Welcome to the CEFE

The CEFE is currently the largest French research center in Ecology and Evolutionary Ecology. Our Mission: perform independent, fundamental scientific research on the dynamics of biodiversity, planetary environmental change, and sustainable development. The links between society and ecology is a theme of increasing importance in oour research.

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Seminars of ecology and evolution of Montpellier

  • Hanna Kokko

    2 juillet 2021, 11h30 (diffusion en visioconférence). Good reasons to live shorter lives

  • Rachel Germain

    25 juin 2021, 16h00 (diffusion en visioconférence). Matters of scale in the ecology and evolution of biodiversity


Limousin 2015Jean-Marc LIMOUSIN
Chargé de Recherche CNRS (CR2)
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
+33 (4) 67 61 32 93
My main resarch interests are:
The water and carbon fluxes in forest ecosystems facing water limitation
The physiological responses of trees to water stress
The mechanisms leading to acclimation or mortality of trees under global-change
type drought




Thème de Recherche:

Mes travaux traitent principalement des conséquences de la sécheresse sur le fonctionnement, la vulnérabilité et les réponses fonctionnelles des arbres et des écosystèmes forestiers méditerranéens. Mon objectif est d’anticiper les effets des changements climatiques en cours sur la durabilité et le fonctionnement des forêts, et sur les mécanismes de survie ou de mortalité des arbres à l’échelle individuelle. J’aborde cette thématique principalement par une approche expérimentale in situ qui relève à la fois de l’écologie fonctionnelle, de l’écophysiologie et de l’écohydrologie. J’utilise en particulier des expériences de manipulation des précipitations qui permettent de modifier l’apport d’eau à l’échelle de l’écosystème, et que je complète par des observations à long-terme et le long de gradients climatiques régionaux.

Mes recherches visent principalement à mieux comprendre :

-          Le fonctionnement des écosystèmes forestiers soumis aux contraintes climatiques

-          La régulation des échanges gazeux d’eau et de carbone entre les arbres et l’atmosphère

-          La plasticité et la mortalité des arbres face à la sécheresse

Bref CV

2014                    Chargé de recherche au CNRS

2010-2014           Post-doctorant à l’Université du Nouveau-Mexique, Albuquerque, NM, USA

2009                    Docteur en écologie et biologie des populations, Montpellier SupAgro

2006                    Ingénieur agronome, Montpellier SupAgro


Research interest

My research focuses on the consequences of drought on the functioning, the vulnerability and the functional responses of trees and Mediterranean forest ecosystems. I study the effects of the on-going climate changes on the sustainability and functions of forests and on the survival and mortality of trees. My approach relies simultaneously on functional ecology, plant ecophysiology and ecohydrology. I work mainly with in situ rainfall manipulation experiments in order to modify the water availability in the field, but I am also interested in using long-term observations and regional environmental gradients to understand and forecast how forests may respond to drier climate.

My main resarch interests are:

-          The water and carbon fluxes in forest ecosystems facing water limitations

-          The physiological responses of trees to water stress

-          The mechanisms leading to acclimation or mortality of trees under global-change type drought

Short Curriculum

2014                      Researcher at the CEFE CNRS

2010-2014           Postdoc at the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA

2009                      PhD in Ecology and Evolution, Montpellier SupAgro

2006                      Master in agronomy, Montpellier SupAgro




[25] Lempereur M, Limousin JM, Guibal F, Ourcival JM, Rambal S, Ruffault J, Mouillot F (2016) Recent climate hiatus revealed dual control by temperature and drought on the stem growth of Mediterranean Quercus ilex. Global Change Biology, in press

[24] Estiarte M, Vicca S, Peñuelas J, Bahn M, Beier C, Emmet B, Fay PA, Hanson PJ, Hasibeder R, Kigel J, Kröel-Dulay G, Larsen KL, Lellei-Kovacs E, Limousin JM, Ogaya R, Ourcival JM, Sala OE, Schmidt IK, Sternberg M, Tielbörger K, Tietema A, Janssens IA (2016) Few multi-year precipitation-reduction experiments find a shift in the productivity-precipitation relationship. Global Change Biology, 22: 2570-2581

[23] McDowell NG, Williams AP, Xu C, Pockman WT, Dickman LT, Sevanto S, Pangle RE, Limousin JM, Plaut JA, Mackay DS, Ogee J, Domec JC, Allen CD, Fisher RA, Jiang X, Muss J, Breshears DD, Rauscher SA, Koven C. (2016) Multi-scale predictions of massive conifer mortality due to chronic temperature rise. Nature Climate Change, 6: 295-300

[22] Petrie MD, Pockman WT, Pangle RE, Limousin JM, Plaut JA, McDowell NG. (2015) Winter climate change promotes an altered spring growing season in piñon pine-juniper woodlands. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 214-215: 357-368

[21] Limousin JM, Yepez EA, McDowell NG, Pockman WT. (2015) Convergence in resource use efficiency across trees with differing hydraulic strategies in response to ecosystem precipitation manipulation. Functional Ecology, 29: 1125-1136

[20] Lin YS, Medlyn BE, Duursma RA, Prentice IC, Wang H, Baig S, Eamus D, Resco de Dios V, Mitchell P, Ellsworth DS, Op de Beeck M, Wallin G, Uddling J, Tarvainen L, Linderson ML, Cernusak LA, Nippert JB, Ocheltree TW, Tissue DT, Martin-StPaul NK, Rogers A, Warren JM, De Angelis P, Hikosaka K, Han Q, Onoda Y, Gimeno TE, Barton CVM, Bennie J, Bonal D, Bosc A, Low M, Macinins-Ng C, Rey A, Rowland L, Setterfield SA, Tausz-Posch S, Zaragoza-Castells J, Boadmeadow MSJ, Drake JE, Freeman M, Ghannoum O, Hutley LB, Kelly JW, Kikuzawa K, Kolari P, Koyama K, Limousin JM, Meir P, Lola da Costa AC, Mikkelsen TN, Salinas N, Sun W, Wingate L. (2015) Optimal stomatal behavior around the world. Nature Climate Change, 5: 459-464

[19] Pangle RE, Limousin JM, Plaut JA, Yepez EA, Hudson PJ, Boutz AL, Gehres N, Pockman WT, McDowell NG. (2015) Prolonged experimental drought reduces plant hydraulic conductance and transpiration and increases mortality in a piñon-juniper woodland. Ecology and Evolution, 5: 1618-1638

[18] Gustafson EJ, De Bruijn AMG, Pangle RE, Limousin JM, McDowell NG, Pockman WT, Sturtevant BR, Muss JD, Kubiske ME. (2015) Integrating ecophysiology and forest landscape models to improve projections of drought effects under climate change. Global Change Biology, 21: 843-856

[17] Rambal S, Lempereur M, Limousin JM, Martin-StPaul NK, Ourcival JM, Rodriguez-Calcerrada J. (2014) How drought severity constrains gross primary production (GPP) and its partitioning among carbon pools in a Quercus ilex coppice? Biogeosciences, 11: 6855-6869

[16] McDowell NG, Fisher RA, Xu C, Domec JC, Hölttä T, Mackay DS, Sperry JS, Boutz AL, Dickman LT, Gehres N, Limousin JM, Macalady A, Martinez-Vilalta J, Mencuccini M, Plaut JA, Ogée J, Pangle RE, Rasse DP, Ryan MG, Sevanto S, Waring RH, Williams AP, Yepez EA, Pockman WT. (2013) Evaluating theories of drought-induced vegetation mortality using a multimodel-experiment framework. New Phytologist, 200: 304-321

[15] Martin-StPaul NK, Limousin JM, Vogt-Schilb H, Rodriguez-Calcerrada J, Rambal S, Longepierre D, Misson L (2013) The temporal response to drought in a Mediterranean evergreen tree: comparing a regional precipitation gradient and a throughfall exclusion experiment. Global Change Biology, 19: 2413-2426

[14] Limousin JM, Bickford CP, Dickman LT, Pangle RE, Hudson PJ, Boutz AL, Gehres N, Osuna JL, Pockman WT, McDowell NG. (2013) Regulation and acclimation of leaf gas exchange in a piñon-juniper woodland exposed to three different precipitation regimes. Plant, Cell and Environment, 36: 1812-1825

[13] Limousin JM, Rambal S, Ourcival JM, Rodriguez-Calcerrada J, Pérez-Ramos IM, Rodriguez-Cortina R, Misson L, Joffre R. (2012) Morphological and phenological shoot plasticity in a Mediterranean evergreen oak facing long-term increased drought. Oecologia, 169: 565-577

[12] Rodriguez-Calcerrada J, Limousin JM, Martin StPaul NK, Jaeger C, Rambal S. (2012) Gas exchange and leaf ageing in an evergreen oak: causes and consequences for leaf carbon balance and canopy respiration. Tree Physiology, 32: 464-477

[11] Martin-StPaul NK, Limousin JM, Rodriguez-Calcerrada J, Ruffault J, Rambal S, Letts MG, Misson L. (2012) Photosynthetic sensitivity to drought varies among populations of Quercus ilex along a rainfall gradient. Functional Plant Biology, 39: 25-37

[10] Rodriguez-Calcerrada J, Jaeger C, Limousin JM, Ourcival JM, Joffre R, Rambal S. (2011) Leaf CO2 efflux is attenuated by acclimation of respiration to heat and drought in a Mediterranean tree. Functional Ecology, 25: 983-995

[9] Rodriguez-Calcerrada J, Perez-Ramos IM, Ourcival JM, Limousin JM, Joffre R, Rambal S. (2011) Is selective thinning an adequate practice for adapting Quercus ilex coppices to climate change? Annals of Forest Science, 68: 575-585

[8] Misson L, Limousin JM, Rodriguez R, Letts MG. (2010) Leaf physiological responses to extreme drought in Mediterranean Quercus ilex forest. Plant, Cell and Environment, 33: 1898-1910

[7] Perez-Ramos IM, Ourcival JM, Limousin JM, Rambal S. (2010) Mast seeding under increasing drought: results from a long-term dataset and from a rainfall exclusion experiment. Ecology, 91: 3057-3068

[6] Baldocchi DD, Ma SY, Rambal S, Misson L, Ourcival JM, Limousin JM, Pereira JS, Papale D. (2010) On the differential advantages of evergreenness and deciduousness in Mediterranean oak woodlands: a flux perspective. Ecological Applications, 20: 1583-1597

[5] Limousin JM, Longepierre D, Huc R, Rambal S. (2010) Change in hydraulic traits of Mediterranean Quercus ilex subjected to long-term throughfall exclusion. Tree Physiology, 30: 1026-1036

[4] Misson L, Rocheteau A, Rambal S, Ourcival JM, Limousin JM, Rodriguez-Cortina R. (2010) Functional changes in the control of carbon fluxes after 3 years of increased drought in a Mediterranean evergreen forest? Global Change Biology, 16: 2461-2475

[3] Limousin JM, Misson L, Lavoir AV, Martin NK, Rambal S. (2010) Do photosynthetic limitations of evergreen Quercus ilex leaves change with long-term increased drought severity? Plant, Cell and Environment, 33: 863-875

[2] Limousin JM, Rambal S, Ourcival JM, Rocheteau A, Joffre R, Rodriguez-Cortina R. (2009) Long-term transpiration change with rainfall decline in a Mediterranean Quercus ilex forest. Global Change Biology, 15: 2163-2175

[1] Limousin JM, Rambal S, Ourcival JM, Joffre R. (2008) Modelling rainfall interception in a Mediterranean Quercus ilex ecosystem: lesson from a throughfall exclusion experiment. Journal of Hydrology, 357: 57-66