Welcome to the CEFE

The CEFE is currently the largest French research center in Ecology and Evolutionary Ecology. Our Mission: perform independent, fundamental scientific research on the dynamics of biodiversity, planetary environmental change, and sustainable development. The links between society and ecology is a theme of increasing importance in oour research.

If you are interested in who does what on a specific theme or topic at CEFE, please go to the WHO DOES WHAT tab and use the proposed tags. You will have direct access to the pages of the persons listed for a given tag.

If you are interested in what the different research Departments at cefe do and the focus of their respective teams, please go to the RESEARCH tab and navigate the Departments and their teams.

Seminars of ecology and evolution of Montpellier

  • Hanna Kokko

    2 juillet 2021, 11h30 (diffusion en visioconférence). Good reasons to live shorter lives

  • Rachel Germain

    25 juin 2021, 16h00 (diffusion en visioconférence). Matters of scale in the ecology and evolution of biodiversity

VOLAIRE Florence

 Chargée de Recherche INRA - HDRalt

Campus du CNRS
1919, route de Mende
34293 Montpellier 5

 tél :  +33 4 67 61 33 30
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Intérêts personnels
Mes travaux portent sur les réponses adaptatives des plantes herbacées pérennes aux sécheresses estivales sévères de type méditerranéen. Avec des approches écophysiologiques et agronomiques (menées à l’INRA), ce travail se positionne en collaboration étroite avec l’écologie fonctionnelle (Forecast - CNRS). L’objectif principal est d’analyser le fonctionnement des espèces et communautés herbacées sous contrainte hydrique forte dans le cadre du changement climatique. Un cadre conceptuel et terminologique unifié des stratégies adaptatives des plantes à la sécheresse a été proposé en 2018. Les études portent notamment sur la stratégie de dormance estivale et plus largement sur la généricité du compromis fonctionnel entre potentiel de croissance et survie au stress.

Personal interests

As an ecophysiologist, my research is focused on the adaptive responses of perennial herbaceous plants to severe summer droughts as occurring in Mediterranean and semi-arid areas. I have particularly analysed the adaptive strategies to cope with severe water deficit, such as summer dormancy. I am now developing collaborative research projects with geneticists and ecologists to understand plant traits and strategies associated with drought survival with application to plant breeding in forage species for better adaptation to increasing aridity under climate change.

Sélection de Publications

VOLAIRE F. (2018) A unified framework for plant adaptive strategies to drought : across scales and disciplines. Global Change Biology, 00 :1-10.https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14062

BRISTIEL P., GILLESPIE L., Østrem L, BALACHOWSKI J., VIOLLE C., VOLAIRE F. (2018) Experimental evaluation of the robustness of the growth-stress tolerance trade-off within the perennial grass Dactylis glomerata. Functional Ecology. Doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.13112

VOLAIRE F. , Lens F., Cochard H., Xu H., Chacon Doria L., Bristiel P., Balachowski J., Rowe N., Violle C., Picon-Cochard C. (2018) Embolism and mechanical resistances play a key-role in dehydration tolerance of a perennial grass Dactylis glomerata L. Annals of Botany 10.1093/aob/mcy073

Ergon A., Sedaiu G., Korhonen P., Virkajärvi P., Bellocchi G., JØrgensen M., Østrem L., Reheurl D., Volaire F. (2018) How can forage production in Nordic and Mediterranean Europe adapt to the challenges and opportunities arising from climate change ? European Journal of Agronomy 92 : 97-106

GILLEPSIE LM, VOLAIRE F. (2017) Are winter and summer dormancy symmetrical seasonal adaptive strategies? The case of temperate herbaceous perennials. Annals of Botany 119: 311-323, doi:10.1093/aob/mcw264

BARKAOUI K., NAVAS ML, CRUZ P., ROUMET C., VOLAIRE F. (2017) Does water shortage generate water stress? An ecohydrological approach across Mediterranean plant communities. Functional Ecology DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12824

BALACHOWSKIi JA, VOLAIRE F (2017) Implications of plant functional traits and drought survival strategies for ecological restoration. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55: 631-640, DOI :10.1111/1365-2664.12979

BARKAOUI K., ROUMET C., VOLAIRE F. (2016) Mean root trait more than root trait diversity determines drought resilience in native and cultivated Mediterranean grass mixtures. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 231: 122-132

Balachowski JA, Bristiel PM, Volaire F (2016) Summer dormancy, drought survival, and functional resource acquisition strategies in California perennial grasses. Annals of Botany 118 (2), 357 - 368. , DOI : 10.1093/aob/mcw109)

Roy J, Picon-Cochard C, Augusti nA.,c, Benot ML, Thiery L. , Darsonville O., Landais D. , Piel C. , Defossez M. , Devidal S. , Escape C., Ravel O. , Fromin N. , Volaire F., Milcu A., Bahn M., Soussana J. (2016) Elevated CO2 maintains grassland net carbon uptake under a future heat and drought extreme. PNASwww.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/ pnas.1524527113

NORTON M., MALINOWSKI D., VOLAIRE F. (2016) Plant drought survival under climate change and strategies to improve perennial grasses. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable development, 36:29-DOI 10.1007/s13593-016-0362-1NORTON MR, LELIEVRE F, VOLAIRE F. (2014). Measuring dehydration tolerance in pasture grasses to improve drought survival. Crop & Pasture Science, 65: 828-840.

KALLIDA R.., ZHOURI L., VOLAIRE F., GUERIN A., JULIER B., SHAIMI N., FAKIRI M., BARRE P. (2016) Combining drought survival via summer dormancy and annual biomass productivity in Dactylis glomerata L. Frontiers in Plant Sciences. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.0008

Zwicke M., Picon-Cochard C., Morvan-Bertrand A., Prud’homme M.P., Volaire F. (2015) What functional strategies drive drought survival and recovery of perennial species from upland grassland? Annals of Botany, 116: 1001-1015.

VOLAIRE. F., BARKAOUI K., NORTON M. (2013) Designing resilient and sustainable grasslands for a drier future: adaptive strategies, functional traits and biotic interactions. European Journal of Agronomy, 52: 81-89.

Pérez-Ramos I., Volaire F. Fattet M., Blanchard A., Roumet C. (2013)Tradeoffs between functional strategies for resource-use and drought-survival in Mediterranean rangeland species. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 87: 126-136

Poirier, M., J. L. Durand, Volaire F. (2012). "Persistence and production of perennial grasses under water deficits and extreme temperatures: importance of intraspecific vs. interspecific variability." Global Change Biology 18(12): 3632-3646.

Gibert A., Volaire F., BARRE P., Hazard L.(2012) Fungal endophyte reinforces population adaptive differentiation in its hosting grass species.  New Phytologist. 94 (2) 561-571.

NORTON M., LELIEVRE F., VOLAIRE F. (2011) Summer dormancy in Phalaris aquatica L., the influence of season of sowing and summer moisture on two contrasting cultivars. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 198, (1)1-13.

Lelièvre F., Seddaiu G., Ledda L., Porqueddu C., Volaire F. (2011) Water use efficiency and drought survival in Mediterranean perennial forage grasses. Field Crop Research 121: 333-342

LELIEVRE F., VOLAIRE F. (2009) Current and potential development of perennial grasses in rainfed Mediterranean farming systems. Crop Science 49: 2371-2378

VOLAIRE F., SEDDAIU G., LEDDA L., LELIEVRE F. (2009) Water deficit and induction of summer dormancy in perennial Mediterranean grasses. Annals of Botany 103 (8) 1337-1346.

VOLAIRE F., NORTON M., LELIEVRE F. (2009) Summer drought survival strategies and sustainability of perennial temperate forage grasses in Mediterranean areas. Crop Science 49: 2386-2392

NORTON M., VOLAIRE F., LELIEVRE F., FUKAI S. (2009) Identification and measurement of summer dormancy in temperate perennial grasses. Crop Science 49: 2347-2352

NORTON M., LELIEVRE F, FUKAI S., VOLAIRE F. (2008) Measurement of summer dormancy in temperate perennial pasture grasses. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 59,6: 498-509.

VOLAIRE F.(2008) Plant traits and functional types to characterise drought survival of pluri-specific perennial herbaceous swards in Mediterranean areas. European Journal of Agronomy 29: 116-124.

VOLAIRE F., NORTON M. (2006) Summer dormancy in perennial temperate grasses. Annals of Botany 98, 5: 927-933. 

VOLAIRE F., NORTON M., LELIEVRE F. (2005) Seasonal patterns of growth, dehydrins and water-soluble carbohydrates in genotypes of Dactylis glomerata L. varying in summer dormancy.  Annals of Botany 95: 981-990

VOLAIRE F.(2002) Drought survival, summer dormancy and dehydrin accumulation in contrasting cultivars of Dactylis glomerataPhysiologia Plantarum 116 : 42-52

VOLAIRE F. F. and LELIEVRE F (2001) Drought survival in Dactylis glomerata and Festuca arundinacea under similar rooting conditions in tubes.Plant and Soil  229 : 225-234

VOLAIRE F., Thomas H., Lelievre F.(1998) Survival and recovery of perennial forage grasses under prolonged Mediterranean drought. I. Growth, death, water relations and solute content in herbage and stubble.The New Phytologist, 140 : 439:449.

VOLAIRE F., Thomas H., Bertagne N., Bourgeois E., Gautier M.F., Lelievre F. (1998) Survival and recovery of perennial forage grasses under severe Mediterranean drought. II. Water status, solute accumulation, abscisic acid concentration and accumulation of dehydrin transcripts in bases of immature leaves.The New Phytologist, 140 : 451-460.

VOLAIRE F. (1995) Growth, carbohydrate reserves and drought survival strategies of contrasting cocksfoot populations in a Mediterranean environment. Journal of Applied Ecology, 32: 56-66.

VOLAIRE F., Thomas H (1995) Effects of drought on water relations, mineral uptake, water-soluble carbohydrates accumulation and survival of 2 contrasting populations of cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L.). Annals of Botany, 75: 513-524.