Welcome to the CEFE

The CEFE is currently the largest French research center in Ecology and Evolutionary Ecology. Our Mission: perform independent, fundamental scientific research on the dynamics of biodiversity, planetary environmental change, and sustainable development. The links between society and ecology is a theme of increasing importance in oour research.

If you are interested in who does what on a specific theme or topic at CEFE, please go to the WHO DOES WHAT tab and use the proposed tags. You will have direct access to the pages of the persons listed for a given tag.

If you are interested in what the different research Departments at cefe do and the focus of their respective teams, please go to the RESEARCH tab and navigate the Departments and their teams.

Seminars of ecology and evolution of Montpellier

  • Meredith Cenzer

    7 mai 2021, 16h00 (diffusion en visioconférence). Maladaptation in a changing world

  • Sutirth Dey

    16 avril 2021, 11h30 (diffusion en visioconférence). Size matters: Population size and adaptation in bacteria.

Alexa Sadier

22 janvier 2021, 16h00 (diffusion en visioconférence).

Bat teeth at the cusp: finding developmental rules to phenotypic evolution.

Alexa Sadier

Link to seminar will be posted here

University of California, Los Angeles
https://alexasadier.com/index.html

 

One long-standing question in evolutionary biology is why some phenotypes are frequently realized while other theoretically possible ones seemingly never are? This paradox has commonly been hypothesized to be caused by constraints on developmental processes that can bias or favor the expression of certain phenotypes. However, while this idea has received considerable interest as of late, it has never been demonstrated experimentally using a wide range of species, mainly because the eco-evo-devo field was lacking the tools to investigate variation of developmental programs in non-model organisms. To fill this gap, I use the dramatic diversity of bat teeth as a natural experiment.

I will first investigate if the existence of new developmental constraints can explain the diversity of tooth number and size found in Noctilionoid bats. Combining anatomical, developmental and modelling experiments on by teeth, I show that growth, by perturbing the Turing mechanisms, is sufficient to produce the variation of tooth number and size seen in Noctilionoids and established growth as a new rule for teeth and, more broadly, serial organ evolution. Then, I will study how the inherent structure of the tooth GRNs can both bias and facilitate evolution by testing if the modular structure of GRNs can explain both the conservation and the incredible diversity of molar shape seen in bats. To do so, by using integrative approaches mixing anatomical, developmental and modeling experiments, I plan to identify core and sub-modules of the tooth GRN and link them to morphological variation.

Through the development of two main questions, my research proposes an eco-evo-devo framework using the natural variation in bats as a starting point to theorize rules for the morphological evolution of species.

 

Recent publications:

1 Alexa Sadier, Sharlene Santana, Karen Sears The role of core and variable Gene Regulatory Network modules in tooth development and evolution (2020) Integrative and Comparative Biology, icaa116

2 Sadier, A., Twarogowska, M., Steklikova, K., Hayden, L., Lambert, A., Schneider, P., Laudet, V., Hovorakova, M., Calvez, V., and Pantalacci, S. (2019). Modeling Edar expression reveals the hidden dynamics of tooth signaling center patterning. PLoS Biol 17, e3000064.

3 Sadier*, A., Davies*, K.T., Yohe, L.R., Yun, K., Donat, P., Hedrick, B.P., Dumont, E.R., Davalos, L.M., Rossiter, S.J., and Sears, K.E. (2018). Multifactorial processes underlie parallel opsin loss in neotropical bats. Elife 7.