European network on farmland heterogeneity, biodiversity and ecosystem services
About the project FarmLand
Agricultural landscapes occupy 40% of the available land area in Europe. They play an important role in providing habitat for wild plants and animals that contribute significantly to agricultural production through services such as crop pollination and control of crop pests. In many regions farm fields are becoming ever larger, and many agricultural regions are now dedicated to a small number of crop types. How did these changes in farmland pattern affect farmland wildlife and the services they provide for agriculture? FarmLand addresses this question by bringing together teams from France, Germany, Great Britain, Spain and Canada.
Agricultural landscapes which contain significant areas of semi-natural lands have higher wildlife diversity and better ecosystem services. However, policies encouraging seminatural field margins or semi-natural strips within crop fields require taking crop area out of production, which is often not feasible. It has been suggested that, in addition to the area of seminatural habitats, the spatial heterogeneity of the cropped lands may be positively related to wild plant and animal diversity and to their provision of ecosystem services.
The aim of FarmLand is to test the role of both compositional and configurational heterogeneity for biodiversity and ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes. This has not been attempted so far at such a scale and through such an integrated approach.
For more information, visit the FarmLand website.
Schéma conceptuel du rôle respectif de la composition et de la configuration
dans la mise en place de l'hétérogénéité d'un paysage agricole d'après:
Fahrig L. , Baudry J., Brotons, L., Burel F. G., Crist T. O., Fuller R. J.,
Sirami C., Siriwardena G. M., Martin J.L. 2011. Functional landscape
heterogeneity and animal biodiversity in agricultural landscapes.
Ecology Letters, 14:101-112.
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