111892439

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. and Y. Hmimsa (2018) Fig and olive domestication in the Rif, Northern Morocco. Entangled human and tree lives and history In : Ed Stepanoff C. &J-D Vigne, Hybrid Communities: Biosocial Approaches to Domestication and Other Transspecies Relationships, London, Routeledge, p179-198

Rafidison V., Rakotoanadahy B., Rakototomaro J-F., Rafanomezantsoa E., Rasabo E., Rakotozafy R., Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. (2016) Pratiques et connaissances naturalistes des communautés Betsileo: lisière du corridor forestier Andringitra-Ranomafana, Madagascar. In: Roué M., Césard N., Adou Yao Y.C., Oteng -Yeboah A (eds), Indigenous and Local Knowledge of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Africa, UNESCO, Paris, p 96-107. http://climatefrontlines.org/sites/default/files/ipbes/IPBES_in_Africa_2015.pdf

Thiébault S. et Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. (2016) Local knowledge, scientific knowledge and food security. Introduction. In Thiébault S. et J-P. Moatti, (eds) The Mediterranean Region Under Climate Change. A Scientific Update. IRD Editions, Marseille, p 519-522. http://fr.calameo.com/read/00331938471

Aumeerudddy-Thomas Y., Bailly A., Alleaume S. et Hmimsa Y (2016) Grafted oleaster-olive agrosylvopastoral systems in Northern Morocco. In Thiébault S. et J-P. Moatti, (eds) The Mediterranean Region Under Climate Change. A Scientific Update. IRD Editions, Marseille, p 523-532.

http://fr.calameo.com/read/00331938471

Simenel R. et Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. (2016) The argan agroecosystem. Local meanings of Argan tree and bee diversity within man-made territories. In Thiébault S. et J-P. Moatti, (eds) The Mediterranean Region Under Climate Change. A Scientific Update. IRD Editions, Marseille, p 543-550.

http://fr.calameo.com/read/00331938471

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. , E. Taschen et F. Richard (2016) Taming the Black Truffle (Tuber melanosporum). Safeguarging mediterranean food and ecological webs. In Thiébault S. et J-P. Moatti, (eds) The Mediterranean Region Under Climate Change. A Scientific Update. IRD Editions, Marseille, p 533-542. http://fr.calameo.com/read/00331938471

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y., Hmimsa, M. Ater, B. Khadari (2014) Beyond the divide between wild and domesticated: spatiality, domesticity and practices pertaining to fig (Ficus carica L.) and olive (Olea europaea L.) agroecosystems in Morocco In: Eds Alex Chevalier, Elena Marinova, Leonor Peña−Chocarro, eds. Crops and people: choices and diversity through time. Earth EU, Brussels, OXFAM, London, p 191-197.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y (2013) Savoirs locaux et biodiversité : interactions sociétés et aires protégées. Etudes comparatives:Indonésie, Népal, Pakistan et France In D. Juhé-Beaulaton, M.-C. Cormier-Salem, P. de Robert et B. Roussel (eds.), Effervescence patrimoniale au Sud. Enjeux, questions, limites, IRD Editions.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. (2012) Introduction des chapitres : Des natures et des hommes – Entre Tangible et intangible –   De l’Oralité à l’écriture –   Entre ancien et contemporain  –   La recherche, une et plurielle  –   Des actions et des acteurs. In : Motte-Florac E., Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y., Dounias E., Eds. (2012). Hommes et natures, People and natures, Seres humanos y naturalezas. IRD, Marseille, p 46-47 ; p 82-83 ; p104-105 ; p118 -119 ; p138-139 ; p160-161.

Motte-Florac E. et Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2012). Introduction générale . In : Motte-Florac E., Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y., Dounias E., Eds. Hommes et natures, People and natures, Seres humanos y naturalezas. IRD, Marseille, p17- 45.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. (2010) Domestication des arbres en méditerranée : un continuum entre nature et culture, In : Eds Claire Delhon, Isabelle Théry-Parisot et Stéphanie Thiébault : XXXe Rencontres Internationales d'Archéologie et d'Histoire d'Antibes : Des hommes et des plantes : exploitation du milieu et gestion des ressources végétales de la Préhistoire à nos jours, Editions APDCA, Antibes, p 379-390.

Genin, D. Y. Aumeerudy-Thomas, G. Balent, G. Michon (2010) A framework for characterizing convergence and discrepancy in rural forest management in tropical and temperate environments. In: Azevedo, M. Feliciano, J. Castro & M.A. Pinto (eds.) Forest Landscapes and Global Change-New Frontiers in Management, Conservation and Restoration. Proceedings of the IUFRO Landscape Ecology. Working Group International Conference, September 21-27, 2010, Bragança, Portugal. J.C. 2010, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Bragança, Portugal.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y. et Garine de E. (2008) Les savoir locaux, contraintes et opportunités. In: (Eds) Lisa GARNIER, Entre l'Homme et la Nature, une démarche pour des relations durables. Préface de R. Barbault. Programme MAB UNESCO, Paris, 61-64.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y. et Lama Y.C. (2008) Tibetan medicine and biodiversity management in Dolpo, Nepal: negociating local and global worldviews, knowledge and practices. In: (Eds) L. PORDIE, Tibetan Medicine in the Contemporary World, global politics of medical knowledge and practice. Routledge (2008) New York 160−185.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y. et S. Sauvegrain (2004). Recompositions des savoirs et des pratiques naturalistes entre tradition et modernité : le cas des producteurs de plantes médicinales en Cévennes, In : Eds Gilles Boetsch, L’homme et les Plantes Sauvages dans l’Espace Alpin : Plantes qui Nourissent, Plantes qui Guérissent. Librairie des Hautes Alpes. 201:218.

Sauvegrain S. et Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2006). Chapitre XI :Renouer avec la nature et les savoirs naturalistes. Des cultivateurs–cueilleurs de plantes médicinales en moyenne montagne française. In : Eds. O. SCHMITZ. Les médecines en parallèles. Multiplicité des recours au soin en Occident, Karthala, Soins d’ici, Soins d’ailleurs, Médecines du Monde Paris. 235-260.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y. et M. Karki (2005). Himalayan Aromatic and Medicinal Plants, Balancing Use and Conservation, perspective for management at the regional level In: Eds. AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS et al. Himalayan Aromatic and Medicinal Plants, Balancing Use and Conservation, Ed. IDRC, People and Plants, WWF Kathmandu, Nepal, 2-32.

Ghimire, S.K. et Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2005). Approach to in situ conservation of threatened Himalayan Medicinal Plants: a case study from Shey-Phoksundo National Park, Dolpo, Nepal. In: Eds. AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS et al.. Himalayan Aromatic and Medicinal Plants, Balancing Use and Conservation,. Ed. IDRC, People and Plants, WWF Kathmandu, Nepal,, 209-234.

Lama, Y.C. et Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2005). High-altitude Himalayan medicinal plants conservation: local health and trade in Shey Phoksundo National Park, Dolpo, Nepal. In: AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS et al. Eds Himalayan Aromatic and Medicinal Plants, Balancing Use and Conservation,. IDRC, People and Plants, Kathmandu, Nepal, Kathmandu Nepal, 362 – 378.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y., Y.C. Lama et S.K. Ghimire (2004). Medicinal Plants Within the Context of Pastoral Life in the Village of Pungmo, Dolpo, Nepal, In : Eds. C. RICHARD and K. HOFFMANN, Strategic Innovations for Improving Pastoral Livelihoods in the Hindi-Kush Himalayan Highlands, Vol II, Technical Papers, Ed., ICIMOD, Kathmandu. 107-128

Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y., Y.C. Lama et S.K. Ghimire (2002). Health Care Development and Medicinal Plants Conservation at Shey Phoksundo National Park, Dolpo, Nepal, In: Eds Bhattarai, N.K. & M. Karki Proceedings of the Regional Workshop “Sharing Local and National Experience in Conservation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in South Asia”. Ed. IDRC, People and Plants, WWF Kathmandu, Nepal, 71-92.

Ghimire, S.K., K.K. Shrestha, K.K. GURUNG, Y.C. LAMA et Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2002). Community-based conservation of Himalayan Medicinal Plants in Shey Phoksundo National Park. In: Eds. BHATTARAI, N.K. & M. KARKI Proceedings of the International Conference on Medicinal Plants for Survival. Ed. IRDC, Canada, 239:246.

Aumeeruddy, Y. (2000). Pelak di Kerinci, Jambi p101-116 In : Eds De FORESTA, H. , A. KUSWORO, G. MICHON & W.A. DJATMIKO Ketika kebun berupa hutan, agroforest khas Indonesia, sebuah sumbungan masyarakat. Ed. IRD, Bogor. 101-116.

Aumeeruddy, Y. (1995). Phytopractices: indigenous horticultural approaches to plant cultivation in tropical regions, In: Indigenous Knowledge Systems. The Cultural Dimension of Development, Eds WARREN, D.M., L.J. SLIKKERVEER & D. BROKENSHA. Intermediate Technology Publications.308-322.

Aumeeruddy, Y. (1999). L’accès aux ressources naturelles et le droit des communautés, gestion collective des ressources rares dans le Haut Himalaya et la règle du partage des bénéfices: une projection qui s'impose à des pratiques et des perceptions différentes. In ILBERT et al. : Gestion des ressources naturelles : droits de propriété, institutions et marchés, Eds. SOLAGRAL, Paris. 68-73.

 

OUVRAGES, THESES, DOCUMENT DE TRAVAIL PUBLIES

Books, Dissertations and published working papers

 AUMEERUDDY, Y. et F. PINGLO (1989). Phytopratiques des régions tropicales – recueil préliminaire de techniques traditionnelles d’amélioration des plantes. Edité par l’UNESCO, Programme sur l’Homme et la Biosphère et le Laboratoire de Botanique Tropicale, Paris (version anglaise disponible). 69 p.

AUMEERUDDY, Y. (1993). Agroforesterie et aires de forêts protégées - Représentations et pratiques agroforestières paysannes en périphérie du Parc National Kerinci Seblat. Thèse de Doctorat, Université Montpellier II - France, 438 p, icl.22 pl. photos, 7 profils architecturaux de jardins agriforestiers. 

 AUMEERUDDY, Y. (1994). Représentations et gestion paysannes des agroforêts en périphérie du Parc National Kerinci Seblat à Sumatra, Indonésie. People and Plants Working Paper Series, No 3, UNESCO, Paris (versions anglaise et espagnole disponibles) 46p. http://www.peopleandplants.org/storage/working-papers/wp3sp.pdf 

AUMEERUDDY, Y., S. SAIGAL, N. KAPOOR & A.B. CUNNINGHAM (1999). Joint management in the making - reflections and experiences. People and Plants Working Papers Series, No 7. publié par l’ UNESCO, Paris, 58 p. http://www.peopleandplants.org/storage/working-papers/wp7.pdf

LAMA, Y.C., S.K. GHIMIRE & Y. AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS (2001) in collaboration with amchis of Dolpo, Nepal. Medicinal Plants of Dolpo: Amchi’s Knowledge and Conservation. People and Plants Initiative, WWF Nepal Program, Katmandou, 150p, 100 color botanical plates, English and Tibetan.

 AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS, Y. et S. PEI (2003). Applied ethnobotany, case studies from the Himalayan region. People and Plants Working Paper Series, No 12, UNESCO, Paris, 37 p. http://www.cefe.cnrs.fr/ibc/pdf/Thomas/YATWP12e.pdf

 AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS, Y., A. AYAZ, Z. SHINWARI & A. KHAN (2004). Ethnobotany and the management of fodder and fuelwood at Ayubia National Park, North West Frontier Province, Pakistan, People and Plants Working Paper Series, No 13, UNESCO, Paris.36 p. http://www.cefe.cnrs.fr/ibc/pdf/Thomas/wp13.pdf

 Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. 2010 Savoirs locaux et environnement global. Ecole Doctorale « Systèmes Intégrés en Biologie, Agronomie, Géosciences, Hydrosciences et Environnement » (SIBAGHE)        Mémoire d’Habilitation à Diriger les Recherches. 60 pages, Montpellier.

FILM

Film

AUMEERUDDY, Y. (2000). Medicinal Plants in the Hidden Land of Dolpo, working with Himalayan Healers at Shey Phoksundo National Park. People and Plants WWF/UNESCO/R.B.G. Kew, film series. Distributed by the Natural History Book Service, London (VHS 26mns

 

COMMUNICATIONS ORALES ET POSTERS/ incomplet

KHADARI B., H. ACHTAK, Y. HMIMSA, M. ATER, F. KJELLBERG et Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2008) Comprendre les processus de domestication et de diversification variétale chez les espèces fruitières méditerranéennes: une démarche au carrefour de la génétique et de l’ethnobiologie In : Actes 11èmes Journées scientifiques du réseau de chercheur « Biotechnologies végétales : amélioration des plantes et sécurité alimentaire » Agrocampus Rennes, France, 30 Juin- 3 Juillet 2008.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y (2008) Compte-rendu Atelier "Savoirs − Pouvoir" In: Actes du Colloque sur CDROM, Science et action pour la gestion et la conservation de la biodiversité, Florac, 18−20 Septembre 2007.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y (2008) Savoirs locaux, savoirs scientifiques et savoirs de gestionnaires et d’experts : mode d’engagement des acteurs dans les espaces protégées in: Actes du Colloque sur CDROM ; Science et action pour la gestion et la conservation de la biodiversité, 18−20 Septembre 2007, Florac.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. et P. DUNCAN (2008) Dans un monde en profonde mutation: enjeux environnementaux entre écologies et sociétés Contribution de l’atelier des GDRI “Biodiversity and sustainable use in the context of global change - Madagascar and Southern Africa”, Présentation invitée, plénière, en ligne sur le site du Colloque International Agricultures et Biodiversité organisé sous l’Egide de la Présidence de l’Union Européenne, 4-5 Nov2008, Corum, Montpellier.

Kjellberg F., Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, L. Benoit, S. Carrière, M. Hossaert-McKey, R. Bakolimalala, R. Edmond, R. Rabevohitra, V Rafidison (2010) Corridor de végétation et conservation d’un groupe clé de voute de la biodiversité, le cas des Ficus et des communautés associées, Rencontre ECOFOR

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. , 2010 Patrimonialisation de la nature, des pratiques et des savoirs au Parc National des Cévennes in : Actes du Colloque international , Les plantes de montagne : regards et débats sur un patrimoine 6 - 7 - 8 novembre 2009, Université de Toulouse II - Le Mirail

Delplancke M. et Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2012) Delplancke M., & Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas Seedlings and clones of almond trees : tree domestication at the frontier between tradition and modernity, between beldi (here) and roumi (elsewhere) Beni-Boufrah, Rif, Morocco. 13th Congress of the International Society of Ethnobiology, 20 – 25 May, Corum, Montpellier. Communication orale.

Richard, F. E. Taschen, M. Sauve, Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas et M.-A. Selosse (2012) The black truffle (Tuber melanosporum) in the French Mediterranean region: interactions within plant networks during ecological succession. International Meeting GDR Mosaïque “Agrobiodiversity across landscapes in a changing world. Domestication, adaptation and innovation, 19-20 May, Corum, Montpellier. Communication Orale.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y., B. Khadari (2012) Clones of societies and seedlings of nature: tree domestication and intraspecific diversity in the Mediterranean region at the interface between social practices and population genetics. International Meeting GDR Mosaïque “Agrobiodiversity across landscapes in a changing world. Domestication, adaptation and innovation, 19-20 May, Corum, Montpellier. Poster

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y., D. McKey, F. Richard, E. Garine, C. Raimond, S. Caillon et M.Hossaert (2013). Comprendre les interactions entre ingénieurs humains et non-humains dans les agroécosystèmes traditionnels Des idées pour penser l’agroécologie de demain. Poster présenté lors du Séminaire scientifique: Des ingénieries par et pour le vivant, écologiques et agro-écologiques, organisé par l’INRA, le CIRAD, l’INEE- CNRS et l’IRSTEA, 19 Décembre 2013, CIRAD, La Valette, Montpellier

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y.(2012) Savoirs et pratiques autour du patrimoine arboré des paysans            Jbala-Ghmara. Perspectives ethnobotaniques et ethnolinguistiques. , Contribution au PICS « La Montagne et Ses Savoirs » dans le cadre de la Conférence Publique « Le patrimoine séculaire des Jbala-Ghmara ». sous la Présidence de M. André Azoulay, Conseiller de SM le Roi, Organisé par la Fondation Anna Lindh et le Groupe Jbala pour la recherche et le développement, 6-7 Oct 2012, Chefchoauen.

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. avec la collaboration de Younes Hmimsa et Mohammed Ater (2013) Reproduction des arbres et perpétuation des hommes en pays Jbala, Contribution au PICS « La Montagne et Ses Savoirs » dans le cadre du Colloque International,  Le Patrimoine des Jbala au service du Développement, Organisé par la Fondation Ibn al Khatib et le Groupe Jbala de Recherche et Développement, en collaboration avec l'INPMA et le Labo-REL (USMBA), avec le soutien de la Préfecture de Taounate

Aumeeruddy-Thomas Y. avec la commaboration de Dominique Caubet, Fouzia el Ghazaz et Louise Clochey (2014) : Céréales et huiles d’olive: savoirs, savoir-faire techniques et relations d’échanges entre deux groupes sociaux voisins, Jbala (Ain Mediouna) et Hyayna (Switeyyin) du Nord du Maroc. Contribution au PICS « La Montagne et Ses Savoirs » dans le cadre du Congrès International, Lenguas, memorias y lecturas de la alteridad: Jbala, Ghomara y Rif (Norte de Marruecos), 8-10 de septiembre de 2014.

 

RAPPORTS SCIENTIFIQUES

AUMEERUDDY, Y. (1984). Mémoire de D.E.A., " Etude de la régénération des arbres par rejets de souche, dans la perspective de production de bois de feu". DEA USTL 1984, Montpellier, 52 p.

AUMEERUDDY, Y. (1985). Caractéristiques de la régénération par voie végétative (rejets, marcottes, drageonnement), de la végétation pionnière de Guyane Française. Rapport d'activité ORSTOM, Montpellier, 32p, 5 planches.

AUMEERUDDY, Y. et F. PINGLO (1987). "Recueil de techniques agroforestières dans la région du Mayombe au Congo". Projet UNESCO MAB, Mayombe, Congo, 30p.

AUMEERUDDY, Y. (1988). "Quelques phytopratiques indonésiennes, un savoir-faire précieux" UNESCO - Laboratoire de Botanique tropicale, Paris - Montpellier, 30 p., 2 profils agroforestiers, 3 planches photos.

AUMEERUDDY, Y., B. SANSONNENS, P. SAVOURE & A. FEDENSIEU (1992). "Agroforestry in the Kerinci valley, a support to buffer zone development for Kerinci Seblat National Park" Final Interdisciplinary Report, Sumatra, Indonesia. Laboratoire de Botanique, Université Montpellier II, préparé pour le Ministère des Forêts Indonésien, Bogor, 50 p., 4 profils agroforestiers, 3 cartes.

AUMEERUDDY, Y. (1995). Evaluation report WWF project MG0049, Integrated Health Care System in Madagascar WWF-International 30 p.

AUMEERUDDY, Y., G. MARTIN & L. MAJUAKIM. (1995). Ethnobotany Project in Kinabalu, Sabah Malaysia,. Programme People and Plants. 12 p

AUMEERUDDY, Y. (1998). Regional Technical Report, People and Plants Himalayas programme. Préparé pour l’Union Européenne. 20 p.

GHIMIRE, S.K., Y.C. LAMA, T.N. GURUNG & Y. AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS (2000). Conservation of Plant Resources, Community Development and training in Applied ethnobotany at Shey-Phoksundo National Park and its Bufferzone, Dolpa. WWF Nepal program, Report Series # 40, Kathmandu, Népal. 254p + annexes. 7

GHIMIRE, S.K., Y.C. LAMA, G.J. TRIPATHI, S. SCHMITT & Y. AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS (2001). Conservation of Plant Resources, Community Development and training in Applied ethnobotany at Shey-Phoksundo National Park and its Bufferzone, Dolpa, WWF Nepal program, Report Series # 41, Kathmandu, Népal. 228p. + annexes.

AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS Y. (2004). Himalayan Aromatic and Medicinal Plants, Final Scientific Report (1997 – 2004). WWF/UNESCO, Montpellier 60p.

AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS Y. (2004). Le complexe Parc National Ranomafana - Corridor - Parc National d’Andringitra. Le point de vue anthropologique. Action Trans-départementale Incitative de l’IRD : Aires Protégées, UR112, IRD, Orléans, 27p.

AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS Y. (2008) La Châtaigneraie Cévenole. Une forêt domestique à la croisée entre ingénierie des hommes et ingénierie de la nature. Document de Travail, ANR, POPULAR, INRA-CIRAD-CNRS, 36 p.

AUMEERUDDY-THOMAS Y. (2009) Agroécosystèmes, Agrobiodiversité et Environnement. Domestication et Innovations. Projet de GDR présenté à INEE, CNRS. 31 p.

 

Sophie CAILLON

Sophie Caillon

Chargée de recherche au CNRS
Ethnobiologiste / géographe

Responsable de l'équipe Interactions bioculturelles
Chercheure associée à l'UMR CREDO
Porteur du projet PICS Bien-Etre
Membre de l'ANR ASSET, du projet Crop-Diversity LICCI et du projet UE FALAH

 

Mon domaine de recherche peut être défini par deux thèmes : les relations Hommes-milieux, et l’agrobiodiversité. J’analyse comment les deux composantes du concept de biodiversité, les diversités culturelle et biologique, interagissent, et comment elles peuvent constituer un potentiel d’adaptation pour des sociétés confrontées à des changements de plus en plus rapides et globaux.

 

 

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Edmond DOUNIAS

edmond dounias

Directeur de recherche à l'IRD

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Recherches axées sur les interactions bioculturelles entre les peuples forestiers et les forêts tropicales humides en situation de changement radical, en utilisant les systèmes alimentaires comme des révélateurs des stratégies adaptatives élaborées localement en réponse aux changements.

 

Research activities focusing on the biocultural interactions between forest dwellers and tropical forests in a context of drastic change, using food systems as key revealers of the adaptive strategies elaborated locally in response to the changing environment.

 

Actuellement Représentant de l'IRD pour l'Indonésie et Timor oriental

 

Courriel: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Read more: Edmond DOUNIAS